sacrament of matrimony
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DESCRIPTIONis a holy sacrament, officiated by a priest, of uniting a man to a woman. Through this holy sacrament, the man and woman become one, for as the Lord Jesus said, “For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife and the two shall become one flesh. So then, they are no longer two but one flesh. Therefore what God has joined together, let not man separate” (Matthew 19:5,6).
- 1.MATRIMONY is a holy sacrament, officiated by a priest, of uniting a man to a woman. Through this holy sacrament, the man and woman become one, for as the Lord Jesus said, For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife and the two shall become one flesh. So then, they are no longer two but one flesh. Therefore what God has joined together, let not man separate (Matthew 19:5,6).
2. Matrimony is a sacrament and as such itis a sign to the world of the invisible Godliving in our midst - the living God whobears fruit in the lives of two people. They are a continual sign of His Power inthe world. There is special grace andpower within every couple God hasjoined together. 3. a "covenant by which a man and a woman establish between themselves a partnership of the whole of life and which is ordered by its nature to the good of the spouses and the procreation and education of offspring. 4. A SACRED CONTRACT AND ASACRAMENT In the sacrament of marriage of Christ joins aman and a holy and unbreakable bond,granting them the graces necessary to fulfillthe duties of this union faithfully. The church law requires that the pastor , orthe bishop , or a priest delegated by them ,should solemnize the marriage , before twowitnesses. w/out their presence ,the marriage is null orinvalid. 5. If the pastor o some other priest cannotbe had without great inconvinience ,thesacrament can be received w/ just 2witnessesIf:a.In any danger or deathb.Whenever the above situation isprudently forseen to last for a month ormore 6. The Jews revered the marriage bond, which was institutedby God (Gen. 2:23-24) and protected by His commandments(Ex. 20:14,17) and the Law (Lev. 20:10). However, marriage under the Old Law was not sacramental,and there is no mention in the Old Testament of any religiousceremony connected with marriage. In early times thewedding seems to have been little more than a betrothal(Gen. 24:63-67). much importance is attached to the marriage procession andthe marriage feast, which seem to have acquired a ritualcharacter Marriage was forbidden in certain degrees of kindred (Lev.18), but a brother was to marry the widow of his deceasedbrother, in order to propagate his name (Deut. 25 :5,10) ; ifno brother survived, the nearest kinsman was to assume theresponsibility (Ruth 3:12; 4:4-10). This is calleq leviratemarriage 7. Polygamy was permitted in the time of the patriarchs (Gen. 4:19; 16:3; 26:34; 28 :9; 29 :28; 30 :3 ff.) and was recognized by the Law of Moses (Ex. 21 :9-10), though it was not encouraged (Lev. 18:18; Deut. 17:17). Nobles and kings, especially, had many wives or concubines (2 Kings 3:2-5; 3 Kings 11:3), though the Law warned against this (Deut. 17:17). 8. However, many of the great patriarchs (Adam,Noe, Isaac) married but once, and the constantreferences of the prophets to marriage as asymbol of the union of God and His People musthave served to remind the Jews of the ideal ofunity in marriage. Divorce was permitted incertain circumstances (Deut. 24:1) uponpresentation of a "bill of divorce" (Is. 50:1;Jer.3:8). 9. Polygamy, or men having multiple wivesat once, is one of the most commonmarital arrangements represented inthe Old Testament,yet scholars doubtthat it was common among averageIsraelites because of the wealth neededto practice it. Old Testament marriage occurred withinthe setting of ancient Israelites. 10. . The two of them become onebody. A reading from the Book of Genesis 2:18-24 The Lord God said: It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make asuitable partner for him. So the Lord God formed out of the groundvarious wild animals and various birds of the air, and he brought them tothe man to see what he would call them; whatever the man called eachof them would be its name. The man gave names to all the cattle, all thebirds of the air, and all wild animals; but none proved to be the suitablepartner for the man. So the Lord God cast a deep sleep on the man, andwhile he was asleep, he took out one of his ribs and closed up its placewith flesh. The Lord God then built up into a woman the rib that he hadtaken from the man.When he brought her to the man, the man said: This one, at last, isbone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; This one shall be called woman,for out of her man this one has been taken. That is why a man leaveshis father and mother and clings to his wife, and the two of thembecome one body. The word of the Lord. 11. Jesus deepens the Hebrew concept of marriage insisting onthe oneness that exists between the man and the woman.The woman may not be cast aside, therefore divorce isoutlawed. The deutero-Pauline and pastoral epistles affirmthe important of marriage and the family. (Thepastoral epistles, in fact, insist that bishops should besuccessful in marriage and family life before their election tooffice .) In Ephesians (5:21-23) portrays marriage as a symbol ofChrists union with his Church. It also affirms that theunion of Christ and the Church is the basis of marriage.While not reinforcing patriarchy, but only asserting thatChristians did not oppose the Roman sociocultural order,husbands loving their wives as their own flesh are only doingwhat Christ does with the Church. 