startup metrics for pirates / kill a feature (fowa london, oct 2009)

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Startup Metrics for Pirates: AARRR! Future of Web Apps Oct 2009 Dave McClure, Founders Fund http://www.foundersfund.com/ http://500hats.typepad.com/ http://slideshare.net/dmc500hats/

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Latest & Greatest Startup Metrics for Pirates, from my talk at FOWA London, October 2009.

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Page 1: Startup Metrics for Pirates / KILL a Feature (FOWA London, Oct 2009)

Startup Metrics for Pirates:AARRR!

Future of Web Apps

Oct 2009

Dave McClure, Founders Fundhttp://www.foundersfund.com/

http://500hats.typepad.com/http://slideshare.net/dmc500hats/

Page 2: Startup Metrics for Pirates / KILL a Feature (FOWA London, Oct 2009)

Why I’m Here: To Kick Your ASS.

The Basics• 5 Steps: Startup Metrics for Pirates (AARRR!)• Iterate, Measure, Optimize. Build a Feedback Loop. (Loop. Loop.)• KILL a FEATURE. Something Sucks. Find It. Kill it. NOW.

YOUR SILLY FUCKING HOPES & DREAMS, ABOUT TO BE CRUSHED

THE REALITY: U SUCK, YOUR PRODUCT SUCKS, & U WILL FAIL … HARD.

Page 3: Startup Metrics for Pirates / KILL a Feature (FOWA London, Oct 2009)

Dave McClure

2001-2009:• Startup Investor: 500 Hats LLC, Founders Fund• Tech Marketing: PayPal, Simply Hired, Mint• Advisor, Angel Investor: 40+ Startups• Conf. Organizer: Web 2.0, O’Reilly, Startonomics• Stanford Visiting Lecturer: Facebook, Startup Metrics

80’s & 90’s:• Entrepreneur: Founder/CEO Aslan Computing (acq.)• Developer: Windows Apps / SQL DB Admin• User Groups: E-Commerce, Internet, Client-Server• Engineer: Johns Hopkins ‘88, BS Eng / Applied MathGEEK, CODER,

ENTREPRENEUR

D-list Blogger, Marketing Hack, Wanna-be Angel/VC

Page 4: Startup Metrics for Pirates / KILL a Feature (FOWA London, Oct 2009)

Angel Investments (Personal, 13 deals, 2004-2008)

Page 5: Startup Metrics for Pirates / KILL a Feature (FOWA London, Oct 2009)

Professional Investments (2009)

FF Angel – 12 deals @$50-250K fbFund REV – 22 deals @ ~$15-75K

Page 6: Startup Metrics for Pirates / KILL a Feature (FOWA London, Oct 2009)

Web 2.0: Hell Yes, Good Times.

1. # Users, Bandwidth = Bigger.2. Lower Startup Costs = Smaller.3. PPC, E-Com $ Growing = Better.

1. Collect Usage Metrics in Real-Time2. Decisions Based on Measured User Behavior

Page 7: Startup Metrics for Pirates / KILL a Feature (FOWA London, Oct 2009)

Be Bold. Be Humble.

20% Inspiration + 80% Perspiration

Long-term: Audacity + Creative Inspiration Short-term: Humility + Analytic Rigor

READ: To The Smartest Person in the Room (Chris McDonough)

Page 8: Startup Metrics for Pirates / KILL a Feature (FOWA London, Oct 2009)

Optimize 4 Happiness (both User + Business)

• Define States of User + Business Value• Prioritize (Estimate) Relative Value of Each State• Move Users: Lower Value -> Higher Value• Optimize for User Happiness / Business $$$• Achieve Low Cost + High Value @ Scale

$$$

Page 9: Startup Metrics for Pirates / KILL a Feature (FOWA London, Oct 2009)

The Startup Metrics Religion

• Progress ≠ Features (Less = More)• Focus on User Experience (& Distribution)• Measure Conversion; Compare 2+ Options• Fast, Frequent Iteration (+ Feedback Loop)• Keep it Simple & Actionable

Page 10: Startup Metrics for Pirates / KILL a Feature (FOWA London, Oct 2009)

Minimize TOTAL time through the loop

LEARN BUILD

MEASURE

IDEAS

CODEDATA

Source: Eric Ries, The Lean Startup

Page 11: Startup Metrics for Pirates / KILL a Feature (FOWA London, Oct 2009)

Startup Metrics for Pirates

• Acquisition: users come to site from various channels• Activation: users enjoy 1st visit: "happy” experience• Retention: users come back, visit site multiple times• Referral: users like product enough to refer others• Revenue: users conduct some monetization behavior

AARRR!

