Zero Issue of This Is Not Just a Newspaper

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The first official product of KZRS'12 Media Team

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  • Zero Issue

    The offIcIal producT of KZrs12 MedIa TeaM

    This is noT

    JUsTa

    newspaper

  • The edITorIal

    Dear delegates,

    The organisers are setting the venues ready for the session, the chairs are wrapping up their preparations for guiding their com-mittes , we, the Media Team, are busy with getting the zero-issue sent out to all the participants of the seasons first session of EYP Latvia- KZRS12. And You, dear delegates, are packing Your suit-cases, wondering what is this magical EYP world some people have been blabbering about. You are about to find out for yourselves!

    We suggest you take a break from your daily routine and get your-self aquainted with this piece of virtual paper that is so eager to fill you in on the essentials for an EYP event. Our journalists, who once were delegates at regionals too, have captured their tips and thoughts most useful to You. Turn the page and youll find yourself meeting the officials. Turn the page again and read some mood-creating EYP articles about body language, EYP memories, dos and donts at a session etc. Later on youll come across some opinion-ated articles about the committee topics to inspire you. Last but not least, as the cover page says - this is not JUST a newspaper. You will find out why as soon as you take a closer look at the Zero Issue.

    As the media team will not be producing just newspapers, we want you, dear delegates, to experience more than just an European Parliament simulation. Embrace the people, the challenges and the emotions that will evoke during KZRS12- most probably your first, but hopefully and undoubtedly not your last EYP session. Enjoy it to the fullest!

    Looking forward to meeting You all in Iecava,

    Anna-Helena Saarso & Daniels GrievisThe Editors of KZRS12 Media Team

  • The conTenTs

    InTro The chaIrs TeaMInTro The MedIa TeaMInTro The organIsersl.V. coffee: frIend or eneMy?ThIs Is coffeea.V. body language a.c. delegaTIng and debaTInga.a. The dos and donTs of an eyp sessIonThIs Is your To-do lIsTM.r. fIrsT TIMe for eVeryThIngThIs Is a safe sTorage for your fearsafeT: face of europes ToMorrowculT I: culTure: To whaT exTenT?culT II: safeTy In nuMbersdroI: huMan rIghTs In belarus: To be or noT To be?econ: how should we TIghTen our belTs?lIbe I: respecT To be respecTedlIbe II: InTerneT: a Tool for crIMe?ThIs Is TopIc MIndMapThIs Is a journey recorder

  • The chaIrs TeaM

    Hey, dear participant, who you are coming to a European Youth Parliament session! Are you wondering who are the chairs, responsible for the commit-tees? Who are Kati, Martins, Ira, Nick, Zeynep, Arturs, Edgars, Irma, Joan-

    na, Niks and Ritvars? I will try to enlighten you.

    A chairperson is the head of the committee. Chairs responsibility is to guide you through the session. He/She will play teambuilding games with you and challenge the committee into different tasks. Furthermore, during commit-tee work he will assist you through ups and downs. Finally, he will proof-read your resolutions and support you in the General Assembly. By the end

    of the session you will feel like he is your friend.

    Some of the chairs form the board, whose purpose is to direct and control the General Assembly. The board consists of the president and two vice-presidents. The session president is lovely Kati Prn and her vice-presidents

    are Irma Tukne and Niks Brzis.

    Kati Prn (LIBE II) - the President

    Age: 21From Tallinn, Estonia

    Studies: International Relations, Ludwig-Maximilians Universitt, Munich

    Hobbies: Skiing, travelling, reading, wineTwo things I want to do before I die: skydive and es-

    tablish my own winery.

    Age: 18From Riga, Latvia

    Studies: senior year of high schoolHobbies: The usual, people and art

    Two things I want to do before I die: Overcome my fear of heights by jumping of Niagara falls. Secodly

    I want to participate in Epic Meal Time. And then eat it all up.

    Irma Tukne (DROI) - the Vice-President

    Niks Brzis (ECON) - the Vice-President

    Age: 18From Riga, Latvia

    Studies: Riga Centre Language SchoolTwo things I want to do before I die: Speak in a

    TED conference, be a judge on a wet T-shirt contest

    by anna TrIne raudsepp

    A. T. R.

  • Artrs Jnis Zemtis (AFET)

    Ira Garbuz (CULT II)

    Joanna Lickiewicz (AFET)

    Ritvars Msns (DROI)

    Zeynep Ekinci (ECON)

    Niklvs Matuevics (LIBE II)

    Mrti Zari (LIBE I)

    Edgars Spudi (CULT I)

    Age: 19From Riga, Latvia

    Studies: University of LatviaHobbies: Velotrial, playing

    guitar, bodybuilding.