12. New Testament marriage occurs within the setting of the Roman Empire. Therefore, Roman custom has a growing influence on the look of marriage in the early church. 13. instructive about marriage From Acts, we learn that marriage isnormative. Marriage is common inthe early church as it continues todisplay the breaking down of ethnic barriers by the transethnic power of the gospel. We also find that marriage is shaped by its current cultural context. 14. From PETER: We learned that marriage is a spiritual issue. 1 Peter 3:1-7 teaches that marriage is an issueof the heart. The spiritual impact thatmarriage can have is best seen in 3:7 when heimplies that the way husbands love theirwives impacts the effectiveness of theirprayers. 15. From Hebrews: we learn that marriage is an ethical issue Hebrews 13:4 presents the best passage inscripture for dealing with why we should notengage in premarital sex. The call to keep themarriage bed undefiled does not beginwhenever we say I do. Instead, it prohibitsany form of non-marital sexual excitement,including pre-marital sex. 16. From Revelation we learn that marriage is an eschatologicalissue. Revelation 19 describes the marriage supperof the Lamb which is the final picture of theunion of Christ and the Church. All marriageon earth is intended to point to this finalmarriage in Heaven. Therefore, we should liveout our temporary marriages on earth in lightof this eternal marriage in Heaven. 17. The New Testament breaks with the Old Testament concept of marriage as an ethnic institution of tribal Israel to focus on the transethnic reality of marriage in the light of the union of Christ and the Church. 18. Conditions for a Valid SacramentalMarriage The Catholic Church also has requirements beforeCatholics can be considered validly married in the eyesof the Church. A valid Catholic marriage results from four elements:(1) the spouses are free to marry;(2) they freely exchange their consent;(3) in consenting to marry, they have the intention tomarry for life, to be faithful to one another and be opento children; and(4) their consent is given in the presence of twowitnesses and before a properly authorized Churchminister. 19. Pope Paul IV conditions in his encyclicalHumanae VitaeConjugal love should be: a love w/c is first of all fully human,namely ofthe senses and of the spirit Love w/c is total ,w/c leads the spouses toshare all w/out the unnecessary reserve oregoistic calculations:a unique form offriendship,in w/c husband and wife geneouslyshare everything. 20. A love w/c is faithful andexclusive:in sickness and healthuntil death do us apart. Love w/c is fruitful;w/c is extendedin and through children, the crownof matrimony. 21. Freedom to marry The participants in a marriagecontract must be free to marry,and to marry each other. That is,they must be an unmarried manand woman, with no impedimentsas set out by Canon law. 22. Impediments A Catholic marriage cannot be formed if one or more of the following impediments are given, though of some of these a dispensation can be given. 23. Antecedent and perpetual impotence Consanguinity to the fourth collateral line (1st cousin), including legal adoption to the second collateral line Affinity (relationship by marriage, e.g. a brother-in-law) in the direct line Prior bond Holy Orders (Permission to marry is only given to those ordained clergy who have been fully laicized (relieved of active ministry, and then dismissed from the clerical state, a process which is begun by the (arch- )diocese or religious order community and is finally granted by the Roman Curia at the Vatican subject to papal approval: either the Congregation for Bishops- if the cleric was a bishop, the Congregation for the Clergy- if the cleric was a secular, or diocesan, priest or deacon, or the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life- for those clergy who are members of religious orders or secular institutes or other, unvowed societies. Laicization is given only for serious reasons for deacons, for grave reasons for priests, and very rarely for prelates. 24. However, permanent deacons who are widowed have received permissionfrom their pastors and dioceses and the Vatican to marry after ordinationwithout having to leave the clerical state, probably to better supporttheir families. A transitional deaconseminarian, in a similar manner to otherseminarians who leave the program of formation prior to priestlyordination, may be allowed to marry after a period of time and start afamily, and, with the permission of the ordinary and the Vatican and thepermission of his supervisor- his pastor or former religious superior- maycontinue to function as a secular, non-religiou