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<p>INDORE : A COMERCIAL CAPITAL OF MADHYAPRADESH</p> <p>Indore . A commercial cityPresented by :- Abhijeet kumar M.tech. (urban planning) 1st sem </p> <p>RankStateor unionteritoryPopulation(2011)%Rural Pop.Urban Pop.AreakmDensity (per km)Sexratio1uttarpradesh199,581,52016.49%131,658,33934,539,582240,9288289082Maharashtra112,372,9729.29%55,777,64741,100,980307,7133659463Bihar103,804,6378.58%74,316,7098,681,80094,16311029164Westbengal91,347,7367.55%57,748,94622,427,25188,75210309085Andhra Pradesh84,665,5337.00%55,401,06720,808,940275,0453089126Tamil Nadu72,138,9585.96%34,921,68127,483,998130,0585559457Madhya Pradesh72,597,5656.00%44,380,87815,967,145308,2452369308Rajasthan68,621,0125.67%43,292,81313,214,375342,239201926</p> <p>Madhya Pradesh .Madhya pradesh is a second largest state of india,has about 26% of urban popullationUrbanized areas contribute a major share in states GDP. Madhya pradesh has an area of 3,08,245 sq km in which 31 % of area is under forest, about 43% in agriculture.Cities with major growth in Madhya pradesh are Bhopal , Indore , Jabalpur , Ujjain and GwaliorUrban agglomeration of indore has popullation 30 lacs which resides within muncipal area2Madhya Pradesh town and cities</p> <p> Bhopal, Indore, sager, Jabalpur, Gwalior and Ujjain are six major cities of Madhya Pradesh</p> <p> Indore has the highest development rate in compare to the other cities with respect to infrastructures and is the busiest & most advanced business hubs in India Actually Indore was a resting place for a oldest pilgrimage route for Ujjain then Martha's used it as a route towards northern IndiaProcess of growth & devlopment of the city :--Early settlementsDue to army transit camps do attracted the local zamindars & thus the early settlement started near the banks of river saraswati and khanThe city settlement initiated due to trade and commerce and thus it remains the dominant features of the city As a religious route As a fertile agriculture land with farmer settlement And traders As an industrial town As a Comercial city of Madhya pradeshStage wise urban transformationNo.yearArea inkmspopullation11741N.AN.A218004.020000318509.0400004190013.499.8805195017.23,10,85962000131.520,000007201114526,0000082020N.A3200000G r o w t h P a t t e r n</p> <p> YEAR- 1850Population:45,000.Area: 9.0 sq.km.1. Development of the city as Military town,and later tookshape of agricultural area. 2. In 1818 the Holkars shifted the capital from Maheshwar to Indore. Holkars capital at Indore provided new forces for developmentof the city.3. Development of the market street (Aara Bazar).</p> <p>YEAR- 1900Population:99,880.Area:13.4 sq.km.1. Further development of industrial area: textile,steel, oil producing-started acting likemagnet.2. Development of railway link joining the pilgrimage routes, tradeand commerce grew upmaking the citycommercially important.3. Development of city accelerated with rail connection.4. Development of State Highway helped inexpansion of the city.5. Development of city in all directions: expansion more ineast-west direction.6. Industries and their colonies started developing alongthe river bank.7. In 1912 Shri H.V. Lancaster was invitedby the local body to advicein respect ofexpansion and improvement of thecity.8. In 1918 Sir Patrick Geddes was invited by MaharajaTukoji Rao Holkar for advice.He prepared sanitation and water supply schemes, industrial development schemes, suburban development, housing schemes and housing etc</p> <p>Gradual change from a village indareshwar to a commercial city Indore.</p> <p>Year- 1950Population:3,10,859. Area:17.2 Sq.Km.1. Development Of The Industrial Township At Northern Part: Sanwer, Pologround.2. The City Started Expanding Towards The North And East-west Direction Due To The Development Of Industries In Dewas, Pithampur And Sanwer.3. The Suburbs Developed Fast.4. With Growing Industrialization And Better Connectivity, Rapid Development Of The City Took Place. This Resulted Into Large ScaleMigration And Sudden Increase In Population.Year- 2000Population: 20, 00000.Area: 131.0sq.Km.1. The River Edges Became Close With Industrial Buildings And The River Was Lost To The City.2. The Area Between Development Axis And Industrial Area On North Side Got Saturated.3. Large Scale Slum-dwellers And Encroachments, Unthoughtful Changing In Land-uses And Lack Of Management Of Resources Has Resulted Into Fast Depletion Of Land And WaterResources.Year- 2010Population: 2600000 (Envisaged).Area: 145 Sq.Km.1. City Considered Under Jnnurm For Urban Development.2. Lot Of Encroachments Planned To Be Removed, Still City And Periphery Covered ForResidential And Commercial Use Like Beehives.3.Large Scale Residential And Commercial Development.4.Roads Being Reconstructed Under BrtsPopulation density of indore</p> <p>An Urban Agglomerations denotes a continuous urban spread and normally consists of a town and its adjoining urban outgrowths or two or more