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MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR ESTABLISHING A GOOD NURSERY

INTRODUCTION

Why nursery plays an important part in estate management ?

CRITERIAS FOR SETTING UP NEW NURSERY1. Area should not be on hilly slopes Best on flat or gentle sloping area 2. Area should not be flood prone 3. Reliable clean source of water 4. Close to source of suitable quality soil 5. Easy accessibility

OP NURSERY LAYOUTLEGEND 1) Pre nursery 2) Main nursery 3) Pump house 4) Store 5) Entrance 6) 6 piping 7) 4 piping 8) 2 piping 9) FencingA

B

C

D E G F

Total Ha : 12 Total Capacity : 150000 seedlings

CAMBERED

SINGLE STAGE NURSERYADVANTAGESLess handling of seedlings Transplanting shock is avoided Pre-nursery transplanting not required Pre-nursery infrastructure not required

DISADVANTAGESRequire larger area High cost of watering Danger with failure when not properly watered Require supervision over a larger area

DOUBLE STAGE NURSERYADVANTAGESRequire small initial cost for pre-nursery Less irrigation water required Upkeep & supervision is easier Lower maintenance cost Culling can be done early Allow flexibility Doubletons can be split

DISADVANTAGESMore handling of seedlings Risk of transplanting shock Susceptible to pests & diseases

NURSERY STANDBased on 3 x 3 triangle planting

1 acre = 5,000 seedlingsor 1 ha = 12,500 seedlings

SEEDS REQUIREMENT1. 210 seeds/ha 210

2. 10% culling at Pre Nursery3. 15% culling at Main Nursery

- 21- 31 52

Total Available

158

GERMINATED SEEDS

Plumule

Radical

NURSERY BEDS

5-6m

1.2 m

PLANTING SEEDS

3 MONTHS OLD SEEDLINGS

Preparation Work on Main Nursery1. Filling soil in 15 x 18 polybags 2. Lining & Stacking (3ft x 3ft x 3ft) 3. Soil topping

Suitable Soil for Nursery Use1) Sandy clay loam to Clay loam 2) For heavy Clay soil mix with river sand, ratio 1:3

TRANSPLANT

CORER

CORING

AFTER CORING

15cm

MYCORRHIZA APPLICATION

MYCORRHIZA ( After covered with soil )

SLOW RELEASE FERTILISER

SLOW RELEASE FERTILISER

OPEN POLYBAG

PLANT & COMPACT soil

MULCHING

MULCHING

TRANSPLANTED SEEDLING

WATER REQUIREMENT7 8 mm rain / day 1.5 Liters/day

WATERING SYSTEM

SUMISANSUI

OVERHEAD SPRINKLER

SUMISHOWER

WEEDING

1. In the bag 2. On the ground

- Manual - Chemical Spraying

1) In the bag - Manual

2) On the ground - Chemical Spraying

PEST & DISEASES

PEST

Rhinoceros Beetle

DISEASES

ANTHRACNOSE

DISEASES

LEAF ROT Corticium sp.

DISEASES

LEAF SPOTCurvularia sp.

OTHER DISORDERS

FERTILISERS SCORCH

OTHER DISORDERS

FERTILISER SCORCH

OTHER DISORDERS

HERBICIDE SCORCH

OTHER DISORDERS

SUN SCORCH

OIL PALM NURSERY RUNTS & ROGUES

PRENURSERY (3-4 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)

PRENURSERY (3-4 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)

PRENURSERY (3-4 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)

PRENURSERY (3-4 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)

PRENURSERY (3-4 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)

MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)

MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)

MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)

MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)1) ERECT HABIT2) FUSED TIPS 3) STUNTED HABIT

4) BRUSH-LIKE HABIT

MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)

MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)

MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)

MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)

MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)

MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)

MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)

MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)

MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)

MAIN NURSERY (12 MONTHS FROM PLANTING)

EFFECT OF PLANTING RUNTS & ROGUES

ROGUES PLANTED IN THE FIELD

ROGUES PLANTED IN THE FIELD

RUNTS PLANTED IN THE FIELD

RUNTS PLANTED IN THE FIELD

RUNTS AND ROGUES REMOVED IN THE FIELD

Result of Planting Runts in Field

No Bunches

Erect

Planted In The Field Nursery StageFurther Waste Of Fertiliser!

REVENUE LOSS WHEN PLANTING RUNTS & ROGUESRunts & Rogues ( %) 0 1 3 5 7

FFB Ton/Ha25.00 24.75 24.25 23.75 23.25

CPO OER Oil/Ha Price (%) (RM) 20 20 20 20 20 5.00 4.95 4.85 4.75 4.65 1,800 1,800 1,800 1,800 1,800

Total Revenue Revenue Loss (RM) (RM/Ha) 9,000 8,910 8,730 8,550 8,370 0 -90 -270 -450 -630

10

22.50

20

4.50

1300

5,850

-650

Cost per seedling (After Culling)

Cost per seedling (RM)(Excluding Capital Cost)

Pre- NurseryGerminated seeds Polybag (6 x 9) Manuring Watering Pest & Diseases Soil & Bag Filling Planting Weeding Transfer Bag Sub Total : : : : : : : : : : 1.05 0.02 0.07 0.01 0.02 0.06 0.02 0.05 0.02 1.32

Cost per seedling (RM)(Excluding Capital Cost)

Main NurseryPolybag (15 x 20) Transfer & Transport Filling & Topping Soil Stacking/Lining Mulching Watering Manuring Weeding Pest & Diseases Transplanting Culling Sub Total GRAND TOTAL : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 0.15 0.10 0.20 0.09 0.16 0.03 0.08 0.39 0.50 0.18 0.09 0.01 1.98 3.30

Culling Rate Pre-nursery : 5 7 % Main nursery : 18 23 % Total : 23 30 %

MPOB CERTIFICATION

Conclusion Look after the seedlings as though they are your babies. Choose the best of these seedlings to give the best yield. The future of your Estate or Company depends on your action and decision. Remember you are a stakeholder. So, act wisely!

THANK YOU