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Use this powerpoint presentation with your students to help them get more multiple choice questions correct on the MEAP test.

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  • 1.Revising and Editingin Context Understanding and Answering Multiple Choice Items

2. Using this Powerpoint

  • This powerpoint was created to help you answer more multiple choice items correctly
  • Your goal is to answer all multiple choice items correctly.
  • First, you learn about multiple choice items.
  • Then, you practice answering multiple choice items by predicting and thinking like a stoplight.
  • Next, you learn more about multiple choice items by writing multiple choice items.
  • Finally, you write 2 multiple choice items on your own.
  • Good luck reaching your goal.

3. Begin by Understanding Multiple Choice Items

  • Multiple choiceitems use a stem to ask you to select one of the options from a list.
  • Example:
  • What was the writers purpose?
      • to persuade readers to fly kites
      • to show readers how to make a kite
      • to inform readers about the history of kites
      • to entertain readers with a story about kites

4. Multiple-choice Item Stems

  • Thestemis the beginning part of the item that presents:
  • a problem to be solved,
  • a question asked of the test taker, or
  • an incomplete statement to becompleted.
  • Example:
  • What was the writers purpose?

5. Multiple Choice Item Options

  • The options are the possible answer choices.
  • Example:
      • to persuade readers to fly kites
      • to show readers how to make a kite
      • to inform readers about the history of kites(key)
      • to entertain readers with a story about kites
  • The correct answer is called thekeyand the incorrect answers are calleddistractors .

6. How to Successfully Answer Multiple Choice Items

  • Spend time on the stembeforereading the options
      • cover the options with your hand or a piece of paper
      • read the question carefully
      • pay attention to key words
      • activate prior knowledge
      • predict an answer

7. Example

  • Here is the stem:
  • Read the sentence below.
  • These fun activitiesneedlots of important training and safety rules.
  • Which word could replaceneedin this sentence?
  • Think about all the words you know that could replace the word need. Make a list of the words. Predict an answer.

8. Was Require on Your List?

  • Read the sentence below.
  • These fun activitiesneedlots of important training and safety rules.
  • Which word could replaceneedin this sentence?
  • require(key)
  • want
  • play
  • show

9. How to Successfully Answer Multiple Choice Items

  • Read each option carefully and think like a stoplight
        • Read the option and give it aredif it doesnt answer the question or seems ridiculous.Redmeansstopthinking about this option.
        • Read the option and give it ayellowif it might be the answer to the question because it has some of the same words as the question or it matches the prediction you made from just reading the stem.Yellowmeans keep thinking about this option
        • Reread all of the options that areyellow . Choose the one that best answers the question and give it agreen .Greenmeans it is yourgoanswer, the one you are choosing as the correct answer.

10. Example

  • Read the sentence below.
  • Many kites today are used for entertainment, but in the past it was used for many important things.
  • What is the conjunction that connects the two sentences?
  • Inyellow(it is in the middle so it might connect them, soreread and think again)
  • Manyred(it is at the beginning, it cant connect them, sostopthinking about it)
  • Entertainment red(it is a noun, not a conjunction, sostopthinking about it)
  • Butyellow(it is right after the comma, so it might connect them)green(I also remember that the word but is a conjunction so this is mygoanswer)

11. Try Thinking ThroughTwo Examples

  • Here is the stem:
  • This selection is nonfiction because it
  • Think:
  • What is nonfiction?
  • What about this selection is nonfiction?
  • Predict some answers.

12. Here is the Stem with Options

  • This selection is nonfiction because it
  • shows pictures of alligators.
  • provides facts about alligators.
  • tells a story about alligators.
  • is written from an alligators point of view.
  • Think:
  • Do any of these answers match my prediction? There may be more than one that matches so be careful and think like a stoplight.

13. Think Like a Stoplight

  • This selection is nonfiction because it
  • shows pictures of alligators.
  • provides facts about alligators.
  • tells a story about alligators.
  • is written from an alligators point of view.

14. Possible Thinking

  • This selection is nonfiction because it
  • shows pictures of alligators.yellow(nonfiction uses pictures but so does fiction, so reread and think again)
  • provides facts about alligators.yellow(nonfiction uses facts but so does fiction, so reread and think again)green(everything in this selection is true so this is mygoanswer)
  • tells a story about alligators.red(stories are not nonfiction, sostopthinking about it)
  • is written from an alligators point of view.red(animals dont talk or think in nonfiction books, sostopthinking about it)

15. Try Thinking with a Partner

  • Here is the stem:
  • In this selection,semi-aquaticmeans to
  • Think:
  • Do I know any parts of this word?
  • Are there any clues in the selection to help me figure out what this word means?
  • Predict an answer.

16. Think Like a Stoplight

  • Here is the stem with options:
  • In this selection,semi-aquaticmeans to
  • be in water about half of the time.
  • breathe under the water.
  • be under the water at all times.
  • swim fast in the water.
  • Think:
  • Do any of these answers match my prediction?
  • Be careful, think like a stoplight.

17. Possible Thinking

  • In this selection,semi-aquaticmeans to
  • be in water about half of the time.yellow(that makes sense to me with what I know about alligators, so reread and think again)green(semi-aquatic reminds me of semi-finals, half the tournament is over, and semi-circle, half a circle, so this is mygoanswer.
  • breathe under the water.red(that would be aquatic not semi-aquatic sostopthinking about it)
  • be under the water at all times.red(Ive seen alligators walking on land on tv sostopthinking about it)
  • swim fast in the water.yellow(could be, not sure, nothing in the word makes me think of swimming fast though, so reread and think again)

18. Understanding Multiple Choice Items by Writing Multiple Choice Items

  • Here is a student writing sample:
  • Dear Suzy,
  • Fourth grade is fun. It is not as hard as you probably think, but it is harder than third grade.
  • One of my favorite things is foreign language. You can either take Spanish or French. Both teachers are nice. I take French.
  • For homework on Monday we have math handwriting and reading. On Tuesday, we have reading spelling and handwriting. On Wednesday, we have math and reading. On Thursday, we have the same homework as Tuesday. De dont have homework on Friday.
  • We have to do states tests. We learn abbreviations, capitals and nicknames. We also do state reports. You can choose your own state. I had to find information on the state of Texas.
  • We study inventors. You can also choose your partners and inventors. I was with Cathy and Mark we chose Thomas Edison and Alexander Bell.
  • We make our own inventions. The have special uses. I made a page holder. It make it easy to hold pages.
  • We study Pioneer days.
  • Every afternoon you do youre journal.

19. Start with Editing Errors

  • What errors d

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