physically contiguous towns together with well recognised outgrowths.The average growth rate of Indore has been 40% which is higher as compared to the national growth rate @25.7 % Female population is 912 per 1000males, which indicates difficult housing situation for working migrants.Urban transformation of IndoreNatural barriers of steep land with hills have restricted the growth ofIndore towards the west and therefore the city has extended itself in theeastern direction, but these physical constraints are no barriers for peri-urban development now. Industrial areas and informal sectorshave developed in the northern parts, while middle and highincome districts are in the south. Indores rulers took keen interest in modern urbanplanning at the beginning of the 20th century.</p> <p> Maharaja invited European experts to submit proposals forIndores urban development plan. Among these was the structure plan prepared by PatrickGeddes . He had proposed thesegregation of work areas while simultaneously maintaining a work placeto folk place relationship. He also proposed a railway track circumscribing the city, as well astree-lined boulevards along with eastern and western banks of the river. Low-density residentialareas like Manoramaganj and Snehlataganj are said to have been developed according to hisproposal</p> <p>With establishment of Indore development authority (IDA) and Indore municipal corporation (IMC) all the planning and developments are being planned & executed by these two agencies.Tough sometime there is direct intervention of town & country planning office (TCPO) bhopal.</p> <p>Indore in present scenarioLand use distributionLand useArea (hectures)Percantage%residential444953%commercial5506%industrial7939%Public /semipublic107113%recreational2793%transport127315%waterbodies1281%(Source : town planning deptt.)Geographically Indore spreads in an area of 145 sq.kms. Complexity in the planning can be observe in the centre as these were the areas with early settlement which were spontaneous and organicAs with the development a better understanding was observe and roads started to be longer in length connecting to the major roads </p> <p>In the development plan-1991, 1500 hectares of land was provided for industrial purpose but according to master plan 2011, 2200 hectares of land is needed for the same. Hence 700 hectares additional land has to be additionally planned intelligently for industry. As far as location is considered, industries have been classified into four categories viz. general, obnoxious, agro-based, household andservices industries indores ECONOMIC CONDITIONIndore is the commercial capital of Central India with Large, Medium and Small scale industriesThese industries range from Automobiles to Pharmaceutical and from Petroleum Refineries to Textile.Indores major source of income is from Education,Textile, Jewellery and Metal works Industries. With an establishment of automobile industry production of optical fiber for telecommunication also started which in past 5 yrs had generated a business of 3000 corers and thus giving direct or indirect employment to 35000 peoples. Indore contributes to about 40% of the total productivity of the State and about 7% of the total investments in equity markets in India.</p> <p>The surplus labour, which was unable to enter the formal market/sector was mainly absorbed in the informal sector. </p> <p>Major industrial areas in and surrounding the city include thePithampur Special Economic Zone and the Sanwer Industrial belt having about2000 factories of various sizes . Pithampur is also known as Detroit of India infrastructure and devlopment approach In todays development scenario Indore is the fastest developing cities of India Infrastructure in Indore facilitates production of goods, services and also the distribution of finished products to the market. Indore is also good in basic social services such as hospitals and educational institution. Itis only city in india to have both the prime institution IIT & IIM.</p> <p>Indore medical collegeTreasure market</p> <p>Chatrasaal choraha water supply and resources The growth of urban population, estimated at 4% to 5% per annum, and the rapid urbanisation has significant influence on water demand and exerting pressures on the available water sources, leading to over exploitation of groundwater resources. Around 68 per cent of citys population receives water between one or two hours every alternative day, while the other areas augment supplies by water tankers.SourceApprox. Daily Supply (Ml/day)MINMAXNarmada Water Supply Project:140140YashwantSagarTank onGambhirRiver:1827MunicipalTubewells1318BilawaliTank04.5Water available (ML/day)171199.5Theoreticalpercapitawateravailabilitybased30 % losses (2.22 million people)72 litre/day84 litre/dayThe water supply in the city is unsatisfactory on account of high losses and inefficiencies in the system.MLD - Mega Litre per day (1 Mega Litre = 1000 Kilo Litre) </p> <p>UN Habitat in