the baroque era music, art and architecture 1600- 1750

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  • Slide 1
  • The Baroque Era Music, art and architecture 1600- 1750
  • Slide 2
  • What should I know about the Baroque Era? 1600-1750 Music: Counterpoint: Structure & Ornament Bach, Vivaldi, Handel Art: Drama! Drama! Drama! Lush and fanciful: Stuff the canvas Bernini, Rubens, Velzquez Architecture: Symmetry Swarming and swirling spaces Trevi Fountain, Ottobeuren Basilica 1600-1750 Music: Counterpoint: Structure & Ornament Bach, Vivaldi, Handel Art: Drama! Drama! Drama! Lush and fanciful: Stuff the canvas Bernini, Rubens, Velzquez Architecture: Symmetry Swarming and swirling spaces Trevi Fountain, Ottobeuren Basilica
  • Slide 3
  • The Age of Reason New modes of thinking and scientific discoveries arose in the 17th century Two schools of thought: Rationalist: all knowledge can be gained through reason alone Empiricist: all knowledge must be gained through the senses, experience New modes of thinking and scientific discoveries arose in the 17th century Two schools of thought: Rationalist: all knowledge can be gained through reason alone Empiricist: all knowledge must be gained through the senses, experience
  • Slide 4
  • ART in the Baroque Emphasis on the drama of experience. Bernini turned a Nuns Spiritual Experience into a real emotional climax. Contemplate the St. Theresa below, painted in the Renaissance Period, BEFORE the Baroque. Emphasis on the drama of experience. Bernini turned a Nuns Spiritual Experience into a real emotional climax. Contemplate the St. Theresa below, painted in the Renaissance Period, BEFORE the Baroque.
  • Slide 5
  • Bernini: The Ecstasy of St. Theresa
  • Slide 6
  • Velzquez Painted portraits for Spanish royalty Importance of the individual Attention to detail Velzquez Painted portraits for Spanish royalty Importance of the individual Attention to detail
  • Slide 7
  • RUBENS
  • Slide 8
  • Baroque Architecture Symmetry and structure are key
  • Slide 9
  • Baroque Architecture reads like an episode of Pimp My Cathedral EVERYTHING must be Decorated! Baroque Architecture reads like an episode of Pimp My Cathedral EVERYTHING must be Decorated!
  • Slide 10
  • Trevi Fountain, Rome
  • Slide 11
  • Baroque Music Expresses the Order of the universe through highly structured musical forms Lively: Many forms were taken from old dances like the Minuet, Gigue, and Gavotte Counterpoint: two independent voices weaving together Expresses the Order of the universe through highly structured musical forms Lively: Many forms were taken from old dances like the Minuet, Gigue, and Gavotte Counterpoint: two independent voices weaving together
  • Slide 12
  • Johann Joseph Fux, Baroque composer and theorist states the aim of perfectly Baroque music: "A composition meets the demands of good taste if it is well constructed, avoids trivialities as well as willful eccentricities, aims at the sublime, but moves in a natural ordered way, combining brilliant ideas with perfect workmanship." Johann Joseph Fux, Baroque composer and theorist states the aim of perfectly Baroque music: "A composition meets the demands of good taste if it is well constructed, avoids trivialities as well as willful eccentricities, aims at the sublime, but moves in a natural ordered way, combining brilliant ideas with perfect workmanship."
  • Slide 13
  • Baroque Instruments Organ Harpsichord Strings! Limited winds, brass, percussion Organ Harpsichord Strings! Limited winds, brass, percussion
  • Slide 14
  • The Organ
  • Slide 15
  • The harpsichord
  • Slide 16
  • J.S. Bach Over 1,100 works!! BWV: his own opus system for numerating his works Over 1,100 works!! BWV: his own opus system for numerating his works
  • Slide 17
  • Not to be confused with Sebastian Bach of Skid Row
  • Slide 18
  • or the Terminator
  • Slide 19
  • J.S. Bach Facts God, Music, Family Most compositions were of a sacred nature, as he worked for the church Prolific father: 20 Children!!! Organist by trade 1685-1750: these dates also mark the height of the Baroque era Never left Germany! God, Music, Family Most compositions were of a sacred nature, as he worked for the church Prolific father: 20 Children!!! Organist by trade 1685-1750: these dates also mark the height of the Baroque era Never left Germany!
  • Slide 20
  • He didnt get around much This map reflects the 100 mile area in which Bach traveled in his lifetime.
  • Slide 21
  • The Red Priest - on account of his red hair
  • Slide 22
  • Worked with orphan girls at the Ospedale in Venice, Italy Many compositions were exercises for these young musicians Over 400 violin concerti! Yeah! Worked with orphan girls at the Ospedale in Venice, Italy Many compositions were exercises for these young musicians Over 400 violin concerti! Yeah! Not your normal orphanage: Many noblemen had illegitimate children in Venice. Because of their proximity to the city, they could still take care of their offspring by giving money to the orphanage, thereby sponsoring quite a fancy music program.
  • Slide 23
  • Follow-up Questions 1.How is music from the Baroque era different than music written today? 2.Are any of the pieces we have played in class from the Baroque period? 3.How are the instruments you play today different from those in the Baroque era? 1.How is music from the Baroque era different than music written today? 2.Are any of the pieces we have played in class from the Baroque period? 3.How are the instruments you play today different from those in the Baroque era?

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