TYPES OF LIBRARIES - Kurukshetra of Libraries Broadly there are four types of libraries : 1. Public Library 2. Academic Library: It can be categorized in to three types-a) School Library

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TYPES OF LIBRARIESPREPARED BYDR. JYOTSNA GUPTAAssistant ProfessorDIRECTORATE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONKURUKSHETRA UNIVERSITY, KURUKSHETRA.dr_jyotsnagupta@rediffmail.comGenerated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2LIBRARYLibrary is derived from the Latin word liber which means- A BOOK. Earlier a library was a place where books were written or kept. This term was frequently used as a collection of booksand a librarian as a keeper or guard of books. This word has taken centuries to become central point of all social actions and has got recognition as a social institution.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.Types of LibrariesBroadly there are four types of libraries :1. Public Library 2. Academic Library : It can be categorized in to three types-a) School Libraryb) College Library c) University Library3. Special Library ; and4. National LibraryDIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2PUBLIC LIBRARYPUBLIC LIBRARYDefinition/sDefinition/sObjectivesObjectivesFunctionsFunctionsGenerated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.DEFINITION/SDEFINITION/SAccording to UNESCO Public Library Manifesto 1949 which was revised in 1972, a public library is- established under the clear mandate of law; maintained wholly from public fund; levies no direct charge (fees) from its users for any of its services; open for free and equal use by all members of the community irrespective of race, colour, caste, creed, religion, age, sex, nationality, language, status or level of educational attainments; the local gateway to knowledge, provides a basic condition for lifelong learning, independent decision making and cultural development of the individual and social groups; an essential agent for the fostering of peace and spiritual welfare through the minds of men and women.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.According to Dr.S.R.Ranganathan Public Library isa public institution or establishment charged with the care of collection of books and the duty of making them accessible to those who require the use of them.This definition describes two functions of a library: i) the care of a collection of books means protection and preservation of collection. ii) to make them accessible in real sense so that the right person can get right information at the right time.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.In other words, A Public Library is A social institution established by law, financed by public fund, open for all without any discrimination, for general and free diffusion of knowledge and information in the community. It is the obligation of government to establish a public library system throughout the country at national, state and local levels. Besides this, the rural and suburban areas should also be covered by branch and mobile libraries.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.OBJECTIVESOBJECTIVESThe objectives of a public library are associated with its parent body i.e. community and its duty is to cater to the information and recreational needs of its users i.e. community members. The main objectives of a public library are as follows:1. To provide up-to-date and authentic information on all subjects;2. To provide services free of cost or at nominal rates to each member of the society without any discrimination;3. To provide a harmless and elevating use of leisure;4. To be responsible for preservation and development of cultural and antiquarian heritage of the community.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.FUNCTIONSFUNCTIONSA modern public library performs different functions in the society to achieve its objectives and works as:A. Information Dissemination CentreB. Life Long Learning CentreC. Communitys Intellectual CentreD. Recreation CentreE. Communitys Culture Preservation CentreF. Instrument of Social ChangeG. Representative of DemocracyDIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.A) Information Dissemination CentreFor this purpose it collects, processes and then disseminates up-to-date and authentic information on all subjects according to the information needs of Information the local community. It develops collection on the basis of educational level, literacy rate, age groups, nature of occupation, profession, language, cultural habits and reading interest etc. of the local population to provide barrier-free information.For example:Illiterates AUDIO-VISUAL Aids Visually-impaired (Blind) AUDIO-VISUAL Aids and Braille Books It also provides mobile services to those members of the community who are incapable to come to the library in urban as well as in rural areas. For example, patients, old age persons, prisoners and persons with disabilities etc. DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.B) Life Long Learning Centre1) It works like a life long learning centre and each and every person of the community is a life member of this centre. Therefore it is known as a public university or a library of public university. 2) This provides a strong base for adult education programmes. To cultivate reading habits among children at an early age, it makes provision for special collections or separate section or wing for them in the library premises. 