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- Indian Multinational Conglomerate
- The company headquartered in the Bombay House in Mumbai, India. Tata Group is one of the largest companies in India by market capitalization and revenue. It has interests in communications and information technology, engineering, materials, service s, energy, consumer products and chemicals.
- The Tata Group has operations in more than 80 countries across six continents and its companies export products and services to 80 nations. The Tata Group comprises 114 companies and subsidiaries in eight business sectors,27 of which are publicly listed. 65.8% of the ownership of Tata Group is held in charitable trusts.
- 1868 Jamshetji Nusserwanji Tata starts a private trading firm, laying the foundation of the Tata group.
- The foundation of what would grow to become the Tata Group was laid in 1868 by Jamshetji Nusserwanji Tata then a 29-year-old who had learned the ropes of business while working in his fathers banking firm when he established a trading company in Bombay. A visionary entrepreneur, an acknowledged nationalist and a committed philanthropist, Jamshetji Tata helped pave the path to industrialisation in India by seeding pioneering businesses in sectors such as steel, energy, textiles and hospitality.
- The beginning of the Tata Group can be traced back to 1868, when Jamshetji Nusserwanji Tata established a trading company dealing in cotton in Bombay (now Mumbai), British India.
- 1874 The Central India Spinning, Weaving and Manufacturing Company is set up, marking the groups entry into textiles and its first large-scale industrial venture. The installation of Empress Mills in Nagpur in 1877.
- Empress Mills, a textiles venture set up in Nagpur in central India in 1877, was the first of the big industrial projects undertaken by the Tata Group. Jamshetji Tata was by this time, though, already gripped by what would the three great ideas of his life: setting up an iron and steel company, generating hydroelectric power and creating an institution that would tutor Indians in the sciences. None of these ideas would come to fruition while Jamshetji Tata lived, but they were realised in full measure by those who followed him.
- 1902 The Indian Hotels Company is incorporated to set up the Taj Mahal Palace and Tower, Indias first luxury hotel, which opened in 1903. Taj Mahal Hotel in Bombay (now Mumbai) was opened for business in 1903. Sir Dorab Tata, the eldest son of Jamshetji Tata became the chairman of the group after his fathers death in 1904.
- 1907 The Tata Iron and Steel Company (now Tata Steel) is established to set up Indias first iron and steel plant in Jamshedpur. The plant started production in 1912 Sets up its first office overseas, Tata Limited in London
- Tata Limited was established in London in 1907 as the Tata Groups representative in Europe. The company has evolved to become the agent for the overseas procurement of goods and services for the Group. It has expanded beyond its traditional purchasing activity by introducing sophisticated systems; it now offers comprehensive and highly specialised services that cover almost every type of industry and activity.
- Areas of business A fully computerised system for worldwide sourcing of equipment, spares, raw materials and services. An in-house freight management company specialising in the movement of goods from anywhere in the world to the Indian subcontinent. Insurance at competitive rates as principal agents.
- Raising of finance for trading operations and investments. Identification of potential partners for collaborative ventures. Representation in the UK and other parts of Europe for liaison work. Marketing of products / services in the UK and other European markets. Commodity trading in metals and soft commodities. Besides these, Tata Limited is being geared to providing advice and assistance to Indian companies seeking overseas opportunities for their products.
- 1912 Tata Steel introduces eight-hour working days. Tata Steel introduced eight-hour working days in 1912, well before it became statutory in much of the West, and the first Tata provident fund scheme was started in 1920 (governmental regulation on this came into force in 1952). The Tata townships, and the facilities they have, are another example of the manner in which the Group extends itself to care for its employees. The Tata Group presently employs about 350,000 people. Taking good care of this large family is a priority for the Group, and it has a tradition to stay true to while doing so.
- 1932 Tata Airlines, a division of Tata Sons, is established, opening up the aviation sector in India. Air India was nationalised in 1953.
- In 1945, he founded Tata Motors. In 1948, JRD Tata launched Air India International as Indias first international airline. In 1953, the Indian Government appointed Babu as Chairman of Air-India and a director on the Board of Indian Airlines - a position he retained for 25 years. For his crowning achievements in aviation, he was bestowed with the title of Honorary Air Commodore of India.
- 1939Tata Chemicals, now the largestproducer of soda ash in thecountry, is established
- 1952 Jawaharlal Nehru, Indias first Prime Minister, requests the group to manufacture cosmetics in India, leading to the setting up of Lakme. The company was sold to Hindustan Lever (now Unilever) in 1997
- 1954 Indias major marketing, engineering and manufacturing organisation, Voltas, is established1962 Tata Finlay (now Tata Tea), one of the largest tea producers, is established Tata Exports is established. Today the company, renamed Tata International, is one of the leading export houses in India
- 1968 Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), Indias first software services company, is established as a division of Tata Sons1971 Tata Precision Industries, the first Tata company in Singapore, is founded to design and manufacture precision engineering products1984 The first 500 MW thermal power unit at the Trombay station of the Tata Electric Companies is commissioned
- 1995 Tata Quality Management Services institutes the JRD QV Award, modelled on the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Value Award of the United States, laying the foundation of the Tata Business Excellence Model1996 Tata Teleservices (TTSL) is established to spearhead the groups foray into the telecom sector
- Taj Air offers executive charter services in India and overseas. Established in 1993, it is an associate of Indian Hotels and offers guests a flexible travel itinerary, customised schedules, express departures and direct access to destinations that are not connected on conventional routes.
- 1998 Tata Indica Indias first indigenously designed and manufactured car is launched by Tata Motors, spearheading the groups entry into the passenger car segment
- 1999 The new Tata group corporate mark and logo are launched2000 Tata Tea (now Tata Global Beverages) acquires the Tetley group, UK. This is the first major acquisition of an international brand by an Indian business group2001 Tata AIG a joint venture between the Tata group and American International Group Inc (AIG) marks the Tata re- entry into insurance. (The groups insurance company, New India Assurance, set up in 1919, was nationalised in 1956)
- 2002 Tata Sons acquires a controlling stake in VSNL (renamed Tata Communications in 2008), Indias leading international telecommunications service provider Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) becomes the first Indian software company to cross one billion dollars in revenues Titan launches Edge, the slimmest watch in the world
- 2004 Tata Motors is listed on the worlds largest bourse, the New York Stock Exchange, the second group company to do so after VSNL Tata Motors acquires the heavy vehicles unit of Daewoo Motors, South Korea. TCS goes public in July 2004 in the largest private sector initial public offering (IPO) in the Indian market, raising nearly $1.2 billion.
- 2005 Tata Steel acquires Singapore-based steel company NatSteel by subscribing to 100 per cent equity of its subsidiary, NatSteel Asia VSNL (now Tata Communications) acqu
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