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STUDIO GHIBLI JAP AN’S UNIQUE ANIM E STUD IO

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Page 1: STUDIO GHIBLI JAPAN’S UNIQUE ANIME STUDIO. JAPANESE ANIME IN GENERAL “Anime” to Americans means Japanese animation, with certain stylistics noted; “anime”

STUDIO

GHIB

LI

J AP A

N’ S

UN

I QU

E A

NI M

E S

TU

DI O

Page 2: STUDIO GHIBLI JAPAN’S UNIQUE ANIME STUDIO. JAPANESE ANIME IN GENERAL “Anime” to Americans means Japanese animation, with certain stylistics noted; “anime”

JAPANESE ANIME IN GENERAL• “Anime” to Americans means Japanese animation, with certain stylistics

noted; “anime” to Japanese means any type of worldwide animation

• Anime bears a close relationship to Japanese manga, i.e., comic books…which, by the way, embrace all genres and are not just for children!

• Anime is viewed in Japan as a part of their art heritage, drawing on Japanese art forms over many centuries

• Japanese anime artists are held in high regard; some are quite famous in Japan

• Common thematic motifs are post-apocalyptic worlds, robots that blur the distinction between human and machine, and the great heroes and epic tales from Japanese history

• The drawing style tends to emphasize certain body features—e.g., large eyes, slender builds

• Studio Ghibli is unique among anime studios—a “kinder, gentler” approach

Page 3: STUDIO GHIBLI JAPAN’S UNIQUE ANIME STUDIO. JAPANESE ANIME IN GENERAL “Anime” to Americans means Japanese animation, with certain stylistics noted; “anime”

STUDIO GHIBLI• Founded in 1985 by Hayao Miyazaki, Isao Takahata, Toshio

Suzuki, and Yasuyoshi Tokuma, with funding from the publishing company by Tokuma Shoten.

• Co-principals Miyazaki and Takahata already had well-established careers in film and television animation

• “Ghibli” is Italian for the sirocco, Mediterranean wind; it was also the nickname of an Italian WWII fighter plane that Miyazaki admired• NOTE that airplanes, and flying in general, have been a motif of

Ghibli films, notably Miyazaki’s films

• The studio still relies primarily on hand-drawn animation, but began to incorporate some computer-generated elements with Princess Mononoke (1997)

• The studio itself is quite small…a “boutique” studio

• The Ghibli Museum in Tokyo, which opened in 2001, is a popular tourist destination

Page 4: STUDIO GHIBLI JAPAN’S UNIQUE ANIME STUDIO. JAPANESE ANIME IN GENERAL “Anime” to Americans means Japanese animation, with certain stylistics noted; “anime”

HAYAO MIYAZAKI

• Born in 1941, Tokyo; obviously, he grew up in a troubled post-war Japan

• He attended Gakushuin University, graduating with degrees in political science and economics; but he pursued manga art starting in high school

• Worked for a number of studios, including Toei Animation, before founding Ghibli

• He is the most famous and beloved animator in Japan

• When compared to Walt Disney, he objects, indicating that Disney was a (big) businessman, whereas he is a (humble) artist

• Indeed, Miyazaki is intimately involved in all his films—writing, directing, drawing…they are all his personal vision

• He has announced his retirement several times, but always comes back to work

Page 5: STUDIO GHIBLI JAPAN’S UNIQUE ANIME STUDIO. JAPANESE ANIME IN GENERAL “Anime” to Americans means Japanese animation, with certain stylistics noted; “anime”

Perhaps Miyazaki’s most iconic image…from My Neighbor Totoro

Page 6: STUDIO GHIBLI JAPAN’S UNIQUE ANIME STUDIO. JAPANESE ANIME IN GENERAL “Anime” to Americans means Japanese animation, with certain stylistics noted; “anime”

MOTIFS OF HAYAO MIYAZAKI

• Flying – airplanes, witched, human, castles, you name it

• Female protagonists – When asked why nearly all his films feature core, often powerful female protagonists, Miyazaki has said it’s because this is not the norm…it would not be “very interesting” to have adult male protagonists, because that has been done so often. Miyazaki is an intuitive feminist.

