complete psychological disorders list
Post on 22-May-2015
Embed Size (px)
DESCRIPTIONComplete List of Different Psychological Disorders
- 1. What is a psychological disorder? A psychological disorder, also known as a mental disorder, is a pattern of behavioral or psychological symptoms that impact multiple life areas and/or create distress for the person experiencing these symptoms. Several examples of each type of psychological disorder is listed on DSM ( Diagnostic and Statistical Manual ) of Mental Disorder. Please Read:
2. What Is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)? >It is used by clinicians and psychiatrists to diagnose psychiatric illnesses as well as a tool for assessment. >Published by the American Psychiatric Association and covers all categories of mental health disorders for both adults and children. >The manual is non-theoretical focused mostly on describing symptoms as well as statistics concerning which gender is most affected by the illness, the typical age of onset, the effects of treatment, and common treatment approaches. Please Read: 3. Axis I: Clinical Syndromes This axis describes clinical symptoms that cause significant impairment. Disorders are grouped into different categories, including adjustment disorders , anxiety disorders, and pervasive developmental disorders. Please read: Axis II: Personality and Mental Retardation This axis describes long-term problems that are overlooked in the presence of Axis I disorders. Personality disorders cause significant problems in how a patient relates to the world and include antisocial personality disorder and histrionic personality disorder. Mental retardation is characterized by intellectual impairment and deficits in other areas such as self-care and interpersonal skills. 4. Axis III: Medical Conditions These include physical and medical conditions that may influence or worsen Axis 1 and Axis II disorders. Some examples may include HIV/AIDS and brain injuries. Please read: Axis IV: Psychosocial and Environmental Problems Any social or environmental problems that may impact Axis I or Axis II disorders are accounted for in this assessment. These may include such things as unemployment, relocation, divorce, or the death of a loved one. Please read: Axis V: Global Assessment of Functioning This axis allows the clinician to rate the client's overall level of functioning. Based on this assessment, 5. Types of Psychological Disorders 1. Anxiety Disorders characterized by excessive and abnormal fear, and anxiety. Generalized Anxiety Disorder - is a prolonged and exaggerated worry that has few or no specific sources. Agoraphobia -sufferer perceives certain environments as dangerous or uncomfortable, fear in public places. Social Anxiety Disorder -characterized by intense fear in social situations and interactions. Phobias-irrational and excessive fear of an object or situation. 6. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder post trauma or after being involve in traumatic situations. Separation Anxiety separation from home or people with strong emotional attachment 2. Dissociative Disorders involve a dissociation or interruption in aspects of consciousness, including identity and memory. Multiple Personality Disorder-conditions that involve disruptions or breakdowns of memory, awareness, identity or perception Dissociative Fugue-rare condition in which a person suddenly, without planning or warning, travels far from home or work and leaves behind a past life. 7. Dissociative Identity Disorder-an extremely complex disorder that results in two or more split identities Depersonalization- is characterized as the sensation of being disengaged from your surroundings, making life seem dreamlike and less real. 3. Eating Disorders obsessive concerns with weight and disruptive eating patterns that negatively impact physical and mental health. Anorexia Nervosa -pattern of self-starvation & high risk for suicide attempt. 8. Rumination Disorder -occurs when people constantly regurgitate and either vomit or re- swallow their food or drink soon after eating. 4. Factitious Disorders individual acts as if he or she has an illness, often be deliberately faking or exaggerating symptoms or even self-inflicting damage to the body. Munchausen Syndrome- hospital addiction syndrome. Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy- exaggeration or fabrication of illnesses or symptoms by a primary caretaker. Ganser Syndrome- nonsensical or wrong answers 9. 5. Impulse-Control Disorders involve an inability to control impulses, resulting in harm to oneself or others. Kleptomania -stealing Pyromania -fire-starting Trichotillomania -hair-pulling & thinks of being psychosis Pathological Gambling or Ludomania gamble despite of harmful negative consequences or a desire to stop. Intermittent Explosive Disorder extreme expressions of anger, often to the point of uncontrollable rage. Dermatillomania - skin-picking, repeated urge to pick at one's own skin, often to the extent that 10. 