guerilla warfare

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GUERILLA WARFARE. What is “Guerilla Warfare”?. From the Spanish word for “little war” Also called non-conventional or unconventional Most common form of warfare in the 20 th century after World War II Practiced world-wide but especially in Developing or Third World Countries. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation



  • What is Guerilla Warfare?From the Spanish word for little warAlso called non-conventional or unconventional Most common form of warfare in the 20th century after World War IIPracticed world-wide but especially in Developing or Third World Countries

  • Conventional WarRegular militaryUniformed soldiersSeparated from publicHeavy weapons and large unitsMassive logistical supportRecognized governmental arm

  • Guerilla WarfareIrregular forcesSmall units (cells)Highly mobileMinimal logistical supportBlend with publicNot a recognized governmental arm

  • One of the earliest uses of guerilla war was during the American RevolutionFrancis Marion The Swamp Fox of South Carolina

  • The strategy takes its name from its use by the Spanish in the Napoleonic wars while under French occupationThe Third of May, 1808 by Francisco Goya

  • Early in the 20th century, guerilla war was employed by other freedom fighters such as Irelands Michael CollinsCollins the reality vs. Collins the myth

  • As the century has progressed numerous others have taken up the strategyFrom JewsTo Arabs To the Vietnamese

  • And of courseFidel CastroMao Zedong

  • Guerilla War TheoryMao Zedong was one of the greatest guerrilla warfare theorists in the 20th CenturyHe divided it into three phases:

  • PHASE 1 - ORGANIZATIONBuild up a structure of small cells to organize popular supportCells develop and disseminate propaganda to win popular supportCells also use selective terror attacks against government officials, landlords, collaborators and other unpopular figures

  • PHASE 2 GUERILLA PHASEIntroduce guerilla attacks and ambushesGoal to acquire weapons and destroy infrastructure which supports the enemyMake it difficult for government to maintain a military presence (create liberated areas)

  • PHASE 3 MOBILE WARAmounted to civil warForce government forces to retreat to major citiesWin the support of the countryside and surround city enclaves with hostile populationMao used the metaphor of the guerilla fighter being the fish and the people the sea

  • A Final QuestionWhat is the real difference between -Freedom Fighters and

  • terrorists?

  • Or is it just a matter of the winners writing the history books?British troops in front of King David Hotel after bombing by Jewish freedom fighters, 1946American troops in front of Mount Lebanon Hotel after bombing by Iraqi terrorists, 2004