• The delicate balance between nature and technology• The environmentalist message of Princess Mononoke• In Spirited Away, even the spirit world has complex machinery• Howl’s Moving Castle creates a mechanical world that transcends the

real

• “Magical Unrealism”?? – Fantasy is used broadly, but metaphorically, with real-world implications• Kiki’s Delivery Service – a witch in a realist European city• Spirited Away – just beyond the edge of a realistic family outing lies an

alternate reality filled with monsters and spirits

Page 7: STUDIO GHIBLI JAPAN’S UNIQUE ANIME STUDIO. JAPANESE ANIME IN GENERAL “Anime” to Americans means Japanese animation, with certain stylistics noted; “anime”

ISAO TAKAHATA

• Born in 1935; had some memories of WWII, which would color his works

• He graduates from the University of Tokyo with a degree in French literature

• Inspired by French animation, he sought employment as a director of anime, and landed at Toei Animation

• He is not an artist, unusual among anime directors

• Influenced by Italian Neorealism and French New Wave, his films are not based in fantasy, but rather are set in realistic environments (exception—Pom Poko)

“I am so glad I can make so many people happy.”

Page 8: STUDIO GHIBLI JAPAN’S UNIQUE ANIME STUDIO. JAPANESE ANIME IN GENERAL “Anime” to Americans means Japanese animation, with certain stylistics noted; “anime”

ISAO TAKAHATA

Grave of the Fireflies – The saddest movie Dr. N. has ever seen.

Page 9: STUDIO GHIBLI JAPAN’S UNIQUE ANIME STUDIO. JAPANESE ANIME IN GENERAL “Anime” to Americans means Japanese animation, with certain stylistics noted; “anime”

STUDIO GHIBLI

• The studio has released 17 feature anime films since 1985:

Page 10: STUDIO GHIBLI JAPAN’S UNIQUE ANIME STUDIO. JAPANESE ANIME IN GENERAL “Anime” to Americans means Japanese animation, with certain stylistics noted; “anime”

Film Release date Director Screenwriter(s) Producer(s) MusicFeature filmsCastle in the Sky August 2, 1986 Hayao Miyazaki Isao Takahata Joe HisaishiGrave of the Fireflies April 16, 1988

Isao TakahataToru Hara

Michio Mamiya

My Neighbor Totoro

Hayao MiyazakiJoe Hisaishi

Kiki's Delivery Service

July 29, 1989 Hayao Miyazaki

Only Yesterday July 20, 1991 Isao Takahata

Toshio Suzuki

Katz HoshiPorco Rosso July 28, 1992 Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi

Pom Poko July 16, 1994 Isao Takahata

Kōryū, Manto Watanabe, Yōko Ino, Masaru Gotō, Ryōjirō Furusawa

Whisper of the Heart

July 15, 1995 Yoshifumi Kondō Hayao Miyazaki Yuji NomiPrincess Mononoke

July 12, 1997 Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi

My Neighbors the Yamadas

July 17, 1999 Isao Takahata Akiko Yano

Spirited Away July 27, 2001 Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi

The Cat Returns July 19, 2002 Hiroyuki Morita Reiko YoshidaToshio Suzuki and Nozomu Takahashi

Yuji Nomi

Howl's Moving Castle

November 20, 2004

Hayao Miyazaki

Toshio Suzuki

Joe Hisaishi

Tales from Earthsea

July 29, 2006 Gorō MiyazakiGorō Miyazaki and Keiko Niwa

Tamiya Terashima

Ponyo July 19, 2008 Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi

Arrietty July 17, 2010 Hiromasa Yonebayashi Hayao Miyazaki

and Keiko Niwa

Cécile Corbel

From Up on Poppy Hill

July 16, 2011 Gorō Miyazaki Satoshi Takebe

Television films

Ocean Waves May 5, 1993 Tomomi Mochizuki

Kaori NakamuraNozomu Takahashi

Shigeru Nagata

In productionThe Wind Is Rising[11]

2013 (Summer) Hayao Miyazaki Toshio Suzuki Joe Hisaishi

The Tale of Princess Kaguya[11]

2013 (Fall) Isao TakahataIsao Takahata and Riko Sakaguchi

Seiichiro Ujiie Joe Hisaishi

Page 11: STUDIO GHIBLI JAPAN’S UNIQUE ANIME STUDIO. JAPANESE ANIME IN GENERAL “Anime” to Americans means Japanese animation, with certain stylistics noted; “anime”

MORE ON MIYAZAKI:

• Click for an interview with Hayao Miyazaki for BBC television

• Also see: Spirited Away DVD extra on making of...includes behind-the-scenes footage of Miyazaki at work animating,, cooking, ADRing, Foley, and music recording

Page 12: STUDIO GHIBLI JAPAN’S UNIQUE ANIME STUDIO. JAPANESE ANIME IN GENERAL “Anime” to Americans means Japanese animation, with certain stylistics noted; “anime”

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