Coins Excavated at Corinth, 1978-1980

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  • Coins Excavated at Corinth, 1978-1980Author(s): Orestes H. ZervosSource: Hesperia: The Journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, Vol. 55,No. 2 (Apr. - Jun., 1986), pp. 183-205Published by: The American School of Classical Studies at AthensStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/148061 .Accessed: 08/05/2014 19:09

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  • COINS EXCAVATED AT CORINTH, 1978-1980

    (PLATES 39-40)

    N THE YEARS 1978, 1979, and 1980, excavations were carried out in two areas of the Corinthian Forum: at its southwest corner (Punic Amphora Building, South Stoa's west

    end, etc.) and near its east side (Racecourse, Parabolic Terrace, etc.). The results of those investigations have been published by the excavations' director.1 This report deals with the coins. It comprises a detailed catalogue of the coins themselves and a list of the more important stratified finds. In all, 892 coins were discovered out of which it has been possible to identify 452 pieces. The breakdown by category is as follows:

    Greek Corinth ......... 173 (54 imperial) Other States ......... 78 (9 imperial) Uncertain ........ 27 (8 imperial)

    Roman ......... 72 Byzantine ........ 96 (3 Latin) Frankish ......... 6

    TOTAL 452

    As the chart shows, the coins are of predominantly Greek mintage, smaller numbers representing the Roman and Byzantine periods. The finds also include 6 coins of the Franks.

    The stratigraphic list is selective. It includes coins taken from the more significant Hellenistic and Classical strata but leaves out most of the Roman and Byzantine material. Of special interest among the earlier contexts are those underlying the Roman Marble Paving (Units XI-XVIII) at the east end of the Forum, as well as those situated beneath the South Stoa (Units VIII-X) and beneath the destruction layer of the Punic Amphora Building (Unit VI) at the southwest. As usual, the coin groups are identified by the numbered "lots" used in the Corinth records.

    In preparing this report, I have made extensive use of Joan E. Fisher's notes on the 1978 coins. The two silver pieces 78-141 and 78-550, here summarily entered (Nos. 3, 4), will be more fully described in Miss Fisher's forthcoming article on silver coins found at Corinth. I thank her for permission to include them in the present compilation. I also wish to thank Ino loannides and Lenio Bartziotes, excavation photographers, for their patience and care in dealing with some particularly trying coins (Pls. 39, 40).

    IC. K. Williams, II, "Corinth, 1978: Forum Southwest," Hesperia 48, 1979, pp. 105-144; "Corinth Excavations, 1979," Hesperia 49, 1980, pp. 107-134; "Corinth: Excavations of 1980," Hesperia 50, 1981, pp. 1-44.

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  • 184 ORESTES H. ZERVOS

    STRATIGRAPHIC LIST2

    AREA OF THE PUNIC AMPHORA BUILD- ING: LATE ROAD OVER THE NORTHEAST CORNER OF PUNIC AMPHORA BUILDING

    (Hesperia 49, 1980, p. 109, fig. 1)

    I. ROAD METAL OF "ROAD D". To 1st and 2nd century after Christ

    Lot 1979-66 79-124 Corinth (duoviri) No. 68 79-125 Greek (imperial)? 79-128 Tanagra (Augustus) 84 79-129 Corinth (anonymous) 73 79-130 " (P/T) 43 79-131 " " 17 79-132 " (duoviri) 55 79-133 " (P/T) 43 79-134 " (duoviri) 59 79-136 Greek (imperial) 142 79-137 Roman Republican 151 79-140 Greek (imperial)? 79-141 Corinth (duoviri) 58 79-143 Greek (imperial)? 79-150 79-187 Corinth (duoviri) 54

    II. ROAD METAL OF "ROAD E". 1st century after Christ

    Lot 1979-67 and Pocket (under lot 1979-66, above)

    79-197 Corinth (P/T) No. 43 79-199 Greek (by fabric) 79-200 79-201 Corinth (P/T) 43 79-205 " (anonymous) 73 79-206 " 7 79-207 Argos 117 79-208 Corinth (P/T) 43 79-210 Corinth (duoviri) 57 79-215 " " 55 79-216 " (P/T) 43 79-217 " (duoviri) 53 Note. The "pocket", containing coin 79-197 (Notebook 709, basket 45), covers lot 1979-67.

    III. ROAD METAL OF "ROAD H" IMMEDIATELY ABOVE RUINS OF PUNIC AMPHORA

    BUILDING (ROOM 4). Into 4th century B.C.

