Micro Bloggins with Twitter - by Ogilvy PR

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Lovely visual presentation extolling the importance and benefits of micro blogging.

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  • 360

    Digital Influence

    Twitter For BusinessNovember 2008

  • Twitter-gendaWhat is Twitter and Why to Use It?

    Twitter Strategy: Customer Relations

    Twitter Strategy: Crisis Management

    Twitter Strategy: Corporate Reputation Management

    Twitter Strategy: Event Activation

    Twitter Strategy: Product Promotion and Sales

    Twitter Strategy: Issue Advocacy

    Twitter Strategy: Internal Communication

    How to Twitpitch

    Twitter Do's and Don'ts

    The Twitter Basics: Setting Up Twitter

    Additional Resources and Take Aways

    01

    02

    03

    04

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    06

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    12

  • What is Twitter?

  • What is Twitter? Twitter is a microblogging platform composed entirely of 140 character

    answers to 1 simple question: What are you doing? or rather , What are you interested in right now?

    Twitter receives over 3 million UMVs, with an average daily growth of approximately 5% from September to November 2008. An average of over 50% of Twitter traffic are repeat visitors.

    Twitter remains the most popular among the micro-blogging services. In July, traffic was 12x higher than the total traffic for Plurk and 24x higher than FriendFeed. (Hitwise)

    According to Time Magazine, males make up over 60% of the Twitter demographic.

    Twitter's largest age demographic is 35-to-44-year-olds who make up 25.9% of its users. (This is up from an April 2008 Compete report)

    While a number of Twitter tools and APIs are emerging on a daily basis, the majority, 56%, of users are still Tweeting directly through Twitter.com.

  • Business Opportunities Twitter allows businesses a new mode of customer communication that

    can be tailored to match their customers preferences.

    Identify what Twitter strategy works best for your company or client.

    Customer Relations

    Crisis Management

    Corporate Reputation Management

    Event Activation

    Issue Advocacy

    Product Promotion and Sales

    Internal Communication

  • Top Twitter Strategies

  • Follow>Create>Engage

  • @comcastcares

    Frank Eliason at Comcast started @comcastcares in April 2008 in

    response to the customer conversations he and his team found on Twitter

    through monitoring. Offers customers specific troubleshooting tips,

    online resources, new product info and a key customer relations

    personality (i.e. Franks).

  • Customer Service

    Anyone who has customers B2C, B2B, G2B, G2C, etc... can use Twitter to quickly listen and respond to customer feedback before problems escalate or to activate brand ambassadors.

  • Customer Service: Follow

    Find out what people are saying about your brand through Twitter search functions like, Search.Twitter and TweetScan.

    To make it easy, set up an RSS feed for your Twitter searches, so that you can easily check in to see new conversations around the brand.

    Get familiar with these conversations and start to follow key contributors, customers and brand lusters (those who are interested in your brand but not yet customers).

    This is also where an organization tool like TweetDeck can come in handy to help you categorize those you are following.

  • Customer Service: Create

    All Twitter handles should have a clear personality - even for customer service. Keep in mind the overall personality of your brand as you tweet and make sure you are providing valuable information to your followers.

    As you identify conversations and start to follow your customers, you will be able to get an idea of what they are looking for. What do they want to know? Are they asking for product information? Looking for tips on using a service or fixing a product? This should be the guideline for your content.

    With the 140-character limit, use tinyurl or snurl to direct followers to relevant information and useful resources outside of Twitter.

  • Customer Service: Engage

    While you can be providing general information to your followers on a regular basis, you also want to make sure your customers know they are being heard.

    Focus on replying (@handle) to individuals who have questions about your brand, who are sharing their brand experiences and to those to whom you can provide helpful information and resources.

    Direct Messages (DM) are also useful for corresponding privately with others. Go ahead and send new followers a direct message thanking them for their interest and providing any additional information or resources that could be useful.

