short story

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  • THE SHORT STORY

  • A short storyIs a brief work of FICTIONOne main character faces a CONFLICTThe conflict is resolved in the PLOT

  • There are 5 major elements in every short storyPlotSettingCharactersPoint of viewTheme

  • The plotThe sequence of EVENTSInvolves CHARACTERS and a problem (CONFLICT)Has 7 basic parts

  • CLIMAXEXPOSITIONRESOLUTIONRISING ACTIONFALLING ACTIONSTORYTITLEMOMENT OFDISCOVERYINCITINGINCIDENT

  • CLIMAXEXPOSITIONRESOLUTIONRISING ACTIONFALLING ACTION

    STORYTITLEMOMENT OFDISCOVERYINCITINGINCIDENT

    Introduces setting, characters, situationAll the events leading upto the climax High point of interest or suspenseAll the events after the climax leading to theresolution

    The ah-ha! for thecharacterThe conflict is resolved

    Sets the plot in motion

  • CLIMAXEXPOSITIONRESOLUTIONRISING ACTIONFALLING ACTIONSTORYTITLEMOMENT OFDISCOVERYINCITINGINCIDENT

    Introduces setting, characters, situationAll the events leading upto the climax High point of interest or suspenseAll the events after the climax leading to theresolution

    The ah-ha! for thecharacterThe conflict is resolved

    Sets the plot in motion

  • The settingThe TIME of the story including HISTORICAL PERIOD, YEAR, SEASON, TIME OF DAYWHERE the story takes place including geographical LOCATION (region, country, state, town), SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, CULTURAL environmentPresents the EXISTING SITUATION Provides a PROBLEM the characters must face and overcome

  • Characters

    The people or animals who PARTICIPATE IN THE ACTIONDetails are revealed through:

    physical DESCRIPTION words (WHAT THE CHARACTER SAYS) actions (WHAT THE CHARACTER DOES) interactions with others (WHAT OTHERS SAY ABOUT THE CHARACTER)

  • Point of viewThe vantage point from which the story is toldFirst-person narration:

    the narrator is a character IN THE ACTION uses first-person pronouns; I, ME, WE

    Third-person narration:

    the story-teller REPORTS events the story-teller DOES NOT TAKE PART in the action

  • THEMEThe CENTRAL MESSAGE or INSIGHT INTO LIFE; the LESSON to be learned A GENERALIZATION about people or about life The main idea

  • The theme is NOT a summary of the plot.

  • The theme can be:STATED DIRECTLYThe author expresses the theme directly in a sentence or two.

    IMPLIEDThe reader must read between the lines and decide what the work is saying about the nature of people or life.

  • Read between the lines to find the theme by analyzing:The TITLE = clues to the main ideaThe SETTING = details revealing the authors attitude toward the world in generalThe PLOT = conflict and resolution of the conflictThe CHARACTERS = actions, traits, motivations, moment of discovery, conclusions they draw

  • There are 5 major elements in every short storyPlotSettingCharactersPoint of viewTheme