nsse:retrospectiveandprospective george kuh scsu nsse users conference october 19, 2006

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  • NSSE:Retrospective and Prospective

    George KuhSCSU NSSE Users ConferenceOctober 19, 2006

  • OverviewWhy student engagement mattersWhat weve learnedUsing NSSE dataCurrent activities

  • We value what we measure

    Wise decisions are needed about what to measure in the context of campus mission, values, and desired outcomes.

  • What Really Matters in College: Student EngagementBecause individual effort and involvement are the critical determinants of impact, institutions should focus on the ways they can shape their academic, interpersonal, and extracurricular offerings to encourage student engagement. Pascarella & Terenzini, How College Affects Students, 2005, p. 602

  • Foundations of Student EngagementTime on task (Tyler, 1930s)Quality of effort (Pace, 1960-70s)Student involvement (Astin, 1984)Social, academic integration (Tinto,1987, 1993)Good practices in undergraduate education (Chickering & Gamson, 1987)College impact (Pascarella, 1985)Student engagement (Kuh, 1991, 2005)

  • Good Practices in Undergraduate Education (Chickering & Gamson, 1987; Pascarella & Terenzini, 2005)Student-faculty contactActive learningPrompt feedbackTime on taskHigh expectationsExperiences with diversityCooperation among students

  • The Student Engagement TrinityWhat students do -- time and energy devoted to educationally purposeful activitiesWhat institutions do -- using effective educational practices to induce students to do the right thingsEducationally effective institutions channel student energy toward the right activities

  • National Survey of Student Engagement(pronounced nessie)

    Community College Survey of Student Engagement(pronounced cessie)College student surveys that assess the extent to which students engage in educational practices associated with high levels of learning and development

  • NSSEs Survey InstrumentThe College Student ReportStudent Behaviors Institutional Actions & RequirementsReactions to CollegeStudent BackgroundInformationStudent Learning & Development

  • Effective Educational PracticesLevel of Academic ChallengeActive & Collaborative LearningEnrichingEducational ExperiencesSupportiveCampusEnvironmentStudentFaculty Interaction

  • Documenting Good PracticeInstitutional ImprovementPublic Advocacy

    NSSE Core Purposes

  • NSSE Evolution

    YearColleges & Universities20002762001321 2002366 2003437 200447320055302006557

  • NSSE 2006 Participating Colleges and Universities

  • NSSE Project Scope

    1,000,000+ students from 1,000+ different schools 80% of 4-yr U.S. undergraduate FTE 50 states, Puerto Rico, Canada70+ consortia

  • State & University Consortia

    California State U U of New Hampshire CUNY New JerseyConnecticutU of North CarolinaGeorgiaNorth Dakota U of HawaiiOntario (CA)Indiana USouth DakotaKentuckyTennesseeMarylandTexas A&M U of MassachusettsU of TexasU of MissouriU of Wisconsin West Virginia

  • Customized Institutional ReportOverviewInstitutional dataMeans and frequencies1st year students and seniorsComparisons by peers, Carnegie, nationalNational benchmarks Data use tipsCD with raw data, etc.And more!

  • What have welearned so far?

  • Student Success Quiz

    What percent of first-year high school students complete college six years after high school graduation? (a) 18% (b) 27% (c) 40% (d) 68% (e) none of the abovea. 18% (participation rate) or e. none of the above

  • Student Success Quiz

    What percent of high school seniors have college-level reading skills? (a) 51% (b) 59% (c) 68% (d) 77% (e) none of the abovea. 51% (ACT, 2006)

  • Student Success Quiz

    True or false:About $300 million is spent annually on postsecondary remediation coursework.

    False. $1-2 billion

  • Student Success Quiz

    True or false:

    25% of first-year first-time frosh at two-year colleges are required to take one or more remedial courses in college.

    False. 60%

  • Student Success Quiz

    What percent of students who take at least one remedial course in reading do not earn a certificate or degree within 8 years of first enrollment?

    (a) 18% (b) 33% (c) 43% (d) 61% (e) 70%e. 70%

  • Grades, persistence, student satisfaction, and engagement go hand in hand

  • NSSE & Graduation Rates*All correlations are significant at p
  • Behold the compensatory effects of engagement

  • Does institutional size matter to engagement?

    Yes, size matters.Smaller is generally better.

  • Benchmark Scores for All Students by Undergraduate Enrollment

    Chart1

    53.81161780948.466105874941.632569320550.905810247363.5671937269

    54.101712954548.716375014139.840574753448.847670900563.3940156311

    53.152049501147.580688459538.010630915949.61776811260.4843043212

    53.101585350746.48910594236.974157608946.479402730259.9890351738

    51.804399020745.355712214836.095409307746.725517577761.1888385996

    53.562090794947.14937000136.181314830547.419813455760.3912580188

    50.703603281545.072368380234.133288231641.751983662756.9662515935

    50.0350458444.081639803433.548943196343.044995753354.7833956339

    49.264981571443.021628204831.972258496342.359354227953.3411577967

    48.33269311742.270725770430.615659332942.055098789952.5468018838

    49.107183339941.317290905830.914545368843.758803098752.0324676344

    49.533038275142.823545729830.672135645445.095752937851.289966531

    49.887396126341.037562038929.433596115746.267658099956.105265897

    Level of Academic Challenge

    Active and Collaborative Learning

    Student Interactions with Faculty Members

    Enriching Educational Experiences

    Supportive Campus Environment

    Enrollment Intervals

    Benchmark Scores for All Students by Undergraduate Enrollment Intervals

    EKG

    IPEDSUHEADSCHALL9ACTIV9STUFAC9EDEXP9CSUPENV9

    20196418650.749.241.144.264.7

    19227121547.045.135.440.858.2

    10154130547.647.241.850.569.3

    10266936155.856.145.055.361.9

    19880846450.348.543.347.264.7

    14132547760.553.543.959.258.3

    16157252349.049.338.839.558.7

    10755853453.447.840.348.067.8

    20100761164.755.349.470.865.3

    14950561853.242.635.541.062.6

    14229467156.849.545.754.963.2

    23735868350.646.343.544.560.4

    15327869746.947.138.341.954.0

    23330173259.346.244.859.269.3

    23371875859.450.144.459.764.8

    15267379362.550.343.967.874.4

    15468879751.749.641.649.660.9

    23951287550.649.543.149.458.2

    13939388454.742.734.654.367.8

    19960788755.051.245.057.865.5

    19285589855.350.741.952.761.8

    14849691353.243.438.547.265.7

    14537295553.948.338.548.266.4

    23225696257.247.047.652.761.5

    19930696346.945.042.946.862.7

    14633999353.348.933.740.564.5

    156408100162.150.747.358.167.2

    150455102558.143.435.660.165.7

    181127103055.551.945.247.366.1

    102270103551.150.643.849.556.0

    162654108559.151.044.657.555.7

    180984108850.546.536.440.166.2

    196103110354.850.537.649.059.5

    167598111159.655.343.253.364.9

    218539111853.148.344.051.168.8

    146481117156.547.345.254.161.1

    239390117452.048.735.539.161.7

    206349117754.651.236.040.762.9

    239017117959.746.242.758.766.3

    213251120456.650.443.449.866.3

    180106120554.151.438.642.262.8

    143118121050.846.737.538.258.2

    210775121448.244.933.540.658.2

    216694122446.547.635.942.756.4

    155520122947.950.340.444.074.1

    215798123852.746.941.244.461.2

    156213125849.742.437.649.472.8

    217934127859.053.044.859.165.7

    221519129461.246.747.758.068.9

    238333129659.651.142.761.464.8

    197911130354.151.446.448.861.1

    107141132554.746.938.951.471.8

    204680133145.836.528.939.458.2

    130183133450.843.731.230.457.4

    228981134453.349.442.948.464.8

    165936134855.042.634.648.965.4

    174899138352.753.438.947.560.0

    191676141153.443.333.651.566.1

    234173143653.746.538.843.462.5

    133492144359.058.444.363.662.2

    409698144352.656.337.258.259.2

    225548144947.946.337.442.965.7

    238661145150.747.439.244.257.9

    215743147557.450.143.249.461.0

    152318148356.054.638.048.567.8

    179955151856.650.242.650.562.0

    154527152851.951.037.152.963.6

    120254155158.450.342.962.163.7

    139199156749.950.438.046.657.9

    190983157653.245.738.047.658.5

    229018161149.743.434.138.656.5

    219000163352.445.536.151.063.0

    212133164350.549.236.251.361.2

    176479164549.351.139.541.862.1

    211468167752.445.637.646.460.2

    194541169352.344.626.540.050.4

    177551169946.148.433.740.057.8

    233426170154.148.342.650.164.7

    181446170951.749.439.950.262.8

    213826171049.243.334.544.156.7

    206589171458.645.142.362.763.0

    216278172555.250.740.455.264.0

    206507174347.144.238.943.565.2

    173902177458.147.636.363.359.4

    217493178658.151.936.250.152.3

    128902180857.745.838.559.661.5

    212577184360.047.342.854.660.6

    147828187452.548.738.448.466.5

    204909189352.341.439.654.360.7

    204185190450.747.637.249.060.3

    195216192158.351.444.751.362.8

    227377192248.540.831.636.158.5

    141060193758.652.740.353.962.0

    139764199648.144.136.841.656.8

    147244199753.351.637.251.959.9

    183822201053.347.336.645.062.2

    216524202155.346.841.151.258.0

    202523202560.751.245.455.859.7

    121309202753.449.040.148.364.5

    231059204556.546.137.750.062.8

    179043204952.152.341.444.062.7

    212984205750.344.630.537.456.2

    126182215346.739.529.048.755.6

    192864216152.542.133.246.253.8

    228802216748.9