Coins Excavated at Corinth, 1978-1980

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Coins Excavated at Corinth, 1978-1980Author(s): Orestes H. ZervosSource: Hesperia: The Journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, Vol. 55,No. 2 (Apr. - Jun., 1986), pp. 183-205Published by: The American School of Classical Studies at AthensStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/148061 .Accessed: 08/05/2014 19:09Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. .The American School of Classical Studies at Athens is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve andextend access to Hesperia: The Journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens.http://www.jstor.org This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=ascsahttp://www.jstor.org/stable/148061?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspCOINS EXCAVATED AT CORINTH, 1978-1980 (PLATES 39-40) N THE YEARS 1978, 1979, and 1980, excavations were carried out in two areas of the Corinthian Forum: at its southwest corner (Punic Amphora Building, South Stoa's west end, etc.) and near its east side (Racecourse, Parabolic Terrace, etc.). The results of those investigations have been published by the excavations' director.1 This report deals with the coins. It comprises a detailed catalogue of the coins themselves and a list of the more important stratified finds. In all, 892 coins were discovered out of which it has been possible to identify 452 pieces. The breakdown by category is as follows: Greek Corinth ......... 173 (54 imperial) Other States ......... 78 (9 imperial) Uncertain ........ 27 (8 imperial) Roman ......... 72 Byzantine ........ 96 (3 Latin) Frankish ......... 6 TOTAL 452 As the chart shows, the coins are of predominantly Greek mintage, smaller numbers representing the Roman and Byzantine periods. The finds also include 6 coins of the Franks. The stratigraphic list is selective. It includes coins taken from the more significant Hellenistic and Classical strata but leaves out most of the Roman and Byzantine material. Of special interest among the earlier contexts are those underlying the Roman Marble Paving (Units XI-XVIII) at the east end of the Forum, as well as those situated beneath the South Stoa (Units VIII-X) and beneath the destruction layer of the Punic Amphora Building (Unit VI) at the southwest. As usual, the coin groups are identified by the numbered "lots" used in the Corinth records. In preparing this report, I have made extensive use of Joan E. Fisher's notes on the 1978 coins. The two silver pieces 78-141 and 78-550, here summarily entered (Nos. 3, 4), will be more fully described in Miss Fisher's forthcoming article on silver coins found at Corinth. I thank her for permission to include them in the present compilation. I also wish to thank Ino loannides and Lenio Bartziotes, excavation photographers, for their patience and care in dealing with some particularly trying coins (Pls. 39, 40). IC. K. Williams, II, "Corinth, 1978: Forum Southwest," Hesperia 48, 1979, pp. 105-144; "Corinth Excavations, 1979," Hesperia 49, 1980, pp. 107-134; "Corinth: Excavations of 1980," Hesperia 50, 1981, pp. 1-44. This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp184 ORESTES H. ZERVOS STRATIGRAPHIC LIST2 AREA OF THE PUNIC AMPHORA BUILD- ING: LATE ROAD OVER THE NORTHEAST CORNER OF PUNIC AMPHORA BUILDING (Hesperia 49, 1980, p. 109, fig. 1) I. ROAD METAL OF "ROAD D". To 1st and 2nd century after Christ Lot 1979-66 79-124 Corinth (duoviri) No. 68 79-125 Greek (imperial)? 79-128 Tanagra (Augustus) 84 79-129 Corinth (anonymous) 73 79-130 " (P/T) 43 79-131 " " 17 79-132 " (duoviri) 55 79-133 " (P/T) 43 79-134 " (duoviri) 59 79-136 Greek (imperial) 142 79-137 Roman Republican 151 79-140 Greek (imperial)? 79-141 Corinth (duoviri) 58 79-143 Greek (imperial)? 79-150 79-187 Corinth (duoviri) 54 II. ROAD METAL OF "ROAD E". 1st century after Christ Lot 1979-67 and Pocket (under lot 1979-66, above) 79-197 Corinth (P/T) No. 43 79-199 Greek (by fabric) 79-200 79-201 Corinth (P/T) 43 79-205 " (anonymous) 73 79-206 " 7 79-207 Argos 117 79-208 Corinth (P/T) 43 79-210 Corinth (duoviri) 57 79-215 " " 55 79-216 " (P/T) 43 79-217 " (duoviri) 53 Note. The "pocket", containing coin 79-197 (Notebook 709, basket 45), covers lot 1979-67. III. ROAD METAL OF "ROAD H" IMMEDIATELY ABOVE RUINS OF PUNIC AMPHORA BUILDING (ROOM 4). Into 4th century B.C. Pocket (under lot 1979-67, above) 79-230 Corinth (P/T) No.43 EARLY ROAD ALONG NORTH SIDE OF PUNIC AMPHORA BUILDING (Hesperia 49, 1980, p. 109, fig. 1) IV. ROAD METALS OF EAST-WEST ROAD UNDER LATE ROAD (UNITS I-III). To fourth quarter of 5th century B.C. Lot 1979-76 79-253 Corinth (P/T) No. 43 Lot 1979-77 (under lot 1979-76) 79-255 Corinth (P/T) No. 12 ROADWAY OVER SOUTHEAST CORNER OF PUNIC AMPHORA BUILDING (Hesperia 49, 1980, p. 109, fig. 1) V. ROAD METAL UNDER WHITE POROS-CHIP PAVEMENT. Third quarter of 4th cen- tury B.C. Lot 1978-68 78-238 Corinth (P/T) No. 43 PUNIC AMPHORA BUILDING (Hesperia 49, 1980, p. 109, fig. 1) VI. FILLS ON FLOOR OF ROOM 4, UNDER DE- STRUCTION DEBRIS. Third quarter of 5th century B.C. Lot 1978-52 78-310 Corinth (P/T) No.43 Lot 1978-78 (with remains offish) 79-256 Corinth (P/T) No. 43 79-257 Greek (by fabric) Note. For the pottery in Room 4 see Hesperia 48, 1979, pp. 113, 123, nos. 32-33. 