(note: If you’re in a hurry, Google “Startup Metrics” & watch 5m video)

Page 12: Startup Metrics for Pirates / KILL a Feature (FOWA London, Oct 2009)

AARRR!: 5-Step Startup Metrics Model

Website.com

Revenue $$$

Biz DevAds, Lead Gen, Subscriptions, ECommerce

ACQUISITION

SEOSEM

Apps & Widgets

Affiliates

Email

PR Biz Dev

Campaigns, Contests

Direct, Tel, TV

Social Networks

Blogs

Domains

Retention

Emails & Alerts

System Events & Time-based

Features

Blogs, RSS, News Feeds

Page 13: Startup Metrics for Pirates / KILL a Feature (FOWA London, Oct 2009)

The Startup Pyramid(Sean Ellis, Startup-Marketing.com)

[email protected]: startup-marketing.com

Page 14: Startup Metrics for Pirates / KILL a Feature (FOWA London, Oct 2009)

Startup Challenges

Startups have problems in 3 key areas:

• Management: Setting Priorities, Defining Key Metrics, Creating Dashboard, Reporting Progress

• Product: Building the “Right” Features, Getting Product Out Quickly, Testing for User Conversion / Adoption

• Marketing: Accessing “Web 2.0” Channels (Search, Social, Viral, New Media), Cost-Efficient Distribution

Page 15: Startup Metrics for Pirates / KILL a Feature (FOWA London, Oct 2009)

Role: Founder/CEOQ: Which Metrics? Why?A: Focus on Critical Few Actionable Metrics

(if you don’t use the metric to make a decision, it’s not actionable)

• Hypothesize Customer Lifecycle• Target ~3-5 Conversion Events (tip: Less = More)

• Test, Measure, Iterate to Improve

Page 16: Startup Metrics for Pirates / KILL a Feature (FOWA London, Oct 2009)

Role: Product / EngineeringQ: What Features to Build? Why? When are you “Done”?A: Easy-to-Find, Fun/Useful, Unique Features that

Increase Conversion (stop iterating when increase decelerates)

• Wireframes = Conversion Steps• Measure, A/B Test, Iterate FAST (daily/weekly)• Optimize for Conversion Improvement

– 80% on existing feature optimization– 20% on new feature development

Page 17: Startup Metrics for Pirates / KILL a Feature (FOWA London, Oct 2009)

KILL A FEATURE.Something Sucks. Find It. KILL It.

• STOP ADDING FEATURES.

• Find the ONE THING that users LOVE.• How to figure out? TAKE. SHIT. AWAY.• When they SCREAM, you’ve FOUND it.• Then Bring it Back… Only Better.

• Tip: KILL a Feature Every Week.

Page 18: Startup Metrics for Pirates / KILL a Feature (FOWA London, Oct 2009)

Role: Marketing / Sales

Q: What channels? Which users? Why?A: High Volume (#), Low Cost ($), High Conv (%)

• Design & Test Multiple Marketing Channels + Campaigns• Select & Focus on Best-Performing Channels & Themes• Optimize for conversion to target CTAs, not just site/landing page• Match/Drive channel cost to/below revenue potential

• Low-Hanging Fruit: – Blogs– SEO/SEM– Landing Pages– Automated Emails

Page 19: Startup Metrics for Pirates / KILL a Feature (FOWA London, Oct 2009)

One Step at a Time.

1. Make a Good Product: Activation & Retention2. Market the Product: Acquisition & Referral3. Make Money: Revenue & Profitability

“You probably can’t save your Ass and your Face at the same time… choose carefully.” – DMC

Page 20: Startup Metrics for Pirates / KILL a Feature (FOWA London, Oct 2009)

Links & Resources

Additional References:

• Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion Robert Cialdini (book)

• Putting the Fun in Functional Amy Jo Kim (etech 2006 preso)

• Futuristic Play Andrew Chen (blog)

• Don’t Make Me Think Steve Krug (book)

• Designing for the Social Web Joshua Porter (book, website)

• Startup Lessons Learned Eric Ries (blog)

• Customer Development Methodology Steve Blank (presentation, blog)

• Startup-Marketing.com Sean Ellis (blog)

• KISSmetrics.com Hiten Shah / Neil Patel (website)

• How To Pitch a VC Dave McClure (slides, NSFW)