    Age: 19From Biaystok, Poland

    Studies: Project Manage-ment at Warsaw Univer-

    sity of EconomicsHobbies: Pissing off

    Artrs is my biggest hob-by at the momentAge: 19

    From Ukraine, KyivStudies: International Eco-

    nomics & ManagementHobbies: Table tennis,

    cooking, watching mov-ies, painting, travelling

    Age: 17From Iecava, Latvia

    Studies: Bauska State Gymnasium

    Hobbies: Guitar, debates, EYP

    Age: 16From Istanbul, Turkey

    Studies/work: Galatasaray High SchoolHobbies: Reading, coffee, dancing, singing, chilling with friends, eating muf-

    fins, cooking

    Age: 19From Riga, Latvia

    Studies/work: Computer Sci-ence at the University of LatviaHobbies: Massage, shuffling, guided meditation, joke telling,

    reading psychology/NLP

    Age: 19From Riga, Latvia

    Studies/work: Law, Univer-sity of Latvia

    Hobbies: Guitar, harmonica, books, movies, theatre, sur-

    real things

    Age: 18From Ozolnieki, Latvia

    Studies: high schoolHobbies: Singing, volley-ball, beatboxing, comedy

  • The MedIa TeaMWise negotiators, celebrity stalkers, photographers, sometimes an-noying, relentlessly writing articles and are seen where some major events take place. Yes, those people are journalists. As Kurzeme Zem-gale Regional session is a major event for EYP Latvia, you will encoun-

    ter them in Iecava as well.

    Journalists of KZRS12 will always be visible and active. Perpetuating terrific moments, tracing your each step or being sunk into comput-ers- writing articles. But also they have their leaders the editors. In KZRS12 they are Anna-Helena Saarso and Daniels Grievis. They are the creators of the papers (issues), giving tasks to their inferiors

    journalists.

    Journalists are regarded to always be cheerful and fun to be around. On the other hand, do not doubt their curiosity; gossiping is the nature of their work. Being as your shadows, journalists will write about you and for you. But first, see some information about each one of them the next page, before they start discovering your secrets during the

    session!

    by reInIs TuTns

    Anna-Helena Saarso - the editress

    Daniels Grievis - the editor

    Juris Gogulis - the video editor

    Age: 18From Tallinn, Estonia

    Studies: physics at the University of TartuHobbies: I love creating jewelry, science, analog photog-

    raphy, travelling and EYPTwo things I want to do before I die: I just wanna live...

    Age: 18From Riga, Latvia

    Studies: Law at University of LatviaHobbies: music, basketball, reading

    Two things I want to do before I die: drive a Shelby GT500 beside Jeremy Clarkson, have a farewell

    party with all my friends

    Age: 20From Olaine, Latvia, born in Dobele

    Studies: Albert College Culture Tourism Management Hobbies: Rock climbing addicted, folk dancing and lin-

    gua litalianoTwo things I want to do before I die:

    Conquer the peak of the Everest! Discover/invent new way of travelling.

    R. T.

  • Alyona Vishnevska (DROI)

    Annika Ader (CULT I)

    Alex Coates (CULT II)

    Anna-Trine Raudsepp (AFET)

    Reinis Tutns (LIBE I)

    Mris Rutkis (ECON)

    Laura Vizule (LIBE II)

    Ieva Pastare - general journalist

    Age: 18From Kiev, Ukraine

    Studies: Lazarski University, International Relations

    Hobbies: Dancing, volleyball, eat-ing ice-cream

    Age: 20From Tallinn, Estonia

    Studies: Sociology at Tallinn UniversityHobbies: Enjoying pop-culture

    Age: 18From Stroud, United Kingdom

    Studies: American Studies at Can-terbury Christ Church University

    Hobbies: Tennis, football, pub quizzes

    Age: 19From Tallinn, Estonia

    Studies: Law at the University of TartuHobbies: EYP, dancing, sports, politics,

    debating, music, books

    Age: 19From Riga, Latvia

    Studies: Business Administration at Riga Business School

    Hobbies: Cycling, basketball, reading, travelling

    Age: 18From Riga, Latvia

    Studies: Riga State 1st GymnasiumHobbies: Fantasising, writing, playing basketball, taking pictures of my cat

