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<p>INDORE : A COMERCIAL CAPITAL OF MADHYAPRADESH</p> <p>Indore In todays scenario Indore has the highest development rate in compare to the other cities with respect to infrastructures and is the busiest &amp; most advanced business hubs in India. </p> <p>Its is one of the major city of Madhya Pradesh which ranks 7th in population</p> <p>An Urban Agglomerations denotes a continuous urban spread and normally consists of a town and its adjoining urban outgrowths or two or more physically contiguous towns together with well recognised outgrowths.</p> <p>Rank</p> <p>Stateor unionteritory</p> <p>Population(2011)</p> <p>%</p> <p>Rural Pop.</p> <p>Urban Pop.</p> <p>Areakm</p> <p>Density (per km)</p> <p>Sexratio</p> <p>1</p> <p>uttarpradesh</p> <p>199,581,520</p> <p>16.49%</p> <p>131,658,339</p> <p>34,539,582</p> <p>240,928</p> <p>828</p> <p>908</p> <p>2</p> <p>Maharashtra</p> <p>112,372,972</p> <p>9.29%</p> <p>55,777,647</p> <p>41,100,980</p> <p>307,713</p> <p>365</p> <p>946</p> <p>3</p> <p>Bihar</p> <p>103,804,637</p> <p>8.58%</p> <p>74,316,709</p> <p>8,681,800</p> <p>94,163</p> <p>1102</p> <p>916</p> <p>4</p> <p>Westbengal</p> <p>91,347,736</p> <p>7.55%</p> <p>57,748,946</p> <p>22,427,251</p> <p>88,752</p> <p>1030</p> <p>908</p> <p>5</p> <p>Andhra Pradesh</p> <p>84,665,533</p> <p>7.00%</p> <p>55,401,067</p> <p>20,808,940</p> <p>275,045</p> <p>308</p> <p>912</p> <p>6</p> <p>Tamil Nadu</p> <p>72,138,958</p> <p>5.96%</p> <p>34,921,681</p> <p>27,483,998</p> <p>130,058</p> <p>555</p> <p>945</p> <p>7</p> <p>Madhya Pradesh</p> <p>72,597,565</p> <p>6.00%</p> <p>44,380,878</p> <p>15,967,145</p> <p>308,245</p> <p>236</p> <p>930</p> <p>8</p> <p>Rajasthan</p> <p>68,621,012</p> <p>5.67%</p> <p>43,292,813</p> <p>13,214,375</p> <p>342,239</p> <p>201</p> <p>926</p> <p>The average growth rate of Indore has been 40% which is higher as compared to the national growth rate Is 25.7 % </p> <p>Basic civic infrastructure especially the roads, drinking water &amp; sewerage in the commercial city spread over an area of 92sqkm though it counts for 145sqkm.</p> <p>With establishment of Indore development authority (IDA) and Indore municipal corporation (IMC) all the planning and developments in relation to infrastructure are executed by these two agencies. </p> <p>Natural barriers of steep land with hills have restricted the growth ofIndore towards the west and therefore the city has extended itself in theeastern direction, but these physical constraints are no barriers for peri-urban development now. Industrial areas and informal sectorshave developed in the northern parts, while middle and highincome districts are in the south. </p> <p>Undeveloped &amp; under developing areas are :--Fringe areaSlumsNorth &amp; West indore</p> <p> infrastructure and devlopment approach</p> <p> In todays development scenario Indore is the fastest developing cities of India</p> <p> Infrastructure in Indore facilitates production of goods, services and also the distribution of finished products to the market.</p> <p> Indore is also good in basic social services such as hospitals and educational institution. Itis only city in india to have both the prime institution IIT &amp; IIM.</p> <p>Indore medical college</p> <p>Treasure market</p> <p>Chatrasaal choraha</p> <p>Basic infrastructure of Indore : --</p> <p> Water supply &amp; its management Drainage , sewage &amp; Solid waste management Road network &amp; Transportation</p> <p> water supply and resources</p> <p>The major source of water supply to the city is through Narmada river and then there are several other smaller sources</p> <p>Indores water supply &amp; management</p> <p>Indirasagar dam in khandwa district is the main source through which many downstream dams are constructed, one such linking indore is Omkareshwar dam</p> <p>About 14o mega litres of water per day is provided through Narmada water supply project ,further water demands are acquired through other smaller projects .</p> <p> The growth of urban population, estimated at 4% to 5% per annum, and the rapid urbanisation has significant influence on water demand and exerting pressures on the available water sources, leading to over exploitation of groundwater resources. Around 68 per cent of citys population receives water between one or two hours every alternative day, while the other areas augment supplies by water tankers.