NOAA KEEPING PACE WITH OUR CHANGING WORLD Vice Admiral Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Jr., U.S. Navy (Ret.) Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere

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<ul><li><p>NOAA KEEPING PACE WITH OUR CHANGING WORLD Vice Admiral Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Jr., U.S. Navy (Ret.)Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere NOAA Administrator August 9, 200523rd Meeting of the NOAA Science Advisory BoardSeattle, Washington</p><p>Science Advisory Board Public Session</p></li><li><p>Sab Public Session WelcomeCurrent environmentFY06 BudgetNew LeadershipSABNew Working GroupsHurricane Intensity Research Working GroupOcean Exploration Advisory Working GroupGEOSS UpdatesNOAA Happenings</p><p>Science Advisory Board Public Session</p></li><li><p>Budget OutlookHistorical NOAA Budget Trends($ in Billions)Senate MarkHouse Mark$4.5$3.4</p><p>Science Advisory Board Public Session</p></li><li><p>Leadership Changes in DOC and NOAADeputy Secretary Dr. David SampsonDr. James R. Mahoney (Assistant Secretary) retiringDr. Colleen Hartman (NESDIS DAA) to NASADr. Marie Colton (NESDIS Director of Research and Applications) to NOS Technical DirectorDr. Rebecca Lent (NMFS DAA) to head NMFS International AffairsReplaced by Dr. Jim BalsigerDr. Mike Sissenwine (NMFS Director of Scientific Programs) retiredReplaced by Dr. Steve MurawskiRollie Schmitten (NMFS Habitat Director, IWC) retiredActing Dr. Garry MayerDr. David Sampson</p><p>Science Advisory Board Public Session</p></li><li><p>New SAB Working GroupsHurricane Intensity Research Working GroupA independent review of NOAAs hurricane intensity research, development, and transition to operationsNOAA seeks advice to help answer fundamental questions on the dynamics and behavior of hurricanes that will lead to significant improvements in forecasting and service to the Nation. First Meeting: September 1-2, 2005</p><p>Science Advisory Board Public Session</p></li><li><p>New SAB Working GroupsOcean Exploration Advisory Working GroupA standing subcommittee of the Science Advisory Board to provide NOAA with guidance on:General priorities for ocean exploration Advice concerning emerging ocean exploration-relevant technologies. </p><p>Science Advisory Board Public Session</p></li><li><p>GEOSS: An Integrated System</p><p>Science Advisory Board Public Session</p></li><li><p>Recent GEO HighlightsOutreach in Europeas Co-chair of GEOGEO I WMO headquarters, May 2-3, 2005 GEO agreed to 12 member Executive CommitteeTsunami Update from IOCGEO II - December 2005Continuing the Dialogue in the U.S.Public Engagement WorkshopWashington, DC, May 9-10+400 attendees from all sectorsDiscussion of Societal Benefit Areas &amp; Near Term Opportunities Integration FrameworksData ManagementGEO Director selected: Jos Achache</p><p>Science Advisory Board Public Session</p></li><li><p>NOAA HappeningsLeadership</p><p>Science Advisory Board Public Session</p></li><li><p>NOAA Happenings NOAA VesselsJuly 8, 2005 Henry B. Bigelow christened in Moss Point, MS and scheduled to be deployed late 2006 in the NortheastJuly 7, 2005Construction began on FSV3May 28, 2005 OSCAR DYSON was commissionedThese are significant milestones in the modernization of the NOAA FleetHenry B. BigelowPhoto by NOAA</p><p>Science Advisory Board Public Session</p></li><li><p>New England Harmful Algal BloomNOAA supportMonitoringFunding from NOS for sampling Research Seafood Inspection ProgramReal time tracking of the bloom$540,000 to WHOICommercial Fishery Failure DeterminationsFederal Waters closed, sampling underway with FDA and industry partnersState waters reopening, possible new wave of cells in MENOAA coordination, HAB program Public visibility, link to observationsCredit: Dr. Don Anderson</p><p>Science Advisory Board Public Session</p></li><li><p>NOAA HappeningsSatellite LaunchesSuccessful launch of the NOAA-18 polar-orbiting satellite on May 20 from Vandenberg Air Force Base. GOES-N geostationary satellite launch was delayed due to issues with the Boeing launcher, scheduled now for July 28 from Kennedy Space Center.Revised Scope and Schedule of the Climate Change Strategic Plan Synthesis and Assessment Products NOAA has the lead of 7 on the 21 and contributes to 11 others</p><p>Science Advisory Board Public Session</p></li><li><p>NOAA HappeningsDiscussed During SAB MeetingNOAAs Aquaculture Legislation Research Review Team Tsunami Program Shared Salmon Strategy Ecosystem Approach to Management</p><p>Science Advisory Board Public Session</p></li><li><p>NOAAWhere Science Gains Value</p><p>Science Advisory Board Public Session</p><p>The Science Advisory Board is an important partner in NOAAs commitment to providing science-based policies. </p><p>I know that you have a full agenda of NOAA updates, but I want to take this opportunity to add my thoughts in a few key areas. Ill start by highlighting the Budget for FY 06 and addressing some recent leadership changes within the Department of Commerce and NOAA. </p><p>Then, Ill talk briefly about 2 new SAB working groups and GEOSS. I anticipate all these will influence the future of research, operations, and management. </p><p>Money isnt everything, but in Washington it tells you a lot.