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  • 1

    INSTALLING AND USING

    VIRTUAL MACHINES

    http://apcug2.org/http://apcug2.org/http://aztcs.org/http://aztcs.org/http://www.windowsusers.org/http://www.windowsusers.org/http://gsbug.apcug.org/http://gsbug.apcug.org/

  • 2

    Web location for this

    presentation:

    http://aztcs.orgClick on Meeting Notes

  • 3

    SUMMARYFor any real "Windows.."end-

    user computer that has at least

    four Gigabytes of RAM, you

    can install free "virtual

    machine programs" that allow

    you to create "virtual machine"

    computers, in order to save

    money, space, and time.

  • 4

    TOPICS

    DEMONSTRATION OF A

    "WINDOWS 8.1" VIRTUAL

    MACHINE IN "VMWARE PLAYER"

    DEMONSTRATION OF AN

    "UBUNTU DESKTOP" LINUX

    VIRTUAL MACHINE IN "ORACLE

    VM VIRTUALBOX"

  • 5

    TOPICS (continued)

    VIRTUAL MACHINE

    TERMINOLOGY

    BENEFITS OF USING VIRTUAL

    MACHINES

    GENERIC FIVE STEP PROCESS

    FOR CREATING AND RUNNING

    A VIRTUAL MACHINE

  • 6

    TOPICS (continued)

    DEMONSTRATION OF A MORE

    COMPLEX "VIRTUAL MACHINE"

    SETUP

    CREATING "WINDOWS.."

    "VIRTUAL MACHINES" WITH

    FREE SOFTWARE

    DOWNLOADS FROM VMWARE,

    ORACLE, AND MICROSOFT

  • 7

    TOPICS (continued)

    OUR REPOSITORY OF

    TECHNICAL ADVICE ABOUT

    THE VARIOUS "VIRTUAL

    MACHINE PROGRAMS"

  • 8

    DEMONSTRATION

    OF A "WINDOWS

    8.1" "VIRTUAL

    MACHINE"

    RUNNING INSIDE

    "VMWARE PLAYER":

    :

  • 31

    DEMONSTRATION OF A

    "UBUNTU DESKTOP"

    LINUX "VIRTUAL

    MACHINE" RUNNING

    INSIDE "ORACLE VM

    VIRTUALBOX":

  • 65

    VIRTUAL MACHINE

    TERMINOLOGY:

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    "Virtual machines" let you

    run one or more additional

    computers inside your

    existing computer.

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    "Virtual machines" are also

    called "guests" or "guest

    operating systems".

  • 68

    A "virtual machine" is a

    set of computer files

    and folders that can

    similate an entire real

    computer.

  • 69

    When you use "VMware

    Player" and create virtual

    machines, they default to

    a folder called ..\Documents\Virtual Machines

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    When you use "Oracle

    VM VirtualBox" and

    create virtual machines,

    they default to a folder

    called

    ..\VirtualBox VMs

  • 72

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    In "VMware Player", you can back up or clone a

    virtual machine by

    making a copy of its files

    and folders.

  • 74

    In "Oracle VM VirtualBox",

    you have to use its "File,

    Export" function to back up a

    virtual machine into a set of

    files.

    To restore or clone a virtual

    machine, you then use the

    "File, Import" function.

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    A "virtual machine

    program" is a software

    application that you can

    use to create,

    configure, modify,

    clone, and run a "virtual

    machine".

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    When you use a virtual

    machine, the software and

    hardware in it is oblivious

    to the fact that the

    hardware of the virtual

    machine is created by the

    "virtual machine program".

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    When you play, run, or

    start a "virtual machine",

    the "virtual machine

    program" provides a

    complete set of software-

    generated computer

    hardware for the "virtual

    machine".

  • 78

    When play, run, or start

    a "virtual machine", a

    single window pops up.

    This window represents

    the virtual monitor of

    your "virtual machine".

