origins - why origins matter
Post on 18-May-2015
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DESCRIPTIONThis presentation examines the various views on how everything came into being and why it matters which view you hold.
- 1. OriginsFor since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, beingunderstood through what has been made, sothat they are without excuse. (Romans 1:20)
2. OriginsFor since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, beingunderstood through what has been made, sothat they are without excuse. (Romans 1:20) Why Origins Matters 3. Questions All Philosophies/Faiths Ask1. Origins where did I come from?2. Ethics how should I live?3. Meaning why am I here?4. Destiny where am I going? 4. Another View1. Where did everything come from?2. What went wrong?3. How can it be fixed? 5. Take away the first three chaptersof Genesis, and you cannot maintaina true Christian position nor give Christianitys answers Francis Schaeffer The God Who is There 6. Where Did Everything Come From? 7. Primary CauseTheism Naturalism Secondary Cause 8. Four Core Views of Origins1. Naturalistic Evolution No God involved in creation; things emerged by pure, natural processes.2. Naturalistic Creation No theistic Creator beyond the world; only a creative Mind within the universe that creates.3. Theistic Evolution God directly created the universe, but living things emerged under His control by largely natural processes.4. Theistic Creation God directly created the universe, living things, and human beings. How many things were originally created and how much time it took to create them is debated 9. Three Potential Creation Scenarios1. Ex Materia out of existing matter2. Ex Deo - out of God3. Ex Nihilo - out of nothing 10. Plato and OriginsPlato taught that matter was eternal andin his work Timaeus , he posits theDemiurgos (although there is someforeshadowing of this being in previousworks) who is the world former of theGood that Plato writes about in his workthe Republic. The Demiurgos works inan ex materia way. He is also a producingcause and not a purposing cause. Finally,the Good is not a personal God of anykind to be worshipped nor is it a creator.Plato is the only Greek philosopher tobelieve time had a beginning.Key Points: Matter is eternal; creation=formation; Demiurgos is not producer or eternal; God is not sovereign over everything. 11. Aristotle and OriginsAristotle posited the one he called Theunmoved mover. To Aristotle, theuniverse is eternal and the unmoved moveror First Cause was Pure Form orActuality and not infinite. Like PlatosGood, it was also not a being to beworshipped, but unlike Platos Demiurge,the First Cause is a final and purposingcause, but still should not be equated tothe same efficient/producing cause ofChristianity that brought the universe intobeing out of nothing since Aristotle heldto an eternal universe.Key Points: Matter is eternal; creation=formation; unmoved mover is a former not producer; mover is not sovereign over everything. 12. Plotinus and OriginsPlotinus cosmogony is that God is one thatcreated the world ex deo, that is, out of himself.This act is a process of emanation, where theOne unfolds itself as a seed unfolds into aflower. His attempt to explain unity anddiversity: Many beings exist All multiplicity is based on prior unity There must be an absolute unity that is the basisof all multiplicity This absolute unity cannot be a being as it is thesource of all being and being involves multiplicity This One absolute unity must necessarily unfolditself to produce self-consciousness, calledIntellect As the One unfolds itself outwardly, it producesthe World Soul, or the many 13. The Biblical Account of OriginsThe Bible states that the universe/matter is not eternal; onlyGod is eternal. And rather than creating out of Himself, Godcreated everything that is seen from nothing an ex nihilo creation process. The Bible also makes clear that the Father was the initiator of creation, the Son was the instrumental cause of it alland the Spirit implemented order and supplied life. 14. The Biblical Account of Origins In the beginning God created the heavens andthe earth. -Genesis 1:1Is Genesis 1:1 an independent clause or a subordinate clause? Asubordinate clause would be: When God in the beginningcreated the heavens and the earth, the earth was void Asubordinate clause would indicate that something already existedand God was simply forming matter that was already there. Matter would, therefore, be eternal. The grammar of Genesis 1:1-2 indicates that the first verse isindeed an independent clause. 