    Age: 17From Smiltene, Latvia

    Studies: Smiltene GymnasiumHobbies: Dancing, partying and every-

    thing thats somehow connected to music

    Age: 19From Rzekne, Latvia

    Studies/work: RISEBA, audiovisual media art

    Hobbies: Rolling on the floor and can-dies

  • The organIZers You probalby wont even wonder where all the coffee comes from or who makes sure, that your committee has enough post-its or why are you allowed to sleep in the school. All of that is because of the Organ-

    isers and their work.

    Probably you wont see them around too much. They usually move really fast and are busy as hell making the session happen and taking care of the basic needs of the delegates (you). In addition, sometimes they can be the masters of camouflage. Nevertheless, when you re-ally need them, they will always be there to help. If you take a really

    good look around, you can always spot one somewhere nearby.

    Feel free to chat with them about something not connected to the or-ganising, for example, is Selena Gomez still together with Bieber. An opportunity like that to get the orgas oppinion on your special matter

    is highly valuable.

    by IeVa pasTare

    Mrti ilinskis, the Head-Organizer

    Toms Vilnis, the Head-Organizer

    Age: 20From Jelgava, Latvia

    Studies Political Science at the University of LatviaHobbies: Exciting activities such as sleeping, eating and do-

    ing nothingTwo things I want to do before I die: Create eternal peace on Earth, lie less about the things I want to do before I die

    Age: 20.From Riga, Latvia

    Studies: Law at the University of LatviaHobbies: Sitting on my apartments balcony with a self-rolled

    cigarette and coffee while trying to convince myself that exis-tential nihilism is wrong

    Two things I want to do before I die: Live..

    I. P.

    Klvs Galenieks, organizer

    Age: 20From Bauska, Latvia

    Studies: Riga Technical University, Architecture

    Hobbies: Basketball, sketching, EYP

  • Reinholds R. Razums

    Teiksma Jankava

    Elne Putne

    Anna Marija Leinska

    Kristina Spalva

    Viktorija Malieva

    Kerija Janevska

    Viktorija Ostrovska

    Age: 18From Riga, Latvia

    Studies: Riga State Gymnasium No.1.6.Hobbies: I enjoy doing sports, es-pecially tennis, basketball and also

    skiing in winter.

    Age: 16From Olaine, Latvija

    Studies: Olaine First HighschoolHobbies: Piano, Theatre, Music,

    Folk dances, Reading

    Age: 18From Riga, Latvia

    Studies: Riga State Gymnasium Nr. 1Hobbies: architecture, cinema, danc-

    ing and baking

    Age: 17From Riga, Latvia

    Studies: Riga Centre Language School

    Hobbies: swimming, knotting, reading, communicating, learning

    Age: 16From Jelgava, Latvia

    Studies: Ozolnieku secondary schoolHobbies: Art, photography, tennis

    Age:19From Riga, Latvia

    Studies: Riga Technical UniversityHobbies: eating bread and talking

    about bread

    Age: 15From Rga, Latvia

    Studies: Riga State Gymnasium Nr. 2Hobbies: folk dance, traveling, eating,

    debating

    Age: 19From Rezekne, Latvia

    Studies: RTU, Heat, Gas and Wather Tehnology

    Hobbies: singing , shaking hips in public places

  • coffee:frIend or eneMy?

    by laura VIZule

    As the modern world keeps be-coming even more stressful and busy, it always leaves us in lack of time. We, humans, try to replace our sleeping hours with even more time for work. But how could you ever be able to stay awake when youre so tired, you cant concentrate an-ymore, and your eyes just keep closing? Well thats the right time to call for help coffee.

    It all begun when Ethiopian shepherds first noticed the ef-fects of caffeine, when they saw their goats appearing to become frisky and dance after eating coffee berries, from which we now receive coffee beans. So, basically, goats discovered cof-fee.

    Coffee is made from roasted seeds of the coffee plant. These beans contain caffeine, which can have a stimulating effect on humans body- positive and negative. It can increase heart rate and blood pressure, it tem-porarily wards off drowsiness and restores alertness. But be careful, caffeine is still toxic at sufficiently high doses.

