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  • The Australian Army: An Aide-Memoire

    April 2014

  • Copyright Commonwealth of Australia

    This work is copyright. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, no part may be reproduced by any process without prior written permission from the Department of Defence.

    The Australian Army: An Aide-Memoire Version 1.2, 2014 (R17358478 as at 6 May 14)

    Published by Directorate of Plans Army Army Headquarters

    Enquiries Director-General Strategic Plans Army

    Sponsor Chief of Army

  • The Australian Army: An Aide Memoire April 2014

  • Contents

    The Australian Army .................................................................................................... 1 Land Power ........................................................................................................................... 1 The Strategic Utility of Land Power ....................................................................................... 2 Armys Philosophy ................................................................................................................. 3 Strategic Tasks ..................................................................................................................... 4

    Capability ..................................................................................................................... 5 Modernisation........................................................................................................................ 6 Force Generation .................................................................................................................. 7

    Structure ...................................................................................................................... 8 Generic Unit Structure ......................................................................................................... 10 Unit Nomenclature .............................................................................................................. 10 Combined Arms Teaming: Training and Preparing for Operations ..................................... 12 In-barracks and Operational Nomenclature ........................................................................ 13 Shared Functions and Services .......................................................................................... 14

    1st Division (Deployable Joint Force Headquarters) .................................................. 15

    Conventional Capability ............................................................................................. 16 The Combat Brigade ........................................................................................................... 16 The Infantry Battalion .......................................................................................................... 17 The Armoured Cavalry Regiment ........................................................................................ 18 The Artillery Gun Regiment ................................................................................................. 20 The Combat Engineer Regiment ......................................................................................... 21 The Combat Signals Regiment ........................................................................................... 22 The Combat Service Support Battalion ............................................................................... 23

  • Enabling Formation Capability ................................................................................... 25 16th Aviation Brigade .......................................................................................................... 26 6th (Combat Support) Brigade ............................................................................................ 27 17th Combat Service Support Brigade ................................................................................ 29

    Special Operations Capability .................................................................................... 31

    Army Reserve Capability ........................................................................................... 33 Total Force .......................................................................................................................... 33 The Army Reserve .............................................................................................................. 34 Army Reserve Structures .................................................................................................... 35 Outside the Second Division ............................................................................................... 37

    Training in Army ........................................................................................................ 38 Army Training System ......................................................................................................... 39 Army Training Continuum ................................................................................................... 39 Joint and Contractor Delivered Training .............................................................................. 39

    Individual Training Centres ........................................................................................ 40 Army Knowledge Group ...................................................................................................... 41 Royal Military College of Australia ...................................................................................... 42 Combined Arms Training Centre ......................................................................................... 43 Army Logistics Training Centre ........................................................................................... 44 Army Aviation Training Centre ............................................................................................ 45 Defence Command Support Training Centre ...................................................................... 46 Special Forces Training Centre and Parachute Training School ........................................ 47 University Regiments .......................................................................................................... 47

    Ranks, Corps and Employment Categories ............................................................... 48 Ranks .................................................................................................................................. 48 Corps................................................................................................................................... 50 Employment Categories ...................................................................................................... 51

    Armys Disposition ..................................................................................................... 52

    Glossary .................................................................................................................... 55

  • Armys Values Armys cultural and ethical foundation is its values and the bonds of trust and respect between each and every person who joins in service to our Nation. Values form the bedrock of everything we do:

    Courage, moral and physical, to act in the best interests of the Nation and the Army; including the moral strength and professionalism to balance the will to win with compassion, and mateship with duty.

    Initiative to explore opportunities and embrace innovation to improve Army and our service to our Nation.

    Respect for ourselves, our colleagues, our community and our history of service to the Nation; acknowledging that each member of Army has earned the right to wear the Rising Sun Badge and the responsibility to uphold the values and traditions it symbolises.

    Teamwork to support each other, our Australian community, our allies and our regional security partners in striving to achieve our mission; in a world connected by digital communication, such national and international communities exist in both physical and online domains.

    Lieutenant General David Morrison, AO Chief of Army

  • An Aide Memoire Page 1

    The Australian Army Formed on 1 March 1901, the Australian Army is one of the nations oldest institutions. It continues to hold a special place in the hearts of Australians through sacrifice and long service to the nation. The Australian Army is the foundation of the nations Land Power and has the mission: To Win the Land Battle. As part of an Australian Defence Force (Joint force), it promotes and protects Australias interests, deters threats to Australias sovereignty and, if necessary, defeats those threats. To achieve this, the Army must be able to generate credible and sustainable land forces.

    Australias limited size will always mean its Army is a small force: capable of Brigade and lower manoeuvre and be a meaningful contributor to coalitions of different national forces. It is through quality people, intellectual investment and technological development that the Army achieves credible forces that provide relevant options to Government.

    Underpinning Armys ability to meet government direction is an understanding of the Strategic Utility of Land Power, Armys Philosophy, the Strategic Tasks, Armys Capability and Structure.

    Land Power

    Land Power is the ability to project force in and from land in peace, crisis and war to advance strategic and operational outcomes. Only land power can provide persistent influence on land: that is, a continuous physical presence which shapes intentions, denies threat access to resources, protects populations and builds the capa