Reading Keys

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<p>Contents Overview of the courseVI Theme Life withe n UnitChat-room romance Unit2Connecting people Unit 3TheInternet and society Youthculture Unit 4Finding an identity Unit 5Kids,movies,and videogames Unit 6Making adifference Amysterious world Unit 7PyramidsandtheMummy'sCurse Unit 8Why didtheydothat? Unit 9Believeitor not Playing withnature Unit10Human cloning Unit11Plasticsurgery Unit12Food ofthe future Texttype Internet bulletin board Poem Internet chat room Personal profile Newspaper article Information sheet Short story Personalletter Magazine article Extract fromanovel Problem-page letter E-zine article ii Keyreadingskills Identifyingtextorganization Inferringmeaning Separating factandopinion Identifyingcohesion Scanning Identifyingtext organization Speedreading Scanning Identifyingthetopic Understandingthemain idea Skimming Separating factand opinion Key vocabulary skills Prefixes Usingadictionary Antonyms Guessingmeaning fromcontext Usingadictionary Connecting words Wordswith differentmeanings Synonyms Prefixes Recognizingpartsofspeech Wordgroups Suffixes Page 2 4 10 16 22 24 30 36 42 44 50 56 62 64 70 76 iii Theme Animals a Unit13Areanimals intelligent? Unit14Extinctionorsurvival Unit15Animalsintraditionalstories Humor Unit16What makesuslaugh? Unit17Private livesof comedians Unit18Funny but true Globalization Unit19Winners and losers Unit 20Ethicaltrading Unit 21A small world That's entertainment Unit 22Entertainment trends Unit 23Moviesand moviestars Unit 24Extreme fun Activity sheets Key readingskills-study sheets Text type Personalletter Extract fromanovel Short story Readers'letter page Biography Dialogextract Personal profiles Internet homepage Advertisement Magazinearticle Moviereviews Biography Al RI Key vocabularyskills-study sheetsVI WordlistWI iv Keyreading skills Inferring meaning Identifyingcohesion Skimming Understanding themain idea Identifyingcohesion Identifyingthetopic Scanning Speed reading Separating factand opinion Understanding the main idea Skimming Identifying text organization Keyvocabulary skills Synonyms Antonyms Connecting words Usingadictionary Recognizingpartsofspeech Synonyms Guessing meaning fromcontext Connecting words Suffixes Prefixes Word groups Wordswith different meanings Page 82 84 90 96 102 104 110 116 122 124 130 136 142 144 150 156 v Overview of the course:Reading Keysinaction Eachtheme has aspecialopening section Find out whatyou are going to read by first previewing the three units in the theme. Describe pict ur es. ,t' h_l .'..k _l1h_ _, "..I H I W".' ..... .. ........,_.__.. ..._. --...,_ " .. ",-_.-.._-_... _.,. .. _ _.__..._.-...Compl etea simplecha rt aboutthe ma in text sinthe th eme. Ma tchsho rttexts toth epictur es. Matcheach pictu rewitha unit . Atypicalunit Readtheinf ormati on intheLearnnewwo rdsandpractice int rodu ction and st udyanypic tures.keyvocabularyskills. !lm. Finding a nide nt ityVUnr..I .R dti ll ., ..".., r.. p h.. nol .. h(ll.... , h..('0, .......m .. Uli n lphr'III 1I..1i"n",.,"",fU,,"11.tp,.,T...,"" ...I_ ..""'' \1m""' ,,"" 1"_' .... 11 torh. , ""'"r.... ." ,."..." . 1", 1.. .,.\ oil ..It"......'Th' .10 ;_"'" 1'....I"101 ',. t. .' ..I',. .. No._'"c,.,......I."""... U..t, ....."._1' 1 ,.. ' oI....f hwordo ' \ . ,......, ,Ihr u,'" hllr " '" TI,.., ' 1_.1141....... MH 1' .. 10.'1.."I.. .. n,I".. , n" t1'1'""'" " I1.11"_1,." ,'"'.\I ..Io.M ' '--1"n,.. ... . '.I.... , ... "'.,' , .... ,l _p", . .. ,,,. \IT.... . n...... U. 11... " .. """" ".I.,ltol .). 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" ..- "",""" ''' ..-I-.J. hl I-.-..'' .. ,\ . 