Learning Web development. 3(+1) Tier architecture PHP script Remote services Web Server (Apache, IIS) Browser (IE, FireFox, Opera) Desktop (PC or MAC)

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Slide 1 Learning Web development Slide 2 3(+1) Tier architecture PHP script Remote services Web Server (Apache, IIS) Browser (IE, FireFox, Opera) Desktop (PC or MAC) Database Server SQL Client application HTTP HTML Web Service tables DHTML SMS vision touch voice SMS system Slide 3 PHP Origins Rasmus LerdorfRasmus Lerdorf (born Greenland, ed Canada) PHP originally abbreviation for Personal Home Pages, now PHP Hypertext Processor Other key developers: Zeev Surashi and Andi Gutmans (Israel) Open Source PHPPHP version 4.4.3 current at UWE Due to upgrade to PHP 5 Slide 4 Scripting languages A scripting language is: often evolved not designed cross-platform since interpreter is easy to port designed to support a specific task PHP -> Web support un-typed variables (but values are typed) implicit variable declaration implicit type conversion stored only as script files compiled on demand may run on the server (PHP) or the client (Javascript) What design and development are involved in using a scripting language like PHP for development in place of a compiled language (Java in JSP,.NET)? Slide 5 PHP details Procedural language Compare with Javascript which is event-driven C-like syntax - { } ; Extensive Function Library Good Web-server integration Script embedded in HTML Easy access to form data and output of HTML pages Not fully object-oriented Java is fully object oriented all functions have to be in a class In PHP, classes are additional but quite simple to use Slide 6 PHP and HTML HTML-embedded PHP scripts are essentially HTML pages with the occasional section of PHP script. PHP script is enclosed in the tag pair: Slide 7 Free format - white space is ignored Statements are terminated by semi-colon ; Statements grouped by { } Comments begin with // or a set of comments /* */ Assignment is =: $a=6 Relational operators are, == ( not a single equal) Control structures include if (cond) {..} else { }, while (cond) {.. }, for(sstartcond; increment; endcond) { } Arrays are accessed with [ ] : $x[4] is the 5th element of the array $x indexes start at 0 Associative Arrays (hash array in Perl, dictionary in Java) are accessed in the same way: $y[fred] Functions are called with the name followed by arguments in a fixed order enclosed in ( ) : substr(fred,0,2) Case sensitive - $fred is a different variable to $FRED C-like language Slide 8 Function library Basic tasks String Handling Mathematics random numbers, trig functions.. Regular Expressions Date and time handling File Input and Output And more specific functions for- Database interaction MySQL, Oracle, Postgres, Sybase, MSSQL.. Encryption Text translation Spell-checking Image creation XML Slide 9 String Handling String literals (constants) enclosed in double quotes or single quotes Within , variables are replaced by their value: called variable interpolation. My name is $name, I think Within single quoted strings, interpolation doesnt occur Strings are concatenated (joined end to end) with the dot operator key.board == keyboard Standard functions exist: strlen(), substr() etc Values of other types can be easily converted to and from strings numbers implicitly converted to strings in a string context. Regular expressions be used for complex pattern matching. Slide 10 Learning PHP Start with just the basics, installing a script to output an HTML page Understand how PHP supports interaction with the Browser or other clients Understand how PHP supports integration with databases MySQL Slide 11 A multi-lingual approach Learning one language You can learn any language for a book or the web, given time, a tutor and exercises Problems which language to choose Web development requires multiple languages Your job will require you to use some other language Python, V.Net Solution Supplement the books with a multi-lingual approach to data structures Provide a patterns-based approach to facilitate transferable learning Slide 12 Data structures and data types In the beginning with only machine code, programmers had to work with single memory locations, and write their own code to treat these as an array, as a date, a list. As understanding of the needs of programmers has increased, the computing industry has provided support for complex data structures by providing: Modern languages with new primitive datatypes and functions to support them e.g. array, associative array, string.. Object-oriented languages with a Class extension mechanism which enable new structures and functions to be packaged and imported into programs e.g. Image class in Java Commonly available tools to allow structures to be defined and manipulated e.g. Relational database for tables, Excel for spreadsheets, Word processors for text. Interfaces to these tools an API (Application Programmer Interface) which allows the tool to be used from a program rather than directly from the desktop e.g. SQL for an RDBMS, web services.. Slide 13 Approach Develop a online textbook of data structures through the year. Improve the material with input from you Start with the most common datatype (?) Slide 14 The String The online chapter../DataStructures/String The basics Regular Expressions The anagram application

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