GEOSS VADM Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Jr. US Navy (Ret.) Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere NOAA Administrator August 23, 2005 Global Earth

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<ul><li><p>GEOSSVADM Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Jr. US Navy (Ret.)</p><p>Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere NOAA AdministratorAugust 23, 2005Global Earth Observation System of SystemsSCIENCE SERVING SOCIETY</p></li><li><p>GEOSS OverviewEOS IJuly 31, 2003, Washington, D.C.34 Countries and 20 International OrganizationsEOS IIApril 25, 2004, Tokyo, Japan 47 Countries and 26 International OrganizationsEOS III February 2005, BrusselsNearly 60 Countries and 40 International Organizations10-Year Implementation PlanCommerce Secretary Gutierrez led the US delegationEOS IIIEOS IIEOS I</p></li><li><p>32313AmericasEuropeAfricaAsia/OceaniaCommonwealth of Independent StatesUS (co-chair)BrazilHondurasEC (co-chair)ItalyGermanySA (co-chair)MoroccoRussiaChina (co-chair)JapanThailandGEO Executive Committee</p></li><li><p>Executive CommitteeGeneva, Switzerland Second Meeting in Geneva, June 2005Third Meeting in Geneva, September, 2005 Selected Professor Jose Achache as new GEO Secretariat Director (formerly with ESA) Discussed rules of procedure for Group on Earth ObservationsSet up Committees/Working Groups</p></li><li><p>GEO CommitteesTsunami Working Group (Jim Devine, USGS)User Interface Committee Science and Technology CommitteeArchitecture and Data CommitteeCapacity Building and Outreach</p><p>Committees to be led by Executive Committee members; US to have strong participation on each committee</p></li><li><p>G8 Gleneagles Climate Change Plan of ActionMonitoring and Data Interpretation34. The G8 made a commitment at Evian to strengthen international cooperation on global Earth observations. We will continue to exercise leadership in this area, and welcome the adoption of the 10-year implementation plan for development of the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) at the Third Earth Observations Summit which took place in Brussels in February this year. We will:(a) move forward in the national implementation of GEOSS in our member states;(b) support efforts to help developing countries and regions obtain full benefit from GEOSS, including from the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) such as placement of observational systems to fill data gaps, developing of incountry and regional capacity for analysing and interpreting observational data, and development of decision-support systems and tools relevant to local needs;(c) in particular, work to strengthen the existing climate institutions in Africa, through GCOS, with a view to developing fully operational regional climate centres in Africa.</p></li><li><p>G8 Gleneagles Tsunami Response We affirm the role of the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS), key national and intergovernmental operators of earth observation systems as well as UN agencies, such as the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission participate to ensure a co-ordinated and compatible monitoring capacity that balances the need to gather data on a global scale with the need for rapid and effective dissemination.</p></li><li><p>Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission</p><p> June 30, 2005 IOC Assembly formally established Intergovernmental Coordination Group for the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System (ICG/IOTWS) Resolution IOC-XXIII-12 IOC leading the GEO tsunami / all-hazard warning working group with Italy and Thailand</p></li><li><p>The White House CommitmentFY07 OSTP/OMB MemoGlobal earth observations support research in a wide range of sciences important for society. The U.S. Strategic Plan for an Integrated Earth Observations System (IEOS) provides guidance for agencies contributing to these efforts. Agencies should focus on near-term opportunities to pilot integrated observing systems, such as those that contribute to natural hazards assessment and disaster warnings. Agencies also should work through the NSTC U.S. Group on Earth Observations Subcommittee to ensure continued coordination and implementation of the U.S. Strategic Plan and continued strong U.S. leadership in the international community. </p></li><li><p>U.S. Administration S&amp;T StructureNational Scienceand Technology CouncilScience CommitteeEnvironment &amp; Natural Resources CommitteeHomeland &amp; National Security CommitteeTechnology CommitteeSubcommittee on Global Change ResearchEcological Systems SubcommitteeSubcommittee on Disaster ReductionSubcommittee on Water Availability &amp; QualityAir Quality Research SubcommitteeToxics &amp; Risk Assessment SubcommitteeSubcommittee on OceansUS Group on Earth Observations (US GEO)SubcommitteeSubcommittee on Health and the Environment (also reports to Committee on Science and Commission on Homeland and National Security</p></li><li><p>U.S. Contribution to GEOSSAn Interagency EffortIRIS comments to US Integrated Earth Observation System planning: -- recommendation that the GSN is one of the established in situ observation systems that should be components of both the US Integrated Earth Observation System and the Global Earth Observation System of Systems.</p></li><li><p>IEOS and GEOSSA System of SystemsU.S. IEOSSeismic Component of U.S. IEOSSeismic Component of GEOSS*U.S. ComponentGEOSSFDSN*While not technically a system, FDSN is a participating organization in GEO.</p></li><li><p>Data SharingThe societal benefits of Earth observations cannot be achieved without data sharing.- GEOSS 10-Year Implementation PlanGSN data is freely and openly available in real time via standard internet protocols a good model for other GEOSS systemsThrough the FDSN, IRIS has helped to coordinate technical standards, data exchange, and station siting</p></li><li><p>InteroperabilitySpecializedFormatsProprietary SystemsNon-Standard Metadata</p></li><li><p>InteroperabilityStandardizedFormatsOpen SystemsStandard Metadata</p></li><li><p>Identification of Gaps in CoverageAbout 130 stations in place85% at real- or near-real timeCurrently only one on the seafloor</p></li><li><p>From Vision to ActionAn AGU publication in February of this year stated that the Indian Ocean Tsunami provided the first full-scale test of GSN technical design goals, which scientists set more than 20 years ago.Eos, Transactions of the American GeophysicalUnion, Feb.8, 2004.</p><p>The Indian Ocean tsunami warning system will be an early example of a coordinated and sustained effort in the family of systems foreseen in GEOSS." UNESCO Director General Matsuura, speaking to the IOC Tsunami Coordination Group, March 2005.</p></li><li><p>ChallengesEnhancing interagency, intergovernmental and interdisciplinary collaborationExpansion to better coverage of the ocean floorSharing Infrastructure multi-observation sensors at established and planned stationsMaintaining political and public visibility on the need for a comprehensive system, as the recovery effort in the Indian Ocean continues</p><p>ADVANCE</p><p>ADVANCE</p><p>ADVANCEADVANCE</p></li></ul>