1. .. n" r I hqu,ln"o wilhyou .JI'o'n"..... .. .1"" 10Oft .. ,,.,1 - 1.......h . I... .....'' II.bfIaI, 'r.,,.10.,-,,,,,,,, ... "'..c .l h \h .. ,JM,t.... ) d """, _.. ,10.,.... _' .. . . .. _. , .. l it11 'fWIOP1'II'Irtt ......,... ...... , ..f. II ._. ,.,)0 ,_. " Practicekeyreading skills Review vocabulary. tobecome abetter reader. D I.1-001. . jt.lln" l Ih ..1.-., Gt o w ln lp.oln. t in" rh.. 1011......-1....ph ,.,u.n " nd dftld... wh.' lh. wo"hI" 1''''10,C'f.-. IU... .Ih1No1. ...I1,-1/00-0.W o rdr",iPrJrtUH'Ih ..wOlfhIn th ..boll l ocomp l.. h. l hl. I ....'. AloI......... ....., b.Pit ,.....".tt.li'Ob l hq... ,,,.rtl,ol., ...,.........'........ '-.....r' "' oy\t '. ' .. lIh.l l ". " " ...._I"I ... n,tMtlI.o, \1... "" I"n '1-..'t.. .J ot)'10,1&gt;"' '''., . 1."I' .... ' ...' e,.. '. ... ' ..._.... " unl . ..,.." , ..... .. """o.ln' I'I. (I......l h,...-n .. . .... ,.. II, .. .....'.M""" MI \ ''It!' rI..,'''' ''','''d "ho..... l J" , ,.,. .. ,, ..,,.,.. ..'I h.......' ............III'"f'...... nt\" lltl ""'1.....t1 "' .. .., ... , ..1I M.t"I.. '"T..IIfabout it /l4..a rMlpof Ih ,"".. ChoJooHo on .. qu "" llon .nd "I .. ", yov,.. ....... " Th ('fl </p> <p>. I."!1, ;...,....t.."0ft.I,,,, ...hoI,....,. ... oul dd o . T", I........... ,._,. tnt""", h w ~Every year,Scottish peoplearoundthe worldcelebratethelifeoftheir greatpoet,RobertBurns.Heis famousforwritingthe traditionalNew Year's Song,"AuldLang Syne."Onthe eveningofhis birthday,thereis abigpartywherepeopleeattraditionalfoodanddrinkScotch whisky. Topic: a.NewYearinScotland b.CelebratingBurnsNigh t c.TraditionalScottishfood d.Thehistoryofwhisky How to identify the topic Think aboutthemeaning ofthewholetext. Trytoidentify athemethat connectseach sentence. Lookforexamplesthat mayexplainthetopic. Don't focusonindividualwords. Think Whatis thetext about? Whattopicconnectstheimportantwords? Areany ideasrepeatedor developed? Isthetopicthesameforallsectionsofthetext? Practice Read this paragraph and identify the topic. Openedin1973,theSydneyOperaHouse isone ofthe most famousbuildings intheworld.Itsdesign,byDanish architect JerriUtzon.is stillconsidered very modern.Sydney HarborBridge,locatednearby,isanother fantasticattraction adding tothepopularity ofthiswonderfulpart ofthecity. a.Sydney Harbor b.Modernarchitecture c.TheSydney Opera House d.ThehistoryofSydney R4 ~..I ~KEYREADINGSKILLSIII C)STUDYSHEET5 Z C ct w IX:Scanning )0Looking through atext quickly to findspecific informationw ~name ofmovie theater CityworlCinemas 10 screen cinema Bay'View Plaza,Houst on Friday 16-Thursday 22November Harold Pitter-10:40a.m./1:10p.m./3:15 p.m. DragonKid2-9:15 a.m . AmericanHero-11 :15a.m . /6:45p.m. TheLost Empire-2:20 p.m. /5:30 p.m. /9:45 DeadorAlive-2:50 p.m. Super screen..speaal sedians Lifewith Charlie-~ m. /5:30 p.m. /7:30 p.m. Wednesday Special VivelaFrance!-7:30 p.m. Movies for Kids Saturday10:00a.m. Dogs andCats LifeonEarth TheGame Allmovies just $4/ Childrenunder 7 must bewithanadult Programinformation andreservations Tel:985-4384more ii1fil Booking fee$1per ticket How to scan Lookforheadingssoyoucan gettotherightsectionquickly. Keepreading.Donot readeveryword. Readcarefull yonly whenyoufindimportantinformati on. As soonasyouhavetheinformationyouwant,stop. Think Whatinformation doI wanttofind? Isthistherightplacetolook? Whatwordsorphrasescanhelp me findthe information Iwant? Practice Look quickly through the advertisement above to find answers to these questions.0 3MINUTES. a.How many screensdoesthe movietheater have? b.How many movies forchildrenarethere? c.How manytimesis"DragonKid2"on? d.How many moviesarerepeatedthreetimesaday? e.What isthewebsiteaddress? f.How much doesitcosttoreserveaticket? g.Whattimedoes"AmericanHero"beginintheevening? RS III-' -' ~KEYREADINGSKILLS III STUDYSHEET6Cl Z C w Understanding the writer's main message ~Topic: The ozone layer Theozonelayer protectsthe earthfromthe sun'sharmfulradiation.In1985, scientistsdiscoveredt