the effect of story grammar instruction on the story

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故事結構教學對幼兒故事理解能力及故事結構順序之效果研究 The Effect of Story Grammar Instruction on the Story Comprehension Ability and Story Grammar Sequence of Children (收件日期 00 日;接受日期 00 0 日) 本研究旨在探討故事結構教學對幼兒故事結構順序以及故事理解能力之效果。以臺 東市某國小附設公立幼稚園 名幼兒為對象,等質分配至實驗組與控制組。兩組幼兒同 時進行繪本導讀,透過實驗研究法進行故事結構教學,協助幼兒建立故事結構要素及敘說 故事時的故事結構順序。透過 U 檢定和序列分析,分析幼兒口述故事之結構及其順序的 差異。研究發現:() 無母數 Mann-Whitney U檢定中,實驗組在「開始事件」與「內在 反應」達到顯著。() 敘說故事時的故事結構順序以序列分析檢視,發現參與教學的幼兒 於後測時敘說故事的結構順序更加完整,並且同一個故事結構要素反覆出現的次數明顯減 少。本研究根據實驗教學之結果進行討論並找出未來研究之相關建議。 關鍵詞:故事理解、序列分析、故事結構 臺中教育大學學報:教育類 0 年,()- 臺東大學幼兒教育學系助理教授 ** 臺東大學幼兒教育學系碩士班研究生 *** 臺東大學幼兒教育學系副教授 簡馨瑩 Hsin-Ying Chien 楊瑋婷 ** Wei-Ting Yang 簡淑真 *** Shu-Chen Chien 王繼伶 ** Chi-Lin Wang

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The Effect of Story Grammar Instruction on the Story Comprehension Ability and Story Grammar Sequence of Children
00 00 0


() Mann-Whitney
()
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to explore the influence of story grammar instruction on the
story grammar sequence and story comprehension ability of children. The subjects were
children at a public kindergarten affiliated with an elementary school in Taitung, and they
were divided into an experiment group and a control group. The two groups of children were
simultaneously engaged in guided readings of picture books, and the experiment method was
used to conduct story grammar instruction, in order to assist the children establishing story
grammar elements and the story grammar sequence when telling stories. The Mann-Whitney
U-test and sequential analysis were conducted to analyze the differences in grammar and
sequence when the children tell stories. The results indicate that: () in the Mann-Whitney U-test,
the experiment group shows significance in “initial event and “internal response”; () when
evaluating the story grammar sequence of stories being told with sequential analysis, it is found
that children tell stories with more comprehensive grammar and sequence in the post-test, and
there is a significant decrease in the repetition of the same story grammar element. The results
can provide a basis for discussion on teaching results and suggestions for future studies.
Key words: Story Comprehension, Sequential Analysis, Story Grammar.





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(Idol, ) (Staal, 000)
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