    Sleepless night are an integral part of every EYP session. No-body wants to miss even a tiny part of this important experi-ence. Every useful and help-ful way of staying awake is important. So, everybody, lets be thankful to our good friend Coffee, but at the same time, lets use it wisely.

    Did you know? The smell of coffee can restore appetite and refresh scent receptors. Overdosingcouldbethecauseofyoursleepdisturbancesorheadackes. Coffeeisnolongerthoughttobeariskfactorforheartdiseases. OriginallyAfricansmixedcoffeeberrieswithfatandformededibleEnergyballs Coffeewasdeclaredillegal3timesby3differentcultures,whichisunderstand-able, because both, American and French Revolutions were born in coffee houses. Over500billioncupsofcoffeearedrunkeachyearandoverhalfofthosearedrunk at breakfast, or it would be better to say for breakfast. Coffeecanactuallybeusedtofuelacar. Itistheworldsmostwidelyconsumedpsychoactivedrug.Yes,adrug.

    L. V.

  • This is

    Try to survive a day WITHOUT any coffee.

    Even at an EYP session, it is not impossible.

    Just be prepared to hold your eyes open!

  • body language

    Have you ever been in a situation when a person tells you some-thing and there is no particular reason why it wouldnt be true, but you get that feeling that some-thing is wrong? When they are saying yes, but you can sensethatit isano?Wheredoesthisfeeling come from?

    It is the body language that de-livers us information which we might not be aware of being shared. What we feel inside is re-flected on the outside by that non-verbal communication.

    Consciously or not, we show oth-ers our attitude towards them, the topic discussed and the situa-tion we are in at that moment. As it works the other way around, we also receive hidden messages sent by our opponent that could give us a lot of information if in-terpreted right.

    To find out about the basics of the body language, lets take a look at Marti and Marvel - two brothers, who have just arrived to an EYP session as delegates. We are go-ing to spy a little bit.

    They both meet new people and start conversations. Martis pos-ture is firm, with his shoulders back. He speaks clearly and on a moderate rate, looking direct-

    ly into other persons eyes, plus his eyebrows were raised a few times.

    On the other side of the room, Mar-vel is having his own conversa-tion. He is standing with his arms crossed and his body leans away from the opponent, he is rubbing his nose and neck. They both are saying similar words though, like Verynice tomeetyou, Oh it isso amazing that you are in my committee, Talk to you laterontonightetc. Itmayseemthatthey have similar feelings. When they meet each other afterwards, Marti is quite excited about the person he has just met, Marvel, however, responds that he did not enjoy his conversation that much.

    As we were able to spot, it is not their words, but their body lan-guage that differed. Those were the signs of positive and negative attitude.

    Now you, dear delegates, go ahead and investigate on your own.

    A. V.

    by alyona VIshneVsKa

    delegaTIng and

    debaTIng

  • At EYP sessions you will encounter a range of people, mainly fellow del-egates. This is a quick guide to spot-ting the stereotypes of most of them.

    You dont get into debating if you dont like to argue. However, you can often be too enthusiastic and seem arrogant or impolite to other del-egates, so be careful. This is a com-mon sign of the loud delegate. Through most of your life a smile can get you far. In EYP a smile can help you break the ice within a group of strangers, but conversation usually needs a purpose. Being social with people is an excellent skill to have in EYP but you must also have the abil-ity to back up your charm with satis-factory points. Delegates are often shy or nerv-ous when meeting new people in EYP. Dont be! Just remember that the people youre meeting are in the same position as you and so are nervous too. When meeting officials (journos, editors, chairs, even the president) remember that they were in your position before and so will understand everything you are go-ing through. You may well be intelligent, but if you dont speak your mind then no-one will ever know your brilliance. Many people will have researched several topics, but you need to stand

    out from the crowd and offer some-thing unique.

    Whilst its always useful to have a good working relationship with the chair, it is also essential to have suit-able contact with the other dele-gates. This allows you to have a wide selection of opinions and feedback upon possible points for your com-mittee. It also ensures that you have a wide variety of contacts for future EYP sessions. You may not be the most naturally talented debater, however, with the right research and tools ready to use, any one of you can be an excel-lent EYPer. If you put in the work, the rewards could be great. EYP sessions attract all personali-ties and a variety of talents, howev-er, the most important thing is that each delegate enjoys their time and goes home with something of use for their next debating opportunity!

    delegaTIng and

    debaTIngBy Alex Coates

    A. C.

  • The dos and donTs of an eyp sessIon

    By Annika Ader

    donTdo1)Panic-you are not going to a debate or spelling competition.