hefirstsignsthat greenhousegasessuchascarbondioxide weredes troyingtheozonelayer. In1998,satellites showedthat thegapintheozone layer over Antarcticawasanastonishing 27.2millionsqua rekilometers. Main idea: a.Scientistswant tostopglobalwarming. b.Pollutioncausesgreenhouse gases. c.The destruct ion of the ozone layer is happening extre me ly quickly. How to understand the main idea First,lookforthetopic.Themainideawillbethe author'sthoughts,feelings, opinions,or ideasabout thetopic. In longtexts,themainideamaybeinthefirstor finalsections,orboth. Lookforwordsorideasthat arerepeatedofteninatext.Theymayhelpyou identify andunderstandthemainidea. Think Wha t isthetopic? What isthewriter sayingaboutthetopic? Doesthewriter giveanopinion? Practice Read this paragraph and identify the main idea. Topic: Globalwarming Scientistspredictthatbytheyear 2100,the amount ofcarbondioxideinthe atmospherecould increase byover fortypercent,andtheaverageglobal temperaturecould risebyasmuch as3.5degreesCelsius.Theburning ofoil, gas,andcoal,together withthedestructionofthetropicalforestsaretoblame. If thishappens,millionsofpeoplearound theworldwillbeaffectedbyfood shortages andwidespreadflooding. Main idea: a.If globalwarmingis not stopped,many peoplewillsuffer. b.Carbondioxideis themaincauseoftheproblem. c.It 'simportanttomake predictions. R7 ,.. KEYREADINGSKILLS STUDYSHEET8 Skimming Quickly looking through atext to get ageneral idea of itscontent }{lU,(on'tHeed to yead t:V(?rywordto Hnt!eystand WIUlf a text is allout! Thehc'p"Hntnj Moreandmorepeoplearoundtheworldaredecidingnot lOHII iof. ..--::---- to eat meat.Thesepeoplearecalledvegetarians.They mayeatfruit,vegetables,andotherfoods... butnot meat. There'smoreto thevegetariandiet thanjust salad.X ----- xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx riTehe..'1ln/n..'! ofeachxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx oftenxxXXXX.Xxxxxxxxxxxxx.Xxxxxxxxxxxxx.Xxxxxxxxxxx contains ,r to/Jlexxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.XXXXXXxxxxxxxxXXX sentence.xxxxxxxxxxXXXX. Vegetarianssaythat meatis oftendiseasedandit's healthiernot to eatit. Xxxxxxxxxxx.Xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx.Xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.Xxxxxxx xxxxxx. Xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx. TII.t IIlSI&gt;". Althoughsomepeoplethinkbeinga vegetarianis nUllunhealthy,it is not.Wedon'tneedmeatto havea balmallt l'iea.anceddiet.Weallhavea choice. How to skim Readthefirstparagraph. Readthefirstsentence ofthenext paragraphs. Readthe lastparagraph. Don'treadeverything. Don't worry aboutwhat youmiss. Think What is the general topicofthetext? What is the subjectofeach paragraph? Is thisanimp ortant section? Practice Look again at the incomplete text at the top of this page. Then answer the three questionsunder "Think," above. R8 C ~ ..J ~KEYREADINGSKILLS II) STUDYSHEET10CJ Z Cot wSpeedreading a:: &gt;Reading faster and more effectively w ~MexicoCityis ahugeityandthecapita l ofMexio. Itis an.xcitingplacetobe, and hasanunusualmixoftheancientandmod ern. Thebeautifulhisto ricce nter isgreattowa lkaround.Therearemanywonderfulparks andmuseums,and plenty of' hopping in La Zona Rosa. The food is fa ntast ic,and amazin g valu e. For nightlife,trytheclubsinPola n0 ,butremember thatinMexico,thingsstart aro und11p.m. andgoonuntilt hemorning. How to speed read Don'treadanythingtwice,andnever stop. Lookatgroupsofwords,notindividualwords. Pickout important wordssuch asnouns,verbs,names,anddates . Ignoreany words orphrasesyoudon'tknow. Readfasterwhenyougettoapartyouthinkisnotimportant. Think , Isthiswordorphraseimportant? Isthissectionimportant? CanIreadthisfaster? Practice 1.Read these phrases quickly.Circle the phrase that isthe same asthe underlined phrase.</p>