short story literary elements. what is a short story? a short story is a brief work of fiction

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Short Story Literary Elements

Post on 24-Dec-2015




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  • Slide 1
  • Short Story Literary Elements
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  • What is a short story? A short story is a brief work of fiction.
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  • Elements of a Short Story Plot Setting Characterization Point of View Theme
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  • Plot The sequence of events in a literary work
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  • Plot Structure Exposition introduces the setting, the characters and the basic situation Inciting Incident introduces the central conflict Rising Action events leading up to the climax
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  • Climax high point of interest or suspense Falling Action events after the climax that lead to the resolution Resolution (Denouement) general insight or change is conveyed
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  • Setting The setting is the time and place of the action.
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  • Time Time can include not only the historical period past, present, future but also a specific year, season or time of day.
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  • Place Place may involve not only the geographical place a region, country, state, or town but also the social, economic or cultural environment.
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  • Characters A character is a person or animal that takes part in the action of a literary work.
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  • Protagonist The main character, or protagonist, is the most important character in a story. This character often changes in some important way as a result of the storys events.
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  • Antagonist An antagonist is the character or force in conflict with the protagonist.
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  • Characterization Characterization is the act of creating and developing a character.
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  • Direct Characterization In direct characterization, the author directly states a characters traits.
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  • Indirect Characterization In indirect characterization, an author provides clues about a character by describing what a character looks like, does and says, as well as how other characters react to him/her. It is up to the reader to draw conclusions.
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  • Point of View The writers choice of narrator determines the storys point of view, which directs the type and amount of information the writer reveals.
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  • First Person When a character in the story tells the story, that character is a first person narrator.
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  • First Person This person may be a major character, a minor character, or just a witness. Readers see only what this character sees. The first person narrator may or may not be reliable.
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  • Third Person When a voice outside the story narrates, the story has a third person narrator.
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  • Third Person Omniscient An omniscient, or all-knowing third person narrator can tell readers what any character thinks or feels.
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  • Third Person Limited A limited third person narrator sees the world through one characters eyes and reveals only that characters thoughts.
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  • Theme The theme is the central message or insight into life revealed in a literary work.
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  • More Elements Conflict Foreshadowing Mood Irony Symbol
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  • Conflict A conflict is a struggle between opposing forces. Characters in conflict form the basis of short stories, novels, and plays.
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  • External Conflict In an external conflict, the main character struggles against an outside force: Another character Societal standards or expectations Nature
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  • Internal Conflict The character is in conflict with him/herself.
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  • Foreshadowing Foreshadowing is the use of clues that suggest events that have yet to occur. This technique creates suspense, keeping readers wondering what will happen next.
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  • Mood Mood is the feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage. The mood is often suggested by descriptive details.
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  • Irony Irony is the general term for literary techniques that portray differences between appearance and reality, or expectation and result.
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  • Verbal Irony Words suggest the opposite of what is meant
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  • Dramatic Irony There is a contradiction between what a character thinks and what the reader or audience knows to be true.
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  • Situational Irony An event occurs that directly contradicts the expectations of the characters, the reader, or the audience.
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  • Symbol A symbol is anything that stands for something else. In addition to having its own meaning, a symbol also represents abstract ideas.