project tiger,project lion,crocodile breeding

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Slide 1SINGLE SPECIES,SINGLE HABITAT CONSERVATION PROGRAMMES CLASSIFICATIONKingdom AnimaliaPhylum ChordateSubphylum : VertebrateClass: MammaliaOrder: CarnivoraFamily: FelidaeGenus: Panthera Species: P. TigrisPROJECT TIGER IS A WILDLIFE CONSERVATION MOVEMENT INITIATED IN INDIA IN 1973 TO PROTECT TIGER,IT HAS BEEN ONE OF OUR MOST SUCCESSFUL COSERVATION VENTURES IN RECENT TIMES. THE PROJECT AIMS AT THE TIGER CONSERVATION ESPECIALLY IN TIGER RESERVES WHICH ARE REPRESENTATIVES OF VARIOUS BIO GEOGRAPHICAL REGIONS FALLING WITHIN INDIA. THE PROJECT AIMS AT STABLIZING THE POPULATION OF THE TIGER IN THE COUNTRY. PROJECT TIGER GOALS AND OBJECTIVESTHE PROJECT TIGER WAS MEANT TO INDENTIFY THE LIMITING FACTORS AND TO MITIGATE THEM USING SUITABLE MANAGEMENT.THE DAMAGES DONE TO THE HABITAT WERE TO BE RECTIFIED SO AS TO FACILITATE THE RECOVERY OF THE ECOSYSTEM TO THE MAXIMUM POSSIBLE EXTENT.IT STRIVES TO MAINTIAN A VIABLE TIGER POPULATIONIN THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT. FACTS FILEIN 2008 THERE WRE MORE THAN 40 PROJECT TIGER RESERVES COVERING AN AREA OF 37,761 sq km.PROJECT TIGER HELPED TO INCREASE THE POPULATION OF THESE TIGERS FROM 1,200 IN THE 1970s TO 3,500 IN 1990s. HOWEVER A SERVEY DONE IN 2008 SHOWED THAT THE POPULATION OF TIGERS HAVE DROPPPED TO 1,411.HABITATS BEING COVEREDThe potential tiger habitats being covered are:Sivalik Terai Conservation Unit (UTTRANCHAL, UP, BIHAR & WEST BANGAL) & NEPALNorth east Conservation UnitSUNDARBANS Conservation UnitCentral Indian Conservation UnitEastern Ghat Conservation UnitWestern GHAT Conservation Units TECHNOLOGY USED'Tiger Atlas of India' and a 'Tiger Habitat and Population Evaluation System' for the country is being developed using state-of-the-art technology. This involves:-Mapping, data acquisition and GIS modelingField data collection and validationData Maintenance, dissemination and use GIS MODELINGGeographic Information Systems (GIS) has revolutionized the world of mapping. GIS allows us to link endless amounts of information to a specific geographic location and helps us answer questions and solve problems by looking at data in a way that is quickly understood and easily shared. GIS does this by organizing information into categories and then placing each category in a separate map layer. The layers are then overlaid to produce a composite map showing the relationship between the layers. GIS can help inform the decisions that planners either make or help their local decision-makers to make.The following is a short list of planning functions that can use GIS to enhance decision making:Zoning and land use planningCrime analysis and preventionTraffic analysisIssuing of permitsCode inspection and enforcementNatural resource management and environmental assessmentDemographic analysisEmergency management planning and disaster recoveryPublic health and healthcare accessTax assessment and collectionParks and open space planningTransportation and public transit planningHistoric preservationPlanning applications of GIS can be organized into three categories: planning, operations, and public information. ORGANIZATIONProject Tiger is administrated by the NATIONAL TIGER CONSERVATION AUTHORITYThe overall administration of the project is monitored by a Steering Committee. A Field Director is appointed for each reserve, who is assisted by the field and technical personnel. At the centre, a full-fledged Director of the project coordinates the work for the country CURRENT STATUS OF TIGER IN INDIA India holds over half the world's tiger population. According to the latest tiger census report released on March 28, 2011 by the National Tiger Conservation Authority, the current tiger population estimated is 1,706 (i.e. ranging between a minimum of 1,571 to a maximum of 1,875).The results include figures from 17 Indian states with a tiger populationGRADING THE TIGER RESERVESVery good Score >135 (>75%) Maximum Score = 180Good Score 108 134 (>60 -