2 In this list, P/T refers to Corinthian bronzes with the common types Pegasos/Trident. This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspCOINS EXCAVATED AT CORINTH, 1978-1980 185 VII. FILL UNDER FLOOR OF ROOM 2. Early 5th century B.C. Lot 1977-45 (above mud brick) 77-1055 Aigina (AR, stater) (No. 114) Note. J. E. Fisher dates this piece ca. 500- 480 B.C.; Hesperia 53,1984, p. 233, no. 114. WEST END OF SOUTH STOA AND UNDERLYING STRUCTURES (Hesperia 49, 1980, pp. 113, 118, figs. 3, 4) VIII. FILLS UNDER POROS-CHIP LAYER, POSSIBLY USED AS CONSTRUCTION FILL FOR SOUTH STOA (NEAR PIER 33 OF SOUTH STOA). Third quarter of 4th century B.C. Lot 1978-38 78-65 Amyntas III No. 77 78-66 Greek (by fabric) 78-67 Corinth (P/T) 43 78-68 " " 43 78-69 Greek (by fabric) 78-75 Corinth (P/T) 43 78-76 " " 43 Lot 1978-41 78-164 Corinth (P/T) No. 43 Note. Lot 1978-41 is above Pit of Building IV. (Pier 33 is the penultimate pier at the Stoa's west end; Hesperia 49, 1980, p. 128, fig. 5.) IX. DUMPED DEBRIS OVER BUILDING IV BUT UN- DER SOUTH STOA (NORTH OF PIER 34 OF SOUTH STOA). Third quarter of 4th cen- tury B.C. Lot 1979-6 79-19 Greek (by fabric) No. - 79-24 Corinth (P/T) 13 79-25 " " 43 79-26 Greek (by fabric) 79-27 " 79-28 Corinth 6 79-29 Greek (by fabric) 79-30 " 79-31 " 79-32 " 79-34 Corinth (P/T) 11 79-35 Greek (by fabric) 79-49 Corinth (P/T) 13 79-50 Greek (by fabric) 79-51 Corinth (P/T) 30 79-52 " " 43 79-53 Greek (by fabric) X. DUMPED DEBRIS IN CISTERN 1979-1. Third quarter into fourth quarter of 4th cen- tury B.C. Lot 1979-93 79-299 Greek (by fabric) No. 79-300 Corinth (P/T) 43 79-301 Greek (by fabric) 79-304 " " Note. Cistern 1979-1, situated south of ser- vice area of Shop XXI, was destroyed by the construction of the South Stoa. AREA BETWEEN THE CLIFF OF PEIRENE AND THE PARABOLIC TERRACE: RACECOURSE (Hesperia 50, 1981, pp. 4-6, figs. 2-4) XI. FLOOR OF THE LATEST HELLENISTIC RACE- COURSE BENEATH DESTRUCTION DEBRIS. To 146B.C. Lot 1980-81 80-124 Corinth No. 8 80-125 Greek (by fabric) 80-140 Phlious 93 80-155 " 95 XII. CONSTRUCTION FILL FOR "TERRACE WALL" EAST OF STARTING PLATFORM (COEVAL WITH CONSTRUCTION FILL FOR FIRST HELLENISTIC RACECOURSE). To early 3rd century B.C. Lot 1980-76 80-188 Corinth (P/T) No. 16 80-192 Corinth 130 80-193 Corinth (P/T) 15 Note. The "terrace wall" is traced, though not identified as such, in Hesperia 50, 1981, p. 6, fig. 4 (at upper right). Additional construction fill underlying the first Hellenistic racecourse was removed during the excavations of 1968-1969 at the Sacred Spring, and the coins found therein published in the report that followed; Hes- peria 40, 1971, pp. 22, 39 ("Phase 7, end- fill, 'out of area"'). This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp186 ORESTES H. ZERVOS XIII. FILL ON Top OF EARLY CLASSICAL RACE- COURSE WITH PLASTER FROM LATER CLASSICAL RACECOURSE. First half of 3rd century B.C. Lot 1980-57 80-88 Corinth (P/T) No. 13 THE PARABOLIC TERRACE (Hesperia 50, 1981, p. 5, fig. 3) XIV. FILL BEHIND STEPS (COEVAL WITH CON- STRUCTION FILL FOR HELLENISTIC RACE- COURSE). To third quarter of 3rd cen- tury B.C. Lot 1980-128 (disturbed fill) 80-126 Greek (by fabric) No. 80-128 Corinth (P/T) 16 80-130 Greek (uncertain) 126 Lot 1980-129 (under lot 1980-128: undisturbed fill) 80-132 Corinth (P/T) No. 39 80-134 " " 43 80-135 " " 31 80-136 Greek (by fabric) 80-137 Ptolemy III 123 80-141 Roman Republican 150 80-143 Corinth (P/T) 43 80-144 Greek (by fabric) 80-145 Corinth (P/T) 37 80-146 Greek (by fabric) 80-147 " 80-148 Phlious 95 80-149 Sikyon 110 80-150 Greek (by fabric) EAST-WEST ROAD NORTH OF THE RACECOURSE ("FORUM ROAD") (Hesperia 50, 1981, p. 5, fig. 3) XV. ROAD METAL UNDER MARBLE PAVING AND IMMEDIATELY ABOVE "FORUM ROAD". First half of 1 st century after Christ Lot 1980-4 80-8 Greek (by fabric) No. 80-9 Elis 114 XVI. ROAD METAL OF "FORUM ROAD", IMMEDI- ATELY ABOVE MUMMIAN CLEANUP. 1 St century B.C. Lot 1980-5 80-11 Sikyon No. 108 Lot 1980-38 80-41 Athens (AR, drachm) No. 86 80-55 " 89 80-56 Corinth (duoviri) 45 XVII. MUMMIAN CLEANUP UNDERLYING "FORUM ROAD". To 146 B.C. and possibly into the early Roman period Lot 1980-6 80-18 Sikyon No. 110 80-20 Greek? 80-21 Ptolemy III 124 Lot 1980-39 80-57 Greek? No. 80-58 Greek (by fabric) 80-59 80-61 Greek (uncertain) 80-62 Corinth (duoviri) 68 80-64 Sikyon 109 80-65 Greek (by fabric) Lot 1980-24 80-5 Sikyon No. 101 80-6 Greek (by fabric) 80-7 Knidos 121 Lot 1980-25 80-25 Greek? No. Lot 1980-51 80-76 Sikyon No. 109 80-80 " 109 80-82 Greek (uncertain) 136 80-83 Sikyon 110 80-90 " 109 XVIII. FIRST ROAD METAL UNDER MUMMIAN CLEANUP. To 146 B.C. Lot 1980-41 80-75 Corinth (P/T) No. 41 80-87 Sikyon 136 This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspCOINS EXCAVATED AT CORINTH, 1978-1980 187 CATALOGUE3 The following conventions are used in this catalogue: (1) silver and silver-washed coins are listed by catalogue numbers in italic type; (2) an asterisk (*) means that commentary follows at the end; (3) a double dagger (t) means that a particular coin is illustrated on Plate 39 or 40. COINS OF CORINTH (173) 1. AR 570-515 B.C. Pegasos flying 1. (curled wing)/ BMC, pl. 1:4 80-173 stater Incuse swastika 2. AR Same/Same BMC, pl. 1:9 80-187 drachm 3. AR 510-480 B.C. Pegasos protome 1. (curled wing)/ BMC, pl. 2:12 78-550 hemidr. Female head r. in incuse square 4. AR 450-420 B.C. Pegasos flying r. (wing?)/Gorgon cf. BMC, pl. 2:16 78-141 trihemiob. head (hair close, tongue out) Obv., Rev. controls? 