sept 2003 1 nanoelectronics and nanotechnology dr. clifford lau president-elect ieee nanotechnology...

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Sept 2003 1 Nanoelectronics and Nanotechnology Dr. Clifford Lau President-elect IEEE Nanotechnology Council 703-696-0371 c.lau@ieee.org The presenter is solely responsible for the opinions expressed here. Slide 2 Sept 2003 2 Scientific research in many disciplines in the early to mid 1990s began to approach nanometer scale, although we didnt call it nanotechnology at the time. 198019902000 Microelectronics Physics Chemistry Materials Molecular biology Nanotechnology Historical Perspective Slide 3 Sept 2003 3 National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) Afterglow of Sputnik had run its course Need to re-energize the next generation S&E Interagency working group began planning in 1996 Support in OSTP President Clinton announced NNI in January 2000 NNI officially began in FY2001 Slide 4 Sept 2003 4 NNI Investment Strategy Fundamental nanoscience and engineering research - Nano-Bio systems - Novel materials, processes, and properties - Nanoscale devices and system architectures - Theory, modeling, and simulations Grand challenges - Chem-bio detection and protection - Instrumentation and metrology - Nanoelectronics/photonics/magnetics - Health care, therapeutics, diagnostics - Environmental improvement - Energy conversion and storage Centers excellence Research infrastructures Societal implications and workforce preparation Slide 5 Sept 2003 5 Research and technology development at the atomic, molecular or macromolecular levels, in the length scale of approximately 1 - 100 nanometer range, to provide a fundamental understanding of phenomena and materials at the nanoscale and to create and use structures, devices and systems that have novel properties and functions because of their small and/or intermediate size. The novel and differentiating properties and functions are developed at a critical length scale of matter typically under 100 nm. Nanotechnology research and development includes manipulation under control of the nanoscale structures and their integration into larger material components, systems and architectures. Within these larger scale assemblies, the control and construction of their structures and components remains at the nanometer scale. In some particular cases, the critical length scale for novel properties and phenomena may be under 1 nm (e.g., manipulation of atoms at ~0.1 nm) or be larger than 100 nm (e.g., nanoparticle reinforced polymers have the unique feature at ~ 200-300 nm as a function of the local bridges or bonds between the nano particles and the polymer). Nanotechnology Definition (NSET, February 2000) Slide 6 Sept 2003 6 NNI Participating Agency Programs NSFNanocience/engineeering, fundamental knowledge, instrumentation, centers DoDInformation technology, high performance materials, chem-bio-radiological detections DoC/NISTMeasurements and standards, commercialization DoEEnergy science, environment, non-proliferation DoJDiagnostics crime, contraband detections DoTSmart, light weight materials for transportation EPAEnvironment, green manufacturing of nanomaterials FDAFood packaging, drug delivery, bio-devices Intel CommDetection, prevention of technological surprises NASALighter, smaller adaptive spacecraft, human status monitors, radiation hardening NIHTherapeutics, diagnostics, biocompatible materials miniaturized tools, cellular and molecular sensing NRCRadiological detections, material reliability USDABiotech for improved crop yields, food packaging Slide 7 Sept 2003 7 National Nanotechnology Initiative, 2001 FY2000FY2001FY2002FY2003FY2004 (enacted)(request)(request) NNI was launched in FY2001, with the goal to double the FY00 baseline of $270M. Since then federal investment in nanotechnology has tripled. NSF$97M$150M$204M$221M$249M DoD$70M$123M$224M$243M$222M DoE$58M$88M$89M$133M$197M NASA$4M$22M$35M$33M$31M NIH/HHS$32M$40M$59M$65M$70M NIST/DoC$8M$33M$77M$69M$62M EPA$5M$6M$6M$5M DHS(TSA)$2M$2M$2M$2M USDA$1M$10M DOJ$1M$1M$1M Total$270M$464M$697.1M$773.7M$849.5M Slide 8 Sept 2003 8 USA 5395 France 1317 Germany 1949 England 906 Italy 631 Russia 854 Singapore 209 Switzerland 372 Japan 2289 Korea 760 Taiwan 282 China 2474 India 461 Australia 236 Canada 382 Mexico 166 Brazil 285 Sweden 297 Total Worldwide- 18538 Israel 273 CY2002 PUBLICATION COUNT (By Keyword Nano*, 2/2003) Science Citation Index of 5300 Journals Global Participation in Nanoscience Slide 9 Sept 2003 9 Center NamePrincipal InvestigatorInstitution NSF National Nanofabrication Users Network (NNUN) HuUniv. of California Santa Barbara TiwariCornell University HarrisHoward University FonashPennsylvania State University PlummerStanford University Computational Nanotechnology Network (NCN) LundstromPurdue DOE Integrated NanoSystemsMichalskeSandia and Los Alamos National Laboratories Nanostructured MaterialsLowndesOak Ridge National Lab. Molecular FoundryAlivisatosLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Functional