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DESCRIPTIONBaroque Art revision, including architecture, sculpture and painting.
- 1. BAROQUE ART Revision
2. Cronology and geography
- From the end of 16th century until 1750.
- Geography: whole Europe+ America.
- Characteristics of the period:
- Religious and political conflicts
- Geographical colonization
- Scientific development
- New astrological discoveries Sun centre of Universe
3. Baroque Style
- The word means imperfection
- New naturalism that reflects the scientific advances
- Taste for dramatic action and emotion:
- Colour and light contrasted
- Rich textures
- Asymmetrical spaces
- Diagonal plans
- New subjects: landscape, genre, still-life
4. Baroque Style
- Variety within the style
- Art at the service of power
- Two main centres:
- Rome: Popes authority
- France: powerful monarchy
- Influence of the Counter-Reform
- Worry about plastic values
5. Architecture: Characteristics
- Long narrow naves replaced by broader or circular forms
- Dramatic use of light
- Opulent use of ornaments
- Large-scale ceiling frescoes
- External faade with dramatic central projection
- Interior a shell for painting and sculpture
- Illusory effects
- Onion domes in Eastern Europe
6. Architecture: Italy
- They evolved from the Renaissance forms
- Movement toward grand structures with flowing, curving shapes
- Landscape was frequently incorporated
- New elements as gardens, squares , courtyards and fountains.
- Influence of the rebuilding of Saint Peter, in which classical forms integrated with the city.
7. Architecture: Italy
- He made the Vaticans faade
- His work destroyed partially Michelangelos design
- His work combined the dome with the creation of an space where the Pope could appear publicaly
- Other works:
- Santa maria della Vittoria
- Palazzo Barberini
8. Architecture: Italy
- He worked mainly in Venice
- His design was selected for building Santa Maria della Salute
- It is building of central plan with a great dome that became the symbol of Venice.
9. Architecture: Italy
- He created a fusion of architecture, painting and sculpture
- He used false perspective and trompe-l oeil to impact
- He used a palace faade that became a model with massive pilasters above a rusticated base.
- Saint Peters square
10. Architecture: Italy
- His works spring from the contrast between convention and freedom
- He used tradition as a basis, but not as a law
- San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane
- San Carlo Borromeo
- Oratorio degli Fillipenses
11. Architecture: France
- It was elegant, ordered, rational and restraided
- It is a rectilinear model, closer to classicism
- It aimed at showing the power of Louis XIV monarchy.
- The main works are:
- Louvre: Le Vay and Perrault
- Versailles: Le Brun, Le Vau, Le Notre
12. Architecture: Central Europe
- It began later due to the Thirty Years War
- Austria developed the Imperial style with Fischer von Erlach and Hildebrandt
- In Germany, in the Catholic South Jesuit models were followed while in the Protestant North works were less important
- Palace architecture was important in the whole area
13. Architecture: England and Russia
- In England is important Wren
- Baroque was the style used to design town planning
- In Russia it is very decorative, in quite traditional churches sometimes made of brick; later it was imported from the Low Countries and finally it became an extravagant art.
14. Architecture: Spain
- At the beginning it continued the pattern of the Escorial
- Decoration tends to concentrate just in the faade
- The Rococo was the time of the development of the Churrigueresque style, with exaggerated decoration around the door
- The Plateresque (last Renaissance that imitates the work on silver) and the Churrigueresque were exported to America, mainly to Mexico.
- It is one of the most popular arts.
- The clients are the church and the nobility.
- It is the way of expression of different religious believes.
- It was used as a way of advertising power
- Works are located in public places, such as courtyards and fountains.
16. Sculpture: Characteristics
- Creation of images that can be seen from different points of view.
- Tendency to open structures.
- Complicated lines, being the diagonal the most used.
- Interest for the effects of light:
- different treatment of surfaces
- Resource to breaking wall to get the ideal illumination
17. Sculpture: Characteristics
- Combination of different materials in the same work
- Grandiloquence of the gestures
- Human treatment of the depicted characters
- Mythological and religious images frull of humanities and passions
- Perfect organisation of the volumes to obtain the desired effect
18. Sculpture: Characteristics
- Tension and drama: moment of maximum tension
- Violent contrast of light and shadows
- Types of sculptures:
- Equestrian portrait
- Mythological stories
- Easter sculptures (Spain)
- Regional differences
19. Sculpture: Italy
- He created a new style in sculpture
- Sources of inspiration were the paintings of his contemporaries
- Sense of drama and naturalism (following Caravaggio)
- Captured in stone frozen moment of human bodies in motion
- Apollo and Daphne
- Sainte Therese Ecstasy
- Fountain of the Four Rivers
- Fountain of the Triton
20. Sculpture: France
- Quite classical conception
- He worked for Louis XIV
- Author of fountains (Apollo Tended by Nymphs), pantheons (Richelieu)
- Impassioned work
- Formed in Italy
- Expressed physical vigour and emotional intensity
- Work: Milon of Crotona
21. Sculpture: Spain
- Religious sculpture had an important development
- It is realised for the Easter parades.
- Humanity (passions, mainly sufferance)
- Symbols of sufferance: blood
- Individual or group images
- Wood is the most used material (polychrome)
- Additional elements: real clothes, glazed eyes, hair
- Common images: