Using Digital Storytelling Tools

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Using Digital Storytelling ToolsWintercon Boston, MASandra Mohr & Jonathan SmallFebruary 26, 2016

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Stories are the secret reservoir of values:

Change the stories individuals and nations live by, and tell themselves, and you change the individuals and nations.

- Ben Okri

6 Words About Yourself

StoriesBeginning Middle End

StorytellingUsing words, images, and sounds to convey informationUsed in every culture for:EducationCultural PreservationEntertainment

Popular Culture Storytelling ToolsPaintingsNovelsRadioMoviesInternet

History of StorytellingAllows people to share information and storiesBefore people could read, pictures were used.

Storytelling is a means for sharing and interpreting experiences. Stories are universal in that they can bridge cultural, linguistic, and age-related divides. Storytelling can be adaptive for all ages, leaving out the notion of age segregation.[7] Storytelling can be used as a method to teach ethics, values, and cultural norms and differences.[8] Learning is most effective when it takes place in social environments that provide authentic social cues about how knowledge is to be applied.[9] Stories function as a tool to pass on knowledge in a social context.Human knowledge is based on stories and the human brain consists of cognitive machinery necessary to understand, remember, and tell stories.[10] Humans are storytelling organisms that both individually and socially, lead storied lives.[11] Stories mirror human thought as humans think in narrative structures and most often remember facts in story form. Facts can be understood as smaller versions of a larger story, thus storytelling can supplement analytical thinking. Because storytelling requires auditory and visual senses from listeners, one can learn to organize their mental representation of a story, recognize structure of language, and express his or her thoughts.[12]

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Digital StorytellingCreated as part of the learning experienceHelps students develop skills needed for the 21st CentryCan be developed for:Personal NarrativesConvey Instructional MaterialExamine Historical Events

(Robin, 2008)

Storytelling is a means for sharing and interpreting experiences. Stories are universal in that they can bridge cultural, linguistic, and age-related divides. Storytelling can be adaptive for all ages, leaving out the notion of age segregation.[7] Storytelling can be used as a method to teach ethics, values, and cultural norms and differences.[8] Learning is most effective when it takes place in social environments that provide authentic social cues about how knowledge is to be applied.[9] Stories function as a tool to pass on knowledge in a social context.Human knowledge is based on stories and the human brain consists of cognitive machinery necessary to understand, remember, and tell stories.[10] Humans are storytelling organisms that both individually and socially, lead storied lives.[11] Stories mirror human thought as humans think in narrative structures and most often remember facts in story form. Facts can be understood as smaller versions of a larger story, thus storytelling can supplement analytical thinking. Because storytelling requires auditory and visual senses from listeners, one can learn to organize their mental representation of a story, recognize structure of language, and express his or her thoughts.[12]

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Digital StorytellingOffers a new way to educate people.Simulate real life examplesTraining students for project workTraining for doctor-patient relationshipAllows us to explain complex matters.Gain more attention when the information is interesting or exciting.Integrates digital tools with traditional storytelling methods.(vanGils, 2005)

Can be a powerful tool for teaching and learning that engages the teacher and the students.11

Student Storytelling Examples

Advantages of Digital StorytellingVariationPersonalizationReal Life SituationsEngagingActive Learning

(Baim, 2015; vanGils, 2005)

Tools vs. LearningFocus learning opportunities around the course outcomes. Dont make it about the tools.

Make sure that the entertainment aspect does not supersede the educational aspect.14

Seven Elements of Digital StorytellingPoint of ViewA Dramatic QuestionEmotional ContentThe Gift of Your VoiceThe Power of the SoundtrackEconomyPacing(Robin, 2008)

Point of View What is the main point of the story and what is the perspective of the author?A Dramatic Question A key question that keeps the viewers attention and will be answered by the end of the storyEmotional Content Serious issues that come alive in a personal and powerful way and connects the story to the audienceThe Gift of Your Voice A way to personalize the story to help the audience understand the contextThe Power of the Soundtrack Music or other sounds that support and embellish the storylineEconomy Using just enough content to tell the story without overloading the viewerPacing The rhythm of the story and how slowly or quickly it progresses

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Sample Storytelling ToolsAnimotioPrezi Infogram Padlet Piktochart Storybird Google Sites Slidebomb Screencast-o-maticStorify YouTube

Use tools that you are comfortable with or platforms your students are using16

Whats Next.Storytelling Potential..

Older Virtual Reality - Second Life Example

Potential Upcoming Tools

Questions

Thank YouJonathan Small Director of Online ProgramsTwitter - @jonathandsmallEmail - smallj1@wit.eduLinkedin - https://www.linkedin.com/in/jonathandsmallSandra Mohr Director of Faculty ServicesTwitter - @SandraCoswatteEmail - Mohrs@wit.eduLinkedin - https://www.linkedin.com/in/sandracoswatte

ReferencesBaim, S. A. (2015). Digital Storytelling: Conveying the Essence of a Face-to-Face Lecture in an Online Learning Environment. The Journal of Effective Teaching, 47.Chung, S. K. (2006). Digital storytelling in integrated arts education. The International Journal of Arts Education, 4(1), 33-50.Hung, C.M., Hwang, G.J., & Huang, I. (2012). A project-based digital storytelling approach for improving students' learning motivation, problem-solving competence and learning achievement. Educational Technology and Society, 15 (4), 368379.Lambert, J. (2012). Digital storytelling: Capturing lives, creating community. Routledge.Lundby, K. (2008). Digital storytelling, mediatized stories: Self-representations in new media (Vol. 52). Peter Lang.Meadows, D. (2003). Digital storytelling: Research-based practice in new media. Visual Communication, 2(2), 189-193.Ohler, J. (2006). The world of digital storytelling. Educational leadership, 63(4), 44-47.Robin, B. R. (2008). Digital storytelling: A powerful technology tool for the 21st century classroom. Theory into practice, 47(3), 220-228.Sadik, A. (2008). Digital storytelling: A meaningful technology-integrated approach for engaged student learning. Educational technology research and development, 56(4), 487-506.van Gils, F. (2005, June). Potential applications of digital storytelling in education. In 3rd twente student conference on IT (Vol. 7). University of Twente, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science Enschede.