    Pocket (under lot 1979-67, above)

    79-230 Corinth (P/T) No.43

    EARLY ROAD ALONG NORTH SIDE OF PUNIC AMPHORA BUILDING (Hesperia 49, 1980, p. 109, fig. 1)

    IV. ROAD METALS OF EAST-WEST ROAD UNDER LATE ROAD (UNITS I-III). To fourth quarter of 5th century B.C.

    Lot 1979-76 79-253 Corinth (P/T) No. 43

    Lot 1979-77 (under lot 1979-76)

    79-255 Corinth (P/T) No. 12

    ROADWAY OVER SOUTHEAST CORNER OF PUNIC AMPHORA BUILDING

    (Hesperia 49, 1980, p. 109, fig. 1)

    V. ROAD METAL UNDER WHITE POROS-CHIP PAVEMENT. Third quarter of 4th cen- tury B.C.

    Lot 1978-68 78-238 Corinth (P/T) No. 43

    PUNIC AMPHORA BUILDING (Hesperia 49, 1980, p. 109, fig. 1)

    VI. FILLS ON FLOOR OF ROOM 4, UNDER DE- STRUCTION DEBRIS. Third quarter of 5th century B.C.

    Lot 1978-52 78-310 Corinth (P/T) No.43

    Lot 1978-78 (with remains offish)

    79-256 Corinth (P/T) No. 43 79-257 Greek (by fabric) Note. For the pottery in Room 4 see Hesperia 48, 1979, pp. 113, 123, nos. 32-33.

    2 In this list, P/T refers to Corinthian bronzes with the common types Pegasos/Trident.

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  • COINS EXCAVATED AT CORINTH, 1978-1980 185

    VII. FILL UNDER FLOOR OF ROOM 2. Early 5th century B.C.

    Lot 1977-45 (above mud brick)

    77-1055 Aigina (AR, stater) (No. 114) Note. J. E. Fisher dates this piece ca. 500- 480 B.C.; Hesperia 53,1984, p. 233, no. 114.

    WEST END OF SOUTH STOA AND UNDERLYING STRUCTURES

    (Hesperia 49, 1980, pp. 113, 118, figs. 3, 4)

    VIII. FILLS UNDER POROS-CHIP LAYER, POSSIBLY USED AS CONSTRUCTION FILL FOR SOUTH

    STOA (NEAR PIER 33 OF SOUTH STOA). Third quarter of 4th century B.C.

    Lot 1978-38 78-65 Amyntas III No. 77 78-66 Greek (by fabric) 78-67 Corinth (P/T) 43 78-68 " " 43 78-69 Greek (by fabric) 78-75 Corinth (P/T) 43 78-76 " " 43

    Lot 1978-41 78-164 Corinth (P/T) No. 43 Note. Lot 1978-41 is above Pit of Building IV. (Pier 33 is the penultimate pier at the Stoa's west end; Hesperia 49, 1980, p. 128, fig. 5.)

    IX. DUMPED DEBRIS OVER BUILDING IV BUT UN- DER SOUTH STOA (NORTH OF PIER 34 OF SOUTH STOA). Third quarter of 4th cen- tury B.C.

    Lot 1979-6 79-19 Greek (by fabric) No. - 79-24 Corinth (P/T) 13 79-25 " " 43 79-26 Greek (by fabric) 79-27 " 79-28 Corinth 6 79-29 Greek (by fabric) 79-30 " 79-31 " 79-32 " 79-34 Corinth (P/T) 11 79-35 Greek (by fabric) 79-49 Corinth (P/T) 13

    79-50 Greek (by fabric) 79-51 Corinth (P/T) 30 79-52 " " 43 79-53 Greek (by fabric)

    X. DUMPED DEBRIS IN CISTERN 1979-1. Third quarter into fourth quarter of 4th cen- tury B.C.

    Lot 1979-93 79-299 Greek (by fabric) No. 79-300 Corinth (P/T) 43 79-301 Greek (by fabric) 79-304 " " Note. Cistern 1979-1, situated south of ser- vice area of Shop XXI, was destroyed by the construction of the South Stoa.

    AREA BETWEEN THE CLIFF OF PEIRENE AND THE PARABOLIC TERRACE:

    RACECOURSE (Hesperia 50, 1981, pp. 4-6, figs. 2-4)

    XI. FLOOR OF THE LATEST HELLENISTIC RACE- COURSE BENEATH DESTRUCTION DEBRIS.

    To 146B.C.