5. AR 350-334 B.C. Pegasos flying 1./Female head 1. BMC, p. 18,181-183 t80-172 drachm 6. AR Pegasos flying l./Same. Symbol? BMC, pl. 10:13 79-28 drachm I Abbreviations used in this catalogue are as follows: BMC = A Catalogue of Coins in the British Museum, 1873- Greek Coins Roman Imperial Coins CopSNG = Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Copenhagen: Corinth, Copenhagen 1944 DOC = Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Col- lection, A. R. Bellinger and P. Grierson, edd., Washington, D.C. 1966- Ed. or = K. M. Edwards, Corinth, VI, Coins 1896-1929, Cambridge, Mass. 1933 Edwards Fox = E. Fox, "The Duoviri of Corinth," JIAN 2, 1899, pp. 89-116 Hendy = M. F. Hendy, Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire, 1081-1261, Washington, D.C. 1969 Hunter = Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, A. S. Robertson, ed., London/Glasgow/New York 1962-1982 LRBC = R. A. G. Carson et al., Late Roman Bronze Coinage, A.D. 324-498, London 1960 M.S. = T. E. Mionnet, Description de medailles antiques grecques et romaines, Supplement, Paris 1819- 1837 NCP = F. W. Imhoof-Blumer and P. Gardner, A Numismatic Commentary on Pausanias, enlarged ed., Chicago 1964 RIC = The Roman Imperial Coinage, H. Mattingly et al., edd., London 1923- Syd. = E. A. Sydenham, The Coinage of the Roman Republic, London 1952 vAulSNG = Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung von Aulock (with Supplement), Berlin 1957-1968 Warren = J. A. W. Warren, "The Autonomous Bronze Coinage of Sicyon (Part 1)," NC 143, 1983, pp. 23-56 Weber = L; Forrer, The Weber Collection, London 1922-1929 This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp188 ORESTES H. ZERVOS 7. 15 mm. 400-146 B.C.4 Athena head 1./Zeus statue 1. CopSNG, 168 79-206 A-Pileus 8. 13-14 mm. " Athena head r./Pegasos flying 1. BMC, p. 57,476 78-203 80-124 80-166 9. (broken) " Same? " 78-283 10. mm. " Pegasos r./Trident. No controls BMC, p. 53,423 78-320 *11. 14 mm. " Same. 4 -Grapes, kantharos BMC, p. 53,433 79-34 Obv. I *12. " " Same. K-C: BMC,p. 53,427 var. t79-255 Trident down 13. 12-14 mm. " Same. Uncertain controls 78-180 79-24 78-293 79-49 78-322 80-88 78-541 80-92 80-198 14. 11-14 mm. 400-146 B.C. Pegasos 1./Trident. Trisceles BMC, p. 54,444 78-373 15. " " Same. Double-ax Ed.,p. 14,11 80-153 t80-193 16. " " Same. Race-torch BMC, p. 54, 441,442 78-43 80-128 t80-188 17. " " Same. Running griffin BMC, p. 54,437 78-336 79-131 80-179 18. " Same. Zeus l. Hesperia 36,1967, 78-161 p.370 19. " " Same. A-Amphora, Q CopSNG, 182 t79-115 20. " " Same. E-Ares l., Y Hesperia 40,1971, 78-213 p.41,96 78-291 21. " Same. 9E-Wreath BMC, p. 55,455 78-172 22. " Same. H-Wreath BMC, p. 55,458-460 78-171 80-113 23. Same. I-Bee? cf. Ed., p. 15, 11 78-47 24. Same/Trident. I-Grapes BMC, p. 56,466 80-97 25. Same. I-Thunderbolt? Ed., p. 15, 11 78-201 80-112 26. Same. X-Bucranium, T BMC NOT5 t80-91 27. Same. T-Fulminating Zeus 1., I Hesperia 49,1980 79-239 p. 14, 54 28. Same. Aphlaston- . . . CopSNG, 180,181 79-83 29. Same. Aphlaston?-. .. 80-154 30. Same. Krater- . . . BMC, p. 55,450 79-51 4 About the starting date of Corinthian bronze, see note on No. 12, p. 203 below. I NOT = unpublished or rare variety. This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspCOINS EXCAVATED AT CORINTH, 1978-1980 189 31. 11-14 mm. 400-146 B.C. Same... .-Amphora, Q} CopSNG, 182 80-135 32. " " Same... .-Artemis moving r., E BMC NOT 78-295 33. " " Same .. -Cornucopia (or ladle) Ed., p. 14,11 78-298 34. " " Same... .-Crescent (turned 1.) Hesperia 45, 1976, 78-292 p. 145, 33 var. 35. " " Same ... -Dove CopSNG, 183 79-302 36. " " Same... .-Rose? Hesperia 36,1967, 78-579 p.371 37. " " Same... .-Thyrsos CopSNG, 173 80-145 80-182 38. " " Same... .-Wreath BMC, p. 54,445 79-220 39. " " Same. A-... Ed., p.15,11 78-166 79-146 80-132 40. " " Same. H- . . . " 80-183 41. " " Same. - . . . " 79-173 79-182 80-75 80-169 42. " " Same.. -( " 79-228 43. " " Illegible or Pegasos l./Trident. 78-67 78-299 79-225 Uncertain controls 78-68 78-300 79-229 78-75 78-306 79-230 78-76 78-309 79-236 78-115 78-310 79-238 78-160 78-311 79-253 78-162 78-316 79-256 78-164 78-341 79-258 78-165 78-380 79-267 78-169 78-503 79-278 78-170 78-529 79-279 78-174 78-532 79-280 78-181 78-580 79-300 78-183 78-581 79-320 78-185 78-582 80-4 78-198 79-25 80-13 78-214 79-52 80-54 78-216 79-108 80-67 78-217 79-116 80-69 78-219 79-130 80-110 78-223 79-133 80-123 78-225 79-145 80-134 78-232 79-161 80-143 78-233 79-196 80-167 78-238 79-197 80-168 78-280 79-201 80-180 78-285 79-208 80-181 78-286 79-211 80-195 78-287 79-213 80-199 78-290 79-216 80-204 This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp190 ORESTES H. ZERVOS THE DUOVIRI Chilo-Nicephorus 44. 24 mm. after 44 B.C. Bellerophon and Pegasos, Ed., p. 16,17 80-22 porch/Poseidon seated 1. Aebutius-Pinnio 45. 18 mm. to 30 B.C. Poseidon head r./Inscription Ed., p. 17, 21 80-56 in wreath Theophilus-Aebutius 46. 15 mm. 24-23 B.C. Bucranium/Vase, palm branch Ed., p. 17, 24. 80-111 Uncertain legend (rev.) Niger-Pamphilus 47. 23 mm. 23-19 B.C. Aphrodite head r./Pegasos r. Ed., p. 17,26 80-71 Primus-Hipparchus 48. 20 mm. 17 B.C. Head r./Two heads facing Ed., p. 18, 28. 78-578 Obv. (CL) Bassus-Hipparchus 49. 14 mm. after 17 B.C. Athlete moving r. or 1./ Ed., p. 18, 31 t80-40 Race-torch 78-207 Pollio-Pamphilus 50. 24 mm. to A.D. 4 Head r./Head r. (laureate) Ed., p. 18, 34 80-47 Pollio-Priscus 51. 21 mm. A.D. 14-37 Head r./Legend in wreath Ed.,p. 19,38 79-155 Peregrinus-Labeo 52. 19 mm. A.D. 14-37 Female head 1./Temple Ed., p. 20, 41 79-113 53. 19-21 mm. Head 1./Same Ed., pp.19-20, 40or43 78-255 79-217 79-223 Attributed to Peregrinus-Labeo *54. 15 mm. A.D. 14-37 Pegasos 1./Two busts face-to-face Ed. NOT :79-187 Obv. (G)EM Labeo-Plancus 55. 19-20 mm. A.D. 37-41 Head r. or I./Pegasos Ed., p. 20, 45. 78-527 moving r. Legend var. 1 or 79-132 uncertain legend 79-154 79-215 56. 19 mm. Head r./Nike 1. on globe Ed., p. 20,46. 79-224 Legend var. 2 Agrippa-Proculus 57. 19-20 mm. A.D. 37-41 Head r. or l./Pegasos r. Ed., p. 21, 47. 78-270 Legend var. 2 or 78-437 uncertain legend 79-210 58. 20 mm. Female bust r./Two heads facing Fox, p.107,35. 79-141 Uncertain legend This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspCOINS EXCAVATED AT CORINTH, 1978-1980 191 Octavius-Licinus 59. 19 mm. A.D. 41-54 Head r./Temple on rock Ed., p. 21, 50. 79-134 Uncertain legend (rev.) Flam.-Regulus *60. 15-16 mm. A.D. 41-54 Heliosheadr./Poseidonl. Ed., p.21,53 orvar. 78-458 78-491 78-500 t80-162 Candidus-Flaccus 61. 