Memory Aids

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Provides an introduction to variety of strategies to help with memorization

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<ul><li>1.Memory and Study Aids Mack Gipson, Jr. Tutorial andEnrichment Center Gayla S. Keesee Education Specialist</li></ul> <p>2. Build Good Habits </p> <ul><li>Positive Thinking </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Build confidence; set goals </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Self-Management </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Be aware of how you learn </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Hierarchical Thinking </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Prioritizing &amp; organizing </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Creative &amp; Critical Thinking </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Problem-solving &amp; synthesizing </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Asking Questions </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Focus, Motivation, Active learning </li></ul></li></ul> <p>3. Complete the Learning Cycle </p> <ul><li>Memorizenew information, rules and concepts </li></ul> <ul><li>Assimilate and organizenew information</li></ul> <ul><li>Use informationto analyze, synthesize and problem-solve </li></ul> <ul><li>Incorporate informationinto evaluations, judgments and predictions </li></ul> <p>4. Memoryand Study Aids 5. Memory and Study Aids </p> <ul><li>Visual aids/word associations </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Drawings, Pictures, Models </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Graphic Organizers </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Diagrams and ChartsTables/Grids </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Flashcards </li></ul> <p>6. Visual Aids </p> <ul><li>Drawings, pictures, models </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Physically create visual elements </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Drawings or pictures of definitions </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Pictures of situations where the word would be used </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Draw crazy visual associations </li></ul></li></ul> <p>7. Word Associations </p> <ul><li>Faadefalse, superficial, or artificial appearance </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>FACEfalse face </li></ul></li></ul> <p>8. </p> <ul><li>Benignkindly, gentle </li></ul> <ul><li>Be + 9 </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>+ 9 </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <p>Word Associations 9. Visual Aids </p> <ul><li>Create agraphic organizerin which you answer the following questions </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>What is it?(Category) </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Other forms(Change part of speech) </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>What is it like?(Properties) </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>What are some examples?(Illustrations) </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Learning Styles: </li></ul> <ul><li>Writing (tactile) and reading (visual) </li></ul> <p>10. Cynic </p> <ul><li>What is it? noun, kind of person </li></ul> <ul><li>Other forms: adj.cynical</li></ul> <ul><li>adv.cynically </li></ul> <ul><li>nouncynicism </li></ul> <ul><li>What is it like? pessimistic, scornful, sneering, contemptuous, distrustful, sarcastic </li></ul> <ul><li>Examples: Someone who doesnt think democracy can be honest and efficient </li></ul> <ul><li>Someone who believes that human conduct is motivated solely by self-interest </li></ul> <p>11. Diagrams Charts </p> <ul><li>Table or grid possible headings</li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>Word Meaning </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>Part of speech </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>Word Structure </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>Roots, prefixes, suffixes </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>Number of syllables </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>Common Usage </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>Describes people </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>Describes places </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>Describes things </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <p>12. Categorization Grid Words to describe people TimidCynical Pessimistic Flippant Uncouth Malicious GarrulousMorose Obtuse Diligent Arrogant Pompous 13. Flashcards </p> <ul><li>Create flashcards to help you study </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Dont make too small </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>4x6 are best </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Carry them with you </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Review them often </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Break into small groups for easier learning </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Shuffle frequently so you dont learn a pattern </li></ul></li></ul> <p>14. FlashcardsAdvantages </p> <ul><li>Chunksinformationintosmaller categoriesto aid memory </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Nounspersons, places, things </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Verbsplural/singular or tenses </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Phrasescommon usage </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Use ofcolorsignalscategories </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>different colored cards </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>highlighters </li></ul></li></ul> <p>15. FlashcardsAdvantages</p> <ul><li>Use eitherwrittenorvisualinformation </li></ul> <ul><li>Easilyrearrangedandsorted </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Donotlearn the words in afixed order. </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Learnonly words need to remember . </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Can be used fordifferent purposes </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Listsof items </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Grammarrules </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Quiz prep questions/answers </li></ul></li></ul> <p>16. FlashcardsAdvantages</p> <ul><li>Sizeandportability </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>easy to carry </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>use forshort, frequent reviews </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>review in spare timethat is often wastedlike waiting in line or between classes. </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Physicallymovingandmanipulatingthecardsincorporatestactile learning </li></ul> <p>17. FlashcardsAdvantages </p> <ul><li>Writing downthematerialon cardsaidsyourmemoryin itself. </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>76 repetitionsof information to go intolong term memory </li></ul></li></ul> <p>18. One Way to Study </p> <ul><li>At least once a day , go through your pack of index cardsspend10-15 minuteseach time. </li></ul> <ul><li>Sortthe cards intotwo stacks those you know and those you do not know. </li></ul> <ul><li>Periodically review the entire set of wordsto keep them fresh in your mind. </li></ul> <p>19. When to Use Flashcards </p> <ul><li>Study your vocabulary for 10-15 minutes a day </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Riding the bus </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Riding in a car </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Before bed </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>When you get up in the morning </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Waiting in line</li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Doing your laundry </li></ul></li></ul> <p>20. What to Include: 21. Flashcards Conglomerate con-glom-er-it Def:an organization comprising two or more companies that produce unrelatedproducts.EX: Nichols company owns a shoe factory, vineyards in France, soft drink factories, and Sara Jane pastry . Front Back 22. Flashcards </p> <ul><li>DefinitionPicture </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Two-sided </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Word and picture on front side </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Context sentence on back side </li></ul></li></ul> <p>The diligent student worked hard on his homework. Diligent 23. Study Tips </p> <ul><li>Do your studying in relatively small chunks </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>45-60 minutes at a time </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Study vocabulary several times a day</li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>5-10 minutes at a time </li></ul></li></ul> <p>24. Study Tips </p> <ul><li>When studying, use as many senses as possible </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Speakingsay the word </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Listeninghear you or someone else</li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Writingphysically practice writing the words </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Readingwords in context </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Act-out the definitions </li></ul></li></ul> <p>25. Study Tips </p> <ul><li>Be an interactive learner </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Study with a friend </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Start a study group </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Make up sentences together </li></ul> <ul><li>Quiz each other</li></ul> <ul><li>Create crossword puzzles and exchange them </li></ul> <p>26. Study Tips </p> <ul><li>Be an active learner </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Say the words out loud </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Write the words </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Record words/definitions on a cassette and play over &amp; over </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Practice saying new words out loud </li></ul></li></ul> <p>27. Study Tips </p> <ul><li>Use new vocabulary </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Conversations </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Essays, reports </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Letters </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Notice when others use your vocabulary words </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>radio, TV </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>magazines, newspapers </li></ul></li></ul> <p>28. Study Tips </p> <ul><li>Dont refer to your vocabulary list as you do your homework</li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Review material before starting homework </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Work from memory </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Complete the entire exercise, then check your work </li></ul></li></ul> <p>29. Study Tips </p> <ul><li>Practice seeing the new word in context </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Create simple sentences about a specific context </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Describe what is happening in that setting </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li><ul><li>home, school, work, Augusta Mall, movie theater </li></ul></li></ul></li></ul> <p>30. Dont </p> <ul><li>Dont panic </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Normal not to master new vocabulary on the first try</li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Constant practice and review are essential </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Dont study for long periods without a break </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Memory overload </li></ul></li></ul> <p>31. Have Fun! </p> <ul><li>Learning is a lifelong process. Develop good habits now, and they will last forever. </li></ul>