towards fluency helping our students become better speakers 07_02_2014

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  • 1. Towards fluency: helping our students become better speakers Bruna Caltabiano Disal So Paulo, Brazil February 7, 2014.

2. Picture 1 3. Picture 2 4. Picture 3 5. Picture 4 6. The importance... Speaking seems intuitively to be the most important skill (Ur, 1996) Speaking provides rehearsal opportunities Important source of feedback for both teachers and students Opportunity to activate the various sources of elements they have stored in their brains (Harmer, 2007) 7. DiscussRecall a successful activity in the classroom that you have either organized or participated in as student. What are the characteristics of this activity that make you judge it successful? 8. Characterists of a successful speaking activity Learners talk a lot Participation is even Motivation is high Language is of an acceptable level (Ur, 1996) 9. DiscussThink back to your experiences as either a learner or a teacher. What are some of the problems in getting learners to talk in the classroom? 10. Common problems Inhibition Nothing to say Low or uneven participation Mother-tongue use (Ur, 1996) 11. How to overcome these problems Use group work Base the activity on easy language Make a careful choice of topic and task to stimulate interest Give some instruction or training in discussion skill Keep students speaking the target language (Ur, 1996) 12. Fluency and Confidence Put learners in safe situations in class where they are inspired and encouraged to try using language they already know (Scrivener, 2005) 13. Activities that lead to fluency and confidence If the lesson aim is: Learners will become more fluent speaking more confidently with less hesitation. Which of these activities might help fulfil this aim? 1. Learners repeat a sentence you say. 2. Learners chat with you about their weekend plans. 3. Learners work in pairs and agree on their list of the best five films of all times 4. Learners prepare a monologue about their hobbies and give a 5-minute speech to the whole class. (Scrivener, 2005) 14. Fluency or Accuracy?(Scrivener, 2005) 15. Criteria for speaking tasksProductivity Purposefulness Interactivity Challenge Safety Authenticity (Thornbury, 2005) 16. 1. Telling Stories - Pictures 17. 3. Telling stories - words It was a beautiful morning. My brother and I... Climb Spider Run Fall Cell phone Hospital Night 18. 4. Discussion Bingo (Thornbury, 2005) Examples of topics taste learning English good food city life personality identity art luck the 21st century CARD 1CARD 2CARD 3Talking of...Frankly...Actually...It seems that...Gone are the times...Its not known whether...When I was younger, Id often...I really wish...If only...Not necessarily, because... There is no doubt that...You must bear in mind...I really regret...People will always...I tend to...Oh, come on...Only when...On the whole... 19. Dialogues 20. Information Gap Activity 21. Jigsaw Activity Address NameMarital Status Pets MoviesFree time223225227229231 22. Jigsaw Activity Clues (Examples) Miss Johnson owns a dog. The pet at 225 Bourbon Street is a dog. The dog owner likes to go jogging. The widowed man and the single woman like to go jogging. There are five pets: a cat, a dog, a hamster, a fish, and a bird. The married woman likes to do yoga. The man who likes to snowboard does not own a pet. Mrs. Smith is married. 23. Guessing Games Job - Do you work indoors or outdoors? - Do you work with your hands? - Do you wear a uniform? * Who am I? - Are you alive? - Are you a man or a woman? (Thornbury, 2005)* (The Akinator) 24. Role Cards Role Card 1 Your company has designed a range of revolutionary new products, completely different from your usual ones. You are having a meeting with one of your best customers. Describe the new products to him/her. (Scrivener, 2004)Role Card 2 You are having a meeting to hear about some amazing new products from an important supplier. Ask lots of questions and find out as much as you can about the products. 25. Surveys Crime is increasing because of violence on television. The police should be more heavily armed. Everybody is a potential murderer. Prisions are schools of crime Example: Which of these statements do you agree with? The main cause of crime is: ( ) violence on TV ( ) poverty ( ) lack of discipline(Thornbury, 2005) 26. Example - FacebookOver the last decade, the service has become nearly synonymous with what it means to be part of online social networks. It has entered more than a billion lives, changing the way people around the globe interact, do business, communicate and connect. (The NY Times Blog) 27. A Look Back 28. Group WorkDo you use Facebook? If you dont use, why not? How has Facebook changed your life? Have you made friends through the site? Has it lead to a new opportunity? Has it caused you to lose real friends? Was there one event that made you realize this was something you could/couldnt live without? 29. BIBLIOGRAPHY Harmer, Jeremy. How to teach English. Essex: Pearson Education Limited, 2007. Harmer, Jeremy. The Practice of English Language Teaching. Essex: Pearson Education Limited, 2007. Scrivener, Jim. Learning Teaching. Oxford: Macmillan Education, 2005. Thornbury, Scott. How to Teach Speaking. Essex: Pearson Education Limited, 2005. Ur, Penny. A Course in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996. 30. BIBLIOGRAPHYWEBSITEShttp://bits.blogs.nytimes.com www.eflsensei.com http://www.theguardian.com 31. caltabiano.idiomas @caltabianoidio1 bruna@caltabianoidiomas.com.br www.caltabianoidiomas.com.br