19 mm. A.D. 54-68 Head r./Poseidon in biga of BMC, pp. 68-69, 79-138 hippocamps 1. 555, 561 62. 20 mm. " Traces of type/Same BMC, p. 68, 555, 557 79-103 63. 21 mm. " Headr./Geniusl. Fox,pp.110-111,45. 78-272 Legend var. 3 (rev.) 64. 20 mm. " Traces of type/Same Ed., p. 22, 57, 58 79-157 Optatus-Polyaenus 65. 19-21 mm. A.D. 54-68 Head r./Bellerophon and BMC, p. 69, 562 (4 sps.), 78-269 Pegasos p. 70, 564 (1 sp.) 78-455 78-510 79-106 79-156 Piso-Cleander 66. 20 mm. A.D. 67-68 Head r./Galley 1. Fox, p. 114, 58. 79-58 Uncertain legend, etc. 67. 20 mm. " Same/Man on platform BMC, p. 70,568 79-190 Uncertain officials *68. 12-22 mm. to A.D. 69 Uncertain types 78-23 80-38 (1, ctmk.) 79-65 80-62 79-124 80-96 80-202 FROM DOMITIAN TO GETA Hadrian 69. 25 mm. A.D. 117-138 Bust r./Round temple Ed., p. 28, 111 79-6 S. Severus *70. 26 mm. A.D. 193-211 Bust r./Melikertes on BMC, p. 85,649 78-109 (ctmk.) dolphin, tree J. Domna 71. 23 mm. A.D. 193-211 Bust r./Herakles 1. M.S. 818 var. t78-470 ANONYMOUS ISSUES 72. 14 mm. Early imperial Pegasos r./Dolphin r. SE Ed., p. 24,76 79-135 73. 16 mm. Melikertes on dolphin/Pegasos r. Ed., p. 25, 77 t79-129 79-205 *74. 16 mm. Poseidon head r. COL/Two boxers Ed., p. 25, 83 t79-203 This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp192 ORESTES H. ZERVOS TESSERA 75. 19 mm. Early Roman Unstamped/Dolphin. D,D Ed., p. 40,228 79-36 COINS OF OTHER GREEK STATES (78) SICILY Syracuse 76. 16 mm. to 400 B.C. Female head r., dolphins/Octopus, CopSNG, 653 :80-175 three pellets MACEDONIAN KINGS Amyntas III 77. 15 mm. 381-369 B.C. Herakles head r./Eagle and snake BMC, p. 174,17 78-65 Demetrios Poliorketes 78. 15 mm. 306-283 B.C. Athena head r./Prow r. Ed., p. 41, 237 78-465 Double-ax and ... Antigonos Gonatas 79. 16 mm. 277-239 B.C. Herakles head r./Nude Ed., p. 42, 241 80-190 rider r. Letters? Philip V 80. 15 mm. 220-179 B.C. Poseidon head r./Prow r. Hunter, pp. 343-344, 78-212 Controls? 4-7 80-98 THESSALY Oeta 81. 14 mm. 400-344 B.C. Lion head l./Knife and BMC, p. 37,5 79-287 hunting spear LOKRIS Lokroi Opountioi 82. 13 mm. 338-300 B.C. Athena head r./Grapes BMC, pp. 7-8, 57-70 78-305 BOIOTIA Federal 83. 13 mm. 197-146 B.C. Boeotian shield/Trident. BMC, p. 43, 108-111 78-230 Dolphin Tanagra *84. 20 mm. Augustus Head r./Three Nymphs BMC, p. 65, 52-54 79-128 (ctmk.) 27 B.C.-A.D. 14 EUBOIA Chalkis *85. 14 mm. 338-308 B.C. Female head facing/Eagle and BMC, p. 112-113, 78-221 snake 70-80 79-248 This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspCOINS EXCAVATED AT CORINTH, 1978-1980 193 ATTICA Athens 86. AR 196-88 B.C. Athena head r./Owl on amphora. cf. BMC, p. 29, 291 80-41 drachm Illegible controls 86A. 12 mm. 350-330 B.C. Same/Double-bodied owl BMC, p. 21, 221-225 79-184 87. 17 mm. 130-110 B.C. Same/Fulminating Zeus. BMC, p. 80,544 80-15 Kernos-Cornucopia 88. 18 mm. 86-25 B.C. Same/Owl on amphora, BMC, pp. 78-79, 80-119 in wreath 523,524 89. 18 mm. 27-25 B.C. Same/Sphinx, in wreath BMC, p. 83, 570-572 80-55 90. 12 mm. after A.D. 100 Athena bust r./Owl r. BMC, p. 101, 734 78-154 Aigina 91. 12 mm. 404-348 B.C. Two dolphins/Incuse with BMC, p. 143,206-222 78-265 five sections 78-548 92. " Effaced/Same BMC, pp. 142-143, 80-34 205-222 PHLIASIA AND SIKYONIA Phlious 93. 12-13 mm. 400-360 B.C. Bull butting l./(D with two BMC, pp. 33-34, 5, 78-33 or three pellets 13-17 78-227 80-140 94. mm.- Effaced/0 and ... cf. BMC,p. 34,13 78-450 95. 15-17 mm. after 300 B.C. Athena head r./Bull butting 1. Ed., p. 51, 309 80-148 t80-155 Sikyon *96. 11-12 mm. 365-146 B.C. Dove r.//V\large. cf. BMC, p. 44, 95 t78-44 Illegible controls 79-286 80-170 97. 13 mm. Dove l.//\\large. cf. BMC, p. 44,94 78-138 In field, palmette, . 98. 15 mm. Same/ F in wreath BMC, p. 48,154,155 79-247 *99. 12 mm. Same/E in wreath BMC, p. 43,92 78-273 100. 18 mm. Effaced/I in wreath. BMC,p. 50,172,173 79-251 Infield, ME *101. 11-14mm. Dove r./11 in wreath BMC,p. 47,138-142 78-266 (1, mutilated) 78-381 80-5 102. 14 mm. Effaced/U1 in wreath cf. BMC, p. 47,138 80-108 *103. 12 mm. Dove r. (feeding)/Tripod BMC, pp. 50-51, 78-560 in wreath 176-190 *104. 13 mm. Dove 1. K/U1 in wreath Hesperia 41,1972, t80-35 p.329,75 *105. 13 mm. Same. (I BMC,p. 53,213,214 t78-314 *106. 15 mm. Same. Ak BMC,p. 52,205 79-55 *107. 15 mm. Same. E ... BMC,p. 53,207-210 80-14 *108. 11 mm. Same. O ... BMCNOT 80-11 This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp194 ORESTES H. ZERVOS 109. 11-16 mm. 365-146 B.C. Same. Uncertain controls 78-252 80-64 78-276 80-76 79-56 80-80 79-149 80-90 80-46 80-116 80-120 110. 12-15 mm. " Dove r. or 1./Wreath 78-442 80-89 inside which ... 80-18 80-107 80-83 80-149 111. 24 mm. S. Severus Bust r./Apollo in long robes ZfN 24, 1904, pp.60-61 t79-312 A.D. 193-211 112. 25 mm. J. Domna Bust r./Same NCP, p. 29,5 79-318 A.D. 193-211 ACHAIA, ELIS, AND ARGOLIS Pellene 113. 12 mm. 370-280 B.C. Apollo head I./FE in wreath BMC, p. 32,13,14 t78-263 Elis 114. 18 mm. 323-271 B.C. Zeus head 1./Eagle r. Weber 4055 i80-9 Argos 115. 12-13 mm. 350-228 B.C. Wolf head1./Alarge BMC, pp. 143-144, 78-262 96-105 78-337 116. 15 mm. 228-146 B.C. Hera head r./Quiver. BMC, p. 147,142,143 78-8 Helmet-. . . 117. 17 mm. " Same. Uncertain controls BMC, p. 147,140-146 t79-207 * 118. 22 mm. J. Domna Bust r./Demeter 1. Ed., p. 65, 415 var. t78-480 A.D. 193-211 80-156 Hermione 119. 11 mm. 350-322 B.C. Effaced/E P Torch, in wreath BMC, pp. 160-161, 3, 80-29 8-15 IONIA Ephesos 120. 18 mm. A.D. 41-54 Two jugate heads r./Stag r. BMC, p. 73, 205, 206 78-208 KOYZI-NIOZ ... CARIA AND ISLANDS Knidos *121. 9 mm. 300-190 B.C. Apollo head r./Prow r., ... vAulSNG 8108, 8109 80-7 Rhodes 122. 10 mm. to 300 B.C. Head r./Rose with bud BMC, p. 238,85 80-99 EGYPT Ptolemy III 123. 19 mm. 247-222 B.C. Bust r./Eagle on thunderbolt. BMC, p. 56, 100,101 79-5 Cornucopia 80-26 80-137 124. 