15. A Single, Eternal Creator You alone are the Lord. You have made the heavens, The heaven of heavens with all their host, The earth and all thatis on it, The seas and all that is in them. You give life to all ofthem And the heavenly host bows down before You. (Nehemiah 9:6)The heavens are telling of the glory of God; And theirexpanse is declaring the work of His hands. Day to day pours forth speech, And night to night reveals knowledge. There is no speech, nor are there words; Their voice is not heard. (Psalm 19:1-3) 16. A Single, Eternal Creator "By the word of the Lord the heavens were made, And by the breath of His mouth all their host.(Psalm 33:6) It is I who made the earth, and created man upon it. I stretchedout the heavens with My hands And I ordained all their host. (Isaiah 45:12) Thus says the Lord, your Redeemer, and the one who formed you from the womb, I, the Lord, am the maker of all things, Stretching out the heavens by Myself And spreading out theearth all alone, (Isaiah 44:24) 17. Christ is the Instrumental Cause of AllIn the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, andthe Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All thingscame into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing cameinto being that has come into being He was in the world, and theworld was made through Him, and the world did not know Him. (John 1:1-3, 10) yet for us there is but one God, the Father, from whom are allthings and we exist for Him; and one Lord, Jesus Christ, bywhom are all things, and we exist through Him.(1 Corinthians 8:6) 18. Christ is the Instrumental Cause of All For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authoritiesall things have been created through Him and for Him. (Colossians 1:16) God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways, in these last days has spoken tous in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the world.(Hebrews 1:1-2) 19. Matter/Universe is not EternalBy faith we understand that the worlds wereprepared by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things which are visible.(Hebrews 11:3) 20. Comparing Accounts of Origins Biblical PlotinusPlato AristotleExEx DeoEx Materia Ex MateriaSeparate Beings Nihilo One BeingInitiatorFatherOneGoodUniverseCreates / Son Intellect Demiurge Unmovedshaped by MoverGives Life SpiritSoul World Soul Soul 21. A quick Word on the Galileo EpisodeCertainly, the Church needs to avoid another situation like what happened with Galileo.Contrary to some opinions, though, the centraldriving thought was not so much theological as it was philosophical. Aristotles geo-centrism was the prevailing worldview. WhenCopernicus, Kepler, and Galileo proposed heliocentrism, it was initially supported by the Catholic Jesuit Collegio Romano, butopposed by the secular philosophers of theday. However, the Catholic Church in generalalso had embraced Aristotles teaching andended up opposing Galileo. But it was not somuch based on Scripture as it was onAristotle. 22. Good Advice from GalileoI do not feel obliged tobelieve that the same God who has endowed us withsense, reason, and intellect has intended us to forgo their use.- Galileo 23. Why Does a Right View of Origins Matter? 24. Why Does a Right View of Origins Matter?It affects1. How we view God2. How we view ourselves3. How we view morality 25. How We View GodThe history of mankind willprobably show that no people hasever risen above its religion, andmans spiritual history will positively demonstrate that no religion has ever been greater than its idea of God. -A. W. TozerThe gods of the Greeks werelimited, not sovereign, and flawed. The God of the Bible is the antithesis of them. 26. How We View OurselvesSome part of our being knows this is where we came from. We long toreturn and we can because thecosmos in within all of us. We aremade of star-stuff. -Carl Sagan If human beings are just star stuff, thenthey contain no intrinsic moral worth; they are simply matter and nothing more. But human beings created in the image of God do contain intrinsic moral worth asthey reflect the image of God. 27. You, your joys and your sorrows, your memories and ambitions, yoursense of personal identity and freewill, are in fact no more than thebehavior of a vast assembly of nervecells and their associated molecules.- Francis Crick co-discoverer of DNA 28. "Were just a bit of pollution. If you got rid of usthe universe wouldbe largely the same. Werecompletely irrelevant.- Lawrence Krauss, Physicist 29. How We View MoralityWhy do people believe in evolution?The reason we accepted Darwinismeven without proof, is because wedidnt want God to interfere with oursexual mores -Julian HuxleyWhere I stand will at once be theforemost place all things are lawfuland thats the end of it.-Dostoevsky, The Brothers KaramazovWithout God, morals become eithertotalitarian or emotive 30. Natural selection can favor egotism, hedonism, cowardice instead of bravery, cheating, and exploitation. Theodosius Dobzhansky 31. Ramifications of a Certain ViewIf Naturalistic Evolution istrue, then there is:1. No God2. No Life After Death3. No Foundation for Right/Wrong4. No Meaning in Life5. No Free Will- William Provine, Evolutionist 3