Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection Vice Admiral Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Jr., U.S. Navy (Ret.) Under Secretary

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<ul><li><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits:The Data Management ConnectionVice Admiral Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Jr., U.S. Navy (Ret.)Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans &amp; AtmosphereEarth Science Information PartnershipJanuary 5 2006</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>MenuNOAA Data Management: Current and Future ChallengesGlobal Earth Observations: Where Data Management Makes the DifferenceIntegrated Observations at Work: Drought MonitorEffective Partnerships: How ESIP Can Help</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>NOAA Data Management</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>NOAAs Mission &amp; VisionNOAAs VisionAn informed society that uses a comprehensive understanding of the role of the oceans, coasts, and atmosphere in the global ecosystem to make the best social and economic decisionsNOAAs MissionTo understand and predict changes in the Earths environment and conserve and manage coastal and marine resources to meet the Nations economic, social and environmental needs</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>NOAAs Data DisseminationCritical to Economic BenefitsNOAAs climate data holdings benefit all sectors of the Nations economyWeather and climate sensitive industries account for about 1/3 of the Nations Gross Domestic Product Climate data access by user type vs. platform (FY05):</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p><p>Chart1</p><p>0.9</p><p>0.04</p><p>0.06</p><p>Earth (In-Situ) Platform</p><p>Academia4%</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>Earth (In-Situ) PlatformSatellite PlatformRadar Platform</p><p>Commercial90%25%20%</p><p>Academic4%5%48%</p><p>Government6%70%32%</p><p>100%100%100%</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>0.9</p><p>0.04</p><p>0.06</p><p>Earth (In-Situ) Platform</p><p>Sheet2</p><p>0.25</p><p>0.05</p><p>0.7</p><p>Satellite Platform</p><p>Satellite Platform</p><p>Sheet3</p><p>0.2</p><p>0.48</p><p>0.32</p><p>Radar Platform</p><p>Chart2</p><p>0.25</p><p>0.05</p><p>0.7</p><p>Satellite Platform</p><p>Satellite Platform</p><p>Academia5%</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>Earth (In-Situ) PlatformSatellite PlatformRadar Platform</p><p>Commercial90%25%20%</p><p>Academic4%5%48%</p><p>Government6%70%32%</p><p>100%100%100%</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>0</p><p>0</p><p>0</p><p>Earth (In-Situ) Platform</p><p>Sheet2</p><p>0.25</p><p>0.05</p><p>0.7</p><p>Satellite Platform</p><p>Satellite Platform</p><p>Sheet3</p><p>0.2</p><p>0.48</p><p>0.32</p><p>Radar Platform</p><p>Chart3</p><p>0.2</p><p>0.48</p><p>0.32</p><p>Radar Platform</p><p>Academia48%</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>Earth (In-Situ) PlatformSatellite PlatformRadar Platform</p><p>Commercial90%25%20%</p><p>Academic4%5%48%</p><p>Government6%70%32%</p><p>100%100%100%</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>0</p><p>0</p><p>0</p><p>Earth (In-Situ) Platform</p><p>Sheet2</p><p>0.25</p><p>0.05</p><p>0.7</p><p>Satellite Platform</p><p>Satellite Platform</p><p>Sheet3</p><p>0.2</p><p>0.48</p><p>0.32</p><p>Radar Platform</p></li><li><p>NOAAs Integrated Global Observation and Data Management Plan2005 UpdateRefined and updated observing system baseline architecturePerforming gap analysis between observing requirements and observing capabilities Begun investment analysis to determine efficient mix of observing systems to achieve requirementsEstablished NOAA-wide data standards group </p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>Comprehensive Large Array-data Stewardship System (CLASS)CLASS is a web-based data archive and distribution system for NOAAs environmental dataIt is an evolving system which will support additional campaigns, broader user base, new functionality as implementation continues for the next 10 years CLASS will be the principal IT system supporting NOAAs responsibility as an environmental data stewardCLASS concurrently supports both ongoing operations, and the implementation of new requirements/capabilities</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>Access to CLASS InformationProvide for archive &amp; access to all NOAA dataIncorporate Open Architecture &amp; Scientific Data Stewardship Provide an interoperable framework compatible with GEO Integrated Data Environment model</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>NOAA Challenges in Data ManagementManaging exponentially growing data volumeAppropriately describing metadata to ensure long-term utilityProviding data in formats that enable integrationProviding clear and easy discovery of, and access to, data and information productsCollecting