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Teri Duever Oregon State University School of Psychological Science. Does Happiness Matter?. Applying Positive Psychology to Advising. What is the best thing that has happened to you since you left for this conference?. Pair Share. Why do you think it happened that way?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Does Happiness Matter?Applying Positive Psychology to AdvisingTeri DueverOregon State UniversitySchool of Psychological ScienceWhat is the best thing that has happened to you since you left for this conference?

Why do you think it happened that way?Pair SharePsychology Mental IllnessDepression, Anxiety, Schizophrenia, Autism, Bipolar Disorder, etc.

Psychology Mental Health Harmony, comfort, gladness, fun, thrill, euphoria, wisdom, courage, love, justice, temperance, etc.

Does Happiness Matter?Self-Reported Mental Health across 5,689 students in13 colleges.The Relationship of Level of Positive Mental Health With Current Mental Disorders in Predicting Suicidal Behavior And Academic Impairment in College Students

Corey L. M. Keyes, PhD, et al., Journal of American College Health, 2012Flourishing:

51%2,947 StudentsModerate:

44.6%2,537 StudentsLanguishing:

3.6%204 StudentsDepression and AnxietyPercentage of Students with Mental Disorders by Mental Health CategoryFlourishing: 2897 Students

1.7% Mental Health DisordersModerate: 2537 Students

11.6% Mental Health DisordersLanguishing: 294 Students

49% Mental Health DisordersWithout Mental DisordersPercentage of students without Mental Disorders who experienced Suicidal Behaviors or Academic Impairment Flourishing2,897 students

Suicidal Behaviors: 1.3%37 students

Academic Impairment: 2.4% 70 studentsModerate2,243 students

Suicidal Behaviors: 3.9%87 students

Academic Impairment: 5.6%126 studentsLanguishing104 students

Suicidal Behaviors:15.4%15 students

Academic Impairment: 17.0%18 studentsWith Mental DisordersPercentage of students with Mental Disorders who experienced Suicidal Behaviors or Academic Impairment

Flourishing50 students

Suicidal Behaviors: 7% (up from 1.3%)4 students

Academic Impairment: 20.4% (up from 2.4%) 10 studentsModerate294 students

Suicidal Behaviors: 18% (up from 3.9%)53 students

Academic Impairment: 34% (up from 5.6%)100 studentsLanguishing100 students

Suicidal Behaviors:28.3% (up from 15.4%)28 students

Academic Impairment: 52% (up from 17.0%)52 studentsDoes Happiness Matter?Findings (paraphrased):

Lots of college students experience depression and anxiety.

Depressed and anxious students are at a greater risk of suicidal behavior and academic impairment.

Flourishing students are at the lowest risk of suicidal behavior and academic impairment among students.

Conclusion:

Flourishing protects against suicidal behavior and academic impairment.What is Flourishing?

Flourishing: a theory of Happiness and Well-Being by Martin Seligman, Ph.D.Positive Emotions, Engagement, Relationships, Meaning, and AchievementsPositive Emotions

More than just a good mood.Positive EmotionsPair Share

Think of a meaningful kindness that somebody did toward you for no reason at all.

Share what that kindness was, and how it made you feel.

Plot a kindness you could do toward somebody this week.You cant lead somebody to a place youve never been.Positive Emotions:

What do students look like on the far negative end of this continuum?

What might be a clue that a student was too far into the negative emotion section of this continuum? What resources would you refer this student to?

Engagement

Getting lost in something.EngagementPair Share

Think of an activity that you enjoy so much you lose track of time.

Try to describe how it feels to be lost in that activity.

What could you change in your life in order to be able to experience it more often?You cant lead somebody to a place youve never been.Engagement:

What are clues that a student is not engaging in their school work or anything else for that matter?

What are some unhealthy engagements?What resources would you refer this student to?

Relationships

Joy is often best when shared.RelationshipsPair Share

Is there somebody you could call at 3:00 am if you really needed to?

Who is it?

Share a little about that relationship?You cant lead somebody to a place youve never been.Relationships:

What are some situations where you see students who do not have the relationship supports that they need?What resources would you refer this student to?

Meaning

Why do you get up every morning?MeaningPair Share

What is it that makes you want to get out of bed every morning?

What gives your life purpose or meaning?

What would you do if you could spend more of your life pursuing that purpose?You cant lead somebody to a place youve never been.Meaning:

When does this subject come up in advising?

What are the comments of students who seem to lack meaning?What resources would you refer this student to?

AccomplishmentsLorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Vivamus et magna. Fusce sed sem sed magna suscipit egestas. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Vivamus et magna. Fusce sed sem sed magna suscipit

Reward for not giving up.AccomplishmentsPair Share

What accomplishment are you preparing for, practicing for, and anticipating?

Or, what is something you would like to accomplish, even if you are not currently preparing for it?

What is one step you could take toward it this week?You cant lead somebody to a place youve never been.Achievement:

What are some examples of typical achievements for college students?

What can you do for the student who is not experiencing any of these?

Happiness HomeworkWhat went well? And why?

Kindness Exercise

Letter and/or Visit of Gratitude

Spending Exercise

Strengths Identification and Exercise

Detailed Instructions for these exercises are provided in the handout.

Resources CitedBuettner, D. (2008). Blue Zones. Washington DC: National Geographic

Corey L. M. Keyes PhD, Daniel Eisenberg PhD, Geraldine S. Perry DrPH, Shanta R. Dube PhD, MPH, Kurt Kroenke MD & Satvinder S. Dhingra MPH (2012): The Relationship of Positive Mental Health With Current Mental Disorders in Predicting Suicidal Behavior and Academic Impairment in College Students, Journal of American College Health, 60:2, 126-133

Seligman, Martin E.P.(2002). Authentic Happiness. New York, NY: Free Press

Seligman, Martin E.P. (2011) Flourish. New York: Free Press

Snowdon, D. (2002). Aging with Grace. New York: Bantam Books

Valliant, George E. (2003). Aging Well. Boston: Little Brown and Company

Does Happiness Matter? Yes!Choose Happiness! It does matter.