the early nation 1789-1801

The Early Nation 1789-1801 Washington through Adams

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The Early Nation 1789-1801. Washington through Adams. George Washington’s Presidency 1789-1797. A REAL American Hero…. Events at Home.  Creation of Three executive departments: State : foreign affairs; headed by Thomas Jefferson Treasury: money; headed by Alexander Hamilton - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Page 1: The Early Nation 1789-1801

The Early Nation1789-1801

Washington through Adams

Page 2: The Early Nation 1789-1801

George Washington’s Presidency1789-1797

A REAL American Hero…..

Page 3: The Early Nation 1789-1801

Events at Home Creation of Three

executive departments:

–State: foreign affairs; headed by Thomas Jefferson–Treasury: money; headed by Alexander

Hamilton–War: defense;

-headed by Henry Knox

Page 4: The Early Nation 1789-1801

More Events at Home Judiciary Act of

1789 created the Supreme Court & other Federal Courts

Page 5: The Early Nation 1789-1801

Yes, Even More Events at Home

Alexander Hamilton’s Financial Plan

–created protective tariffs to promote industry–established the National Bank to

provide the nation with stable currency–created an excise tax on whiskey to

raise revenue

Page 6: The Early Nation 1789-1801

No More Events at Home, After This One

Whiskey Rebellion

–Farmers in western Pennsylvania refused to pay the federal excise tax on whiskey and attacked tax collectors. Washington made 15,000 militia men into federal troops and put down the rebellion. As a result, the Federal government showed its new power.

Page 7: The Early Nation 1789-1801

Foreign Affairs…. Neutrality Act of

1793–The United States would not get

involved in a war between the French and the British

Page 8: The Early Nation 1789-1801

Ok, I lied, but this is really the last event at home

Washington’s Farewell Address (1797)

–George Washington’s final advice to the United States was that the US should• (a) be neutral• (b) remain united• (c) avoid permanent alliances• (d) not have political parties

Page 9: The Early Nation 1789-1801

Political PartiesFirst Political Parties

Federalists Democratic-Republicans

Leaders John Adams and Alexander Hamilton

Thomas Jefferson

National Govt

Believed in a strong national government

Believed in a weak national government

Economy Industrial economy

Agricultural economy


Bankers and business interests in the Northeast.

Farmers, artisans, and frontier settlers in the South

Page 10: The Early Nation 1789-1801

John Adams’s Presidency (1797 --1801)

In the election of 1796, John Adams defeated Thomas Jefferson for the presidency, and Jefferson became the vice-president.

Page 11: The Early Nation 1789-1801

Adams had IssuesAlien and Sedition Acts


–The President could imprison or deport aliens (citizens of other countries). People who wrote anything of “a scandalous and malicious nature” against the government could be imprisoned.

*Used to silence critics of the

Federalist party (i.e. the

Democratic-Republicans) *

Page 12: The Early Nation 1789-1801

Adams has Issues The Virginia and

Kentucky Resolves• Virginia and Kentucky

declare the Alien and Sedition Acts “null” because they violated the Bill of Rights

• XYZ Affair• XYZ Affair: Part 2

Page 13: The Early Nation 1789-1801

You’re gone before we knew you….

Election of 1800John Adams (Federalist) -v- Thomas Jefferson (Democratic-Republicans)

The election of 1800, won by Jefferson, was the first presidential election in which power was peacefully transferred from one party to another.