Wiring Presentation

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<ul><li> 1. Glenn Hyman Gary Werner</li></ul> <p> 2. </p> <ul><li>Type the following URL into your web browser to take the 10 question preassessment. </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>http://www.surveymonkey.com/s/JV2HYDQ</li></ul></li></ul> <p> 3. 4. </p> <ul><li>Stands forUniversal Serial Bus </li></ul> <ul><li>It is an industry standard to connect computers with many peripherals </li></ul> <ul><li>Created in 1996 </li></ul> <ul><li>Multiple versions: 1.0 and 1.1 (referred to as 1.x), 2.0 (a.k.a. USB Hi-Speed), and most recently 3.0 </li></ul> <ul><li>Up to 127 different devices can function off of one USB host </li></ul> <p> 5. USB Version Maximum Data Transfer Rate 1.X12 Mbps 2.0 480 Mbps 3.0 4.8 Gbps 6. </p> <ul><li>Firewire is similar to USB </li></ul> <ul><li>A.K.A. IEEE 1394</li></ul> <ul><li>Typically used to connect digital video cameras to computers </li></ul> <ul><li>Original FireWire provided 400 Mbps data transfer rate </li></ul> <ul><li>Newer FireWire provides 800 Mbps data transfer rate </li></ul> <ul><li>Not as widely used, or as common, as USB </li></ul> <p>Photo credit:http://gbennett.whsites.net/zencart/images/products/firewire400.jpg 7. </p> <ul><li>Question: Which is faster Hi-Speed USB 2.0 or FireWire? </li></ul> <ul><li>Answer: In sustained throughput FireWire is faster than USB 2.0. </li></ul> <ul><li>Question: If Hi-Speed USB 2.0 is a 480 Mbps interface and FireWire is a 400 Mbps interface, how can FireWire be faster? </li></ul> <ul><li>Answer: Differences in the architecture of the two interfaces have a huge impact on the sustained throughput. </li></ul> <p> 8. </p> <ul><li>FireWire vs. USB 2.0 Hard Drive Performance Comparison </li></ul> <ul><li> Read and write tests to the same IDE hard drive connected using FireWire and then Hi-Speed USB 2.0 show: </li></ul> <ul><li>Read Test: </li></ul> <ul><li> 5000 files (300 MB total) FireWire was 33% faster than USB 2.0 </li></ul> <ul><li> 160 files (650MB total) FireWire was 70% faster than USB 2.0 </li></ul> <ul><li>Write Test: </li></ul> <ul><li> 5000 files (300 MB total) FireWire was 16% faster than USB 2.0 </li></ul> <ul><li> 160 files (650MB total) FireWire was 48% faster than USB 2.0 </li></ul> <p> 9. </p> <ul><li>First developed by IBM to connect printers to computers </li></ul> <ul><li>Still found on a majority of motherboards today </li></ul> <ul><li>Being phased out in favor of USB connections </li></ul> <ul><li>Data transfer rate of 50-100 Kbps </li></ul> <ul><li>Called parallel wire because data is transmitted parallel to </li></ul> <ul><li>each other through the </li></ul> <ul><li>wire </li></ul> <p>Photo credit:http://www.lps2u.com/shop/images/HighPerformanceParallelCableForPrinter.jpg 10. </p> <ul><li>Considered one of the most basic wires/connections that you can use </li></ul> <ul><li>Been around over 20 years </li></ul> <ul><li>Is also being phased out in favor of USB </li></ul> <ul><li>Mainly used to connect to</li></ul> <ul><li>external modems, PDAs </li></ul> <ul><li>and printers </li></ul> <ul><li>Have a maximum data </li></ul> <ul><li>data transfer rate of </li></ul> <ul><li>115 Kbps </li></ul> <p>Photo credit: http://www.shopit.ie/images/MXT100FF_Alarge.jpg 11. Wire Name Maximum Data Transfer Rate USB 2.0480 Mbps FireWire 400 Mbps Serial 115 Kbps Parallel 100 Kbps 12. 13. </p> <ul><li>Ethernet is not synonymous with Internet </li></ul> <ul><li>Ethernet wires are used in networking applications </li></ul> <ul><li>Has been in use since the 1980s </li></ul> <ul><li>Initially supported a 10 Mbps data transfer speed </li></ul> <ul><li> Fast Ethernet increased the rate to 100 Mbps </li></ul> <ul><li>Gigabit Ethernet currently peaks at 1000 Mbps </li></ul> <p>Photo credit:http://kbserver.netgear.com/images/1561_straight_ethernet.jpg 14. </p> <ul><li>Phone lines are very versatile </li></ul> <ul><li>Most popular applications include: </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Sending faxes from computers </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Making phone calls from computers </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Connecting to the Internet via dial-up connection </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>As broadband connections become more affordable dial-up will continue to be phased out </li></ul> <ul><li>Dial-up connection peaks at a speed of 56 Kbps </li></ul> <ul><li>234,372,000 Internet users as of Nov 2009 </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>73,123,400 Internet broadband connections as of June2009 (sourcehttp://www.internetworldstats.com/america.htm ) </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Leaving 160 million plus potentially still using dial-up</li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>connections </li></ul></li></ul> <p>Photo credit:http://img.alibaba.com/photo/50638622/Telephone_Line_Cords_with_UK_Telephone_Plugs.jpg 15. 