</p><p>We continue to make progress in both budget cycles</p><p>FY 06 Presidents Budget is a $205M or a 6% increase over the FY 05 request</p><p>Upward trend is a reflection of support within the Administration and Congress</p><p>Changes in DOC and NOAA leadershipYouve heard updates yesterday on 2 SAB working groups that are already underway, addressing NOAA Ecosystem science and research and NOAA Climate research. Two new working groups, on hurricane intensity research and ocean exploration, have just begun.</p><p>Hurricane Intensity Research Working GroupIssue BackgroundNOAA has achieved advances in hurricane track forecasting through research. Improvements in intensity forecasts is a much more difficult problem, as it requires an understanding and simulation of the crucial physical and dynamical processes that determine the inner core structure and interactions with the environment. Significant improvements in the simulation and forecasting of hurricane intensity would represent a great leap in our ability to protect life and property from hurricanes.</p><p>Charge to the Working GroupConduct an independent review of NOAAs hurricane intensity research, development, and transition to operations. Address NOAAs approach to its research and development efforts in support of improved observations, numerical modeling and operational warnings and forecasts. NOAA seeks advice to help answer fundamental questions on the dynamics and behavior of hurricanes that will lead to significant improvements in forecasting and service to the Nation. This review is to include NOAAs working arrangements with other Federal agencies and the academic community, and the level of effort and resources devoted to this work currently and planned.Ocean Exploration Advisory Working GroupIssue BackgroundThe Ocean Exploration program represents NOAAs response to the 2000 Report of the Presidents Panel on Ocean Exploration. Accomplishment of the OE programs goals will result in important, and likely critical, new ocean knowledge and will help enable NOAA to respond to emerging ocean-related issues and missions. The results of ocean exploration and discoveries will lead to subsequent systematic research, monitoring, and development of management strategies.</p><p>Charge to the Working GroupA standing subcommittee of the NOAA Science Advisory BoardProvide NOAA with timely and expert guidance and oversight on:(1) general priorities for ocean exploration, including geographic areas of interest as well as subject matter topics, and (2) advice concerning emerging ocean exploration-relevant technologies. Organize and conduct periodic reviews, including a peer review of the program, every 3 years, to assess program accomplishments and provide guidance and perspective for the programs future. </p><p>MembershipMembers will be selected from a wide range of disciplines, including:Physical, chemical, biological, and geological oceanography, Social sciences, Ocean engineering, technology, and/or operationsMarine Archaeology</p><p>I know you are all familiar with GEOSS, and we have discussed it many times. </p><p>Id like to take a few moments now to bring you up to date on some recent developments.</p><p>The U.S. approach toward taking observations has never really focused on integration of the data, for short or long term purposes. GEOSS attempts to do that on an International scale. </p><p>A milestone in GEO progress was the selection of its director in June. Jose Achache is the former head of Earth observations at the European Space Agency and has partnered with NOAA for years. He will bring a strong vision and work ethic to the position.</p><p>I just returned from a busy trip to Europe where I had bilateral meetings with our counterpart agencies in France and Norway. In my capacity as GEO co-chair, I also addressed several groups on Earth observations: the International Symposium for Remote Sensing and Environment, the World Meteorological Organization, the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, and the Institute of Electronic and Electrical Engineers. Each of these groups had chosen to focus on GEO. These opportunities permitted me to address thousands of international participants remote sensing and information technology experts, meteorologists, oceanographers on the benefits of Earth observations to society, and how international cooperation can help make them a reality.Since we met in March 2005 and in addition to GEO, NOAA has been actively engaged in numerous activities. You have heard about some of these yesterday and will here about more today. Thus, let me introduce a few happenings and review a few other happenings.