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Short Story Review. Binder Core “A Boy & His Puppy” Stories. Theme. It is not the "moral" of the story. A moral is a piece of practical advice that can be gained from the novel to apply to our own lives. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Short Story Review

Short Story ReviewBinder CoreA Boy & His Puppy StoriesThemeIt is not the "moral" of the story.

A moral is a piece of practical advice that can be gained from the novel to apply to our own lives.

A theme is more complex than a moral and may have no direct advice or philosophical value that the reader can apply

It is not the subject of the story.

It is not a "hidden meaning" that needs to be pulled out of the story.

ThemeWhat theme is:

Theme is the meaning released by the work when we take all aspects of the work in its entirety into account.It is an aspect of human experience that the author wishes to express.The importance of theme in literature can be overestimated; the work of fiction is more than just the theme. However, the theme allows the author to control or give order to his perceptions about life.

ThemeDiscovering theme: Theme can be discovered only by becoming aware of the relations among the parts of a story and of the relations of the parts to a whole:

Characters: What kind of people does the story deal with?

Plot: What do the characters do? Are they in control of their lives, or are they controlled by fate?

Motivation: Why do the characters behave as they do, and what motives dominate them?

Style: How does the author perceive reality?

Tone: What is the author's attitude towards his subject?

Values: What are the values of the characters in the story? What values does the author seem to promote?

Motifrecurring structures, contrasts, or literary devices that can help to develop and inform the texts major themes.a recurring subject, theme, idea, etc., especially in a literary, artistic, or musical work.

The Monkeys Pawsetting:characters:climax:themes & motifs:danger of wishinghome vs. outsidegroups of three

literary devices:foreshadowingsymbols:pawchess

There Will ComeSoft Rainssetting:characters:climax:themes & motifs:wartechnologynatures triumph

literary devices:personificationforeshadowingsuspense

A Sound ofThundersetting:characters:climax:themes & motifs:interconnectednesspurpose of all actions

literary devices:allusion:BibleNazi Germanyironyforeshadowingsimile & metaphor

An Occurrence atOwl Creek Bridgesetting:characters:climax:themes & motifs:fluid nature of timeblurred line between reality & illusiondistorted sensory experiencecolor gray

literary devices:realismforeshadowing (widens towards end)tone (seem)symbols:driftwoodbridge

Charlessetting:characters:climax:themes & motifs:identityhome vs. outsideappearance vs. realitylies & getting caught

literary devices:point-of-viewcharacter:

The Lotterysetting:characters:climax:themes & motifs:blindly following traditionrandom persecutionrulesliterary devices:specific details (sets up shocking end)

foreshadowingsuspense (lack of detail)symbols:lotteryblack box

Lamb to the Slaughtersetting:characters:climax:themes & motifs:betrayalidentitydevotion

literary devices:internal conflictsuspensedark humorirony

The Man Fromthe Southsetting:characters:climax:themes & motifs:trusttoo good to be true

literary devices:dark humorpoint-of-view

The Tell-Tale Heartsetting:characters:climax:themes & motifs:love & hateself vs. alter ego (in/sanity?)eyesguilttime

literary devices:flashbackironymood (sound)imagery