NanomaterialsHwangBrookhaven Laboratory Nanoscale MaterialsBaderArgonne Nanotechnology User Centers and Networks Murday, NRL #140a 2/03 Slide 10 Sept 2003 10 NamePrincipal InvestigatorInstitution NSF NSEC (Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center) Nanoscale Systems in Information TechnologiesBuhrmanCornell University Nanoscience in Biological and Environmental EngineeringSmalleyRice University Integrated Nanopatterning and DetectionMirkinNorthwestern University Electronic Transport in Molecular NanostructuresYardleyColumbia University Science of Nanoscale Systems and their Device ApplicationsWesterveltHarvard University Directed Assembly of NanostructuresSiegelRensselaer Polytechnic Institute STC (Science and Technology Center) Nanobiotechnology, Science and Technology CenterBairdCornell University MRSEC (Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers) Nanoscopic Materials DesignGrovesUniv Virginia Nanostructured MaterialsChienJohns Hopkins University Semiconductor Physics in NanostructuresDoezemaUniv Oklahoma and Arkansas Nanostructured Materials and InterfacesEomUniv Wisconsin Madison Quantum and Spin Phenomena in Nanomagnetic StructuresLiouUniv Nebraska Lincoln Research on the Structure of MatterBonnellUniv Pennsylvania DOD Institute for Soldier NanotechnologiesThomasMass. Inst. of Technology Center for Nanoscience Innovation for DefenseAwschalomUC Santa Barbara Nanoscience InstitutePrinzNaval Research Laboratory NASA Institute for Cell Mimetic Space ExplorationHoUCLA Institute for Intelligent Bio-NanomaterialsJunkinsTexas A&M & Structures for Aerospace Vehicles Bio-Inspection, Design and Processing of AksayPrinceton Multi-functional Nanocomposites Institute for Nanoelectronics and Computing DattaPurdue Centers with Nanotechnology Focus RICE NORTHWESTERN Murday, NRL #140b 1/03 Slide 11 Sept 2003 11 NRL Nanoscience Institute Facility and Program Nanoassembly Nanofilaments: Interactions, Manipulation and Assembly Chemical Assembly of Multifunctional Electronics Directed Self-Assembly of Biologically-Based Nanostructures Template-Directed Molecular Imprinting Chemical Templates for Nanocluster Assembly Nano-optics Photonic Bandgap Materials Org. and Bio. Conjugated Luminescent Quantum Dots Organic Light Emitting Materials & Devices Nanoscale-Enhanced Processes in a Quantum Dot Structures Nanochemistry Functionalized Dendrimeric Materials Polymers and Supramolecules for Devices Nanoelectronics Coherence, Correlation and Control in Nanostructures Neural-Electronic Interfaces Nanomechanics Nano-Elastic Dynamics Collaborations Developing with universities, NSWC Indian Head, ARL Adelphi, NAVAIR Open Fall 2003 Dr. Gary Prinz, NRL Code 1100 http://nanoscience.nrl.navy.mil/ Slide 12 Sept 2003 12 DoD Perspective Nanoscience and nanotechnology continue to be one of the top priority research programs within DoD Nanotechnology will impact practically all areas of interest to DoD Potential for payoff to DoD is great, and is worth the investment Slide 13 Sept 2003 13 DoD Investment on Nanotechnology FY2000FY2001FY2002FY2003FY2004 DoD$70M$123M$180M$243M$222M OSD$ 28M DARPA$142M Army$ 29M Navy$ 31M Air Force$ 13M OSD$ 28M DARPA$117M Army$ 30M Navy$ 29M Air Force$ 18M Planned Note: FY04 budget is estimate only, with high uncertainty in DARPA investment on nano. Slide 14 Sept 2003 14 * NANOELECTRONICS/NANOPHOTONICS/NANOMAGNETICS Network Centric Warfare Information Dominance Uninhabited Combat Vehicles Automation/Robotics for Reduced Manning Effective training through virtual reality Digital signal processing and LPI communications * NANOMATERIALS BY DESIGN High Performance, Affordable Materials Multifunction, Adaptive (Smart) Materials Nanoengineered Functional Materials Reduced Maintenance costs * BIONANOTECHNOLOGY - WARFIGHTER PROTECTION Chemical/Biological Agent detection/destruction Human Performance/Health Monitor/Prophylaxis DoD Focused Areas in NNI Slide 15 Sept 2003 15 DoD Programs in Nanotechnology Army Nanostructured polymers, quantum dots for IR sensing, nanoengineered clusters, nano-composites, Institute for Soldier Nanotechnology (ISN) Navy Nanoelectronics, nanowires and carbon nanotubes, nanostructured materials, ultrafine and thermal barrier nanocoatings, nanobio-materials and processes, nanomagnetics and non-volatile memories, IR transparent nanomaterials Air Force Nanostructure devices, nanomaterials by design, nano-bio interfaces, polymer nanocomposites, hybrid inorganic/organic nanomaterials, nanosensors for aerospace applications, nano-energetic particles for explosives and propulsion DARPA Bio-molecular microsystems, metamaterials, molecular electronics, spin electronics, quantum information sciences, nanoscale mechanical arrays SBIR Nanotechnologies, quantum devices, bio-chem decontaminations OSD Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative (MURI), DEPSCoR, NDSEG Slide 16 Sept 2003 16 FY01-06 DURINT Research Program InvestigatorPrime InstitutionResearch Topic Josef MichlUniv. of ColoradoNanoscale Machines and Motors Mehmet SarikayaUniv. of Washingto