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    BENEFITS OF

    USING VIRTUAL

    MACHINES:

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    The benefits of using

    machines are described at http://www.pcworld.com/article/

    220644/10_Cool_Things_Virtua

    lization_Lets_You_Do.html:

    http://www.pcworld.com/article/220644/10_Cool_Things_Virtualization_Lets_You_Do.html

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    1. Run old apps

    2. Access virus-infected data

    3. Browse in complete safety

    4. Test software, upgrades, or

    new configurations

    5. Run Linux on top of Windows

    or vice versa

    6. Back up an entire operating

    system

  • 82

    7. Create a personal cloud

    computer

    8. Run headless for Web

    development

    9. Make a backup of your server

    for emergencies

    10. Reuse old hardware

  • 83

    GENERIC SIX STEP

    PROCESS FOR

    CREATING AND

    RUNNING A

    VIRTUAL MACHINE:

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    Step 1:

    DOWNLOAD AND INSTALL A

    "VIRTUAL MACHINE

    PROGRAM"

    Step 2:

    CREATE AN EMPTY "VIRTUAL

    MACHINE"

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    Step 3:

    INSTALL AN OPERATING

    SYSTEM INTO THE "VIRTUAL

    MACHINE"

  • 86

    Step 4:

    (OPTIONAL BUT

    RECOMMENDED)

    INSTALL THE

    OPERATING SYSTEM-SPECIFIC

    DRIVERS PACKAGE PROVIDED

    BY THE DEVELOPER OF THE

    "VIRTUAL MACHINE PROGRAM"

  • 87

    Step 5:

    INSTALL APPLICATION

    SOFTWARE PROGRAMS

    INCLUDING

    ADDITIONAL WEB

    BROWSERS AND A .PDF

    VIEWER INTO THE

    "VIRTUAL MACHINE"

  • 88

    Step 6:

    (OPTIONAL)

    INSTALL ANY ADDITIONAL

    USB 2 and USB 3 HARDWARE

    DEVICES, SUCH AS WIFI

    ADAPTERS, ETHERNET

    ADAPTERS, TELEVISION

    TUNERS, DATA/FAX

    MODEMS, WEBCAMS, ETC.

  • 89

    DEMONSTRATION

    OF A MORE

    COMPLEX "VIRTUAL

    MACHINE" SETUP: :

  • 90

    DEMONSTRATION OF A MORE

    COMPLEX VIRTUAL MACHINE

    SETUP

    Here is a quick, live

    demo of three virtual

    machines running in my

    "Windows 8.1 Pro"

    computer:

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  • 92

    "Host" computer "Windows 8.1 Pro"

    "Vmware Player 6" virtual

    machine program

    "Windows 7 Enterprise

    Trial" virtual machine

    "Windows Virtual

    PC" virtual

    machine program

    "Windows XP

    Mode" virtual

    machine

    (nested)

    "Oracle VM

    VirtualBox" virtual

    machine program

    "Windows 8.1

    Enterprise

    Evaluation"

    virtual machine

  • 93

    CREATING "WINDOWS.."

    "VIRTUAL MACHINES"

    WITH FREE SOFTWARE

    DOWNLOADS FROM

    VMWARE, ORACLE, AND

    MICROSOFT

  • 94

    Step 1:

    DOWNLOAD AND INSTALL A

    "VIRTUAL MACHINE

    PROGRAM".

    For selection advice, see

    http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/

    winhardsig/virtualmachines/com

    parison-vm-programs.pdf

    http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/comparison-vm-programs.pdf

  • 95

    Step 1 (continued)

    To download "VMware Player",

    go to

    https://my.vmware.com/web/vm

    ware/free#desktop_end_user_c

    omputing/vmware_player/6_0

    https://my.vmware.com/web/vmware/free#desktop_end_user_computing/vmware_player/6_0

  • 96

    Step 1 (continued)

    To download "Oracle VM

    VirtualBox", go to

    https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/D

    ownloads

    https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads

  • 97

    Step 1 (continued)

    To activate "Hyper-V" in

    "Windows 8 Pro", "Windows 8.1

    Pro", "Windows 8 Enterprise", or

    "Windows 8.1 Enterprise", see

    http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/

    winhardsig/virtualmachines/Hyp

    er-V/Hyper-V.pdf

    http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/virtualmachines/Hyper-V/Hyper-V.pdf

  • 98

    Step 2:

    CREATE AN EMPTY "VIRTUAL

    MACHINE".

