The European Union 1 THE EUROPEAN UNION Why do individuals want to move into the European Union?

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The European Union 1 THE EUROPEAN UNION Why do individuals want to move into the European Union? Slide 2 The European Union 2 500 million people 27 countries Slide 3 The European Union 3 What is the European Union? Shared values: liberty, democracy, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, and the rule of law. Largest economic body in the world. Worlds most successful model for advancing peace and democracy. A unique institution Member States voluntarily cede national sovereignty in many areas to carry out common policies and governance. Not a super-state to replace existing states, nor just an organization for international cooperation. Worlds most open market for goods and commodities from developing countries. 27 7 30 500 million Member States Combined population of EU Member States Percent of worlds population Percent of global GDP 56 Percent of combined worldwide Official Development Assistance Slide 4 The European Union 4 Push Factors Political instability Economic oppression or instability Ethnic strife Religious oppression Natural disasters Slide 5 The European Union 5 Economic freedom Jobs Prosperity Social stability Social welfare Peace Political freedom Womens rights Minority rights Religious pluralism Ethnic Pluralism Pull factors Slide 6 The European Union 6 Immigration by Age Slide 7 The European Union 7 Immigration by Broad Group of Citizenship Slide 8 The European Union Lithuania 271 137 135 123 122 118 117 116 114 115 107 103 101 100 95 94 91 80 76 68 63 72 61 56 58 46 40 Luxembourg Ireland Netherlands Austria SwedenDenmark United Kingdom BelgiumFinlandFranceSpain ItalyEU-27CyprusGreeceSlovenia Malta PortugalEstoniaHungarySlovakia LatviaPolandRomaniaBulgaria Germany Czech Republic GDP per Inhabitant: the spread of wealth 2008 GDP per inhabitant Index where the average of the 27 EU-countries is 100 Slide 9 The European Union 9 An area of Freedom, Security and Justice Charter of Fundamental Rights Joint fight against terrorism Police and law-enforcers from different countries cooperate Coordinated asylum and immigration policies Civil law cooperation European Union Police Mission

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