19 mm. Same. Uncertain control BMC, p. 56,99-101 80-21 80-86 This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspCOINS EXCAVATED AT CORINTH, 1978-1980 195 COINS OF UNCERTAIN GREEK MINTS (27) Uncertain mints 125. AR 550-500 B.C. Effaced/Incuse square divided diagonally into four parts 80-73 (0.14 g.) 126. 13 mm. 400-31 B.C. Herakles head r., unbearded, in lion's skin/Effaced (Boiotia?) 80-130 127. 17 mm. " Head r., beardless (Apollo?)/Effaced 78-275 128. 20 mm. " Head r., in mural crown (Tyche?)/Effaced 78-324 129. 15 mm. " Head r., in Corinthian helmet/Pegasos r. (Corinth?) t79-316 130. 13 mm. " Head r. in Corinthian helmet (small)/Effaced 80-192 131. 14 mm. " Head r., bearded, wreathed (Poseidon?)/Effaced 78-242 132. 15 mm. " Head r., bearded, diademed/Effaced 80-28 133. 12 mm. " Head r., youthful (in dot circle)/Pileus. 78-501 Legend around type 134. 13 mm. " Head r., youthful (male?)/Effaced 79-272 135. 15 mm. " Pegasos l./Chimaera 1. (Leukas?) i80-203 136. 14 mm. " Dove 1. or r./Effaced (Sikyon?) 80-82 80-87 137. 13 mm. " Boeotian shield/Effaced (Boiotia?) 79-214 138. 12 mm. " Round shield?/Large H or I 79-315 139. mm. " Effaced/Wreath ... (Sikyon?) 78-296 140. 12 mm. " Effaced/Bird standing 1. 79-296 141. 12 mm. " Effaced/Scallop-shell? ... Letters Al ... 79-184 142. 20 mm. Imperial Head r., diademed/Nike 1. 79-136 143. 18 mm. " Head r., female?/Same 79-212 144. 21 mm. " Head r. . .. NIO/Effaced 79-309 145. 19 mm. " Head r. (centering hole)/Incrustation over type 79-144 146. 22 mm. " Head r. (centering hole)/Effaced 78-453 147. 20 mm. " Head 1. (centering hole)/Effaced 79-102 148. 22 mm. " Bust r. (Antonine)/Effaced 78-481 149. 24 mm. " Bust r. (Severan)/Effaced 79-319 ROMAN REPUBLICAN COINAGE (2) Mint: Catana 150. Sex. 155-133 B.C. Mercurius head r. * -/Prow r. Syd., p.34,310d 80-141 (5.73 g.) ROMA, ), .. . Moneyer: P. Crepusius 151. Den. 82-81 B.C. Apollo head r. Ear and .../ Syd., p.118,738a i79-137 (3.44 g.) Horseman ROMAN IMPERIAL COINAGE: EARLY (8) MONEYER UNDER AUGUSTUS: C. RUBELLIUS BLANDUS Rome 152. Quad. 4 B.C. SC large/Ill VIRAAA FF BMCI, p. 50,269 t79-183 (2.72 g.) Altar This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp196 ORESTES H. ZERVOS AUGUSTUS, 27 B.C.-A.D. 14 The East 153. Den. 31-29 B.C. CAESAR DIVI F Victory 1., on globe BMC I, p.99,602 78-274 Rome *154. As A.D. 11-12 PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POT BMCL, p. 50, 275, 276 i;78-439 (halved) XXXIIII. SC large in center HADRIAN, A.D. 117-138 Rome 155. Den. A.D. 125-128 COS 111 Romeseatedr. BMCIII,p.286,367 t79-306 MAXIMINUS I, A.D. 235-238 Rome 156. Ses. A.D. 236-237 PAX AVGVSTI SC Pax 1. BMC VI, p. 235: 79-75 148-152 GORDIAN ILL, A.D. 238-244 Rome 157. Ses. A.D. 241-243 IOVI STATORI SC Jupiter r. RIC IV, iii, p. 48, 298 78-549 CARINUS, A.D. 283-285 Rome 158. Ant. A.D. 283-284 AEQVITAS AVGG Aequitas 1. RICV, ii, p. 169,239 t79-66 (Officina Z) (F) UNCERTAIN EMPEROR Uncertain *1 58A. Dup. Radiate head r./Effaced 78-131 (halved) ROMAN IMPERIAL COINAGE: LATE (62) DIOCLETIAN, A.D. 284-305 Uncertain 159. AE2 A.D. 294-305 CONCORDIA MILITVM Prince, cf.RICVI,p.581,16a. 78-71 Jupiter Radiate bust MAXIMINUS II, A.D. 308-313 Thessalonica 160. AE1 A.D. 308-310 VIRTVTI EXERCITVS Virtus r. RICV, p. 515, 39a 78-81 (Officina A, series *) CONSTANTINE I, A.D. 307-337 Thessalonica 161. AE3 A.D. 319 VICTORIA CAESS NN Victory RIC VII, p. 506, 65 t79-307 moving 1. (Officina B) Heraclea or Nicomedia 162. AE3 A.D. 337-340 No legend. Quadriga r. cf. RICVIII, p.472,25 78-584 (Officina C, series *) This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspCOINS EXCAVATED AT CORINTH, 1978-1980 197 Alexandria 163. AE3 A.D. 345-347 VN MR Veiled figure r. RIC VIII, p. 541, 32 79-114 (Officina A orz\) CONSTANTIUS II, A.D. 337-361 Thessalonica 164. AE3 A.D. 347-348 VICTORIAE DD AVGGQ NN RICNOT i78-447 Two Victories (Officina A, series*) Cyzicus 165. AE3 A.D. 355-361 SPES REIPVBLICE Prince 1. RIC VIII, p.499,119 78-438 (Officina C, series F?) Uncertain 166. AE3 FEL TEMP REPARATIO FH6 LRBC 11,2039 78-440 (1, series M) 78-443 78-479 167. AE3 SPES REIPVBLICE Princel. LRBC II, 1689 78-137 78-469 168. AE4 Uncertain type 78-248 CONSTANS I, A.D. 337-350 Thessalonica 169. AE3 A.D. 347-348 FEL TEMP REPARATIO Galley, RIC VIII, p. 412,120 79-69 phoenix (Officina A) Uncertain 170. AE3 Uncertain type (pierced: square hole) 78-117 HOUSE OF CONSTANTINE Uncertain mint *171. AE3-2 GLORIA EXERCITVS 78-46 FEL TEMP REPARATIO 78-243 Soldiers, one standard Uncertain type FEL TEMP REPARATIO 78-267 SPES REIPVBLICE 78-155 (FH: type 3 or uncertain) 78-441 Prince 1. 78-467 Same 78-472 Same 78-483 Same 79-101 Same 79-81 Same 79-121 Same 79-86 VALENTINIAN I, A.D. 364-375 Thessalonica 172. AE3 A.D. 364-367 GLORIA ROMANORVM Prince RIC IX, p. 176,16a (i) 78-446 dragging captive r. (Officina B) VALENS, A.D. 364-378 Siscia *173. AE3 A.D. 367-375 GLORIA ROMANORVM Prince, RIC NOT 79-233 captive (Officina A, series R) Nicomedia 174. AE3 A.D. 364-367 Same (Officina A) RIC IX, p. 252, 9c 78-473 6 FH = Falling Horseman. All three coins are Falling Horseman type 3; see LRBC, p. 108. This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp198 ORESTES H. ZERVOS Cyzicus 175. A.D. 364-367 Same (Officina A) RIC IX, p. 240,8b 78-474 GRATIAN, A.D. 367-383 Siscia 176. AE2 A.D. 378-383 REPARATIOREIPVBPrinceraising RICIX,p.150,26a t78-478 woman (Officina A, series.) Uncertain 177. AE2 Same (uncertain mintmark) LRBC II, 1821 78-249 VALENTINIAN II, A.D. 375-392 Thessalonica * 178. AE4 A.D. 388-393 SALVS REIPVBLICAE Victory RIC IX, p. 188, 65a 78-52 dragging captive 1. (Officina A, series f) Constantinople * 179. AE4 A.D. 388-392 Same (Officina A, series f) RIC NOT 78-153 Uncertain 180. AE4 Same (2) LRBC II, 1873 78-250 THEODOSIUS I, A.D. 379-395 Heraclea or Nicomedia 181. AE4 A.D. 388-395 SALVS REIPVBLICAE Victory, RIC IX, p. 198, 26b, 79-91 captive (Officina A) or p. 262, 45b (1) Constantinople 182. AE4 A.D. 388-395 Same (Officina A or A, series f) RIC IX, p. 234,86b, 78-244 or p. 236, 90a Cyzicus 183. AE4 A.D. 388-395 Same (Officinae A, B, series +) RIC IX, p. 246,26b, 79-92 and p. 247, 30a 79-123 ARCADIUS or HONORIUS Unattributed mint * 184. AE4 A.D. 395-408 No legend. Emperor crowned LRBC NOT t78-132 by Victory HONORIUS, A.D. 393-423 Attributed to Siscia *185. AE4 A.D. 408-423 GLORIA ROMANORVM Princer. LRBC II, 1582 78-195 two captives (mintmark SM) MARCIAN, A.D. 450-457 Uncertain + 186. 