memory aids

Download Memory Aids

Post on 06-May-2015

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Provides an introduction to variety of strategies to help with memorization

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  • 1.Memory and Study Aids Mack Gipson, Jr. Tutorial andEnrichment Center Gayla S. Keesee Education Specialist

2. Build Good Habits

  • Positive Thinking
    • Build confidence; set goals
  • Self-Management
    • Be aware of how you learn
  • Hierarchical Thinking
    • Prioritizing & organizing
  • Creative & Critical Thinking
    • Problem-solving & synthesizing
  • Asking Questions
    • Focus, Motivation, Active learning

3. Complete the Learning Cycle

  • Memorizenew information, rules and concepts
  • Assimilate and organizenew information
  • Use informationto analyze, synthesize and problem-solve
  • Incorporate informationinto evaluations, judgments and predictions

4. Memoryand Study Aids 5. Memory and Study Aids

  • Visual aids/word associations
    • Drawings, Pictures, Models
    • Graphic Organizers
    • Diagrams and ChartsTables/Grids
  • Flashcards

6. Visual Aids

  • Drawings, pictures, models
    • Physically create visual elements
    • Drawings or pictures of definitions
    • Pictures of situations where the word would be used
    • Draw crazy visual associations

7. Word Associations

  • Faadefalse, superficial, or artificial appearance
    • FACEfalse face

8.

  • Benignkindly, gentle
  • Be + 9
        • + 9

Word Associations 9. Visual Aids

  • Create agraphic organizerin which you answer the following questions
    • What is it?(Category)
    • Other forms(Change part of speech)
    • What is it like?(Properties)
    • What are some examples?(Illustrations)
  • Learning Styles:
  • Writing (tactile) and reading (visual)

10. Cynic

  • What is it? noun, kind of person
  • Other forms: adj.cynical
  • adv.cynically
  • nouncynicism
  • What is it like? pessimistic, scornful, sneering, contemptuous, distrustful, sarcastic
  • Examples: Someone who doesnt think democracy can be honest and efficient
  • Someone who believes that human conduct is motivated solely by self-interest

11. Diagrams Charts

  • Table or grid possible headings
      • Word Meaning
      • Part of speech
      • Word Structure
        • Roots, prefixes, suffixes
        • Number of syllables
      • Common Usage
        • Describes people
        • Describes places
        • Describes things

12. Categorization Grid Words to describe people TimidCynical Pessimistic Flippant Uncouth Malicious GarrulousMorose Obtuse Diligent Arrogant Pompous 13. Flashcards

  • Create flashcards to help you study
    • Dont make too small
    • 4x6 are best
    • Carry them with you
    • Review them often
    • Break into small groups for easier learning
    • Shuffle frequently so you dont learn a pattern

14. FlashcardsAdvantages

  • Chunksinformationintosmaller categoriesto aid memory
    • Nounspersons, places, things
    • Verbsplural/singular or tenses
    • Phrasescommon usage
  • Use ofcolorsignalscategories
    • different colored cards
    • highlighters

15. FlashcardsAdvantages

  • Use eitherwrittenorvisualinformation
  • Easilyrearrangedandsorted
    • Donotlearn the words in afixed order.
    • Learnonly words need to remember .
  • Can be used fordifferent purposes
    • Listsof items
    • Grammarrules
    • Quiz prep questions/answers

16. FlashcardsAdvantages

  • Sizeandportability
    • easy to carry
    • use forshort, frequent reviews
    • review in spare timethat is often wastedlike waiting in line or between classes.
  • Physicallymovingandmanipulatingthecardsincorporatestactile learning

17. FlashcardsAdvantages

  • Writing downthematerialon cardsaidsyourmemoryin itself.
    • 76 repetitionsof information to go intolong term memory

18. One Way to Study

  • At least once a day , go through your pack of index cardsspend10-15 minuteseach time.
  • Sortthe cards intotwo stacks those you know and those you do not know.
  • Periodically review the entire set of wordsto keep them fresh in your mind.

19. When to Use Flashcards

  • Study your vocabulary for 10-15 minutes a day
    • Riding the bus
    • Riding in a car
    • Before bed
    • When you get up in the morning
    • Waiting in line
    • Doing your laundry

20. What to Include: 21. Flashcards Conglomerate con-glom-er-it Def:an organization comprising two or more companies that produce unrelatedproducts.EX: Nichols company owns a shoe factory, vineyards in France, soft drink factories, and Sara Jane pastry . Front Back 22. Flashcards

  • DefinitionPicture
    • Two-sided
    • Word and picture on front side
    • Context sentence on back side

The diligent student worked hard on his homework. Diligent 23. Study Tips

  • Do your studying in relatively small chunks
    • 45-60 minutes at a time
  • Study vocabulary several times a day
    • 5-10 minutes at a time

24. Study Tips

  • When studying, use as many senses as possible
    • Speakingsay the word
    • Listeninghear you or someone else
    • Writingphysically practice writing the words
    • Readingwords in context
    • Act-out the definitions

25. Study Tips

  • Be an interactive learner
    • Study with a friend
    • Start a study group
  • Make up sentences together
  • Quiz each other
  • Create crossword puzzles and exchange them

26. Study Tips

  • Be an active learner
    • Say the words out loud
    • Write the words
    • Record words/definitions on a cassette and play over & over
    • Practice saying new words out loud

27. Study Tips

  • Use new vocabulary
    • Conversations
    • Essays, reports
    • Letters
  • Notice when others use your vocabulary words
    • radio, TV
    • magazines, newspapers

28. Study Tips

  • Dont refer to your vocabulary list as you do your homework
    • Review material before starting homework
    • Work from memory
    • Complete the entire exercise, then check your work

29. Study Tips

  • Practice seeing the new word in context
    • Create simple sentences about a specific context
    • Describe what is happening in that setting
      • home, school, work, Augusta Mall, movie theater

30. Dont

  • Dont panic
    • Normal not to master new vocabulary on the first try
    • Constan