    Lot 1980-81 80-124 Corinth No. 8 80-125 Greek (by fabric) 80-140 Phlious 93 80-155 " 95

    XII. CONSTRUCTION FILL FOR "TERRACE WALL" EAST OF STARTING PLATFORM (COEVAL WITH CONSTRUCTION FILL FOR FIRST

    HELLENISTIC RACECOURSE). To early 3rd century B.C.

    Lot 1980-76 80-188 Corinth (P/T) No. 16 80-192 Corinth 130 80-193 Corinth (P/T) 15 Note. The "terrace wall" is traced, though not identified as such, in Hesperia 50, 1981, p. 6, fig. 4 (at upper right).

    Additional construction fill underlying the first Hellenistic racecourse was removed during the excavations of 1968-1969 at the Sacred Spring, and the coins found therein published in the report that followed; Hes- peria 40, 1971, pp. 22, 39 ("Phase 7, end- fill, 'out of area"').

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  • 186 ORESTES H. ZERVOS

    XIII. FILL ON Top OF EARLY CLASSICAL RACE- COURSE WITH PLASTER FROM LATER

    CLASSICAL RACECOURSE. First half of 3rd century B.C.

    Lot 1980-57 80-88 Corinth (P/T) No. 13

    THE PARABOLIC TERRACE (Hesperia 50, 1981, p. 5, fig. 3)

    XIV. FILL BEHIND STEPS (COEVAL WITH CON- STRUCTION FILL FOR HELLENISTIC RACE-

    COURSE). To third quarter of 3rd cen- tury B.C.

    Lot 1980-128 (disturbed fill)

    80-126 Greek (by fabric) No. 80-128 Corinth (P/T) 16 80-130 Greek (uncertain) 126

    Lot 1980-129 (under lot 1980-128: undisturbed fill)

    80-132 Corinth (P/T) No. 39 80-134 " " 43

    80-135 " " 31 80-136 Greek (by fabric) 80-137 Ptolemy III 123 80-141 Roman Republican 150 80-143 Corinth (P/T) 43 80-144 Greek (by fabric) 80-145 Corinth (P/T) 37 80-146 Greek (by fabric) 80-147 " 80-148 Phlious 95 80-149 Sikyon 110 80-150 Greek (by fabric)

    EAST-WEST ROAD NORTH OF THE RACECOURSE ("FORUM ROAD")

    (Hesperia 50, 1981, p. 5, fig. 3)

    XV. ROAD METAL UNDER MARBLE PAVING AND IMMEDIATELY ABOVE "FORUM ROAD".

    First half of 1 st century after Christ

    Lot 1980-4 80-8 Greek (by fabric) No. 80-9 Elis 114

    XVI. ROAD METAL OF "FORUM ROAD", IMMEDI- ATELY ABOVE MUMMIAN CLEANUP. 1 St

    century B.C.

    Lot 1980-5 80-11 Sikyon No. 108

    Lot 1980-38 80-41 Athens (AR, drachm) No. 86 80-55 " 89 80-56 Corinth (duoviri) 45

    XVII. MUMMIAN CLEANUP UNDERLYING "FORUM

    ROAD". To 146 B.C. and possibly into the early Roman period

    Lot 1980-6 80-18 Sikyon No. 110 80-20 Greek? 80-21 Ptolemy III 124

    Lot 1980-39 80-57 Greek? No. 80-58 Greek (by fabric) 80-59 80-61 Greek (uncertain) 80-62 Corinth (duoviri) 68 80-64 Sikyon 109 80-65 Greek (by fabric)

    Lot 1980-24 80-5 Sikyon No. 101 80-6 Greek (by fabric) 80-7 Knidos 121

    Lot 1980-25 80-25 Greek? No.

    Lot 1980-51 80-76 Sikyon No. 109 80-80 " 109 80-82 Greek (uncertain) 136 80-83 Sikyon 110 80-90 " 109

    XVIII. FIRST ROAD METAL UNDER MUMMIAN CLEANUP. To 146 B.C.

    Lot 1980-41 80-75 Corinth (P/T) No. 41 80-87 Sikyon 136

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  • COINS EXCAVATED AT CORINTH, 1978-1980 187

    CATALOGUE3 The following conventions are used in this catalogue: (1) silver and silver-washed coins are listed by catalogue numbers in italic type; (2) an asterisk (*) means that commentary follows at the end; (3) a double dagger (t) means that a particular coin is illustrated on Plate 39 or 40.