  • @jetblue

    The guys at JetBlue established a handle in a effort to humanize their

    brand and prevent any future reputation and sales crises resulting from

    customer complaints or corporate mishaps. Responds to customers with

    information and suggestions in their own quirky personality.

  • Crisis Management

    Using Twitter for Crisis Communications is as much about preventing an isolated issue from becoming a full-blown crisis as it is about communicating to the public once a crisis has hit.

    Twitter is the fast way to respond and maintain an open channel.

    It needs to be part of a broader strategy, with all of the (social) media channels you use to listen and share with your customers, clients, and industry.

  • Crisis Management: Follow

    Keep track of your brand on Twitter, and in blogs, message boards, and communities as well.

    Pay attention to key topic areas, new products and company announcements. Listening becomes especially important during a new product launch a movie screening, a product debut, a major branded event. Customer first impressions can start small, but grow fast and furious.

    Follow users who talk about you the people who use your products and care about your brand. Follow those who talk both positively and negatively about your brand.

    Crisis prevention is about building trust about developing a network that you can learn from, and can help carry your messages when you need to get them out.

  • Crisis Management: Create

    In the case of a crisis, youll need more than 140 characters to tell your story. Start with an explanation on a separate Web site or blog, like that of JetBlue, and link to your page in your Tweets.

    Twitter can help direct your brand advocates and detractors to your explanation and can alert them as new content becomes available and new news is released.

    Clearly outline the steps you are taking to rectify the problem. Use Twitter to share current information as it comes in.

    DM media contacts and brand ambassadors, with whom youve built relationships, and give them the information they need when they need it.

    Post real-time updates that address the status of your issue, what youre doing to fix it, and eventually, what steps youre taking so that it wont happen again.

  • Crisis Management: Engage

    In a crisis, Twitter provides another venue for you to answer questions, raise issues and engage in a dialogue.

    Respond to questions and comments from customers, influencers and media, and especially those people who have been directly impacted.

    Your Twittering employees should be briefed on the issues, and if they cant address a specific question, they should be equipped to send complaints to someone who can.

    Act early. Listening and responding in the first 24 hours following the crisis is key as that is when the volume conversations will start to ramp up.

  • @Zappos

    Started originally to help build company culture for employees outside

    of the office. Now, with over 17,000 followers, provides customers with

    an inside look at the company and core values, thought leadership, useful

    resources and product promotion.

  • Corporate Reputation Management

    Twitter offers a new channel and outlet for your brands personality and humanity. A Twitter handle is created to share the brand personality from real-live people behind the messages being Tweeted.

    Its easy to see what others are saying about your brand and topics of interest and create a strong presence within those conversations.

  • Corporate Reputation Management: Follow

    Follow people talking about your brand, your product/service, and even you. Listen and Learn.

    Follow other thought leaders in your industry, see what they are talking about. Think of how you can join the conversation and be a thought leader, yourself.

    Follow those who are talking about similar interests. If your brand has a vested interest in a specific topic, make sure to follow others talking about the topic to get insights and new ideas/information, and to establish your brand within that conversation.

    Follow news and media handles. This will help to keep you up to date and in the know of current events, new research, etc. Use this to your advantage as conversation starters.

  • Corporate Reputation Management: Create

    The 140-character limit forces you to cut to the chase and just tell your followers what they need to know (none of that corporate speak here).

    Become a thought leader in your industry, share interesting and new information, insights and ideas around relevant topics. (You can throw in company updates and news in there too, every once in a while)

    Just like a popular website or blog, if you continue to guide people to helpful, funny, or insightful content they will come back for more.

    As with everything social media, the most important thing is to be authentic. Do not try to push an agenda without being transparent.

    Be yourself and update often. The more you update the more Google crawls your page. (Good for Search Engine Optimization)

  • Corporate Reputation Management: Engage

    Dont be afraid to join the conversation.

    Nothing like the CEO of a major company mixing it up with the rest of the community to help build a positive reputation for you and your brand.

