medieval ages

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  • 1. The Black Death0 A punishment from God0 Religion was a central part of daily lives0 Christian Church shaped worldview0 People believed they needed the Christian Church to help then get into heaven.

2. Finish this sentence:In Canada today, ______________ is acentral part of peoples daily lives. 3. Finish this sentence:In Canada today, ______________ is acentral part of peoples daily lives.What does this suggest about worldviews in our society? 4. Medieval Map (p. 30)- Shows that religion was animportant part of worldview atthe time.- Jesus is shown looking over theworld and Jerusalem is placed inthe center of the world. It alsoshows that people had littleknowledge or understanding ofthe world beyond Europe and theMiddle East.- Heaven is represented by angels.The figure of Jesus is at the topcenter.- Shows the knowledge they hadwas not always right.- Reflects religious ideas- Exaggerated size of what is nowmodern-day Israel and thePalestinian territories- Show that this part of the worldwas important to the mapmaker,supporting the idea that religionwas important to Europeans inthe middle Ages 5. Roles of the Church Continuity Change0 To what extent did 0 To what extent did the roles of the the roles of the Church stay theChurch change? same? 6. Changing Hierarchy (Social Structure)Feudalism Church 7. Responsibilities Right to Right to 8. Cathedrals- Built more than 1500 churchesfrom 900-1000 A.D in France.- Built more all over Europe- Pride and competition to buildthe tallest and most beautifulbuildings- People put money and labourinto building- Involved hundreds of masons,sculptors, carpenters,blacksmiths, and workers- Heavy work was done by serfsand peasants. 9. The Royal Abbey ofSt. Denis in France- Ordinary people entering abuilding such as The Royal Abbeyof St. Denis in France (picturedhere) might have felt veryoverwhelmed; they might feelthey were not worthy of being insuch a place.- They might have felt verythankful that God allowed themthis experience.- If the Church could prosper byfollowing the teachings of God,then they might have felt theirlife would be best served byturning their thoughts to God. 10. The Monastic Life0 Deeply religious people during the medieval andRenaissance times joined a religious order0 Men became monks and entered monasteries0 Women became nuns and entered covenants0 They spent their lives studying religious texts,praying, and working.0 They grew and prepared food for the order, taughtchildren, cared for the sick and the poor, and fed thehungry. 11. Learning and the Church0 Monks and nuns were well educated0 Some monasteries became great centres of learning during medievaltimes0 Religious scholars copied Christian religious texts as well asmanuscripts from ancient times written in Latin and Greek0 These manuscripts and the ideas they contained contributed to arevival of learning during the Renaissance.0 Universities evolved from religious schools0 Subjects such as grammar, geometry, astronomy, and music weretaught0 Training in religion, law, and medicine was also offered0 By the end of the 1400s there were more than 80 universities inWestern Europe.0 Women were allowed to attend some universities by the late 1800s 12. Changing Attitudes TowardReligion0 Some people questioned their faith due to the BlackDeath0 Became critical of the church0 Wealthy0 Owned 1/3 of the land in Europe0 Earned a large about of money from rent0 Collected money in tithes0 Received money from the estates of wealthy members0 Some members of the clergy enjoyed the wealth 13. A New Age0 Towns were emerging0 A merchant class was developing0 Less rigid social structure0 Material possessions were becoming more important0 1855 French historian Jules Michelet came up with the term Renaissance to describe the period that was beginning (creativity in the arts and sciences) in Italy. 14. Abraham Ortelius Map(circa. 1612)Changing Worldviews:- Drawn toward the end of the Renaissance- Abraham Ortelius was a Renaissance map-maker and geographer- Ortelius is believed to have created the first modern atlas that was sold to the public- Prior to the invention of the printing press, maps were only available to the rich and powerful 15. Changing WorldviewsPsalter MapAbraham Ortelius MapOrtelius map shows a more accurateunderstanding of the world. It includes Northand South America and a better understandingof the oceans. It does not have symbolsrepresenting religion or legendary figures. 16. Changing WorldviewsPsalter Map Abraham Ortelius MapPeople were more interested in worldlypleasures so they would have been moreadventurous in finding them. The growingmerchant class would have supportedexploration to new parts of the world. 17. Renaissance Personalities Christine de Pisan(1364 1430) French poet, philosopher, historian.Educated in ancient languages andliterature. Wrote that women should be allowed to participate more fullyin society. 18. Renaissance Personalities Vasco da Gamac. 1460-1524Portuguese explorer. First person tosail directly from Europe to India. Started Age of Exploration duringwhich Europeans began to settle different parts of the world. 19. Renaissance PersonalitiesFrancois 1, King of France 1494-1547 Supported the construction ofbuildings using the new Renaissancearchitecture (e.g., the Louvre in Parisand the Chateau de Chambord). 20. Renaissance PersonalitiesMartin Luther 1483-1546German religious thinker. Translatedthe Bible into German. A leadingprotester and religious reformeragainst the corruption of the Church. 21. Renaissance Personalities Nicolaus Copernicus 1473-1543 Polish astronomer andmathematician. Published his theorythat the sun is near the center of theuniverse, not the Earth. Consideredthe father of modern astronomy and science. 22. Renaissance Personalities Leonardo da Vinci1452-1519Architect, inventor, engineer, painter,musician. Painted one of the worldsmost famous paintings, the MonaLisa. One of the great geniuses of alltime.