</p><p>This is just a sample of some of the domestic and international organizations that NOAA are involved in:</p><p>Discuss Ocean Action Plan in the context of JSOST, SIMOR, CENR, and IOOSWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) Jack KellyIntergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) Rick SpinradGroup on Earth Observations (GEO) - VADMInternational Whaling Commission (IWC) - HogarthInternational Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) - HogarthSecond of four planned Fisheries Survey VesselsThursday, July 7, construction began on FSV3May 28, 2005, the first FSV, OSCAR DYSON, was commissioned These are significant milestones in the modernization of the NOAA FleetHENRY B. BIGELOW is scheduled to be placed into operation in the Northeast in late 2006After calibration, it will replace the ALBATROSS IVFirst ship named by a regional contest won by students from Winnacunnet High School in New Hampshire</p><p>On June 9th, Governor Mitt Romney declared a state of emergency for the state waters off of the coast of Massachusetts that prohibited shellfish from being landed in Massachusetts ports. </p><p>On June 10th, DOC/NOAA received two letters. One letter was from the FDA on behalf of the Secretary of HHS requesting that NMFS enact (publish) an emergency rule closing federal waters off of the coasts of Massachusetts and NH to the harvest of shellfish (except scallops shucked at sea). The state closure only applied to shellfish harvested in state waters. The second letter was from Governor Mitt Romney requesting that NMFS determine whether a commercial fishery failure had occurred for the commercial shellfish fishery. This declaration would allow money to be appropriated from Congress.</p><p>On June 14th, DOC/NOAA received a letter from Governor David Baldacci requesting that requesting that NMFS determine whether a commercial fishery failure had occurred for the commercial shellfish fishery in the state of ME. </p><p>DOC determined on June 16th that a commercial fishery failure had occurred in MA and made the same determination for ME on June 22.</p><p>NMFS published an emergency rule closing the federal waters to the harvest of shellfish on June 16th (filed and effective on June 14th). This is in effect until September, or earlier if sampling indicates that the level of toxin has decreased to safe levels. Sampling of the federal closed area is currently underway with FDA and industry partners.</p><p>Recent sampling indicates the bloom has dissipated within Massachusetts Bay but is still present in offshore waters to the east. There is evidence that cysts, the dormant form of the cells causing the bloom, are being deposited within the federal closed area. This could be the source of future blooms. Previously suspected threats to nearshore shellfish beds in Rhode Island, Long Island and Connecticut also seem to be reduced. State waters have been slowly reopening in Massachusetts and Maine. Indications are that more shellfish beds will be re-opened in Massachusetts Bay, along the north shore of Massachusetts and in western Maine over the next week or two. Evidence indicates that a new wave of the cells causing the blooms may be forming offshore of the northeast coast of Maine. It is too soon to tell the extent or severity of this new wave. Sampling of bivalves in the federal closed area has begun in cooperation with the Food and Drug Administration and the fishing industry.</p><p>There are a few things to take away from this event. It has highlighted that NOAA needs to work on coordination of our piecemeal efforts and develop one HAB program. This is currently underway. It also created a lot of public visibility. NOAA needs to take advantage of this and educate the public on terminology (red tide vs. HAB) and use it as platform to discuss earth observations.</p><p>ANIMATION: Courtesy of Dr. Don Anderson (WHOI), demonstrating the different paths the water and cells take depending on which direction the wind is blowing. A northeasterly wind (left hand panel), which we saw with storms this spring, pushes the water into Cape Cod Bay. This is the path that the current bloom took as it moved from ME to MA. On the right hand side, you can see a more typical situation with southwesterly winds which pushes the water and cells off of the coast.And continuing with more NOAA Happenings:</p><p>Satellite launches</p><p>Revised Scope and Schedule of the CCSP Synthesis and Assessment Products - This revised schedule was transmitted to Congress by the VADM (who referenced a letter from Dr. Mahoney) on July 15. </p><p>All these topics have been or will be discussed in separate talks during this SAB meeting NOAAs Aquaculture Legislation (agenda)Research Review Team (agenda)Tsunami Program (agenda)Shared Salmon Strategy (agenda)Ecosystem Approach to Management (agenda)</p><p>Science is at the crux of NOAAs mission. Thank you for your role as science advisors in furthering this. </p><p>And now I look forward to a full day of presentations on critical issues to NOAA and the Pacific Northwest region. </p></li></ul>