9 mm. A.D. 450-457 Monogram or var. LRBC II, 2250. 79-17 Obv. type effaced ZENO, A.D. 474-491 Uncertain 7 187. 8 mm. A.D. 474-476 Monogram or var. LRBC II, 2279. 78-196 Obv. type effaced This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspCOINS EXCAVATED AT CORINTH, 1978-1980 199 z 188. 8 mm. A.D. 474-476 Monogram or var. LRBCII,2281. 78-142 Obv. type effaced VALENTINIAN I-III Uncertain mint 189. AE4-3 CONCORDIAAVG 79-47 VICTORIAAVGGG 79-254 (or AVGGG)/Cross Two Victories SALVS REIPVBLICAE 78-119 VOT X MVLT XX 79-87 Victory, captive 78-126 in wreath Same 78-257 VOT ... in wreath 79-78 Same 79-70 Cross in wreath 78-197 Same 79-88 Uncertain type 78-278 Same 80-95 Same 78-391 SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE 78-60 Same 79-93 Victory 1. Same 79-97 UNCERTAIN LATE ROMAN COINS (20) UNCERTAIN COINS OF SMALL MODULE, 11 MM. OR LESS (7)7 BYZANTINE COINAGE (96) JUSTIN I OR JUSTINIAN Constantinople 190. 12 mm. A.D. 518-539 Bust r./)t large. A-C DOC I, p. 45, 21a, 80-85 or p. 82, 35a JUSTIN II, A.D. 565-578 Thessalonica 191. 20mm. A.D. 568-569 Justin and Sophia, seated/ DOC I, p. 221, 65:1-5 80-201 K large. A UNCERTAIN EMPEROR Nicomedia 192. 13 mm. to A.D. 610 Bust r./C large. N DOC I, p. 330,118 79-310 THEOPHILUS, A.D. 829-842 Constantinople 193. 25-26mm. A.D. 830-842 Emperor bust/Inscription DOC III, i, 78-62 pp. 435-438, 15 78-98 MICHAEL III, THEODORA, and THECLA Constantinople 194. Mil. A.D. 842-856 Legend/Cross potent DOC III, i, p. 465,5 79-122 7One coin 78-143, has monogram N placed inside a dotted (or linear?) border. This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp200 ORESTES H. ZERVOS BASIL I, A.D. 867-886 Constantinople *195. 25 mm. A.D. 868-870 Two emperors seated/Inscription DOC III, ii, $78-100 pp.494-496,9 LEO VI, A.D. 886-912 Constantinople 196. 24-26 mm. A.D. 886-912 Emperor bust/Inscription DOC III, ii, 78-134 pp.518-521,8 78-159 79-112 80-189 80-191 CONSTANTINE VII, A.D. 913-959 Constantinople *197. 26 mm. A.D. 931-944 Romanus I bust/Inscription DOC III, ii, 78-158 (overstr.) pp. 563-564, 25b (Class 4) *198. 28 mm. A.D. 945-950 Constantine bust/Inscription DOC III, ii, 78-95 (overstr.) pp. 565-567, 26 (Class 5) *199. 27 mm. A.D. 950-959 Constantine and Romanus II DOC III, ii, 78-79 (overstr.) busts/Inscription pp. 568-569, 27 (Class 6) NICEPHORUS II, A.D. 963-969 Constantinople *200. 23 mm. A.D. 963-969 Emperor bust/Inscription DOC III, ii, 78-372 (overstr.) pp. 586-587, 7 (Class 1) NICEPHORUS III, A.D. 1078-1081 Constantinople *201. 22-24 mm. A.D. 1078-1081 Christ figure (between stars)/ DOC III, ii, 78-32 (1, overstr.) Cross and circle with C c) pp.831-832,9 78-53 N A 78-110 78-188 79-322 ANONYMOUS ISSUES 202a. 25-27 mm. A.D. 969-1030 Christ bust/Four-line DOC III, ii, p. 648, 78-135 inscription Class Al t80-200 *202b. 28 mm. Same/Same DOC III, ii, p. 649, 78-74 (Ornament 3 or 20) Class A2 *203. 27-29 mm. A.D. 1030-1042 Christ bust/Cross on steps, DOC III, ii, p. 676, 78-9 (1 overstr.) inscription in angles Class B 78-72 78-192 204. 27mm. A.D. 1042-1050 Christ figure/Jeweled cross, DOC III, ii, p.681, 78-113 inscription in angles Class C *205. 28-30 mm. A.D. 1050-1060 Christ on throne with back/ DOC III, ii, p. 685, 78-6 (overstr.) Three-line inscription Class D 78-206 *206. 29 mm. A.D. 1060-1065 Christ on backless throne/ DOC III, ii, p. 690 78-2 (overstr.) Similar Class F This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspCOINS EXCAVATED AT CORINTH, 1978-1980 201 *207. 21-26 mm. A.D. 1070-1075 Christ bust/Patriarchal cross DOC III, ii, p. 694, 78-22 (2, overstr.) Class H t78-35 78-111 78-122 78-189 *208. 22-24 mm. A.D. 1075-1080 Similar/Latin cross DOC III, ii, p. 696, 78-19 (overstr.) Class I 78-21 78-112 *209. 21-22 mm. A.D. 1085-1092 Similar/Virgin orans DOC III, ii, p. 702, 78-64 (1, overstr.) Class K 78-80 78-121 ALEXIUS I, A.D. 1081-1118 Thessalonica *210. Tetart. A.D. 1092-1118 Christbust/Emperorbust Hendy, pl. 8:7, 8 78-108 (2, overstr.) with cross 78-114 78-116 78-127 78-190 *211. Tetart. Virgin orans/Emperor bust Hendy, pl. 8:9 78-28 (2, overstr.) with labarum 78-124 78-576 79-77 *212. Tetart. Jeweled cross C OI) / 78-45 78-93 78-120 (3, overstr.) AA A 78-48 78-101 78-128 Emperor bust with cross 78-77 78-105 78-191 (Hendy, pl. 8:10-12) 78-89 78-107 78-457 78-118 79-321 JOHN II, A.D. 1118-1143 Constantinople 213. Tetart. A.D. 1118-1143 Christfigure/Emperorwithcross Hendy, pl. 11:5-7 78-56 214. Half- St. Demetrius bust/ Hendy, pl. 11:15-17 78-91 tetart. (2.37 g.) Emperor bust MANUEL I, A.D. 1143-1180 Thessalonica 215. Half- A.D. 1143-1180 (monogram small)/ Hendy, pl.17:17,18 78-86 tetart. (0.95 g.) Emperor bust 216. Half- Effaced/Similar cf. Hendy, pl. 17:17 78-55 tetart. (1.32 g.) 217a. Half- Christ bust/Emperor figure Hendy, pl. 17:19,20 78-556 tetart. (2.03 g.) *217b. Half- Same/Same Hendy, pl.17:19,20 78-42 tetart. (halved) Unattributed *218. Half- A.D. 1143-1180 ' j1f/Emperor bust 78-13 78-54 tetart. (1.1-2.14 g.) (Hendy, pl. 18:1, 2) 78-14 i78-61 78-41 78-82 78-49 78-88 78-92 This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp202 ORESTES H. ZERVOS 219. Half- A.D. 1143-1180 St. George bust/Similar 78-5 78-12 tetart. (0.99-1.86 g.) (Hendy, pl. 18:3,4) $78-11 78-34 78-196 220. Half- " Christ bust/Emperor figure 78-30 78-50 tetart. (0.9-1.81 g.) (Hendy, pl. 18:5, 6) 78-38 78-51 78-90 ISAAC II, A.D. 1185-1195 Unattributed *221. Half- A.D. 1185-1195 Effaced (St. Michael?)