regional workshop on inclusive green economies for poverty reduction and sustainable development in...
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Regional Workshop on Inclusive Green Economies for Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Development in Africa: From Inspiration to Action Mozambique presentation 28 Feb - 1 March 2015, Cairo 1 Slide 2 Where do we want to go? www.imagesofgreeneconomywww.imagesofgreeneconomy. Accessed on 25 th February 2015 To build an inclusive country, with widespread middle income, based on the protection, restoration and rational use of natural capital and ecosystem services, ensuring efficient and inclusive development within the planetary boundaries (Mozambique Action Plan 2013-2014 ) To reach a green planet And Mozambique? 2 Slide 3 Mozambique wants to protect its forests www.iied.orgwww.iied.org (25 th 02/2015 Some protected areas of Manica- MICAIA Family project 3 Slide 4 Mozambique wants emissions reduction 4 SOLARKOM, LDA, Alternative energy panels, lamp, etc. Maputo, Mozambique No Carbon emissions Improved stoves Slide 5 5 Through Green investments it is possible to income increase and poverty reduction in Mozambique (Government of Mozambique) Slide 6 How has your government integrated Green Economy goals and targets to national development planning? (Objective 1) 6 Slide 7 Strategy document Roadmap to a Green Economy, which is a gradual process from 2013 to 2019. The five year cycle Action Plan for Poverty Reduction, which Integrates policies, practices and actions for sustainable development including poverty reduction. The Five Year Government Plan (2015-2019 ): - Establishment of the ground of the GE on the agenda of green growth in the national development priorities - Integration of the GE approach in the processes of planning and budgeting as well as national accountancy. How has your government integrated Green Economy goals and targets to national development planning? 7 Slide 8 Some good examples: The FUNAE (1) The Energy Fund- (established in 1997) A useful facility to promote off-grid renewable energy development, both through direct projects and levering of private sector investments. By 2012, FUNAE had provided off-grid solar electricity to 115 villages, 298 schools and 300 clinics, supplying a total of 1 MW. 8 Slide 9 Women the main beneficiaries Water pumping 9 Slide 10 Some good examples (2) Establishment of the worlds largest coastal reserve. The Primeras and Segundas reserve along with other marine reserves established in the country protect the long term foundations of both local fisheries and the growing tourism sector Ilha Primeira WWW.kaskazine.comWWW.kaskazine.com (accessed on 25 th 022015) 10 Slide 11 Some good examples: Forest management (3) Improvement of forest management and reduce deforestation. Together with UN-REDD a number of pilot areas have been identified for the implementation of sustainable forest management policies,: increasing the number of long-term logging concessions, rehabilitating degraded forest areas, Creating a new forest reserves. www.iied.orgwww.iied.org (25 th /02/2015) Project MICAIA Family of Manica 11 Slide 12 What process was used to identify the priority goals and targets? (Objective 2) 12 Slide 13 What process was used to identify the priority goals and targets? The launching of the Road Map GE Rio +20, by the former president of Mozambique, His Excellency Armando Guebuza Approval of the Plan for GE Transition Establishment of the Multisectorial Green Economy Group Technical Committee A hearing process with stakeholders and decision- makers 13 Slide 14 What process was used to identify the priority goals and targets ? Adopted Legal instruments towards GE such as the revised Constituion of the Republic (2014) that promotes initiatives that guarantees ecological equilibrium aiming to population well-being and environmental conservation and preservation; The adoption of the Policy and Territorial Planning; Bio-oil Policy and Strategy; Strategy of Informal Settlements; Gender Strategy; Strategy of Environment and Climate Changes, to name some. 14 Slide 15 What constraints has your country experienced in trying to achieve the green economy goals and targets? (Objective 3) 15 Slide 16 Constraints 1) Green Economy a new approach 2) Natural disasters are every years bread for Mozambicans 3) A Long term policy 16 Slide 17 Constraints 1) Green Economy a new Approach The Green Economy it is an initiative that involves economists and experts worldwide. It is a new engine of growth; that it is a net generator of decent jobs, and that it is also a vital strategy for the elimination of persistent poverty. (www.UNEP.org 25 th /02/2015)www.UNEP.org The country is still face with lack of jobs even though some slight growth through Local Economic Development the 7 Millions Meticais) employment generation Poverty reduction is going slightly, however people are still vulnerable to natural disasters 17 Slide 18 Constraints 2) Natural disasters are every years bread for Mozambicans Maputo downtown, February 2015 Maputo outskirt, February 2015 18 Slide 19 Constraints 3) Is itself a long-term policy agenda Last, but not least. Boom of oil, gas and coal natural resources - To identify potentials for natural capital and ecosystem service markets, - the development of an ecological taxation reform, - development of green infrastructures for the mining sector, - improving the stock management in fisheries 19 Slide 20 The Government of Mozambique is concerned about Green Economy Adopted Legal instruments towards GE such as the revised Constituion of the Republic (2014) that promotes initiatives that guarantees ecological equilibrium aiming to population well-being and environmental conservation and preservation; The adoption of the Policy and Territorial Planning; Bio-oil Policy and Strategy; Strategy of Informal Settlements; Gender Strategy; Strategy of Environment and Climate Changes, to name some. 20 Slide 21 The Government of Mozambique is concerned about Green Economy 21 We cannot approve any business project without analysing the economic gain, the social impact and the environmental impact thereof (Former Deputy Minister of MICOA- Mozambique, during the launch of the Action Plan for Green Economy, 2013) The End Mozambique adopts Green Economy Action Plan