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    Step 3:

    INSTALL AN OPERATING

    SYSTEM INTO THE "VIRTUAL

    MACHINE"

  • 102

    Step 3 (continued)

    Windows 8.1 Enterprise

    Evaluation" is available for

    download at

    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-

    us/evalcenter/hh699156.aspx

    See also

    http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/

    winhardsig/win8.1/win8.1enteval

    .pdf

    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/evalcenter/hh699156.aspxhttp://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win8.1/win8.1enteval.pdf

  • 103

    Step 3 (continued)

    The "Windows 8 Enterprise

    Evaluation" is available for

    download at

    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-

    US/evalcenter/dn407368

    See also

    http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/

    winhardsig/win8/win8enteval.pdf

    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-US/evalcenter/dn407368http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win8/win8enteval.pdf

  • 104

    Step 3 (continued)

    "Windows 7 Enterprise Trial" is

    still available for download at

    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-

    US/evalcenter/dn407368

    See also

    http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/

    winhardsig/win7eval/win7eval.p

    df

    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-US/evalcenter/dn407368http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/win7eval/win7eval.pdf

  • 105

    Step 4:

    INSTALL APPLICATION

    SOFTWARE PROGRAMS INTO

    THE "VIRTUAL MACHINE":

  • 106

    Step 4 (continued):

    INSTALL APPLICATION

    SOFTWARE.. :

    We recommend the "LibreOffice"

    suite. To create files that default to

    formats that Microsoft Office users

    can open, you can make

    "LibreOffice" default to the .doc,

    .xls, and .ppt file Formats of

    "Microsoft Office.." .

  • 107

    Step 4 (continued):

    To create files that default to

    formats that Microsoft Office users

    can open, you can make

    "LibreOffice" default to the .doc,

    .xls, and .ppt file Formats of

    "Microsoft Office.." . See

    http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winh

    ardsig/LibreOffice/LibreOffice-

    default-to-doc_xls_ppt.pdf

    http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/LibreOffice/LibreOffice-default-to-doc_xls_ppt.pdf

  • 108

    Step 5:

    INSTALL USB 2/USB 3

    HARDWARE SUCH AS WIFI

    ADAPTERS, TELEVISION

    TUNERS, DATA/FAX

    MODEMS, HEADSETS,

    TRACKPADS, ETC.

  • 109

    MICROSOFT'S FREE

    SHORTCUT FOR STEPS 2 AND

    3:

    If you do not mind using 32-bit

    time-limited versions of

    "Windows..", you can get virtual

    machines that have been created

    by Microsoft as importable file sets

    at https://www.modern.ie/en-

    us/virtualization-tools

    https://www.modern.ie/en-us/virtualization-tools

  • 110

    MICROSOFT'S FREE

    SHORTCUT FOR STEPS 2

    AND 3 (continued):

    See

    http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/

    winhardsig/free/Microsoft_trials.

    pdf

    http://aztcs.org/meeting_notes/winhardsig/free/Microsoft_trials.pdf

  • 111

    OUR REPOSITORY

    OF TECHNICAL

    ADVICE ABOUT THE

    VARIOUS "VIRTUAL

    MACHINE

    PROGRAMS":

  • 112

    We have lots of notes

    about the various virtual

    machine programs:

    See

    https://app.box.com/s/x99

    5kk1rbgv5cxrj3o3v

    https://app.box.com/s/x995kk1rbgv5cxrj3o3v

  • 113

    At this location, you will find

    information about "VMware Player",

    "Oracle VM VirtualBox", "Hyper-V",

    "Windows Virtual PC", "Microsoft

    Virtual PC 2007", Virtual Networks

    Provided by Virtual Machine

    Programs, Physical to Virtual (p2v),

    Virtual to Virtual (v2v), Firewire

    Devices, Printservers, etc.

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