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MUNICIPALITY OF MEXICO PROVINCE OF PAMPANGA

COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF MEXICO

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Contents:Historical Background Physical Characteristics Population Characteristics Economic Characteristics Social Characteristics Infrastructure Characteristics Local Administration Characteristics Development Goals and Framework Development Strategy Economic Development Plan Social Development Plan Infrastructure Development Plan Local Administration Development Plan Land Use Plan Annex

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HISTORICAL BACKGROUND The town of Masicu which might have derived its name from an exotic fruit tree called Sicu or Chico or as other historians wrote that it was named so because of the great abundance of water within the settlement, is situated on the eastern side of the capital city of San Fernando. Masicu used to include in its geographical jurisdiction some areas of San Fernando and Angeles before these metropolitan areas were organized as independent cities. The Spaniards romanticized the towns name to Mexico. Some people say that the difficulty of Spaniards in pronouncing its original name and their familiarity with the country of Mexico might have been the reason for renaming it as Mexico. Other people believe that the assignment of Catholic priests and soldiers from Mexico during the Spanish occupation of the Philippines might be responsible for renaming the town in honor of their beloved home country. When water transportation was still the primary means of travelling, the town of Mexico had a river port for passenger and cargo ships. It was then the primary trading center in Eastern Pampanga. The construction of good roads and railroads passing through San Fernando and Angeles diminished the commercial activities in Mexico. The town proper was transferred before the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution to its present location which is on the junction of the national road leading to the towns of Sta. Ana, Arayat and Candaba. One of many famous native sons of Mexico is General Rafael Maniago of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, a descendant of the valiant warlord Francisco Maniago who led the Kapampangans in revolting against Spain in 1660. This 17th century uprising was caused by the natural love of freedom of the Kapampangan, the frequent recruitment of Kapampangan men to cut timber for the construction of Spanish galleons and hatred for the vandala meaning the sale by force of native products particularly rice to the Spanish authorities at prices and payments determined by the Spaniards. Franscisco Maniago and his troops were later pacified with the intercession of an Augustinian friar, Fr. Andres de Salazar who conferred with Governor General Lara who agreed to meet the demands of the Kapampangan people which

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included the general pardon to all rebels, payment of P14,000 to the Kapampangans as initial installment of the total government indebtedness amounting to P200,000 and the timber cutters were given time to attend to their domestic activities. Another Filipino hero who hailed from the town of Mexico was General Maximino Hizon who played an important role both during the Philippine Revolution against Spain and during the Filipino-American War. He served as supreme commander of all Filipino forces in Pampanga who fought the Spaniards and Americans.

Barangays of MexicoAcli Anao Balas Buenavista Camuning Cawayan Concepcion Culubasa Divisoria Dolores Eden Gandus Lagundi Laput Laug Masamat Masangsang Nueva Victoria Pandacaqui Pangatlan Panipuan Parian Sabanilla San Antonio San Carlos San Jose Malino San Jose Matulid San Juan San Lorenzo San Miguel San Nicolas San Pablo San Patricio San Rafael San Roque San Vicente Sta. Cruz Sta. Maria Sto. Domingo Sto. Rosario Sapang Maisac Suclaban Tangle

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The town of Mexico was not significantly damaged by the 1991 eruption of Mt. Pinatubo or by the annual flow of lahar in other towns. The good people of Mexico responded to the call of duty to care for calamity victims who lost their homes. Thousands of these people who lost their homes are now resettled in Mexico.

Chapter 1 PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS1.1 Location, Land Area and Composition 1.2 Topography 1.3 Soil 1.4 Natural Drainage 1.5 Flooding Incidence 1.6 Erosion Incidence 1.7 Mineral Resources 1.8 Land Use 1.9 Climate 1.10 Geology

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Chapter 2 POPULATION CHARACTERISTICSPopulation Characteristics

A. Population Projection by Barangay

Mexico Total 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Acli Anao Balas Buenavista Camuning Cawayan Concepcion Culubasa Divisoria Dolores Eden

2003 112392 1338 4261 2314 1129 2096 820 1826 3070 1580 1440 548

2004 114977 1369 4358 2367 1155 2144 839 1868 3141 1616 1473 560

2005 117506 1399 4454 2419 1180 2191 857 1909 3210 1652 1506 573

2010 129633 1544 4914 2669 1302 2417 946 2106 3541 1822 1661 632

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12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

Gandula Lagundi Laput Laug Masamat Masangsang Nueva Victoria Pandacaquil Pangattan Panipuan Parian Sabanilla San Antonio San Carlos San Jose Malino San Jose Matulid San Juan San Lorenzo San Miguel San Nicolas San Pablo San Patricio

609 3186 1894 2731 1160 2939 973 17888 2036 859 5843 1701 4951 3014 4612 3547 3199 2464 1456 2127 1894 3849

