Nursery Setup

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<p>MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR ESTABLISHING A GOOD NURSERY</p> <p>INTRODUCTION</p> <p>Why nursery plays an important part in estate management ?</p> <p>CRITERIAS FOR SETTING UP NEW NURSERY1. Area should not be on hilly slopes Best on flat or gentle sloping area 2. Area should not be flood prone 3. Reliable clean source of water 4. Close to source of suitable quality soil 5. Easy accessibility</p> <p>OP NURSERY LAYOUTLEGEND 1) Pre nursery 2) Main nursery 3) Pump house 4) Store 5) Entrance 6) 6 piping 7) 4 piping 8) 2 piping 9) FencingA</p> <p>B</p> <p>C</p> <p>D E G F</p> <p>Total Ha : 12 Total Capacity : 150000 seedlings</p> <p>CAMBERED</p> <p>SINGLE STAGE NURSERYADVANTAGESLess handling of seedlings Transplanting shock is avoided Pre-nursery transplanting not required Pre-nursery infrastructure not required</p> <p>DISADVANTAGESRequire larger area High cost of watering Danger with failure when not properly watered Require supervision over a larger area</p> <p>DOUBLE STAGE NURSERYADVANTAGESRequire small initial cost for pre-nursery Less irrigation water required Upkeep &amp; supervision is easier Lower maintenance cost Culling can be done early Allow flexibility Doubletons can be split</p> <p>DISADVANTAGESMore handling of seedlings Risk of transplanting shock Susceptible to pests &amp; diseases</p> <p>NURSERY STANDBased on 3 x 3 triangle planting</p> <p>1 acre = 5,000 seedlingsor 1 ha = 12,500 seedlings</p> <p>SEEDS REQUIREMENT1. 210 seeds/ha 210</p> <p>2. 10% culling at Pre Nursery3. 15% culling at Main Nursery</p> <p>- 21- 31 52</p> <p>Total Available</p> <p>158</p> <p>GERMINATED SEEDS</p> <p>Plumule</p> <p>Radical</p> <p>NURSERY BEDS</p> <p>5-6m</p> <p>1.2 m</p> <p>PLANTING SEEDS</p> <p>3 MONTHS OLD SEEDLINGS</p> <p>Preparation Work on Main Nursery1. Filling soil in 15 x 18 polybags 2. Lining &amp; Stacking (3ft x 3ft x 3ft) 3. Soil topping</p> <p>Suitable Soil for Nursery Use1) Sandy clay loam to Clay loam 2) For heavy Clay soil mix with river sand, ratio 1:3</p> <p>TRANSPLANT</p> <p>CORER</p> <p>CORING</p> <p>AFTER CORING</p> <p>15cm</p> <p>MYCORRHIZA APPLICATION</p> <p>MYCORRHIZA ( After covered with soil )</p> <p>SLOW RELEASE FERTILISER</p> <p>SLOW RELEASE FERTILISER</p> <p>OPEN POLYBAG</p> <p>PLANT &amp; COMPACT soil</p> <p>MULCHING</p> <p>MULCHING</p> <p>TRANSPLANTED SEEDLING</p> <p>WATER REQUIREMENT7 8 mm rain / day 1.5 Liters/day</p> <p>WATERING SYSTEM</p> <p>SUMISANSUI</p> <p>OVERHEAD SPRINKLER</p> <p>SUMISHOWER</p> <p>WEEDING</p> <p>1. In the bag 2. On the ground</p> <p>- Manual - Chemical Spraying</p> <p>1) In the bag - Manual</p> <p>2) On the ground - Chemical Spraying</p> <p>PEST &amp; DISEASES</p> <p>PEST</p> <p>Rhinoceros Beetle</p> <p>DISEASES</p> <p>ANTHRACNOSE</p> <p>DISEASES</p> <p>LEAF ROT Corticium sp.</p> <p>DISEASES</p> <p>LEAF SPOTCurvularia sp.</p> <p>OTHER DISORDERS</p> <p>FERTILISERS SCORCH</p> <p>OTHER DISORDERS</p> <p>FERTILISER SCORCH</p> <p>OTHER DISORDERS</p> <p>HERBICIDE SCORCH</p> <p>OTHER DISORDERS</p> <p>SUN SCORCH</p> <p>OIL PALM NURSERY RUNTS &amp; ROGUES</p> <p>PRENURSERY (3-4 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)</p> <p>PRENURSERY (3-4 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)</p> <p>PRENURSERY (3-4 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)</p> <p>PRENURSERY (3-4 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)</p> <p>PRENURSERY (3-4 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)</p> <p>MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)</p> <p>MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)</p> <p>MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)</p> <p>MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)1) ERECT HABIT2) FUSED TIPS 3) STUNTED HABIT</p> <p>4) BRUSH-LIKE HABIT</p> <p>MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)</p> <p>MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)</p> <p>MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)</p> <p>MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)</p> <p>MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)</p> <p>MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)</p> <p>MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)</p> <p>MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)</p> <p>MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)</p> <p>MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)</p> <p>EFFECT OF PLANTING RUNTS &amp; ROGUES</p> <p>ROGUES PLANTED IN THE FIELD</p> <p>ROGUES PLANTED IN THE FIELD</p> <p>RUNTS PLANTED IN THE FIELD</p> <p>RUNTS PLANTED IN THE FIELD</p> <p>RUNTS AND ROGUES REMOVED IN THE FIELD</p> <p>Result of Planting Runts in Field</p> <p>No Bunches</p> <p>Erect</p> <p>Planted In The Field Nursery StageFurther Waste Of Fertiliser!</p> <p>REVENUE LOSS WHEN PLANTING RUNTS &amp; ROGUESRunts &amp; Rogues ( %) 0 1 3 5 7</p> <p>FFB Ton/Ha25.00 24.75 24.25 23.75 23.25</p> <p>CPO OER Oil/Ha Price (%) (RM) 20 20 20 20 20 5.00 4.95 4.85 4.75 4.65 1,800 1,800 1,800 1,800 1,800</p> <p>Total Revenue Revenue Loss (RM) (RM/Ha) 9,000 8,910 8,730 8,550 8,370 0 -90 -270 -450 -630</p> <p>10</p> <p>22.50</p> <p>20</p> <p>4.50</p> <p>1300</p> <p>5,850</p> <p>-650</p> <p>Cost per seedling (After Culling)</p> <p>Cost per seedling (RM)(Excluding Capital Cost)</p> <p>Pre- NurseryGerminated seeds Polybag (6 x 9) Manuring Watering Pest &amp; Diseases Soil &amp; Bag Filling Planting Weeding Transfer Bag Sub Total : : : : : : : : : : 1.05 0.02 0.07 0.01 0.02 0.06 0.02 0.05 0.02 1.32</p> <p>Cost per seedling (RM)(Excluding Capital Cost)</p> <p>Main NurseryPolybag (15 x 20) Transfer &amp; Transport Filling &amp; Topping Soil Stacking/Lining Mulching Watering Manuring Weeding Pest &amp; Diseases Transplanting Culling Sub Total GRAND TOTAL : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 0.15 0.10 0.20 0.09 0.16 0.03 0.08 0.39 0.50 0.18 0.09 0.01 1.98 3.30</p> <p>Culling Rate Pre-nursery : 5 7 % Main nursery : 18 23 % Total : 23 30 %</p> <p>MPOB CERTIFICATION</p> <p>Conclusion Look after the seedlings as though they are your babies. Choose the best of these seedlings to give the best yield. The future of your Estate or Company depends on your action and decision. Remember you are a stakeholder. So, act wisely!</p> <p>THANK YOU</p>