3) It acquires documents on all subject to provide support system for all modes of education systems especially for adult education, non-formal, and self-education systems.4) It provides latest information in different disciplines to facilitate the users to improve and develop their skills and competency by selflearning. For example, it keeps documents on self-learning like latest methods of agricultural operations, poultry, bee-keeping; marketing the local products etc. so that people engaged in these occupations would be benefited. DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.C) COMMUNITYS INTELLECTUAL CENTRE A public library works as a common platform to provoke and stimulate the intellectual, educational, social and spiritual thinking of the community. By organizing seminars, debates, exhibitions, lectures etc. it tries to involve each and every person of the society in such activities so that they can exchange their ideas, experiences, suggestions etc. and thus develop their interest to perform as an active part of the society. It enhances mutual understanding among the people and makes them efficient to solve the social and local problems on their own. D) RECREATION CENTRE A public library performs this function also. It provides refreshment for mans spirit by the provision of documents like fiction, audio-visuals etc. for relaxation, pleasure and entertainment. The cultural programmes organized by the public library also give support to this function. It encourages healthy recreation and constructive use of leisure time of its users.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.E) COMMUNITYS CULTURE PRESERVATION CENTREA public library works as a cultural center also. It promotes different cultural activities of that locality by organizing cultural programmes such as dramas, music concerts, folk dances, puppet shows etc. in its premises. These programmesprovide entertainment as well as develop communal harmony in the society. It also promotes awareness of cultural heritage,appreciation of the arts, scientific achievements and innovations and provides access to cultural expressions of all performing arts. It helps in fostering inter-cultural dialogue by favoring cultural diversity. It collects and preserves material relating to the history and culture of its area. It conserves culture and art and also makes its further transmission. DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.F) INSTRUMENT OF SOCIAL CHANGEIt works as an effective instrument to create awareness in the society. By organizing seminars, debates, workshops, exhibitions etc. it creates awareness regarding contemporary political and social issues and stigmas in the society. With thehelp of suitable documents it influences the attitude of public in combating prejudicial treatment of certain groups, thus removes barriers between groups of people. It also works as a catalyst by awakening masses at the grass root level with the power of knowledge. DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.G) REPRESENTATIVE OF DEMOCRACYA public library represents the real meaning of democracy. By providing equal access to all community members without any bias it enhances equality and social justice, promotes intellectual freedom and advancement of knowledge, generates in the young generation a sense of purposefulness dedication and confidence in themselves and faith in democracys future. It works as a platform in the community for open and fruitful discussions, to have healthy dialogues with each other and to share their views and experiences on some common problems. This increases respect for other religions and faiths. It also helps to bring all the people in to the main stream of the society with their active participation. Through general diffusion of knowledge it creates enlightened citizenry.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.ACADEMIC LIBRARYACADEMIC LIBRARYDEFINITION/SDEFINITION/SDIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.An Academic Library has been defined as: a library which is associated or attached with any educational institution to support its educational programmes.Academic library is an integral part of formal education system which provides time bound education from primary school level to university level. An academic library works as a base for teaching, learning, research etc. We can categorize academic libraries in to following three categories-1. School Library 2. College Library 3.University Library.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2SCHOOL LIBRARYSCHOOL LIBRARYDefinitionDefinition Objectives Objectives FunctionsFunctionsGenerated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.DEFINITIONDEFINITIONA library associated or connected with a school and used by the students, teachers and staff of that school is called a SCHOOL LIBRARY. For example DAV School library, Delhi Public School library etc.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.OBJECTIVESOBJECTIVESA school library has the following objectives-1. It supports all educational programmes of the school;2. It cultivates reading habits in school children;3. It develops their interest to use the library for their overall development;4. It inculcates the habit of seeking help of additional sources other than text books;5. It develops self-learning skills of students;ContdDIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Contd It nurtures good moral values and principles in the children; It cultivates a feeling of respect and love for nation and its culture in the students; It helps teachers to improve their teaching expertise; It provides healthy material for recreational and entertainment purpose to students, teachers and staff members; It keeps the teachers and management informed with the latest updates in education sector.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.FUNCTIONSTo achieve the above said objectives a school library performs the following functions-1) It provides suitable documents and information helpful in educational programmes and extra curricular activities of the school;2) It makes available text books and other additional reading material for all subjects as per the requirement of teachers and students;3) It procures handy documents, illustrated picture books with bold and large fonts to create the interest of children in reading.Contd..DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.Cont4) It procures latest teaching learning material in the form of books, CD, audio-visuals etc. to improve the teaching skills of teachers.5) It keeps reference books, dictionaries, year books, directories, encyclopedias, travel books etc. so that students and teachers can get help of these other than the text books.6) It also keeps some books on easy self learning like how to use computer, to develop the learning skills of students.