16. </p> <ul><li>No, not everything needs</li></ul> <ul><li>a power cord!! </li></ul> <ul><li>All computers, including laptops, </li></ul> <ul><li>need their own power cord </li></ul> <ul><li>Many peripherals need a separate power cord, however some may run off of USB supplied power </li></ul> <ul><li>Power cords are fairly uniform but proprietary power cords and power packs, especially for laptops, do exist </li></ul> <p>Photo credit:http://climate.sdstate.edu/howto/vrg101/black%20power%20cord.jpg 17. </p> <ul><li>There are two main types </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Molex </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>SATA </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Molex was developed in the 1950s, first used in computers in the late 1970s </li></ul> <ul><li>It is a 4 pin connector </li></ul> <ul><li>Standard on all PATA drives, and most motherboards </li></ul> <ul><li>SATA was developed in 2003 and is taking the place of Molex </li></ul> <ul><li>SATA is more of a versatile power adapter, allowing for hot-swapping and it can only be inserted in one specific way </li></ul> <p>Photo credit:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molex_connector 18. 19. Photo credit:http://www.addictivetips.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/09/imageview.jpg http://www.microsoft.com/library/media/1033/windowsxp/images/using/mce/expert/sound_sound_card.jpg 20. </p> <ul><li>Computer audio wires are essential for providing sound </li></ul> <ul><li>Typically wires with green plugs are for speakers, wires with pink plugs are for microphones, and wires with blue plugs are for line-in </li></ul> <ul><li>There are also wires that support 5.1, 6.1, and 7.1 surround sound </li></ul> <ul><li>Newer audio wires include digital optical and coaxial cables, as well as HDMI which can transmit high definition video as well as</li></ul> <ul><li>sound </li></ul> <p> 21. 22. Photo credit:http://en.dogeno.us/wp-content/uploads/vga2.jpg </p> <ul><li>Stands for Video Graphics Array or</li></ul> <ul><li> Super Video Graphics Array </li></ul> <ul><li>Transmits an analog video signal </li></ul> <ul><li>VGA maximum resolution is 800 x 600 </li></ul> <ul><li>VGA is considered the lowest common denominator that all PC graphics hardware support </li></ul> <ul><li>SVGA improves on VGA, and covers alargerange of display standards </li></ul> <ul><li>SVGA maximum resolution is 1027 x 768 </li></ul> <ul><li>Still widely used for a large number of monitors, including flat screen monitors </li></ul> <ul><li>Has been surpassed by DVI connections </li></ul> <p> 23. </p> <ul><li>S-Video stands for Separate Video </li></ul> <ul><li>The wire transmits video dataonly , no sound </li></ul> <ul><li>S-Video can transmit a slightly higher analog resolution picture than traditional composite video </li></ul> <ul><li>Allows for a computer to be hooked up to a monitor/TV peripheral </li></ul> <ul><li>Can not transmit high definition video signals </li></ul> <ul><li>Has been replaced with DVI and HDMI </li></ul> <ul><li>wires </li></ul> <p>Photo credit:http://www.zpluscable.com/images/products/prem-svideo-end.jpg 24. </p> <ul><li>Stands for Digital Visual Interface </li></ul> <ul><li>Transmits a digital video signal </li></ul> <ul><li>First produced in 1999 </li></ul> <ul><li>Direct replacement of VGA/SVGA connections </li></ul> <ul><li>Supports a maximum resolution of 3840 2400</li></ul> <ul><li>Already starting to be replaced by such connections as HDMI and DisplayPort </li></ul> <p>Photo credit:http://www.cablek.com/client_file/upload/image/dvi-cable-pic.jpg 25. 26. </p> <ul><li>Originally designed in 1986 </li></ul> <ul><li>Superseded by SATA in 2003 </li></ul> <ul><li>Is an internal connection standard for hard drives, floppy drives, and optical drives </li></ul> <ul><li>Maximum data transfer rate is 133 Mbps </li></ul> <ul><li>Looks like a ribbon cable </li></ul> <ul><li>Was commonly called ATA or IDE cables until approximately 2003 when SATA was released and it was retroactively called PATA to </li></ul> <ul><li>differentiate between the two cables </li></ul> <p>Photo credit:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ata_20070127_002.jpg 27. </p> <ul><li>SATA (Serial Advanced Technology Attachment) was created in 2003 </li></ul> <ul><li>Reduces amount of cables from 80 in PATA to just seven </li></ul> <ul><li>Is used for: </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Internal computer parts connection </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>External computer peripherals connection (eSATA) </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Power supply connection </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>SATA has a maximum data transfer rate of 1.5 Gbps, SATA II is 3 Gbps, SATA III is 6 Gbps </li></ul> <ul><li>Another plus is that SATA connections are</li></ul> <ul><li>hot-swappable </li></ul> <p>Photo credit:http://www.sierra-cables.com/Cables/Images/SATA-Signal-Cable-1.jpg 28. Photo credit:http://gallery.techarena.in/data/513/sata-ide_lg.jpg 29. </p> <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_Serial_Bus </li></ul> <ul><li>http://www.usb-ware.com/firewire-vs-usb.htm </li></ul> <ul><li>http://blog.makeitwork.com/audio-video-cables-explained/ </li></ul> <ul><li>http://computer.howstuffworks.com/parallel-port1.htm </li></ul> <ul><li>http://www.howstuffworks.com/serial-port.htm </li></ul> <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S-Video </li></ul> <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Video_Graphics_Array </li></ul> <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Super_Video_Graphics_Array </li></ul> <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_Visual_Interface </li></ul> <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parallel_ATA </li></ul> <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serial_ATA </li></ul> <ul><li>http://computer.howstuffworks.com/ethernet.htm </li></ul> <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molex_connector </li></ul>