data at risk to extend the environmental data record</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>Challenges NOAA Faces in Data DisseminationIncompatible syntax and semantics among NOAA science disciplinesNaming standards Meteorology (WMO) named Temperature/ dry bulb temperatureMeteorology (air pollution) named Boundary layer temperatureOceanography named Air TemperatureLocation standards: Lat/Lon can be degrees/minutes/seconds or degrees to tenths and hundredths Latitude E/W, 0-180 positive and negative, or 0-360 running east or westZ used to designate elevation in both atmosphere and ocean but positive is up in the atmosphere and down in the oceanTime standards (Greenwich, local standard, local daylight)Data Formats (&gt;50 formats used within NOAA)GRIB, NetCDF, HDF and others used for gridded dataBUFR, NetCDF, and many others used for observations Observing standards DirectionWind: the direction the wind is coming fromOcean Current: the direction the current is going toThousands exist. Data &amp; Metadata standards are needed. Several examples:Potential for no answer or the wrong answer to important societal issuesIntegrated NOAA data management needed</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>Expected Data Growth</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>Global Earth Observation Integrated Data Environment (GEO IDE)GOAL: A single system of systems (from the user perspective) that is used to access the data sets needed to address significant societal questionsNOAA will:Identify and address integration gaps in data management systems Create interoperability across existing data management systemsWith partners, develop and adopt data standards for formats and terminologyIntegrate measurements, data, and products Examine the need for future data management requirementsand will achieve:Cost avoidances in NOAA business through improved efficiency and reduced duplicationReduced risks for US IEOS and GEOSS</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>GEO IDE Bridging the gaps between stove-pipe systems Integration of data across disciplines Improved data stewardship Increased efficiency Leverage industry and community initiativesWeatherClimateHydrologyOceanographyBiologyGeophysicsStandard procedures, protocols, metadata, formats, terminology.Translators and middleware</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>Global Earth Observations: Where Data Management Makes the Difference</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>Global Earth Observation System of SystemsIntegrated Observations &amp; Data Management</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>GEO Moves Forward:Working Towards Implementation</p><p>Received approval for formal GEO organization and 10-year implementation planHeld GEO-I in May 2005, and GEO-II in December 2005New GEO Secretariat Director, Jose Achache Agreed to 2006 Work Plan and adopted a budgetFormally created GEO Committees GEONETCast as tangible near term project to implement GEOSSUnited States announced intention to move GOES satellite to a position to help offset the lack of sounder data over South America </p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>Integrated Observations at Work in the United States: The Drought Monitor</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>Drought Monitor InputsUSGS StreamflowCPC Daily Soil ModelSatellite Veg Health30-day Precip.USDA Soil RatingsPalmer Drought Index</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS): Importance to NationDrought severity can be significantly under or over-estimated due to inadequate drought observations; affects Disaster Declaration, Mitigation Strategies &amp; PredictionAnnual direct losses to the US due to drought are $6-8 billion (FEMA)Early emphasis: real-time updates (Cooperative Observer Network data, wells, reservoirs) &amp; integrated information via NIDIS drought portalMap Analysis Differences Due to Late Station ReportingLESS SEVEREMORE SEVERE</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS)NIDIS:Integrated National Drought Monitoring &amp; Forecasting SystemMulti-agency collaborationFacilitates information exchange between local, state and federal agenciesProactive, Not Passive, Drought Response*</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>Effective Partnerships How ESIP Can Help</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>Cross-walk of ESIP Clusters to GEO/USGEO Activities</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>How can ESIP help?Work with USGEO to advance efforts on the Near-Term-OpportunitiesContinue to promote USGEO and GEO efforts and bring in stakeholders (academia, industry, scientific community, etc.)Provide us with user feedback and input</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li><li><p>Questions?</p><p>Linking Earth Observations to Societal Benefits: The Data Management Connection</p></li></ul>