    2)Wear rings during a ninja game-the only weapon a ninja needs is speed.

    3)Makenoisenearthesleepingrooms-respect those who need more sleep than three hours and the orgas, who have a different schedule of sleep than you.

    4)Be late-punctuality is a useful trait to get things done on time and have more fun.

    5) Wear a suit 24/7 -only Barney Stinson can feel 100% comfortable in a suit 24/7.

    6)Question the orgas-rules are made for a reason and not to give you a hard time.

    7)Overload on caffeine- after the rush of energy you will feel awful and not in mood for any work or play.

    1)Your research-the biggest favour you can do for yourself and your commit-tee is to be prepared.

    2)Play at least one mafia game-committee work is not the only way to stimulate your mind.

    3)Getsomesleep-having a record on not sleeping is not something to be proud of. It will just make you inefficient in your work.

    4)Bring a pillow-when having a hard floor under you, a soft pillow balances out the uncomfortable.

    5)Take a shower-you will sleep and work in a room with other people. Be con-siderate.

    6)Speak english at all times-to benefit fully from the EYP ex-perience, practise your English all the time and do not give up. It will get easier after some time. 7)Eat-it is the best way to get energy, and trust me, you will need it a lot. A. A.

  • ThIs Is Your To-Do lisTprInT and use ThIs lIsT To prepare for The sessIon.

    1.2.3.4.5...

  • fIrsT TIMe for eVeryThIng

    by MrIs ruTKIs

    a regIonal sessIon Is a delegaTes Very fIrsT sTep In eyp and, lIKe wITh anyThIng, There Is no shaMe In noT KnowIng whaT To expecT. all of The offIcIals you wIll MeeT In KZrs haVe been There, and To help guIde you

    along The way - here are soMe of TheIr own fIrsT eyp experIences.

    When I arrived in my first session I didnt even know what my topic was or what my committee name means. During committee work, when we had already begun discussing the topic, I turned to Krlis, a fellow committee member (now head of the jury of KZRS) and asked for the topic overview, which I read as fast as possibleuntilIwasfinallyabletojointhediscussion.

    Before going to my first session I was expecting a formal event, where everyone will be ceremonially dressed at all times, sat around a table, discussing issues. When we started playing teambuilding games, though, I was surprised to say the least. At first it all seemed silly and strange, but eventually I had toadmit:itwasveryfun.

    I was hesitant about going to my first session. Literally in the last evening I decided to pack my stuff, print some info and in themorningtravel300kilometrestoVinnytsia.ItwasaUkrain-ian national session and, since I was very active during GA, I got selectedforIstanbulInternationalSession.

    My first session definitely surpassed expectations. I under-stood that EYP is what I have to do in the future. The feelings were very unusual; the environment was very surreal to me. Therewasalotofpositivitystreamingthroughoutit.

    My first session was definitely the most impressive EYP ad-venture of them all. It was something I hadnt experienced from social, knowledge and language standpoints. It was like anexplosioninmybrain.Inapositiveway,ofcourse.

    M. R.

    Niks Brzi, VP (ECON)

    Klvs Galenieks, organizer

    Ira Garbuz, chair (CULT II)

    Edgars Spudi, chair (CULT I)

    Mrti ilinskis, HO of KZRS12

  • ThIs Is a safe

    sTorage for your fears

    wrITe down all your fears and negaTIVe eMoTIons

    puTe TheM In The box

    close The box and leaVe IT be

  • AFET, you have a great issue to deal with. Middle-East is a very con-troversial region with its religion, Islam, which is not just a religion. It is represented in their govern-ments and every-day life. Perhaps, we cannot even understand the power of Islam and for this rea-son the EUs role in the ongoing conflicts is fragile and uncertain.

    The EU is known in the world by its values: democra-cy, human rights, freedom etc. May-be the EU should stay to these val-ues and not try to solve the conflicts by armed force and violence. This

    means that ac-tions made by the EU should be po-litically thought through and be against massacre and civil murders.

