short story review

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  • Establishes the basic situation: characters, setting, and plotEXPOSITION

  • any action between the exposition and climax contains the conflict and complicationsRISING ACTION

  • the height of suspense, the turning point, highest point of interestCLIMAX

  • the part of plot after the climax which contains events that contribute to the resolution


  • tying up loose ends, resolving the conflictDENOUEMENT

  • a struggle or problem between opposing forcesCONFLICT

  • the conflict takes place within the main characterINTERNAL CONFLICT

  • any action that interferes with resolving the conflictCOMPLICATION

  • the conflict involves an outside force.EXTERNAL CONFLICT

  • Man vs. manMan vs. natureMan vs. societyEXTERNAL CONFLICTS

  • the process of making characters come alive through the written wordCHARACTERIZATION

  • when an author tells what a character is likeDIRECT CHARACTERIZATION

  • when an author shows us what a character is like through context cluesINDIRECT CHARACTERIZATION

  • A character who doesnt change, a character who stays the same.


  • A character who changes as a result of something that happens in the story.DYNAMIC CHARACTER

  • time and place of the storySETTING

  • when setting is a source of conflict, it would be stated like thisMAN VS. NATURE

  • The function of setting when setting helps disclose additional information about a characterREVEALS CHARACTER

  • The function of setting when a readers emotions are manipulatedCREATES MOOD

  • The function of setting when it gives readers a backdrop (frame) for the storyPROVIDES BACKGROUND

  • A multi-dimensional, complex character.ROUND CHARACTER

  • The topic of the short story usually stated in a word or two


  • The main idea of a story stated in a sentence or two.THEME

  • The theme is the idea that an author wants to reveal about a subject.WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SUBJECT AND THEME

  • a series of related eventsPLOT