baroque 1600-1750

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Baroque 1600-1750. Marrying grand scale and advanced techniques of Renaissance and the emotion, intensity, and drama of Mannerism Baroque artist built upon Renaissance ideas Sensitivity and mastery of light key elements Used to achieve emotional impact Began in Rome - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Baroque 1600-1750Marrying grand scale and advanced techniques of Renaissance and the emotion, intensity, and drama of MannerismBaroque artist built upon Renaissance ideasSensitivity and mastery of light key elementsUsed to achieve emotional impact Began in RomeCatholic faiths triumph after Counter Reformation Also to attract new followersTheatricality and movement

  • Italian Baroque Emphasis on emotion rather than rationalityCaravaggio 1571-1610Bernini 1598-1610Borromini 1599-1667

  • Caravaggio (1571-1610)Individuals painted as down and dirty Secularized religious art Saints and miracles painted as ordinary thingsSpecialized in religious art Created images from nature

  • Caravaggio The Conversion of St.Paul (1601)

  • CaravaggioThe Calling of St. Matthew (1599-1600)

  • Caravaggio Supper at Emmaus (1601)

  • CaravaggioJudith Beheading Holofernes (1598-99)

  • Artemisia Gentileschi (1593-1653)Judith and Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes (1593)

  • Bernini (1598-1610)Sculptor, architect, painter, playwright, composer, and theater designer.Wrote comedies and Operas when he was not carving

  • Bernini

    David(1623-24)

  • David

  • BerniniThe Ecstasy of St. Theresa (1645-52)

  • Borromini (1599-1667)Did for architecture what Caravaggio did to painting.Rebellious, emotionally disturbed died from suicideWorked under Bernini as a stonecutter

  • BorrominiSan Carlo alle Quattro Fontane (1665-67)

  • BorrominiSt. Ivo Dome(1642-60)

  • Flemish BaroqueRubens (1577-1640)Van Dyck (1599-1641)

  • Sir Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)His was both a painter and a diplomatWorldly success and personal happinessoutgoing, educated, handsome, well traveled, spoke 6 languagesProduced over 2,000 paintings

  • RubensThe Descent from the Cross1612

  • Rubens

    The Three Graces 1636-38

  • RubensMarie Arrives at Marseilles1622-25

  • Rubens Loyola and Catholic Reform 1619

  • Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641)Child prodigy accomplished painter at 16Court painter to Charles Iloved high society strutted around with a sworddressed ostentatiously adopted sunflower as personal symbolStaged aristocrats in settings with Classical columns changed the head to body ratio to 1-7 instead of 1-6

  • Van Dyck

    Charles I at the Hunt1635

  • Dutch BaroqueHeda Ruisdael HalsRembrandtVermeer

  • HedaStill Life with Guilt Goblet 1635

  • Jacob van RuisdaelWindmill at Wijk-bij-Duurstede1665

  • Frans Hals

    The Jolly Toper 1627

  • Hals The Laughing Cavalier 1624

  • HalsSaint George Guard Company1627

  • Rembrandtvan Rijn

    Self-Portrait1629-30

  • Rembrandt

    Self-Portrait1660

  • RembrandtThe Nightwatch 1642

  • Johannes Vermeer

    The Kitchenmaid 1658

  • English BaroquePeriod of upheaval in England Charles I beheadedOliver Cromwell destroyed church artParliament seized powerReligious art not allowed in Protestant statesMythological subjects never caught on

  • William Hogarth Marriage a la Mode Breakfast Scene 1745

  • HogarthMarriage a la Mode The Ladys Death1743-45

  • Hogarth The Rakes Progress The Levee1732-33

  • Gainsborough

    Mrs. Richard Brinsley Sheridan1785

  • GainsboroughMrs. Siddons 1785

  • Reynolds

    Mrs. Siddons as the Tragic Muse1783

  • ReynoldsJane, Countess of Harrington 1777

  • Sir Christopher Wren St. Pauls Cathegral, West facade

  • Spanish Baroque 599-1660Velazquez 1599-166018 a master painterOnly painter for Philip IVPrecursor to ImpressionismSimplicity and earthy

  • Diego Velazquez

    Las Meninas 1656

  • VelazquezPope Innocent X 1650

  • French BaroqueLa Tour Poussin 1594-1665Claude 1600-82

  • La Tour

    The Penitent Magdalen 1638-43

  • Nicolas PoissinBurial of Phocion 1648

  • Claude Lorrain Landscape with Aeneas at Delos 1672

  • Le Brun and Hardouin-MansartHall of Mirrors 1680

  • Le NotreParterre du Midi 1669-85

    *Protestant countries used more still life themes instead of the religious ideas. Saul falls from horse. Horse in a rear-end view*Matthew is sitting a dark pub surrounded by money counters. Matthew was a former tax collector. *Apostles realized that the person at the table with them is resurrected Christ.