    The EU should fight for the hu-man rights and not for democ-racy, because de-mocracy cannot be forced upon. It has to come from the inside of the society. People have to want it and if they really do, then the goal can be reached. There can be po-litical or econom-ic sanctions for not respecting the human rights.

    Yet, the EU has to attempt to look at the situation through their re-

    ligion, because Middle-East can never become Eu-rope as it is today. That is just my opinion on the is-sue.

    You, AFET, may think that what I wrote down here was not worth anything. The committee work will be full of different ide-as, opinions and the result may be nothing you ex-pected.

    Finally, I want to encourage you to think outside of the box, discuss a lot and be open to new concepts. Experience!

    AFET

    face of europes ToMorrow

    A. T. R.

  • CULT I

    The diversity in Europe is empha-sized quite a lot. Nevertheless, a union of Euro-pean countries is still standing after over sixty years, meaning that there is still something that unites them.

    The history and language of ones country has a very strong in-fluence on its cul-tural identity. Al-though Europe lies on a small continent, the countries vary in language and ex-perience of his-tory, making it a culturally diver-sified place.

    But culture does not consist of only traditions.

    Values, moral, manners and overall consid-eration for oth-ers are equally important, when talking about culture. Values are an impor-tant part of iden-tity. Right now most of European countries share similar values on human rights es-tablished by the European Union (EU).

    EUs decisions are made based on those values and these deci-sions influence all of the Mem-ber States. Thus, having accept-ed those values, these countries have something in common that unites them.

    From that, a com-mon sense of moral or man-ners can be built. Do similar values make a strong European culture and if not, what are the aspects we want to add?

    Culture can con-sist of various things from holi-days to morals. What should the European culture be based on and how extensive can it be- that is a matter of debate and agreement.

    A. A.

    culTure: To whaT exTenT?

  • CULT II

    With Europe hav-ing only 5 out of the top 20 uni-versities in world, now is the time to ask why. The other 15 from this group come from United States and I think therein lies part of the solu-tion.

    To find out how to become suc-cessful again we have to look at what the Ameri-cans are doing so well to attract the best students.

    Much of the time the best universi-ties have a set rep-utation for pre-senting the best quality of teach-ing and research for their students and staff. This, in turn, gives rise

    to the best people wanting to enroll there. Their rep-utation may be based off special-ities such as engi-neering, languag-es or simply the history behind the institution. With these, come lots of funding from large com-panies and corpo-rations who want their name rec-ognisable with such a reputable institute of edu-cation.

    Europe has a very small amount of these special-ity universities of such a high standard, so to raise this stand-ard, they need funds. To acquire these, universi-ties need to be

    more pro-active in their search for associate funding and think outside the box.

    Another must is attracting in-ternational stu-dents. These are the students that bring in the most money which can be put towards the universitys well-being and garnering a rep-utation needed to become a mem-ber of the elite.

    After all, we all know - money makes the world go round.

    A. C.

    safeTy In nuMbers

  • The violation of hu-man rights in Bela-rus is a subject that the EU is deeply concerned about. It led to the existent policy of critical en-gagement with that country.

    Martin Schulz, the President of the Eu-ropean Parliament, expressed his alarm about the contin-ued abuse of human rights, the rule of law and democrat-ic values in Bela-rus. He emphasized several issues: the travel ban on some opposition leaders and human rights defenders, laws that expand the powers of the KGB as well as the expulsion of the Swedish ambas-sador.

    More than a dozen opposition members and human rights activists are serv-ing long prison sen-

    tences as a result of politically moti-vated charges and unfair trials. These include Ales Bialit-ski, vice-president of the International Federation for Hu-man Rights. Dozens of others have been arbitrarily detained for short periods to harass or intimidate them.

    In June, the Unit-ed Nations Hu-man Rights Council adopted a resolu-tion on Belarus, urg-ing the government to free all political prisoners immedi-ately and uncondi-tionally and to put an immediate end to arbitrary detention of human rights de-fenders.

    At first, the Commit-tees decisions were not considered valid in Belarus, since the Belarusian authori-ties did not recog-

    nize the rules gov-erning the Human Rights Committees procedures. Later on, in an apparent response to grow-ing international criticism, the gov-ernment pardoned a number of pris-oners sentenced in connection with the December 2010 pro-tests.