    Through these conversations, you should be able to identify brand ambassadors (or those who love your brand and Tweet often about it).

    Start and maintain a strong relationship with them, they can help to build a positive conversation and become an essential part of your corporate reputation management strategy.

  • #votereport

    Voters were encouraged to report their voting experience on Election Day

    2008. Over 11,000 Tweets nationwide. Twitter Vote Report created a site

    specific to the event to share and track both positive and negative voting

    experiences.

  • Event Activation

    The real-time ability to connect with others and share experiences makes Twitter a great platform for individuals, or companies, to use during a major event.

    Live-Tweeting an event can be used to create a completely new channel of conversation and a way to enhance the physical experience of the event. Combining Twitter with blogs, video and other social media efforts provides more ways to interact with the content and experience youre creating.

  • Event Activation: Follow

    Find others who are Tweeting about topics or issues that will be covered at your event.

    Follow users who are discussing your brand or product - theyre likely to be interested in your companys official point of view on the event and might be able to help you spread the word.

    Customize an existing Twitter handle with an event-specific hashtag for a set period of time or create a Twitter handle solely dedicated to that event.

    #votereport was used by people live-Tweeting from the polls

    @lenovo2008 handle was used by Ogilvy PR for the Beijing Olympics for our Lenovo client

    As it approaches, use Search.Twitter or Hashtags.org see what other hashtags (#) are being used around the event youll be attending. Use it in every tweet so that your content is easy to find by searchers.

  • Event Activation: Create

    Your handle will have its hey day during the actual period that the event is occurring. This is when others will be looking for coverage from the event, and you can provide a real service by providing on the ground reports in real time.

    Make sure your Tweets are meaningful - great verbatims, new statistics, or important announcements shared by speakers make for great Tweets. Eyewitness experiences that non-attendees would never know about are also high value. Give people information they can use themselves, or would care to share with others.

    Spoiler alerts! Remember that if youre live-Tweeting sporting competitions or other live events on tape delay not everyone is dying to know the final outcome. Consider including a spoiler alert warning if appropriate.

  • Event Activation: Engage

    Interacting with other Twitterers who are at or interested in the event is just as important as the live-Tweets that you put out. Tweet and search for other event related tweets to respond to.

    Ask your followers questions and answer theirs - there is real value in creating a community around your event coverage, especially since your brand is the reference point.

    Follow, interact and DM with influential Twitterers who are also interested in the event to help increase WOM.

    Other less visible Twitterers are still important. They may be more apt to engage multiple times during your event to help build participation and contnet.

    Be pro-active in organizing on the ground Tweet-Ups, where attendees come together to meet in real life to network with others with similar interest.

  • @delloutlet

    Posting deals on refurbished computers from the Dell Outlet provides

    Twitter followers a chance to be the first to know about online deals.

    With over 2,000 followers, Dell hit sales at $500K within its first year.

  • Product Promotion and Sales

    A successful sales and promotion plan is based on identifying your audience, providing useful content, and being prepared to engage in the conversation. When done right, your followers will not only become loyal customers, but also evangelists for your brand and your promotions.

  • Product Promotion and Sales: Follow

    Search mentions of your brand, product, or niche and follow these Twitterers.

    When creating your account make sure your description and handle are clear so users know what they get if they follow you.

    It would also be helpful to populate your stream with tweets before beginning full-scale out-reach to show those checking out your profile that you are a valuable follow.

  • Product Promotion and Sales: Create

    Tweet often (at least twice daily), but not too often.

    Besides promoting existing coupons and sales efforts, consider offering Twitter-only exclusives to reward loyal followers and give them a reason to stay connected.

    Nothing new to promote? Help people learn more about your company by featuring one of your suppliers, your employee of the month (bonus points if they are on Twitter and you can include a handle), or an interesting piece of industry news.