    *Gentileschi was raped by her tutor and was subjected to a long painful and humiliating trial. Stuck her with thumbscrew to get her to recant her claims.**Completed at age 25. Captures David as he is getting ready to hurl the stone. Biting lip and is in a great torque position. Power about to be unleashed. This David is different because it interacts with the space around it. David is preparing for battle as others demonstrate his victory.*Designed a chapel to show off this work of art. St. Theresa reportedly heard voices and had visions that she had been pierced by an angels dart infusing her with divine love. The pain was so great that I screamed aloud; but at the same time I felt such infinite sweetness that I wished the pain to last forever. Face expresses ecstasy and exhaustion. *Walls seem to be in motion

    *Located in Rome. Opposed to Renaissance domes that appear to be separate form the base walls this appears to be one with the structure. *Best known for his nudes. He was happily married twice as his first wife died. His wives were his models for feminine beauty. *Article lightening with dark sky, spot light on Christ. Creates a power emotion response.*Possible reference to Charites of Greek mythology, goddesses of charm, beauty, and creativity. *Painted a sequence of paintings to celebrate life of Marie de Medici. 21 large scale oil paintings were finished in 3 years. One painting of Marie giving birth to son as manger scene. Ruben omitted Maries double chin. *Commissioned by the Jesuits in 1619. Ignatius is casting out demons from the church. Ignatius has a halo and has the clergy on his right. Supported by angels above him. Upper left the demons are cast out from those listening to Ignatius. Church is intervening between God and man, shows importance of the church. Propaganda piece.The Netherlands was an independent state, democratic, Protestant country. Religious art was forbidden. Artist left to the mercy of the market place due to no patronage by the church, royal court, or nobility. Artist began to specialize in subjects, (still life, seascapes, interiors, or animals) Dutch artists had the ability to capture light on different surfaces and suggest texture. Referred to as Little Dutchmen, not to include Hals, Rembrandt, and Vermeer. *Still life began in post- reformation Netherlands. Interest for how light would reflect off different surfaces. Before Baroque landscape was little more than the background. Often painted open sky's, water, and fields. Used threatening clouds to infuse melancholy emotions. Ability to bring his subjects to life often laughing and holding a tankard (drinking glass). Trademark was men or women in high spirits. Lips are slightly open and hand raised as to be getting ready to speak. A sly figure with a smile on his lips, a twinkle in his eye, and upright mustache. Militiamen portrayed as feasters not fighters. Groups usually painted as a class picture in rows. They are in relaxed poses interacting naturally, with individualized facial expressions. Figures linked through the red, white, and black colors. Flags, sashes, and ruffs demonstrate a boys night out. Hals prefers to enlive people instead of embalm. Hals had 10 kids his second wife stayed in trouble with the law and he fell in love with beer and wine and died a destitute man. Early Style His early work was the height of fashion. He was difficult to deal with. Patrons often times had to result to bribery to get their paintings on time. Late Style In 1642 his wife died after loosing 3 children in infancy. His art became more psychological instead of physical. A theme of loneliness. Etching Most accomplished etcher. Over 100 self-portraits. The old Rembrandt is painted with bolder strokes. Younger painting when he was 23 uses Caravaggesque (one-side of face in deep shadow). Focus changes from costume detail to focus on the inner man. He was 54 in the older image. Thought to have been a night scene because of darkened varnish. After cleaning it was revealed it was a day scene as the captain gives the orders to the militia to march. The drum, pikes, lances, rifles, flags appear chaotic they converge at right angles part of a geometric pattern holding everything together. Lieutenant's uniform match the little girls dress to connect figures. Known as the Sphinx of Delft because of the mystery of his life. Died bankrupt at the age of 43 leaving wife and 11 kids. Use of rectangular shapes create stability. Paintings usually have spare room light from a window with a figure doing a domestic task. Lighting is his true subject. Used dabs or pricks so the raised surface reflected more lights. To break up the wall he adds nail wholes and stains He invented the comic strip or a sequence of anecdotal pictures that poked fun of the foibles of the day. He wanted to overcome Englands inferiority complex with continental artist. Didnt paint perfect subjects he included their irregularities because it revealed character. Father imprisoned for debt as a youth. 2nd of 6 in the Marriage a la Mode series. Series based on Women trying to increase her wealth and man trying to increase his social status. Bride admires what her fath

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