co-ordination with Asian development bank is checking the present water supply situation in Indore. Inview of the proposed new water augmentation scheme to supply more water to Indore through a new $240 million pipelineSNyeardemandsupplydeficitAll figures in MLD11947</p> <p>37.0025.907.5021970</p> <p>73.047.5025.5031977109113.50- - - - -41989157113.5043.5051992177180.22- - - - -62001270190.0080.0072011378199.50162.50Reforms and devlopment approach</p> <p>Due to rapid urbanization ,people from the different parts of the country is migrating toward Indore in search of employment and thus they land up to the place with low rental (congested) places .SLUMSSlum less Indore has still to remain pipeline ??.... The project under JNNURM has suffered due to IMC failure to utilize the funds before purpose of and escalation of the cost.Under SRRA the city should have become free from slum by march 2010 Target is not achieved, 5yr scheme of JNNURM is about to endToday 35 % of cities total population lives in slum and another 15 % in unauthorized colonies without any adequate infrastructure. Thus adding upto 50 % to informal sector</p> <p>To have a slum less Indore IDA had been indulging in large scale brutal demolition of slum without any prior management to rehabilitate them thus leaving the mass homeless.Connectivity of IndoreIndore city is well connected by an expressway, several national and state highways, whereas rail network bifurcates the city exactly from the centre The city transportation system is predominantly dependent on roadway systems.</p> <p>Indore to bhopal express way</p> <p>City in context to road devlopmentAs the city transport system basically depends upon the road network which further categorised by travel patterno A.B. Road Corridor (Mangliya to Rau) -23.80 Kms o Eastern Ring Road Corridor -23.65 Kms o River Side Road Corridor -14.50 Kms o Western Ring Road Corridor -15.90 Kms o M.R.10 Corridor (Bypass to Ujjain Road) -8.71 Kms o RW-2 (Ujjain Road to Airport) -9.50 Kmso Maximum of the population east of Indore reside within the 1 km distance from A.B. road and eastern ring road corridor. o About 75 per cent professional education institutes are located on the outer ring of the city and maximum of the Student population reside within the walking distance of the proposed corridors (M.R.10, A.B. Road, western ring road). o The proposed corridors are easily assessable from the existing road network of the city. City in context to road devlopment</p> <p>75 mt width road section having a bus rapid transport system at the centre whereas bycycle track at the edgesAB RAOD AND OTHER RING ROADS</p> <p>60 mt width road section having a bus rapid transport system at the centre whereas bycycle track at the edgesAirport roadCity in context to road development</p> <p> River side road section</p> <p> 30 mt wide internal roads</p> <p>As the city transport system is dominated by roadways and so to have a smooth and fast flow of traffic emphasis is given to have a constant flow to public transport Bus rapid transit system [brts]</p> <p>Bus Rapid Transit System is a new form of public public transportation which is an emerging approach to using buses as an improved high-speed transit system.Exclusive Lanes. Traffic lanes reserved for the exclusive use of buses help buses pass congested traffic.Implementation of BRTS will reduce the cost of public transportation and with an ability to have fast access to the city will lead in popularizing the public transport and thus reducing dependability on private vehicles.Energy scenarioRapideconomic growthhas created a growing need for dependable and reliable supplies ofelectricityIn todays world Electricity is a basic need and in all future development and growth in relation to each & every sectorsMajor part of electricity requirement of the city is fulfilled by Indira sagar project, Omkareshwar project, lancoamarkantac and the Gencp hydel20112020muPercentage% of totalmuPercentage% of totalResidential494533.9450.4260799990.644.8854.5Commercial172465.8717.5821433559.224.3229.5Industrial114413.3111.6714161671.59.0711Municipal182517.5718.61335520019.932.7Irrigation(Agri)3119.230.320.44419.730.250.4Other sector13707.361.401.627712.941.551.9TOTAL980757.281782553.5Demand (70% L.F.)159.94(75%L.F.)271.32conclusionIndore is a fast growing city as far as commerce,industry and population is concerned.For life of any successful urban centre:1. Heartline is water supply system2. Brain line isthe knowledge ofresidents.3. Life line isaccessibilityand approachto thecity.Indores road network is very strong. It is the biggest cross-section centre ofIndia related to goods trading through road-ways</p> <p>Indias first private radio channel (Radio-Mirchi) and first private land-line telephone service (Airtel) came to Indore as people of Indore have highest paying capacity in IndiaMajor problem in Indore is Water, which is unable to meet the demand.F...</p>
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