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.Cont7) It makes available biographies, autobiographies of freedom fighters and other national and international personalities to develop respect and love for nation and humanity.8) It procures magazines like Nandan, Chmpak, India Today, Readers Digest etc., different newspapers, and other light reading material like fiction books, general knowledge books, poetry books, short animated films, documentaries etc. for healthy recreation and entertainment purpose of students, teachers and school staff. 9) It provides books of simple and meaningful stories of classics, panchtantra, animals and birds to give moral values and ethics to children.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.Cont10)It makes available biographies, autobiographies of freedom fighters and other national and international personalities to develop respect and love for nation and humanity.11)It procures magazines like Nandan, Chmpak, India Today, Readers Digest etc., different newspapers, and other light reading material like fiction books, general knowledge books, poetry books, short animated films, documentaries etc. for healthy recreation and entertainment purpose of students, teachers and school staff. 12)It also procures bulletins, journals etc. on different subjects and various aspects of education to keep the teachers and school management updated in their respective areas.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2COLLEGE LIBRARYCOLLEGE LIBRARYDefinition/sDefinition/sObjectivesObjectivesFunctionsFunctionsGenerated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.DEFINITIONDEFINITIONA library attached or associated with a college and used by teachers, students and staff of the college is known as COLLEGE LIBRARY. For example:DAV College Library, Ramjas College Library, ShyamlalCollege Library, Delhi College of Engineering Library etc. DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.OBJECTIVES OBJECTIVES The objectives of a college library are as follows: It helps in all educational and instructional programmes of the college; It develops a habit of deep and advanced studies of subjects beyond the text books of subjects, in students; It enhances the understanding of different subjects or disciplines among students; It prepares the students as an intelligent, aware, informative and enlightened person to play the role of a responsible citizen; It assists the research work and lays down the initiative base for research work in students; It informs the teachers with latest up-dates in their respective subject area; It provides healthy entertainment material to its users;DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.FUNCTIONSTo achieve its objectives a college library performs the following functions:1) In order to help in all educational and instructional programmes of the college it develops its collection by acquiring different documents like textbooks, audio-visuals etc. related to various courses offered by the college ;2) It also procures a good amount of more advanced books other than text books on different subjects to develop a habit of deep and advanced studies among college students.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.3) It acquires reference books such as encyclopedias and other books on each and every aspect of different subjects to enhance the understanding of subjects among students on their own besides class-room teaching and text-books 4) To prepare the students for different professions and occupations and to develop their skills it procures self-learning material, competitive exam books etc. are provided by the library;5) It procures newspapers, weekly and monthly magazines on current events, general knowledge books etc. to make aware its users about their surroundings.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.6) It subscribes useful journals, research bulletins on different subjects as per the recommendations of faculty (teachers) for research work and to keep the teachers abreast with the latest in their disciplines;7) If some document is not available in the library it brings it on inter-library loan on demand of its users. 8) It also provides light reading material like fiction, biographies, magazines, travel book guides, audio-visuals etc. to give healthy leisure time to its users;DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.9) It procures general reference books such as dictionaries, directories, encyclopedias, yearbooks as well as some subject specific reference books.10)To make library and its use more accessible and easy it makes proper classification, cataloguing, shelf arrangement, display of new arrivals and provides services like bibliographical, indexing, abstracting etc.11)It provides orientation training to its new users to use the library and disseminate information time to time regarding new library services and latest books. DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2UNIVERSITY LIBRARYUNIVERSITY LIBRARYDefinition/sDefinition/sObjectivesObjectivesFunctionsFunctionsGenerated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.A library attached or associated with a university and used by students, teachers, researchers, administrative staff etc. of the university as well as by the other research workers, alumni outside the university is known as university library.It is also known as the heart of university. It works like an axis of all educational and research activities in all disciplines. According to Dr. Krishan Kumar a university library is a part of a university set up. Therefore, it exists to serve the objectives of its parent organization. Every library programme must support universitys total programme. In other words, a university library should aim to advance the functions of its university. It should reflect character of the university.He also states that the major distinction between a college library and university library that a university library lays emphasis mainly upon research. Thus we find that research is a major objective of a university library. In others words, it circulates knowledge to generate new knowledge.