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  • 1.Northlands Coast and Us Matapouri Awahoa Bay, Taiharuru Our beaches

2. Where are Northlands beaches?Nowhere in Northland is more than40 kilometres from the coast.Northlands coast extends fromKaipara and Mangawhai Harboursin the south, to Cape Ringa in thenorth and covers 3200 kilometresof coastline.Cape Ringa Grab a picnic and go to the beach to enjoy the sea, sand andforeshore.? 3. What wordsWhat is a beach?come to mind when you think of your favourite Northlandbeach?A beach slopes from the land to the sea.It can be made up of sand, shells, pebbles or amixture of all of these.Ocean BeachRweneTe Paki 4. How do Northlands beaches differ?Each beach has its own Peach Cove colour composition sand movement shape structureCape Maria van DiemenPout Compare andcontrast avariety of McLeod Bay beach types. 5. Where are theHow are beaches made? biggest and smallest pieces of eroded material onSand, shell, rock, gravel and pebblesyour beach? What does this tell you?are slowly eroded by wind and wavescausing them to break into smaller andsmaller pieces a process that cantake thousands of years.Shell Rock Sand 6. How are beaches made? Parua BaySea currents carry erodedmaterial along the coast anddeposit it on the shore. Thismaterial is made up of differenttypes of sand and sediment. Mangawhai Heads Taip BeachThrow a smallbranch into the sea and watch wherethe currenttakes it. 7. Why are our beaches always changing?Waves and wind are constantly reshapingNorthlands beaches. The resulting eroded materialforms different patterns and shapes.Pataua South Hold an artexhibition toshow beachpatterns andshapes. Waimamaku Beach 8. What beach features can beStart a photo orsketch diary tomonitored for change?monitor beachchange. dune shape and height sand formation sand colour marine life plant lifeBream Bay 2000 Bream Bay 2005 rock and sand pools shell and pebble distribution 9. Why does the colour of Northlands beaches vary?Pick up ahandful of beachsand. WhatSand colour is influencedcolour is it?by the minerals and thingsWhat does itappear to beit is made of. Prengarengamade of?High silica contentHarbour (White Sand)produces white sand.High iron contentproduces black sand. 10. Why else do Northlands beaches vary? Rub differentsands and sediments throughThe eroded material on your hands. Describe thebeaches comes from many difference in feel.different sources. It createsdifferent types of sand. Forexample, the fine brownsands of estuary beachesare made from silt washedOne Tree Pointdown rivers or streams. 11. How does the shape of surrounding land affect beaches?Go towww.marinenz.org.nzto locate an aerialSand movement and wavesmap of your beach.What does this tell youare affected by shoreline about how your beachshape and structure. was shaped?Long, open, straight stretches Tutukaka Harbourallow sand to shift freely.Enclosed shorelines block andtrap sand, and reducewave movement. Baylys Beach 12. How is the look of a beachinfluenced by its location?Beaches in How has thelook of a exposed areas Northland beach beenlook different frominfluenced by its location?those in moresheltered harboursand estuaries. Cape Maria van DiemenNgunguru Estuary 13. What effect does the weather have?The weather never rests.Prevailing winds and rain are shaping beachesday and night. Ngunguru toward Bream HeadSet up aweather stationat a beach and make regular observations. Hokianga Harbour 14. How does whats happening offshoreaffect the beach?The size and consistency of ocean swells shapebeaches. Big, slow swells create less change thansmaller, faster ones which break with more force.Observe theinfluenceocean swellshave had ona beach. Wind and waves continually shape our shores. 15. How does fresh water flowing to the coast shape our beaches and shores?Rivers and streams carve throughbeaches and shorelines. As they swellwith rain, or dry up in summer, they alterthe shape of the shore. Stormwater Use a GIS mapoutlets can also change beach shape, of your coastalcolour and water quality. area atwww.nrc.govt.nzto find out where water flowing from inland shapes the Kaeo River beach. Stormwater outlet,One Tree PointTauranga Bay 16. Why are Northlands beaches special to Maori?As a source of identity a sense of place. What Maorilegends or historical storiessurround yourbeach?Maori history is closely linked to Northlands coastline 17. Why are Northlands beaches special to Maori?What memories do older Maori inyour community have of gatheringAs a food basket (kete). kaimoana onyour part of thecoast? Kina, or seaurchinBay of Islands(photo: Destination Northland) Prengarenga Food basket (Kete) 18. What lives on Northlands beaches?Many living things call Northlands beaches home birds OystercatcherFlax crustaceansFlax fish insectsPut creaturesLittle Blue peopleback where youpenguinfound them on the plants beach. What else Mussels can you do to help shellfish look after beachcreatures? 19. What rare and endangered speciesare found on or around our beaches? Northland is home to many coastal species foundnowhere else in the world Northland is also home to many endangered speciesKaka What can you doto help protect the rare and Oyster catchers at Ruakaka Beach endangered species living onor around aNorthland beach?Mauis dolphin Phutukawa 20. What threatens our native beach creatures? careless human activity climate change excess shellfish gathering extreme weatherSediment from road habitat destructiondevelopment, Waikaraka introduced pests What are pollutionpeople in your area doing to accumulation of manyminimisebeach threats? small effects How can youhelp? 21. What threatens our native beach plants?Write a newspaperarticle about a local careless human activitybeach hero who has been caring for a climate change Northland beach. coastal development introduced weeds and plants erosion extreme weatherUnfenced stock on beaches habitat destruction Unfenced stock in water animals on the beach accumulation of many small effects 22. What does Northland Regional Councildo to help?How does the council look afterThe Northland Regional Council (NRC) our coast? Go to www.nrc.govt.nzhelps looks after beaches throughoutto find out.the region.Beach profile surveysNRC coast patrol boatSafe driving on beaches 23. What does Northland Regional Councildo to help?Anywhere, anytime, Northland Regional Councilstaff are out there playing their part. Coastal pest plant removalOil spill trainingCoastal sampling 24. What can we do to help look after Northlands beaches?There are lots of ways we can help look afterNorthlands coast.Check out websites including the following for ideas www.nrc.govt.nz Build your own listof what can be done www.doc.govt.nzto look after Northlands coast.Tokerau Beach CoastCare 25. Who helps looks after our beaches?CoastCare is a partnershipbetween the Northland RegionalCouncil, community, iwi, districtcouncils and the Department ofConservation. All are workingtogether to protect and restoreour regions beaches.Check out what your local CoastCare group is doing to look after your beach at www.nrc.govt.nz/CoastCare 26. Northlands Coast and Us Awahoa Bay, Taiharuru Our beaches 27. have you clicked on yet?www.nrc.govt.nz