types of speeches
Post on 16-Nov-2014
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- 1. Types of speech BY: ANAYKA MITRE
2. introduction There are numerous types of speech and giving any speech can beterrifying but we dont have to think thus. Every speech needs a purpose and this purpose is not always thesame as the title of your speech. The purpose of your speech you can start to write it. Everyspeech needs an introduction, a middle and an end. 3. The three main types of speech The three main types of speeches are the informative, thepersuasive, and the special occasion. 4. The Informative Speech Informs those in attendance by providing them withinformation. The topic may be an object, an event, a concept, or a process. 5. Speeches About Objects Objects are things that are tangible and, thus, recognizedthrough sight, hearing, taste, or touch. Speeches about objects include those about people, places,animals, structures. 6. Speeches About Events Events are happenings or occurrences, both past and present.Examples The origins of the holiday known as Halloween. The Primary Causes of World War II 7. Speeches about concepts Focus on beliefs, ideas, and theories.Examples: The Big Bang Theory Karl Marxs concept of socialism 8. Speeches About Processes Refer to how something is made, how something is done, orhow something works.Example: How to organize a plot for a novel. 9. The Persuasive Speech Usually challenge an audiences beliefs. Persuasive speech arethe most difficult to deliver because you have to be clear in whattopic do you choose in order to convince the audience. 10. Types of Persuasive Speeches There are three main types of persuasive speeches:questions of fact, questions of value, and questions of policy. 11. Questions of Fact Must be answered by reference to facts and evidence.Example: Will the stock market rally in 2010? 12. Questions of Policy Explain what we would do. The key of this questios is theword should.Example: Should pro-athletes have mandatory tests for performance-enhancing drugs? 13. Questions of Value Address the relative merit goodness or badness of a thing.Example: Do people have the right to choose to die with dignity? 14. Speeches for Special Occasions There are several important points to keep in mind: The speech must fit the occasion. If the occasion is formal; the speechshould be as well; but if the occasion is casual, the speech shouldreflect a similar mood. The speech must meet the allotted time. Speakers should be neithertoo brief nor too longwinded. Intended remarks must be accurate. If someone is presenting anaward and intends to begin with interesting facts about therecipient, these facts must be correct. 15. conclusion Given their visual nature, most informative speeches are more successful ifthe speaker users visual aids such as Power Point presentations, flip charts,graphs, models, etc When preparing a persuasive speech, speakers must accept that at leastsome listeners are going to disagree, perhaps adamantly so, with theirviewpoint, which is why speakers should attempt to anticipate objectionsand counterarguments and address them during the course of the speech.