UNDERSTANDING THE FACTORS OF CLOUD COMPUTING ADOPTION in Malaysia.docx

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<ul><li><p>8/14/2019 UNDERSTANDING THE FACTORS OF CLOUD COMPUTING ADOPTION in Malaysia.docx</p><p> 1/3</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 UNDERSTANDING THE FACTORS OF CLOUD COMPUTING ADOPTION in Malaysia.docx</p><p> 2/3</p><p>CHAPTER 1 : INTRODUCTION</p><p>1.0 Introduction</p><p>The computing industry is experiencing and witnessing a paradigm shift in the</p><p>magnitude on how millennium computing is performed globally. The emergence of cloud</p><p>computing has drastically changed the way information technology (IT) services are used,</p><p>manipulated and operated within organizations. The primary obstacle in embracing and</p><p>migrating towards IT appreciation in pursuing excellence and productivity within the overall</p><p> business performance is non-other than the capital and operational expenditure investment to</p><p>establish IT platform infrastructure. When the cost of computing increases due to complex</p><p>information architecture and infrastructure that deters organizations from employing</p><p>advanced IT services, the emergence of cloud computing provides and offers solutions to the</p><p> problem by reducing upfront expenses of computing (Marston et al., 2011). In addition,</p><p>cloud computing services are extensively used for financial analysis, medical information and</p><p>diagnoses to online gaming. International Data Corporation (IDC) projects cloud services will</p><p>outpace traditional IT spending by 2014 (Gens, 2010).</p><p>Cloud computing services involve a complex infrastructure of software, hardware, processing</p><p>and storage integration (Maggiani, 2009). In addition, it can be consider as a relative new</p><p>form of computing where scalable, elastic IT capabilities are delivered to customers using the</p><p>Internet (Plummer, 2009). Clouds are defined as clusters of distributed computers, providing</p><p>on-demand resources and services over a network, with the scale and reliability of a data</p><p>centre (Grossman, 2009). According to Zhang and Zhou (2009), cloud computing provides an</p><p>environment to enable resource sharing in terms of scalable infrastructures, middleware and</p><p>application platforms and value-added business applications. Resources (e.g., CPU and</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 UNDERSTANDING THE FACTORS OF CLOUD COMPUTING ADOPTION in Malaysia.docx</p><p> 3/3</p><p>storage) in the cloud model are provided as general utilities that can be leased and released by</p><p>users through the Internet in an on-demand fashion (Zhang, Cheng &amp; Boutaba, 2010).</p><p>The primary business survival will highly dependable on its capability to balance off between</p><p>the cost and productivity to generate extensive and scalable revenue or returns. The</p><p>complexity and global competition is driving organizations to concentrate on the effort to</p><p>reduce cost, increase profitability and enhance productivity ( Misra &amp; Mondal, 2011; Sultan,</p><p>2009; Winans &amp; Brown, 2009). The availability of Information Technology (IT) products,</p><p>software and solutions offered by service provider made available across the globe had put</p><p>tremendous pressure on organizations to choose and adopt the newest technology which</p><p>enable them to achieve their corporate business philosophy of reducing cost, sustaining</p><p>competitive edge, and improve the end result (Demirkan et. al., 2008;Gill,2011).</p><p>Cloud Computing is an innovation where information technology services and capabilities</p><p>are integrated and delivered to an organization or individual over the internet by a centralized</p><p> provider, often for a fee (Robinson, 2009). According to Gill (2011), cloud computing is a</p><p>technology process for delivering highly scalable services enabling organizations to adapt to</p><p>changing and challenging business requirements by easily acquiring and releasing computing</p><p>services as needed.</p></li></ul>