Renaissance Humanism And Pico della Mirandola. The Renaissance “Rebirth” of Humanism of the Greeks and Romans, including their poetry, plays, science,

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  • Slide 1
  • Renaissance Humanism And Pico della Mirandola
  • Slide 2
  • The Renaissance Rebirth of Humanism of the Greeks and Romans, including their poetry, plays, science, math, astronomy, chemistry, and interest in the individual (as opposed to theological study). Back to Greek and Roman Rebirth of Humanism of the Greeks and Romans, including their poetry, plays, science, math, astronomy, chemistry, and interest in the individual (as opposed to theological study). Back to Greek and Roman Sculpture Sculpture Art Art Music Music Literature Literature Drama Drama Democracy Democracy Philosophy Philosophy Science Science
  • Slide 3
  • Renaissance, continued BEFORE the Renaissance, the Church was in control so all of these areas of human endeavor were directed to support of the Church and for worship of God. BEFORE the Renaissance, the Church was in control so all of these areas of human endeavor were directed to support of the Church and for worship of God. In 1400s (Quatrocento) Italy, France, and by 1500s England, re- started all of these OUTSIDE of the Church control, partly because of Protestant Reformation & Science combined, and partly because of manuscripts discovered writings from Greece & Rome In 1400s (Quatrocento) Italy, France, and by 1500s England, re- started all of these OUTSIDE of the Church control, partly because of Protestant Reformation & Science combined, and partly because of manuscripts discovered writings from Greece & Rome NOW a secular emphasis not by church people, not for church people, not about God NOW a secular emphasis not by church people, not for church people, not about God Individualism/ Humanism: People are not TYPES, but individuals Individualism/ Humanism: People are not TYPES, but individuals People are not represented as primarily SPIRITUAL, but as intelligent and individual, depending on oneself, rather than the social structure People are not represented as primarily SPIRITUAL, but as intelligent and individual, depending on oneself, rather than the social structure
  • Slide 4
  • Renaissance Humanism Renaissance Humanism = a new concept of what humans are Renaissance Humanism = a new concept of what humans are Emphasis on the above arts and endeavors, plus Emphasis on the above arts and endeavors, plus Rich potential of human nature/ Mans potential power Rich potential of human nature/ Mans potential power Free creative play of human talent in every field Free creative play of human talent in every field The individual soul apart from all others The individual soul apart from all others A person who shaped his own destiny, free in mind & spirit A person who shaped his own destiny, free in mind & spirit Perspective in art Perspective in art Study of anatomy & astronomy & biology Study of anatomy & astronomy & biology Less symbolism and more real, concrete reality Less symbolism and more real, concrete reality Intense interest in things human and earthly Intense interest in things human and earthly Began in Italy (Quattrocento) and went to France, Germany, Spain, Netherlands, England Began in Italy (Quattrocento) and went to France, Germany, Spain, Netherlands, England
  • Slide 5
  • Italian Renaissance Humanism Petrarch and Laura Petrarch and Laura Also see Dantes Divine Comedy Also see Dantes Divine Comedy
  • Slide 6
  • Renaissance Humanism Michaelangelo Michaelangelo
  • Slide 7
  • Giovanni Pico della Mirandola Oration on the Dignity of Man The Whole Oration The Whole Oration The Whole Oration The Whole Oration After thinking a long time, I have figured out why man is the most fortunate of all creatures and as a result worthy of the highest admiration and earning his rank on the chain of being, a rank to be envied not merely by the beasts but by the stars themselves and by the spiritual natures beyond and above this world. This miracle goes past faith and wonder. And why not? It is for this reason that man is rightfully named a magnificent miracle and a wondrous creation. After thinking a long time, I have figured out why man is the most fortunate of all creatures and as a result worthy of the highest admiration and earning his rank on the chain of being, a rank to be envied not merely by the beasts but by the stars themselves and by the spiritual natures beyond and above this world. This miracle goes past faith and wonder. And why not? It is for this reason that man is rightfully named a magnificent miracle and a wondrous creation. If you see a philosopher judging things through his reason, admire and follow him: he is from heaven, not the earth. If you see a person living in deep contemplation, unaware of his body and dwelling in the inmost reaches of his mind, he is neither from heaven nor earth, he is divinity clothed in flesh.
  • Slide 8
  • The Early Modern Period Another name for the Renaissance Another name for the Renaissance Emphasis is on looking forward from the 15 th and 16 th centuries to NOW we see the concerns and psychology of the people of the Early Modern Period as essentially akin to ourselves Emphasis is on looking forward from the 15 th and 16 th centuries to NOW we see the concerns and psychology of the people of the Early Modern Period as essentially akin to ourselves
  • Slide 9
  • Actual history 1453-1789 Specifically Fall of Constantinople (1453) to French Revolution (1789) From a global standpoint, the most important feature of the early modern period was its globalizing character it witnessed the exploration and colonization of the Americas and the rise of sustained contacts between previously isolated parts of the globe. The historical powers became involved in global trade. This world trading of goods, plants, animals, and food crops saw exchange in the Old World and the New World. The Columbian exchange greatly affected almost every society on Earth. From a global standpoint, the most important feature of the early modern period was its globalizing character it witnessed the exploration and colonization of the Americas and the rise of sustained contacts between previously isolated parts of the globe. The historical powers became involved in global trade. This world trading of goods, plants, animals, and food crops saw exchange in the Old World and the New World. The Columbian exchange greatly affected almost every society on Earth.globalizingthe Americashistorical powersOld World New WorldColumbian exchangeglobalizingthe Americashistorical powersOld World New WorldColumbian exchange In the world, capitalist economies and institutions became more sophisticated and globally articulated. This process began in the medieval North Italian city-states, particularly Genoa, Venice, and Milan. (Early Modern Period in Wikipedia) In the world, capitalist economies and institutions became more sophisticated and globally articulated. This process began in the medieval North Italian city-states, particularly Genoa, Venice, and Milan. (Early Modern Period in Wikipedia)capitalistcity-statesGenoaVenice Milancapitalistcity-statesGenoaVenice Milan
  • Slide 10
  • Not to mention Martin Luther 1483-1546 (died before Elizabeth became Queen but while Henry VIII was in power) 1483-1546 (died before Elizabeth became Queen but while Henry VIII was in power) Began the Protestant Reformation which rocked Europe Began the Protestant Reformation which rocked Europe Nailed 95 Theses against corrupt practices like sale of Indulgences (Pardons) on door of U. of Wittenberg Nailed 95 Theses against corrupt practices like sale of Indulgences (Pardons) on door of U. of Wittenberg Here I stand. I can do no other. Here I stand. I can do no other.