    Keep content relevant to your products and should you fall in love with Twitter and feel the urge to update every hour on the hour, please create a personal handle.

  • Product Promotion and Sales: Engage

    The idea behind a sales and promotion strategy may seem like a one-way conversation but check your replies and direct messages frequently.

    Failure to reply to a customers question, concern, or praise will make you appear to be a spam machine.

    Be aware that by putting your brand out there you are opening yourself up and people will inevitably contact you with a non-sales-related issue.

    Dont allow this to scare you off; embrace it as a new way to talk to your customers and give them what they want- this aligns nicely with your sales goals.

    You are connecting customers immediately with info and links, thereby increasing the chance that followers will click through for more information or to make a purchase.

  • @RedCross

    The Red Cross uses Twitter to to get important info out to affected

    people in the immediate aftermath of a disaster. Others are tweeting

    preparedness tips and disaster information, health alerts and helpful

    resources. Updates are made frequently, but should remain relevant to

    the issue at hand.

  • Issue Advocacy

    Twitters ability to connect people with similar interests can be harnessed for the greater social good with non-profits and issue advocacy organizations creating a community and providing useful information to those they serve, volunteers, donors and other supporters.

  • Issue Advocacy: Follow

    As with all strategies, use Twitter Search to find people interested in your subject area.

    Follow other non-profits (even your competitors), industry consultants and thought leaders (@kanter, @nedre, @ntenhross), and of course people interested in your cause.

    It is really important to follow all the people that are following you. If your cause matters to them, what they have to say is important to you and your success on twitter.

    Be sure to do regular Twitter Searches to see who is mentioning your organization and what they are saying.

  • Issue Advocacy: Create

    Provide information that is useful to your followers.

    The cardinal rule of fundraising is to talk about your donors and the issues that matter to them. Dont focus on your organization or you will lose peoples interest. This applies to Twitter as well. People follow other people and organizations that provide them with something useful.

    As recommended by Claire Johnson, the chief twitterer at the American Red Cross, If you think of twitter as a public service that your organization provides, rather than a marketing tool, you should be in good shape.

    Think about what kind of value your organization can provide to your followers and then tweet about those things.

  • Issue Advocacy: Engage

    Once you have followers and content you can start engaging with the people who follow you. Use @ replies to respond to people who mention your organization after you find them in Twitter Search.

    Respond to people who follow you with a quick thank you and perhaps a question to find out about why they chose to follow your organization.

    After you have a strong base of followers, start doing more to involve your followers, like Twitter-thons or awareness days for your issue.

  • Yammer

    Launched in Fall 2008, Yammer was developed to enhance

    communications amongst co-workers and team members. Answering the

    question, What are you working on?, Yammer stays true to the Twitter

    format of 140-character limit, providing a quick an easy way to update

    colleagues, ask questions and provide resources and insights in response.

  • Internal Communications

    Internal communications should NOT take place on a public platform. Although there are ways to make you Tweets private, there is a new microblogging platform designed specifically for corporate communications: Yammer.

  • The Basics of Yammer

    Launched in Fall 2008, Yammer was developed to enhance communications amongst co-workers and team members.

    Answering the question, What are you working on?, Yammer stays true to the Twitter format of 140-character limit, providing a quick an easy way to update colleagues, ask questions and provide resources and insights in response.

    To begin, a corporate account is set up, and only those with the same email domain can access the platform.

    Use Yammer for specific projects, team building or global updates to enhance your companys internal communication.

  • The Art of TwitPitching

    Created by Stowe Boyd, Twitpitching is the new way to pitch media, but in 140-characters or less.

    Still gaining in popularity, the TwitPitch is used to gain media coverage around an event, product or company update.

    Small businesses and startups are TwitPitching @stoweboyd and @scobleizer and other high profile Twitterers in hopes of capturing their interest and getting coverage.