623 3259 1937 2794 1186 3007 996 18299 2083 879 5977 1740 5064 3083 4718 3629 3273 2520 1490 2175 1937 3937

637 3331 1980 2855 1212 3073 1017 18702 2129 898 6109 1779 5176 3151 4822 3709 3345 2576 1522 2223 1980 4024

703 3674 2184 3150 1337 3390 1122 20632 2348 991 6739 1962 5710 3476 5320 4091 3690 2842 1679 2453 2184 4439

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34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42

San Rafael San Roque San Vicente Sta. Cruz Sta. Maria Sto. Domingo Sapang Maisac Suclaban Tangle

1006 954 3385 1819 2195 2666 3405 830 962

1029 976 3463 1861 2246 2727 3483 849 984

1052 997 3539 1902 2295 2787 3560 8686 1006

1161 1100 3905 2098 2532 3075 3927 957 1110

Mexicos population growth rate is 2% per year,

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Chapter 3 ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS

3.1 Economic Structure Mexicos economy relative to the Philippine economic structure can be said to specialize in agriculture. Relative to the economic structure of Mexico province, the town similarly specializes in agriculture.

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3.2 Agriculture 3.2.1 Crop Production Table 3.1 Area, Production and Value of Production By Major Crops 1999

Area Major Crops (Heactares)

% to Total Agri. Land Devoted to Crop Prodn.

Production

Total (MT) 1. Rice Irrigated Non-irrigated 4,698.08 948.8 63.42 12.79 21,141.5 3,605

Value Production (P)

P 190,273,500 32,445,000

2. Yellow Corn Green Corn 3. Mongo 4. Camote

930 350 10 10.5

12.55 4.72 .13 .14

8.0 168

120,000 84,000

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5. Casava 6. Gabi 7. Fruit Vegetables 8. Mango TOTAL

5 32.5 37.5

0.06 .43 .50

600

4,200,000

385 7,407.38

5.19 99.93

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Among the major crops produced by the municipality, three of which contributes to the production and income for its agricultural sector as shown in Table 3.1. These are rice, corn and mango. Area devoted to rice is about 76.21 % while corn covers 17.27 %. For mango production, it covers 5.19 % of the total agricultural land area. Based from the table, rice has the highest total value production of P 222,718,500 for the year 1999. On the other hand, corn and mango had no recorded data for its value production.

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Table 3.2 Agricultural Facilities and Other Related Services City / Municipality of Mexico, Pampanga 1999

Agricultural Support Facilities: A. Irrigated Facilities

Facilities

Number

Service Area (has.)

Location

Agency

Total Funding (P)

1. NIA 2 Command 3. Pumps (Private) 4. SWIP 5. STW-DA 18 1,186 2 60 110 3,358 50 150

Source: DA Mexico, Pampanga

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Table3.2 Present and Projected Agricultural Production (In Metric Tons/Annum) Year 1999-2005

Agricultural Product Rice Yellow Corn Green Corn Mongo RootCrops Sweet potato Gabi Casava

1999 24,746.60 4,650.00 1,225.00 8.00

2000 25,984.00 4,882.50 1,286.00 10.00

2001 27,283.00 5,126.60 1,350.00 12.00

2002 28,647.15 5,382.93 1,417.50 12.60

2003 30,079.50 5,385.62 1,545.88 13.23

157.50 487.50 600.00

165.50 512.00 630.00

173.50 538.00 661.00

182.18 564.90 694.05

191.28 593.15 728.75

Mango Fruit Vegetables TOTAL Source: Municipality of Mexico, Pampanga

2,310.00 375.00 34,559.60

2,425.50 394.00 36,289.00

2,431.30 414.00 37,989.40

2,552.87 434.70 39,888.88

2,680.50 456.44 41,674.35

Table 3.2, Rice contributes most to the agricultural production of Mexico and will continuously contribute most to the production of crops.

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Table 3.3 Area Devoted to Agricultural Crop Production Municipality of Mexico

1997

Crops Rice Corn Others Total 1998

Area 5,808.76 1,150.0 896.7 7,855.46

% to Total Agricultural Crops Rice Corn Others Total Area 6,070.23 583.0 1,216.57 7,869.8 Land Devoted to Crop Production 4.3% .4% .9% 5.6%

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1999 % to Total Agricultural Crops Rice Area 5,646.88 Land Devoted to Crop Production 4.0%

Corn

930.0

.7%

Others

271.63

2%

Total

9,328.51

6.7%

There is a noticeable change in the land area devoted to crop production every year. Despite the annual change in land distribution, rice, however, remains the largest land area among the other crops.

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Table 3.4 Area and Value of Production By Major Crops Municipality of Mexico 1997 % To Tot