6. Mental Disorders Due to a General Medical Condition caused by an underlying medical condition. Medical conditions can cause psychological symptoms such as catatonia (neurogenic motor immobility) and personality changes. Psychotic Disorder due to Epilepsy-prominent hallucinations or delusions that are judged to be due to the direct physiological effects of a general medical condition. Depression caused by Diabetes-persistent sadness & feeling helpless due to sickness & commonly found in diabetic person. AIDS Related Psychosis- it occurs due to brain damages done by the HIV/AIDS Viruses. 11. Personality changes due to Brain Damage hematoma & brain damages depends to what extent may affect the memory & personality. 7. Neurocognitive Disorders those that involve cognitive abilities such as memory, problem solving and perception. Some anxiety disorder, mood disorders and psychotic disorders are classified as cognitive disorders. Alzheimer's Disease -still no cure loss of memory. Delirium- severe confusion and disorientation Dementia- is a serious loss of global cognitive ability in a previously unimpaired person. Amnesia-loss of memory due to brain damage >retrograde -retention of new memory but old is lost 12. 8. Mood Disorders are all characterized by changes in mood. Bipolar Disorder- patient experiences extremes of mood, ranging from mania or hypomania - the upper end of mood swings - to depression, the lower end. Major Depressive Disorder-depressed mood or a loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities consistently for at least a two week period. Cyclothymic Disorder- common mood swing of mild to moderate but not like bipolar disorder. Please read all: 13. 9. Neurodevelopmental Disorders also referred to as childhood disorders, are those that are typically diagnosed during infancy, childhood, or adolescence. Mental Retardation-impaired cognitive functioning Learning Disability- neurobehavioral disorder where in there is difficulty in learning. Communication Disorder- speech & language disorder related to oral motor functions. Simple to complex sound substitution problem. Autism- disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and verbal and non-verbal communication. Conduct Disorders-behavioral & emotional disorders that usually occurs in children & teens. Disruptive violent behavior. 14. ADHD/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder - problems with attention, impulse control, and hyperactivity. ODD/Oppositional Defiant Disorder-on going pattern of anger-guided disobedience, hostility, and defiant behavior toward authority figures which goes beyond the bounds of normal childhood behavior. Children suffering from this disorder may appear very stubborn and often angry. 10. Psychotic Disorders involve a loss of contact with reality. People experiencing psychotic disorders may experience hallucinations and often display disorganized thinking. Delusional beliefs are another common characteristic of this class of psychological disorders. 15. Delusional Disorder- psychotic mental disorder is diagnosed when prominent non-bizarre delusions are present for at least one month and the symptom criteria for Schizophrenia 11. Personality Disorders create a maladaptive pattern of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that can cause serious detriments to relationships and other life areas. Antisocial Personality Disorder- disregarding others, lack of concern to others right, aggressive and irritable, lacks empathy. Avoidant Personality Disorder- extreme shyness, sensitive to criticism and rejection, low self esteem and feeling of inadequacy. Dependent Personality Disorder - needy behavior, 16. Borderline Personality Disorder- usually have poor self identity that lead to overly intense relationship with others, intense episode of anxiety, depression and irritability that may last from few hours to several days. May also engage into self destructive behavior such as drug abuse, eating disorder or suicide. Histrionic Personality Disorder- shallow emotions, need others to witness their emotional displays in order to gain validation or attention. Often display exaggerated symptoms of weakness or illness and may use threats of suicide to manipulate others. Narcissistic Personality Disorder- common to men than women, those who seemed more concerned with themselves than with others, exaggeration of self confidence, arrogance and self centeredness. Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder- 17. Paranoid Personality Disorder- feelings that they are being lied to, deceived, or exploited by other people. Family or loved ones treated as dishonest, unfaithful and not worth for a trust. Schizoid Personality Disorder- detachment from other people, little or no desire to form close relationships with others, often described as cold, uninterested, withdrawn, and aloof. Schizotypal Personality Disorder- eccentric perceptions, thoughts, and behaviors. Magical thinking including saying they can read minds or can foretell the future. May talk to themselves, ignore others, or react inappropriately. 12. Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders are those that impact sexual functioning, while 18. Erectile Dysfunction- previously called impotence, inability to develop and maintain an erection for satisfactory sexual intercourse or activity due to lower libido often caused by depression. Depression can also be an indirect cause of erectile dysfunction as many medications used to treat depression are known to cause erectile dysfunction. Please read: Paraphilia- sexual deviation, sexual fantasies, feelings, or activities involving a nonhuman object, a non-consenting partner such as a child, animal or pain or humiliation of oneself or one's Please read: 19. Sexual Pain Disorders- much more common in women than in men, not only prevents a woman from having a pleasurable sexual experience but it can also create feelings of frustration and anger in a relationship. 2 Broad Categories: Dyspareunia refers to pain in the pelvic area during or after sexual intercourse. This can occur in both men and women. Vaginismus refers to an involuntary spasm of the musculature surrounding the vagina causing it to close, resulting in penetration being difficult and painful, or impossible. 20. 13. Sleep Disorder involve an interruption in sleep patterns. These disorders can have a negative impact on both physical and mental health. Narcolepsy-sleepiness can be profound and may lead to falling asleep in inappropriate situations like the following: Excessive Daytime Sleepiness Cataplexy is a loss of muscle tone in response to an emotional stimulus, such as surprise or laughter. Sleep Paralysis is an inability to move one's body while being awake, usually while falling asleep or awakening. Hypnagogic Hallucinations are vivid dream-like auditory, visual, or tactile sensations that occur while falling asleep. 21. Sleep apnea- characterized by pauses in breathing or instances of shallow or infrequent breathing during sleep. Each pause in breathing, called an apnea, can last from at least ten seconds to minutes, and may occur 5 to 30 times or more an hour. Insomnia- or sleeplessness, is a sleep disorder in which there is an inability to fall asleep or to stay asleep as long as desired. 14. Somatoform Disorders is a class of psychological disorder that involves physical symptoms that do not have a physical cause. These symptoms usually mimic real diseases or injuries. It is important to note somatoform disorders differ from factitious disorders; people suffering from somatoform disorders are not faking 22. Conversion Disorder- causes patients to suffer from neurological symptoms, such as numbness, blindness or paralysis. Without a definable organic cause. It is thought that symptoms arise in response to stressful situations affecting a patient's mental health. Conversion disorder is considered a psychiatric disorder. Hypochondriasis or hypochondria- health phobia or anxiety, refers to excessive preoccupancy or worry about having a serious illness. This debilitating condition is the result of an inaccurate perception of the bodys condition despite the absence of an actual medical condition. An individual suffering from hypochondriasis is known as a hypochondriac. Somatization disorder- characterized by recurring, 23. Body Dysmorphic Disorder-also known as body dysmorphia, the affected person is concerned with body image, manifested as excessive concern about and preoccupation with a perceived defect of their physical features. The person thinks they have a defect in either one feature or several features of their body, which causes psychological distress that causes clinically significant distress or impairs occupational or social functioning. Often BDD co- occurs with depression and anxiety, social withdrawal or social isolation. Please read: Pain Disorder- is chronic pain experienced by a patient in one or more areas, and is thought to be caused by psychological stress. The pain is often so severe 24. 15.Substance Related Disorders those that involve the use and abuse of different substance, such as cocaine, methamphetamine, opiates and alcohol. These disorders can include dependence, abuse, psychosis, anxiety, intoxication, delirium and withdrawal that results from the use of various substances. Examples of substance-related psychological disorders include: Alcohol Abuse-is a psychiatric diagnosis describing the recurring use of alcoholic beverages despite its negative consequences. There are two types of alcoholics: #those who have anti social and pleasure-seeking tendencies, and #those who are anxiety-ridden- people who are able to go without drinking for long periods of 25. Caffeine induced disorders- Too much consumption of products containing caffeine can cause abnormal heart rhythms, headaches, and make you- anxious and restless. High consumption of caffeine can cause caffeine induced disorders. Cocaine Withdrawal- acts in the deep areas of the brain, These are the areas that reward us for "good behavior" -- those activities that lead to food, sex, and healthy pleasure. Stimulating this brain area with cocaine feels good. And it can create a powerful craving to use more cocaine. Repeated cocaine use leads to tolerance, dependence, and addiction. Inhalant Abuse- are a broad range of intoxicative drugs whose volatile vapors are taken 26. Now its time for you to think! Do I have a psychological disorder? Did I obtain one of those possible symptoms?