/ cf. Hesperia 45, 1976, 78-39 tetart. (0.74 g.) Emperor bust p. 161, 224 UNCERTAIN EMPEROR Unattributed 222. Half- A.D. 1092-1204 Bust (of saint?)/Bust 78-59 tetart. (1.54 g.) CONSTANTINOPOLITAN or IMITATIVE Uncertain 223. Trachy afterA.D. 1195 Effaced (Christ?)/Emperor cf. Hendy, pl. 23:1-7 78-17 and St. Constantine LATIN IMITATIVE Unattributed 224. Trachy A.D. 1204-1261 Effaced (Virgin with Christ?)/ cf. Hendy, pl. 29:1-3 78-1 Emperor with labarum 78-20 225. Trachy Christ, seated/Emperor with sword Hendy, pl. 29:4-6 80-118 FRANKISH COINAGE (6) WILLIAM VILLEHARDOUIN (ACHAIA), A.D. 1245-1278 Corinth 226. Den. tOA.D. 1250 C.P.ACCA(IC). Cross/ Ed., p. 152,2 78-10 .CORINTVO. Castle of Acrocorinth 227. Den. G.P.A(CC)AIC. Cross/ Ed., p. 152, 4 var. 78-29 +.CORIN(TI) Castle gate Clarenza 228. Den. afterA.D. 1250 +:C:PRINCEACnCross/ Ed., p. 152, 7 var. $78-16 vCLARENTIAD Castle Tournois WILLIAM DE LA ROCHE (ATHENS), A.D. 1280-1287 Thebes 229. Obol A.D. 1280-1287 +$ Gvv DVXATENES Ed., p. 154,21 78-7 Fleur-de-lis /+THEBE CIVIS Castle gate 230. Den. (+)DVXv ATENE Cross/ Ed., p. 154,23 78-78 ? T(HE)BEv CIVIS& Castle Tournois This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspCOINS EXCAVATED AT CORINTH, 1978-1980 203 UNCERTAIN FRANKISH PRINCE Uncertain 231. Den. Legend between two circles. Cross/ 78-24 Legend. Castle Tournois NOTES (11-12) These two coins are related, but their attribution to Corinth seems improbable. They are seldom found locally (e.g. Hesperia 41, 1972, p. 179, no. 23; Hesperia 53, 1984, p. 228, no. 56), and I know of no published examples marked with the Corinthian ethnic. In fact, No. 11 has a tiny 3 inscribed beneath the Pegasos (P1. 39), as does its duplicate in the British Museum, and a close parallel at the American Numismatic Society (with ?). The I or 3 certainly do not suggest Corinth. The letter on No. 12 cannot be read. On account of their Corcyreanlike controls (K, 0, Grapes, Kantharos, etc.) Postolaka gives the two issues to Corcyra in his book, KarTaXoyosT TriV apXaLoV VzO/Lao-/LaTcoV TrV V71oV KEpKvpas, AEVKa0os9, K.T.A., Athens 1868, nos. 238-246, and to judge from recent excavation finds on that island his attribution may well be correct. Professor T. Hackens has told me that among the Pega- sos/Trident bronzes discovered on Corfu (excepting those clearly marked "Leukas") at least half belong to the K, 0 group. It is thus unlikely that our coins have anything to do with Corinth. Additional excavation material will be needed, however, before we know whether the issues are in fact Corcyrean. (Note. Coin No. 12 is part of lot 1979-77 dated by pottery in the laterfifth century B.C.; Stratigraphic Unit IV, p. 184 above. Also associated withfifth- century contexts are three other coins of the Pegasos/Trident variety in lots 1978-52, 1978-78, and 1979-76; Stratigraphic Units, IV, VI, p. 184 and Williams, Hesperia 48, 1979, p. 113 [pottery]. Exact chronologies notwithstanding, I have listed all these coins in the Catalogue under the conventional brackets 400-146 B.C.) (54) This rare variety is listed in W. M. Leake, Numismata Hellenica: A Collection of Greek Coins, London 1854, p. 40 (last unnumbered item), where the busts are identified simply as Caius and Lucius and the legends are given as COR for the obverse and CAE.... (here .... EM) for the reverse. B. Head assigned the issue to the duoviral pair Primus-Hipparchus, but now Michel Amandry gives it to the Peregrinus-Labeo group (letter of 7/22/1981). A variant with Pegasos r. is reported by J. Fisher in Hesperia 43, 1974, p. 300, no. 40. (60) Published examples of the issue give the first duovir's name as "Flam". The new Corinth find 80-162 seems, however, to provide a rare expanded version, FLAIN[I]NY[S, thus probably justifying Head's restoration in Historia Nummorum, 2nd ed., p. xlii. The rare inscription is situated beneath Helios' head and reads from the coin's rim inward (P1. 39). (68) Coin 79-124 has two countermarks: hand on the obverse, and head r. on the reverse. On the basis of the first mark (hand) and the flan's shape and weight (8.48 g., worn), this could be an issue of the duoviri Aeficius and Julius (Caesar head/Bellerophon variety). But the reverse stamp is unusual for this early period: MacDowall, "Countermarks of Early Imperial Corinth," NC, 7th ser., vol. 2, 1962, pp. 113-115. (70) The counterstamp on this coin of Septimius Severus consists of a male head, bearded, lau- reate, set in a round incuse (see CopSNG, no. 360). The imperial coins of Corinth circulating locally are seldom countermarked, except in the later period when the male head is particu- larly in evidence. A sample of 18 coins so stamped, culled from the Corinth collection, gives the following distribution by emperor: M. Aurelius (1), Commodus (3), S. Severus (9), Cara- calla (2), Plautilla (3). This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp204 ORESTES H. ZERVOS (74) There is an obscure object, probably a symbol, in the field behind the right-hand boxer (P1. 39). (84) The inscription, TA- NA- F.... -QN, breaks differently than it does in the BMC refer- ence. The countermark is a caduceus and appears on the obverse. (85) For the date of this issue, see 0. Picard, Chalkis et la Confederation Eubee'nne, Etude de numismatique et d'histoire (IVe-Ie siecle), Athens 1975, table facing p. 355. (96) Coin 78-44 (P1. 