the gray wolf
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2. The Gray Wolf (Canis Lupus) Also Known As:Timber Wolf MN Status:Special Concern? Federal Status:Threatened 3. General Facts : Gray Wolf
- Length:About 40 to 52 inches, with 13 to 19-inch tail
- Weight:60 to 120 pounds
- Color:Gray, Black, Brown, White or Reddish
- Food:Elk, Deer, Moose and Caribou, Beaver, Rabbits
- Population:7,000 to 11,200 wolves in Alaska and more than 5,000 in the lower 48 states
- Geographic Range:Michigan's Upper Peninsula, northern Minnesota, Wisconsin, Alaska and Canada
- Biomes:These highly adaptive animals once inhabited a variety of biomes within North America including boreal forest, temperate deciduous forest and temperate grassland
- Habitat:The forested areas of Northern Michigan, Minnesota and Wisconsin.
4. Special Concernin Minnesota A species is considered aspecies of special concernif, although the species is not endangered or threatened, it is extremely uncommon in Minnesota, or has unique or highly specific habitat requirements and deserves careful monitoring of its status. Wolves where first protected by the Endangered Species Act of 1973. They are no longer endangered. 5.
- As of June 11, 2008, the Gray Wolf is still listed as a special concern in Minnesota on the Minnesotas List of Endangered, Threatened, and Special Concern Species.
- Human-Related Problems:
- Hunted year-round in every national park in the U.S.
- Retreated to most wild areas on continent
- Loss of habitat
- Hunted to near extinction by ranchers and land owners
- Kills farm stock
- Improves overall health of livestock
- Range:Wolves were once common throughout all of North America but were killed in most areas of the United States by the mid 1930s.
Reasonsfor Endangerment 6. IsleRoyaleBy the time wolves were protected by the Endangered Species Act of 1973, only a few hundred remained in extreme northeastern Minnesota and a small number on Isle Royale, Michigan. 7. FederallyThreatened Wolves are making a comeback in the Great Lakes, Northern Rockies and Southwestern United States.Bush administration rushes to strip protections from Northern Rockies wolves January 14, 2009 - In a last-ditch effort by the Bush administration to undermine environmental protections, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced that the Northern Rockies gray wolf will be taken off the Endangered Species List.
- Obama suspends delisting of gray wolves on his first day as president.
8. Current Gray WolfRange andSouthwestRecovery Area 9. Resources& References
- Gray Wolves: http://www.thewildones.org/Animals/grayWolf.html
- Gray Wolf-Defenders of Wildlife: http://www.defenders.org/wildlife_and_habitat/wildlife/wolf,_gray.php
- Gray Wolf Recovery: http://www.fws.gov/midwest/wolf/recovery/r3wolfct.htm
- Gray Wolf Population in U.S.: http://www.fws.gov/midwest/wolf/population/status-map.htm
- International Wolf Center: http://www.wolf.org/wolves/learn/intermed/inter_mgmt/endangered.asp
- Parvovirus is killing wolf pups in Minnesota: http://www.startribune.com/local/34718879.html?elr=KArksUUUU
- MN DNR-Gray Wolf: http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/snapshots/mammals/graywolf.html
- Isle Royale Map: http://troop777bsa.homestead.com/isle_royale_aREA.jpg