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.OBJECTIVESA University Library has the following objectives: To provide facilities for all teaching, learning, educational and research programmes of the university; To cater to the information needs of teachers, students, researchers associated with the university; It provides facilities to its users for intellectual developmentwhich is a power of acquiring ideas through individual efforts; It conserves knowledge; By putting knowledge to use for research purpose it makes extension of knowledge; By providing latest knowledge to teachers in their field for effective teaching it makes transmission of knowledge possible.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.FUNCTIONSThe universally recognized basic functions performed by a University Library are: 1) By procuring comprehensive range of documents including books, manuscripts, journals, magazines, newspapers etc. on varied subjects, it conserves knowledge and ideas. 2) By processing the procured documents with the help of classification, cataloguing, proper shelf arrangements it gives easy and open access to knowledge to its users;3) In order to organize huge collection of documents it keeps them in different sections on the basis of their categorization like text book section, reference section, journal section, thesis section etc.;DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.4) It provides facility of inter-library loan to its users if document desired by user is not available in the library;5) A modern university library interacts with different information networks to give easy access to e-sources/ data to more users so that they could access the desired information even from their workplace. For example in India university libraries use the facility of INFLIBNET for the same purpose ;6) It also provides entertainment and healthy leisure to users by providing different newspapers, magazines, short story books, fiction, internet facility etc. DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.7) It gives the user orientation training to new enrolled users to make them feel at home and to acquaint them with the library system so that they could make maximum use of library services;8) With the help of display of new arrivals, old book exhibitions, information bulletins about new library services etc. it keeps the users updated with the library activities;9) It provides reference service through reference section to establish a contact between the right reader and the right document in a personal way to attract more users;DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2SPECIAL LIBRARYSPECIAL LIBRARYDefinition/sDefinition/sObjectivesObjectivesFunctionsFunctionsGenerated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.In 20th century with the development of industrial, technological and scientific advances the concept of special libraries came in to existence. The growing need for specializedinformation for further development and research came to play a vital role in the expansion of special libraries. DEFINITIONAccording to American Library Association (ALA ) glossary of library and information science- SPECIAL LIBRARY is a library established, supported and administered by a business firm, private corporation, association, government agency, or other special interest group or agency to meet the information needs of its members or staff in pursuing the goals of the organistion. Scope of collections and services is limited to the subject interest of the host or parent organization.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.In other words, special library collects updated and comprehensive information on the subject concerned with the parent organization and disseminate this information promptly to the people associated with the organization on demand and in anticipation.Besides this, one other factor is that a special library develops its major collection:ON SOME SPECIAL SUBJECT/ FIELD- For example, National Science Library, National Library of Medicine, libraries of government and non-government organizations like Parliament Library, library of Ministry of Law.OF SPECIAL KIND OF DOCUMENTS - For example, National Library for Blind, Dehradun keeps special collection of Braille and In audio books for persons with visual impairment, Library of Indian Standards Institute (ISI) mainly keeps collection of patents.FOR SOME SPECIAL USER GROUP like patients, children etc. For example Childrens Section in Delhi Public Library. DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.Examples of Special LibraryExamples of Special LibraryFor example: National Library for the Blind, it deals with special kind of documents i.e. Braille and audio books and also with special user group i.e. persons with visual impairment or blind.Library of Supreme Court of India, which keeps major collection of court cases and decisions which are mainly used by lawyers and judges, thus the user group is also of a special kind. Library of Indian Standards Institute (ISI) mainly keeps patents which are special type of document and used by some special user group and related to some specific field or area. Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.OBJECTIVES The main objectives of a special library are as follows:1) It serves the information needs of its parent body;2) It disseminates updated and significant information in the concerned field;3) It gives pinpointed information promptly;4) It provides desired information to its users on demand and mostly in anticipation;5) The users also get new ideas and inspiration to initiate new projects.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.FUNCTIONSA special library performs primarily the following functions:1) It selects and procures documents and other sources of relevant information;2) It processes the procured information or documents with the help of classification, cataloguing, shelf arrangements etc. to make them easily available for the users;3) It subscribes to a good number of journals related to its area;Contd.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.4) It provides indexing and abstracting services to the users to save their time;5) It provides reference services to the users by telephone, by post or by e-mail;6) It gives current awareness service (CAS) regarding new arrivals and latest services to the users;7) It provides Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) service to the users as per their subject interest and requirement;8) It also gives document delivery service to its users at their doorstep;Contd.