    COINS OF CORINTH (173)

    1. AR 570-515 B.C. Pegasos flying 1. (curled wing)/ BMC, pl. 1:4 80-173 stater Incuse swastika

    2. AR Same/Same BMC, pl. 1:9 80-187 drachm

    3. AR 510-480 B.C. Pegasos protome 1. (curled wing)/ BMC, pl. 2:12 78-550 hemidr. Female head r. in incuse square

    4. AR 450-420 B.C. Pegasos flying r. (wing?)/Gorgon cf. BMC, pl. 2:16 78-141 trihemiob. head (hair close, tongue out) Obv., Rev. controls?

    5. AR 350-334 B.C. Pegasos flying 1./Female head 1. BMC, p. 18,181-183 t80-172 drachm

    6. AR Pegasos flying l./Same. Symbol? BMC, pl. 10:13 79-28 drachm

    I Abbreviations used in this catalogue are as follows: BMC = A Catalogue of Coins in the British Museum, 1873-

    Greek Coins Roman Imperial Coins

    CopSNG = Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Copenhagen: Corinth, Copenhagen 1944 DOC = Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Col-

    lection, A. R. Bellinger and P. Grierson, edd., Washington, D.C. 1966- Ed. or = K. M. Edwards, Corinth, VI, Coins 1896-1929, Cambridge, Mass. 1933

    Edwards Fox = E. Fox, "The Duoviri of Corinth," JIAN 2, 1899, pp. 89-116 Hendy = M. F. Hendy, Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire, 1081-1261, Washington, D.C.

    1969 Hunter = Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, A. S. Robertson,

    ed., London/Glasgow/New York 1962-1982 LRBC = R. A. G. Carson et al., Late Roman Bronze Coinage, A.D. 324-498, London 1960 M.S. = T. E. Mionnet, Description de medailles antiques grecques et romaines, Supplement, Paris 1819-

    1837 NCP = F. W. Imhoof-Blumer and P. Gardner, A Numismatic Commentary on Pausanias, enlarged ed.,

    Chicago 1964 RIC = The Roman Imperial Coinage, H. Mattingly et al., edd., London 1923- Syd. = E. A. Sydenham, The Coinage of the Roman Republic, London 1952 vAulSNG = Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung von Aulock (with Supplement),

    Berlin 1957-1968 Warren = J. A. W. Warren, "The Autonomous Bronze Coinage of Sicyon (Part 1)," NC 143, 1983,

    pp. 23-56 Weber = L; Forrer, The Weber Collection, London 1922-1929

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  • 188 ORESTES H. ZERVOS

    7. 15 mm. 400-146 B.C.4 Athena head 1./Zeus statue 1. CopSNG, 168 79-206 A-Pileus

    8. 13-14 mm. " Athena head r./Pegasos flying 1. BMC, p. 57,476 78-203 80-124 80-166

    9. (broken) " Same? " 78-283

    10. mm. " Pegasos r./Trident. No controls BMC, p. 53,423 78-320 *11. 14 mm. " Same. 4 -Grapes, kantharos BMC, p. 53,433 79-34

    Obv. I *12. " " Same. K-C: BMC,p. 53,427 var. t79-255

    Trident down 13. 12-14 mm. " Same. Uncertain controls 78-180 79-24

    78-293 79-49 78-322 80-88 78-541 80-92

    80-198 14. 11-14 mm. 400-146 B.C. Pegasos 1./Trident. Trisceles BMC, p. 54,444 78-373 15. " " Same. Double-ax Ed.,p. 14,11 80-153

    t80-193 16. " " Same. Race-torch BMC, p. 54, 441,442 78-43

    80-128 t80-188

    17. " " Same. Running griffin BMC, p. 54,437 78-336 79-131 80-179

    18. " Same. Zeus l. Hesperia 36,1967, 78-161 p.370

    19. " " Same. A-Amphora, Q CopSNG, 182 t79-115 20. " " Same. E-Ares l., Y Hesperia 40,1971, 78-213

    p.41,96 78-291 21. " Same. 9E-Wreath BMC, p. 55,455 78-172 22. " Same. H-Wreath BMC, p. 55,458-460 78-171

    80-113 23. Same. I-Bee? cf. Ed., p. 15, 11 78-47 24. Same/Trident. I-Grapes BMC, p. 56,466 80-97 25. Same. I-Thunderbolt? Ed., p. 15, 11 78-201

    80-112 26. Same. X-Bucranium, T BMC NOT5 t80-91 27. Same....