    Boyd developed the following rules to help manage TwitPitches:

    A twitter message of the form "@stoweboyd [pitch goes here without the brackets] #twitpitch". (Note the #hashtag means that these will be accessible at www.hashtags.org/tag/twitpitch.)

    A second, optional twitter of the form "@stoweboyd [single URL goes here without the brackets] #twitpitch". Just one URL, please.

    A third, optional twitter of the form "@stoweboyd [proposed time(s) to meet or call go here without the brackets] #twitpitch".

  • Twitter Best Practices

  • Twitter Dos DO see what other businesses are doing on Twitter

    DO use Twitter search engines for keyword searches around brands, products and topic of interest.

    DO follow Twitterers with similar interests to establish a brand presence within conversation

    DO use Twitter to start a conversation

    DO be dedicated to Twitter. Having more than one employee on Twitter will ensure an ongoing company presence.

    DO ask questions and get feedback from your followers

    DO engage consumers in co-creation and get constructive insights for future company developments or publications

  • Twitter Dos

    DO follow the Blogger Code of Ethics within all things social media:

    Be transparent in your reason dTweet (Let your followers know your about - Customer Service, Product Discounts, etc)

    Respect other Twitterers (Know when to participate and when to listen)

    Think before you direct message (Will your direct message be seen as helpful or intrusive?)

    Make sure your message directly relates to those you are reaching out to

    Provide value to your followers (Whether its free product or valuable advice, something that gives you credibility and reiterates the value you see in your followers)

    DO spread the word about your participation on Twitter - include your Twitter handle in your email signature, send out your Twitter URL, http://twitter.com/USERNAME to co-workers, peers and even customers.

  • Twitter Donts

    DONT use Twitter to push ads or brand messaging. Dont just Tweet but also follow others to join in or start a conversation.

    DONT use Twitter to tell your everyday tasks, make sure your Tweets are resourceful, entertaining and/or valuable to your followers

    DONT be boring!

    DONT panic if you are Twitter-Jacked, where other Twitterers use your identity within their Twitter handles, instead contact the Twitterers and find out their reasoning before taking action (they could turn out to be your biggest fans)

    DONT I REPEAT - DO NOT Tweet anything about clients, co-workers, friends, etc. that you would not want them to see - this is a good way to burn bridges and lose customers (not to mention make a bad name for yourself)

  • The Twitter Basics

  • Setting up a Twitter Handle

    Establish a Twitter handle and profile that sets the expectation for your followers. Be clear in the handle bio and description as to what you will be focusing on and who you represent.

    The name of the company should be included in at least your bio, and ideally your handle (this will help people find your brand) as well.

    Disclose whether the handle will be maintained by one individual or a team of people within the company.

    Shel Isreal recommends users show themselves with a real photo (or at least an avatar). Your followers want to see that youre a real person.

    Define the roles and responsibilities internally amongst your team members (including how frequently your Tweets should be updated, who should and should not be followed/responded to, and how you should respond in various situations).

  • Brand jacking

    While youre here, try out a few variations of your brand

    Many companies have created a Twitter presence on Twitter only to find a brand name already taken

    Consider registering variations of a brand (i.e. Nike, Nikeshoes, etc) in an effort to protect against Brand Jacking

    Setting up a Twitter Handle

  • Setting up a Twitter Handle

    Connect with Clients

    Provide a company email address to search your existing Outlook, Yahoo, Gmail, AOL, or MSN email address books and find email contacts already using Twitter

  • Complete the Profile

    Filling in the profile allows for followers to better understand the personality of the person behind Twitter handle brand.

    Be sure to include a bio, a URL to a Website or blog and the full name of a real person.

    Check the protect updates feature only for internal communications with private content.

    Setting up a Twitter Handle

  • Additional Resources and Take Aways

  • Top 10 Twitter Tools Search.Twitter (f.k.a Summize): Complete an advanced search

    around key phrases, within specific dates, and from specific handles. (Often broken, Google search is the best back up!)