    Released prisoners later alleged that they were pres-sured to sign par-don requests, ac-knowledging their guilt as conditions for their release. De-spite that, any sem-blance of movement towards mutual agreement in the near future is re-maining noticeably elusive.

    DROI

    A. V.

    huMan rIghTs In belarus: To be or noT To be?

  • A tough pill has to be swallowed by a large part of the EU in these times of crisis its go-ing to get worse, before it gets bet-ter.

    As a Latvian, I have first-hand experience in the excruciating pro-cess that is aus-terity in econom-ic crisis and the fruit it bears. Be-tween 2007 and 2009 our GDP col-lapsed by 25% as we suffered the worst recession in the EU.

    The Latvian gov-ernment react-ed by issuing a painful austerity package - it fired 30%ofpublicsec-tor workers, re-duced salaries by

    40%, introduced new taxes and raised existing ones. After en-during several years of auster-ity, our economy was the fastest growing in the EU in the first quarter of 2012.

    The social ef-fects? An in-crease in crime due to unemploy-ment and police budget cuts, a decrease in the standards of edu-cation, an enor-mous brain drain and many others. The government chose auster-ity, the people did not.

    Rigid austerity is definitely not the universal an-tidote it was met

    with widespread protests and con-tempt in Greece. Latvians reacted more subtly by simply emigrat-ing - as much as 10% of the pop-ulation moved abroad, some-thing not possible for an economy the size of Greece.

    ECON will have the challenging task of figuring out what kind of austerity meas-ures are most appropriate EU-wide and to what extent should they be imposed to tackle the sov-ereign debt crisis.

    ECON

    how should we TIghTen our belTs?

    M. R.

  • Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning tobreathefree.

    These words are written by Emma Lazarus, Ameri-can poet. Though that is not the rea-son why they are so well known. This catchy line is written on the Statue of Liberty in the USA. I find it related to the top-ic of LIBE I where tolerance for cul-tural diversity is the aim.

    Liberal attitude between cul-tures, minori-ties and religions to breathe free in this merciless world is essential. Past must be tak-

    en into account as the cultural diversity in Cen-tral, Eastern and Southern Europe are strongly con-nected with his-torical minorities. We should keep in mind that the remains of Soviet Union and Hitlers regime still have an effect on soci-ety.

    Meanwhile, mi-gration has be-come an influ-ential problem in Northern and Western Europe. This factor mixes up the cultures even more. Spain is the most com-mon example, as it is one of them main immigra-tion gates to the whole of Europe.

    Human traffick-ing, cheap labor, economical de-struction are the consequences

    There is a distur-bance in peace and tolerance be-tween cultures. Integration must be prioritized not only by societies but also by gov-ernments and European institu-tions. The solu-tion might be one united European culture? LIBE I, you are the judg-es on this one

    LIBE I

    R. T.

    respecT To be respecTed

  • Everything thats somehow related to modern technol-ogies will always play a big role in our environment. With our every-day lives develop-ing , connections through the Inter-net become even more useful and important.

    We use it for com-munication, work, extraction of in-formation, enter-tainment or simply for relaxation. How could we make our online appearance even more pleas-ant and safe, so we wouldnt be harmed and our name or identity wouldnt be used as a cyber-crime tool by oth-ers?

    Computers and networks are usu-ally used in cyber-crimes for criminal activities. The va-

    riety of these ac-tivities can depend on the imagination of a persons mind. Hacking of com-puters, cyber child abuse, theft of in-tellectual property or identity, cyber frauds and finan-cial crimes are the basic cases.

    Practically every person who uses the Internet, has faced cyber bully-ing or harassment of his or her pri-vacy at least once. However, most peo-ple do not report being bothered or upset when go-ing online, and that makes it okay to be harassed. By in-creasing the daily use of the Internet, the risks increase proportionaly.

    Nevertheless, more use also brings more opportuni-ties and, no doubt,

    more benefits. In other words, use of the Internet brings both risks and op-portunities, and the line between them is not easy to draw.

    First and most im-portant actions to achieve safer Inter-net environment lie in raising the awareness of peo-ple and increasing the effectiveness of the actions taking part in case some-thing similar hap-pens.

    That is just one womans opinion, as they say. You have the freedom and opportunity to speak up, say what is on your mind and make a difference.

    LIBE II

    InTerneT:a Tool for crIMe?

    L. V.

  • ThIs Is TopIc

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