39) is possibly Warren 2.32 (99) Warren 4.A2. (101) These coins seem to fall into two stylistic categories: Warren 4.C7.a (coin 78-381) and 4.C7.b (coins 78-266, 80-5). 78-381 has two parallel chisel marks on its surface apparently dealt in an attempt to cut it in half. (103) Possibly Warren 6.B2. (104-108) All these coins are category Warren 8; their wreaths tie as follows: No. 104: wreath ties right (P1. 39) No. 105: " above (P1. 39) No. 106: " below No. 107: " above No. 108: above (118) The obverse inscription identifies this issue as Julia Domna's (IOYAIA AYG.... ) but the likeness seems to be Plautilla's. The inscription is probably correct but the likeness wrong. Coins of the Greek imperial period with "incorrect portraits" have been recorded before, and the present find (P1. 40) is yet another example (for instances in other mints, see K. Harl, ANSMN 26, 1981, pp. 165-167). (121) Possibly vAulSNG 8108 with KNI API -TO[KAE]. (154) Weight of half, 3.96 g. (1 58A)Weight of half, 3.24 g. (171) The FEL TEMP REPARATIO coin 79-101 is from Antioch, officina F, series M (cf. LRBC II, 2637); the SPES REIPVBLICE coin 79-86 is a Constantinopolitan issue, probably of the series with "branch" (cf. LRBC II, 2053). (173) There is a "dot" or a "star" in front of the mintmark, as in RIC IX, p. 147, 14b (x, xi) which, however, lists for this issue only officinae B and F. On our coin the officina letter is blurred but almost certainly an A. (178) Reverse legend effaced. (179) RIC IX, p. 234, 86a mentions only officinae B and F for this issue. (184) This little bronze seems to be an imitation of the VIRTVS EXERCITI type struck in the East for Arcadius and Honorius (A.D. 395-408). It differs from the regular emission by its small size and lack of reverse inscription (cf. LRBC II, 1992). My thanks to J. P. C. Kent for information on this coin. (185) The emperor's name is illegible, but the reverse letters SM can be associated with certain western emissions of Honorius. The letters themselves, read Sisciana Moneta, also identify the place of issue: see LRBC II, p. 69. (195) The preserved part of the obverse legend is garbled, .... LUos'sciflAn.... It also lacks the customary break at the end of Basil's name, because of the arrangement of the imperial figures on the coin (P1. 40). (197) Struck over Leo VI (undertype as No. 196, above). (198) Struck over Romanus I (undertype as No. 197, above). This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspCOINS EXCAVATED AT CORINTH, 1978-1980 205 (199) Probably struck over Romanus I (undertype as No. 197, above). (200) Probably struck over Constantine VII (undertype as No. 198, above). (201) Coin 78-32 is cut down to a greatly decreased diameter, possibly for use as a jewelry ornament. Coin 79-322, which is extremely damaged, seems to be struck over an anonymous follis of Class I, under or over which are to be seen traces of yet another follis (Class H or J). (202b) A pellet above the iota of the reverse BASILC'1'. (203) Coin 78-9 is struck over a follis of Class A2. Coin 78-72 is cut down. (205) Both folles are overstruck, 78-6 over Class C and 78-206 over Class B. The reverse ornaments on the first coin are undecipherable; those on the other coin are of variety "class Da" noted in DOC III, ii, p. 687. (206) Probably struck over Class E. (207) Coin 78-35 is the remaining section of a quartered piece (P1. 40). 78-111 and 78-122 are overstruck but their undertypes are not decipherable. (208) All three coins are overstruck: 78-21 probably over a follis of Michael VII (undertype as DOC III, ii, p. 818, no. 14), 78-112 over a follis of the present Class I. On coin 78-19 the un- dertypes are almost totally obliterated. In all three examples the flans are very thin. (209) Coin 78-64 seems to be struck over Nicephorus III (undertype as No. 201, above). Coin 78-121 is paper thin, and the traces of the types suggest a contemporary imitation. (210) Overstruck coins: 78-108, 78-114. (211) Tetartera 78-28 and 79-77 are struck over folles of Class J and K respectively. (212) The three coins are overstruck as follows: 78-48 over an Alexius tetarteron (undertype as No. 210, above); 78-107 over a follis of Class K; and 78-93 over an undecipherable issue. Another coin, 79-321, not overstruck, is very thin and has letters AX, A, slanted as in Hendy, pl. 8:12. (217b) Weight of fragment, 1.95 g. (218) Coin 78-61 has a L(Latin letter?) engraved over the intersection of the cross arms, on the reverse, above the 11 (P1. 40). (221) No legends preserved. For the attribution of this fraction to Isaac II, see J. Fisher, Hesperia 45, 1976, p. 143, no. 51, where two similar finds are cited: (a) 1.93 g., 1975-141; (b) 0.80 g., 111/10/34. ORESTES H. ZERVOS CORINTH EXCAVATIONS This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspPLATE 39 5 11 12 15 16 19 26 49 54 60 71 73 74 76 95 96 104 105 111 113 ORESTES H. ZERVOS: COINS EXCAVATED IN CORINTH, 1978-1980 This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspPLATE 40 114 117 118 129 135 'So9 151 152 154 55 161 164 176 184 195 _202a 207 218 219 228 ORESTES H. ZERVOS: COINS EXCAVATED IN CORINTH, 1978-1980 This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 19:09:23 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspArticle Contentsp. [183]p. 184p. 185p. 186p. 187p. 188p. 189p. 190p. 191p. 192p. 193p. 194p. 195p. 196p. 197p. 198p. 199p. 200p. 201p. 202p. 203p. 204p. 205[unnumbered][unnumbered]Issue Table of ContentsHesperia: The Journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, Vol. 55, No. 2 (Apr. - Jun., 1986), pp. 129-217Front MatterCorinth, 1985: East of the Theater [pp. 129-175]An Athenian Decree Honoring Foreigners [pp. 177-182]Coins Excavated at Corinth, 1978-1980 [pp. 183-205]The Archaistic Perirrhanteria of Attica [pp. 207-217]Back Matter