    TweetDeck: A desktop app that lets you organize your followers into specific categories (i.e. industry leaders, customers, potential customers, etc.)

    TwitPic: Provides a bridge from your camera phone to Twitter. Pictures can either post to the Twitter public timeline from phone via email or through the site.

    Tweet Later: Allows you to auto-follow those who follow your account and provides an auto-welcome feature to send a custom message to new followers via DM or in the public timeline.

    TwitterGrader: Measures the relative power and authority of a Twitter user by calculating number of followers, power of network of followers, pace of updates and completeness of a user's profile.

  • Top 10 Twitter Tools TweetBeep: the Google Alerts for Twitter, allows you to monitor

    conversations that mention you, your brand, related/competitor products, and links to your website/blog. Alerted as keywords appear, reducing the need for a manual search.

    Twitterholic: Find out who has the most followers and who can be an influential asset to your campaign.

    Twhirl: Centrally manages activity, messaging, and updating for Twitter and other platforms (FriendFeed, Identi.ca, and Seesmic).

    TwitScoop: Tells you Whats hot right now?, presenting trend comparisons and volume of conversation.

    Twitterberry: Downloadable Blackberry app for Twitter.

    (One more: TwitterFox, a Firefox plugin that allows you to sendand receive updates, right from the browsers status bar.

  • A Strategic Approach to Using Twitter

    ENGAGECREATEFOLLOWSTRATEGY

    Customer Relations

    Crisis Management

    Corporate Reputation

    Management

    Event Coverage

    Product Promotion & Sales

    Issue Advocacy

    Your customers and potential customers

    Content relevant to your customers: tips, company info, etc.

    Answer questions, respond to comments about your brand

    Your brand, products and relevant issues

    Direct to additional resources, updated information, explanation

    Answer questions, respond to comments, raise issues, provide info

    Industry leaders, similar interest groups, news/media

    Insights, expertise, become a thought leader

    Jump in the conversation. Be transparent and add value

    Current and potential customers, those interested in similar products

    Event information, updates, behind the scenes coverage

    Set up Tweet-ups, talk to attendees, ask and answer questions

    Those interested or attending event, media

    Links to online promos, insider info on upcoming sales, discount codes

    Check replies and DMs, answer questions, provide info when needed

    Those interested in your cause, industry leaders, news

    Added value: health tips, disaster alerts, fundraising info

    Know your followers, thank them for support, get them involved

  • Additional Resources

    http://delicious.com/360DI/twitter

  • Slide Number 1Twitter-gendaSlide Number 3Slide Number 4What is Twitter?Slide Number 6Slide Number 7Slide Number 8Slide Number 9Business OpportunitiesSlide Number 11Slide Number 12Slide Number 13Customer ServiceCustomer Service: FollowSlide Number 16Customer Service: CreateCustomer Service: EngageSlide Number 19Crisis ManagementCrisis Management: FollowCrisis Management: CreateCrisis Management: EngageSlide Number 24Corporate Reputation ManagementCorporate Reputation Management: FollowCorporate Reputation Management: CreateCorporate Reputation Management: EngageSlide Number 29Event ActivationEvent Activation: FollowEvent Activation: CreateEvent Activation: EngageSlide Number 34Product Promotion and SalesProduct Promotion and Sales: FollowProduct Promotion and Sales: CreateProduct Promotion and Sales: EngageSlide Number 39Issue AdvocacyIssue Advocacy: FollowIssue Advocacy: CreateIssue Advocacy: EngageSlide Number 44Internal CommunicationsThe Basics of YammerThe Art of TwitPitchingSlide Number 48Twitter DosTwitter Dos Twitter DontsSlide Number 52Setting up a Twitter HandleSetting up a Twitter HandleSetting up a Twitter HandleSlide Number 56Slide Number 57Top 10 Twitter ToolsTop 10 Twitter ToolsA Strategic Approach to Using TwitterAdditional Resources Slide Number 62