smart cities are the internet of things

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Presentation given by Zach at the Smart City session of IoT Week Helsinki 2013.


  • 1. 1Sensinode 2013June 20th, 2013Smart Cities are the Internet of ThingsZach Shelby, Chief NerdSensinode 2013
  • 2. 2Sensinode 2013About SensinodeVisionThe Internet of Things (IoT) is the next evolution of the Internet where devices of alltypes and capabilities are Internet accessible. IP-based Web Services will be the drivingforce behind the global growth and demand for the IoT.MissionTo be the leading provider of software solutions to enable the Internet of Things rapidlyand cost-effectivelyHeritage Leading supplier of end-to-end IoT software solutions since 2006 Led the creation of 6LoWPAN and CoAP Key contributor to IETF, ZigBee, ETSI standardization efforts Company founders wrote first drafts on IP/Web over low power RF in 2002 Founding member of IPSO (IP for Smart Objects) Alliance6LoWPAN / CoRE
  • 3. 3Sensinode 2013Mega-trends in IoT for Smart Cities Developed Cities = Retrofit e.g. lighting and meter upgrades, better transportation Developing Cities = Unlimited potential China: 400 Million people in 15 years to cities that dont exist Digital and Ecological cities, e.g. DigiEcoCity New innovation, services and societies Mobile devices as Sensors & the Smart City UI Secure, re-usable IoT infrastructure Open IoT device development, e.g. ARM mBed ( Open IoT Web & Big Data Permissionless Innovation!
  • 4. 4Sensinode 2013The Growth is in Local WirelessCellularLocal WirelessGraphic from Jan Hller @ Ericsson
  • 5. 5Sensinode 2013The Business Case Cellular + WSN: Accessible market of up to 500 X more devices M2M players must look past just Cellular to grow Enable new business models Proprietary market >>> Global market Rapid time to market = faster growth & lower cost Truly inexpensive micro-controller & radio technologies Re-use standard IT and Web infrastructure Tap into a huge developer community (IP Web)
  • 6. 6Sensinode 2013Is the Internet Protocol enough?InternetRequires fullInternet devicesTCPIPv6Internet of ThingsUDP6LoWPANOptimized IPaccessDeviceLayerHuge overhead,difficult parsingInefficient contentencoding100s - 1000s of bytesXMLHTTP10s of bytesEfficientObjectsWeb ObjectsCoAPTLSDTLSEfficient WebServicesLayerWeb of ThingsWeb
  • 7. 7Sensinode 2013The Web of Things = Objects + ServicesWeb technologywill be the narrowwaist of the IoT
  • 8. 8Sensinode 2013Services LayerM2M EnvironmentSensinodeNanoServiceThe Internet of Things ChallengeSensorNetworksCellularNetworksProprietary HTTP/TCPIoT Market ChallengesProprietary solutions unable to scale for volumeTechnology unable to achieve targets very low power / cost / data throughputComplex application developmentLegacy solutions incapable of supporting new usecases, features and functionalityThe Sensinode SolutionRapid application development environment usingstandard Web servicesOptimized, secure transport and management of datain both cellular and WSN networksDevice software + backend application platformFuture proof standards-based technologyDeployable now with existing hardware
  • 9. 9Sensinode 2013NanoServices The End-to-end SolutionLighting, Asset Tracking and Smart EnergyInternetStreet Light M2M NodesCustomer-specific& Reference AppsTelematicsAsset TrackingCellular Applications Smart Energy, SmartBuildings
  • 10. 10Sensinode 2013Key Standardization Activities IETF IPv6 and 6LoWPAN networking Routing algorithms (e.g. RPL) Web of Things (REST for IoT, CoAP, Resource Directory etc.) Security (DTLS, TLS, Cipher suites) OMA / IPSO Alliance OMA Lightweight M2M Enabler Standard (CoAP) IPSO Web Objects OneM2M Ongoing work on M2M system standardization (CoAP, HTTP binding) ZigBee & WiSun ZigBee IP - An open-standard 6LoWPAN stack for Home Area Networks ZigBee IP NAN 6LoWPAN stack for Sub-GHz large area applications WiSun - Sub-GHz 802.15.4g/e and 6LoWPAN consortium
  • 11. 11Sensinode 2013How to Build a Web of Things?AAA,AdminAAA,AdminBillingBillingM2M Devices Backend Private or Public CloudHTTP / TLSWeb Applications6LoWPAN,ZigBee IP,CoAP / DTLSLightweight M2MCoAP / DTLSCellular
  • 12. 12Sensinode 2013The 6LoWPAN MapHome Area NetworksBuilding Area Networks Neighborhood Area NetworksIndustrial ControlISA 100.11AZigBee IPZigBee NANBT Smart IP
  • 13. 13Sensinode 2013CoAP: The Web of Things Protocol Compact 4-byte Header UDP, SMS, (TCP) DTLS Security Subscription DiscoverySensinode 2013
  • 14. 14Sensinode 2013IPSO Web Objects We need semantics to build a Web of Things IPSO defines Web Object guidelines (join us!) IPSO Application Framework published in 2012 New IPSO Web Objects will be published soon! Compatible with OMA Lightweight, CoAP and HTTP General purpose IO General sensors, Temperature, Light, Humidity, Actuators Light control, Power control, Set Points Great roadmap of Objects for the future including Smart Cities Connected Home
  • 15. 15Sensinode 2013OMA Lightweight M2MSensinode 2013
  • 16. 16Sensinode 2013OneM2M Operator Infrastructure