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.Contd.9)It brings out library bulletins weekly/fortnightly/monthly to keep the users up to date with latest information;10)It gives translation services to provide the desired information to the users in their convenient language.;11)It also provides intranet as well as internet facility to the users in order to access the library collection and catalogues at their desktop;DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.Contd.12)It responds to the reference queries and make retrospective search of literature as per the usersdemand;13)It compiles bibliographies, union catalogues, documentation lists, newspaper- clippings, accession lists etc. to save the time of its users;14)It provides inter library loan (ILL) facility to the users;15)It gives user orientation training through personal interaction with users and by library brochure and pamphlets to make the users familiar with the library collection and services. DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2NATIONAL LIBRARYNATIONAL LIBRARYDefinition/sDefinition/sObjectivesObjectivesFunctionsFunctionsGenerated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.DEFINITION/SA NATIONAL LIBRARY keeps all documents of and about a nation under some legal provision and thus represents publications of and about the whole nation. For example:National Library of India-Kolkata, British Library-London, Library of Congress- Washington, The Russian State Library-Moscow, The Bibliotheque Nationale-Paris.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.The National Libraries may be grouped as: Example By comprehensive functions - National Library of India, Kolkata. By subject -National Medical Library, Delhi. By special user group served -National Library for the Blind, U.K. By type of material -The Saraswati Mahal Manuscript Library, Tanjore.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.The UNESCO defines Libraries which, irrespective of their title, are responsible for-1) Acquiring and conserving copies of all significant publications published in the country; 2) Functioning as a 'depository' library, whether by law or under other arrangements. And performs the following functions also:1) producing a national bibliography;2) holding and keeping up to date a large and representative collection of foreign literature, including books about the country;3) acting as a national bibliographical information centre; 4) compiling union catalogues;5) publishing the retrospective national bibliography.6) This definition states that libraries which may be called 'national' but whose functions do not correspond to the above definitions should not be placed in the 'national libraries' category.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.A National Library works with the following objectives:1) It procures nations all literary output under legal provision as well the foreign literature about that nation;2) It works as a depository house for the said heritage by preserving it;3) It disseminates information about the stored and procured literary wealth through different publications and services;4) It works as a national referral and bibliographic exchange centre;5) It coordinates with the other libraries in a country to develop a national library system.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.Some basic functions performed by a national library are:1) It works as a national depository library for all literary work published in the country;2) It freely collects copies of all published material in the country under legal provision or by law;3) It also procures foreign publications about the country; and by the authors of Indian origin living abroad;4) It compiles national bibliographies to disseminate information about literary output of the country;5) It works as an apex body of the national library system and coordinates with other libraries in the country;6) It develops and maintains different bibliographic data bases and works as a national bibliographic centre;Contd.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.Contd7) It also exchanges data and documents at national and international level;8) It produces national union catalogues, current, retrospective and subject bibliographies;9) It makes provision for practical training of library professionals ;10)It procures and preserves manuscripts;11)It also keeps photocopy collection of available documents for national and international library lending;12)It provides reading, lending, consulting facilities to researchers, writers and other users;13)It works as a national referral centre of authentic information for all literary work of the country and responds to all national and international queries from individuals as well as from private and government organizations.DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.S. N. Type of Library Example 1 Public Library a) Delhi Public Library, b) Trivandrum Public Library, c) Government Maulana Azad Central Library (M.P.), d) Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Public Library(Patna). 2 Academic Library School Library College Library Univ. Library a) Delhi Public School Library. b) Ramjas College Library(Delhi), c) Jawahar Lal Nehru University Library (Kurukshetra Univ.). 3 Special Library a) Parliament Library (Delhi), b) National Dairy Research Institutes Library, c) HRD Ministrys Library (Delhi), d) National Institute of Visually Handicapped Library (Dehradun). 4 National Library a) National Library, Calcutta(India), b) British Library (U.K.), c) Library of Congress (USA). DIRECTORTAE DIRECTORTAE OF DISTANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATIONEDUCATION(DDE)(DDE)ProgrammeProgramme::(D.LIB Sc & (D.LIB Sc & B.LIB Sc.)B.LIB Sc.)Class:Class:(D.LIB Sc)(D.LIB Sc)Paper: Lib Org Paper: Lib Org & Mgt.& Mgt.Lesson No. Lesson No. 1 & 31 & 3(B.LIB Sc)(B.LIB Sc)Paper:Paper:Lib & SocietyLib & SocietyLesson No. 1.2Lesson No. 1.2Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Softwarehttp://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

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