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  • Latest Science and Adoption Trends in the Soil

    Health Movement Shannon Cappellazzi Soil Health Institute

    July 10, 2019

  • TODAYS TALK

    • Soil Health Intro • US Ag Census • Current SHI Projects • NRCS Tech Notes • Academic Advances

  • SOIL HEALTH IS: The continued capacity of the

    soil to function as a vital living ecosystem

    within ecosystem and land use boundaries, to sustain

    biological productivity, maintain the quality of air

    and environments, and promote plant, animal, and

    human health.

  • SOIL HEALTH IS: The continued

    capacity of soil to function as a vital living ecosystem

    that sustains plants, animals,

    and humans

  • SOIL HEALTH RECOMMENDATIONS

    Figure: NRCS USDA Applying Soil Health Management Systems to Reduce Climate and Weather Risks in the Northwest

  • USDA CENSUS: “NO-TILL”

    • Respondents determine their tillage category

    • Acres increased from 96 mill to 104 mill

    - 8.3% increase • 37% of arable acres

    reported no-till • Tennessee has 78.6%

  • CENSUS: PERCENT AVAILABLE CROPLAND WITH “NO-TILL”2017

  • USDA CENSUS: COVER CROPS

    • Acres increased from 10.3 mill to 15.4 mill

    - 50% increase • Number of farms

    - 15% increase • People who already cover

    cropped, added acres • 11 states has > ¼ of crop

    land planted to cover crops

  • CENSUS: PERCENT AVAILABLE CROPLAND WITH COVER CROPS 2017

  • SARE SURVEY: YIELD INCREASE

  • SOIL HEALTH INSTITUTE ACTION TEAMS

    Communications and EducationPublic Policy

    Economics

    Research Measurements and Standards

  • • NAPESHM • Cotton Training • Decision Support AWHC • Research Landscape Tool • Ecosystem Services Market Consortium • Soil Health, Human Health Connections • National Association of Conservation Districts

    SHI INITIATIVES

  • NORTH AMERICAN PROJECT TO EVALUATE SOIL HEALTH

    MEASUREMENTS • 120 Long-Term Sites • 2000 Experimental Units • Management History • Yield and Economics • 31 Measurements • 16S, ITS, and Shotgun Metagenomics Sequenced • SMAF, CASH, and Haney Systems Compared

  • VISUALS MATCH LAB RESULTS

  • BOTTOM LINE BUSINESS CASE

    • Economic tools needed for adoption

    • Decision support tools • Enterprise Budgets

    • Compare BAU to Soil Health Practices

    • Economic risk to evaluate resilience

  • EDUCATION AND TRAINING

    • Soil Health Training program for Cotton

    • Farmer-mentors • NC, GA, AR then

    MS, TX, and CA • Living Soil Film

    • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ntJouJhLM48 • Highschool and college lesson plans • Soil Health Research Landscape Tool

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ntJouJhLM48

  • “SOIL HEALTH” IN ARTICLES FROM GOOGLE SCHOLAR

    0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000

    N um

    be r o

    f P ub

    lic at

    io ns

    Year Published

  • NRCS RECOMMENDED SOIL HEALTH INDICATORS AND LAB PROCEDURES

    Soil Process Soil Health Indicator Recommended Method

    Organic Matter Cycling & C Sequestration Soil Organic Carbon Dry Combustion

    Soil Structural Stability Aggregation ARS Wet Macroaggregate Stability

    General Microbial Activity Short-term C mineralization 4-day Carbon Dioxide

    Respiration

    Specific Microbial Activity Enzyme Activity Suite of enzymes for C, N, P, S

    Carbon Food Source Readily Available C Pool Permanganate oxidizable C

    Bioavailable Nitrogen Available Organic N Pool Autoclaved Citrate Extractable Protein Content

    Microbial Diversity Community Structure Phospholipid Fatty Acid

  • A MICROBES VIEW

  • FUNCTIONS OF BIOFILMS

    Flemming 2016. EPS Then and Now

  • Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation Tri-Societies

    Conservation Technology Information Center National Association of Conservation Districts

    Soil and Water Conservation Society Global Soil Security

    The Fertilizer Institute

    COORDINATING COALITION

  • Subscribe Apply

    Action Teams Annual Meeting

    Collaborate

    ENGAGEMENT OPPORTUNITIES www.soilhealthinstitute.org

  • THANK YOU

    Visit: www.soilhealthinstitute.org Contact: Shannon Cappellazzi

    Email: scappellazzi@soilhealthinstitute.org 503-593-7434

    mailto:scappellazzi@soilhealthinstitute.org

  • New Technology

    • Saturo by Meter Group • Saturated Hydraulic

    Conductivity • SeqWell Multiplexing

    • Functional genomics • Slakes with iPhone • visNIR

    Latest Science and Adoption Trends in the Soil Health Movement TODAYS TALK SOIL HEALTH IS: SOIL HEALTH IS: SOIL HEALTH RECOMMENDATIONS USDA CENSUS: “NO-TILL” CENSUS: PERCENT AVAILABLE CROPLAND WITH “NO-TILL”2017 USDA CENSUS: COVER CROPS CENSUS: PERCENT AVAILABLE CROPLAND WITH COVER CROPS 2017 SARE SURVEY: YIELD INCREASE SOIL HEALTH INSTITUTE�� ACTION TEAMS Slide Number 12 NORTH AMERICAN PROJECT TO EVALUATE SOIL HEALTH MEASUREMENTS VISUALS MATCH LAB RESULTS BOTTOM LINE BUSINESS CASE EDUCATION AND TRAINING “SOIL HEALTH” IN ARTICLES FROM GOOGLE SCHOLAR NRCS RECOMMENDED SOIL HEALTH INDICATORS AND LAB PROCEDURES A MICROBES VIEW FUNCTIONS OF BIOFILMS COORDINATING COALITION Slide Number 22 THANK YOU New Technology