</p> <p> water supply and resources</p> <p>The water supply in the city is unsatisfactory on account of high losses and inefficiencies in the system.</p> <p>SN</p> <p>year</p> <p>demand</p> <p>supply</p> <p>deficit</p> <p>All figures in MLD</p> <p>1</p> <p>1947</p> <p>37.00</p> <p>25.90</p> <p>7.50</p> <p>2</p> <p>1970</p> <p>73.0</p> <p>47.50</p> <p>25.50</p> <p>3</p> <p>1977</p> <p>109</p> <p>113.50</p> <p>- - - - -</p> <p>4</p> <p>1989</p> <p>157</p> <p>113.50</p> <p>43.50</p> <p>5</p> <p>1992</p> <p>177</p> <p>180.22</p> <p>- - - - -</p> <p>6</p> <p>2001</p> <p>270</p> <p>190.00</p> <p>80.00</p> <p>7</p> <p>2011</p> <p>378</p> <p>199.50</p> <p>162.50</p> <p>SourceMldmegalitres/day1mega litre = 1000kilo litres</p> <p>Approx. Daily Supply (Ml/day)</p> <p>MIN</p> <p>MAX</p> <p>Narmada Water Supply Project:</p> <p>140</p> <p>140</p> <p>YashwantSagarTank onGambhirRiver:</p> <p>18</p> <p>27</p> <p>MunicipalTubewells</p> <p>13</p> <p>18</p> <p>BilawaliTank</p> <p>0</p> <p>4.5</p> <p>Water available (ML/day)</p> <p>171</p> <p>199.5</p> <p>Theoreticalpercapitawater availability based30 % losses (2.22 million people)</p> <p>72 litre/day</p> <p>84 litre/day</p> <p>UN Habitat in co-ordination with Asian development bank is checking the present water supply situation in Indore. In view of the proposed new water augmentation scheme to supply more water to Indore through a new $240 million pipeline</p> <p>Due to negligence of the agencies .despite of inefficient water supply Indore continues to exploit its water supply through leakeges</p> <p>With an set-up of Waste water processing unit in pimpri, Indore is adding more liters of water to its supply</p> <p> solid waste &amp; its management</p> <p>Solid waste management is one among the basic essential services provided by municipal authorities Under Solid Waste Management , IMC &amp; IDA provide collection, transports, processing recycling or disposal of waste materials.</p> <p>According to IMC solid waste includes:Garbage (e.g., milk cartons and coffee grounds)Refuse (e.g., metal scrap, wall board, and empty containers)Sludges from waste treatment plants, water supply treatment plants, or pollution control facilities (e.g., scrubber slags)Industrial wastes (e.g., manufacturing process wastewaters and nonwastewater sludges and solids)</p> <p>Other discarded materials, including solid, semisolid, liquid, or contained gaseous materials resulting from industrial, commercial, mining, agricultural, and community activities (e.g., boiler slags).</p> <p>Due to negligence of municipal authorities,solid waste goes on collected without removal as in exchange people took action against IMC.</p> <p>Indore city comprises of two systems of drainage, The Sanitary Sewer System and the Storm Drainage System</p> <p>Water based disposal system with sewage treatment facilities is neither environmentally nor economically good , According to a survey an Indian family of five, producing 250 liters of excrement in a year and using a water flush toilet, contaminates 150,000 liters of water when washing away its wastes </p> <p>As currently designed, Indias sewer system is actually a pathogen-dispersal system. It takes a small quantity of contaminated material and uses it to make vast quantities of water unfit for human use.</p> <p>The Sanitary Sewer System takes household wastewater (such as water waste from sinks, toilets, washers,etc.) and carries it through a home's plumbing and into an underground sewer pipe. From there it ultimately goes to the Town's wastewater treatment plant, where the wastewater is treated and discharged into the River</p> <p> Drainage &amp; sewage system</p> <p>Indore have an efficient sewage treatment plant that meet their issues regarding wastewater generations in Industrial , Institutional ,residential and Commercial Sectors</p> <p> Water management system</p> <p>Reverse osmosis (RO) is a method of purifying water for industrial processes and human consumption. RO can remove mineral salts and contaminants such as bacteria and pesticides.</p> <p>Rain harvesting system</p> <p>Further, the purification is done at different levels and successfully removes suspended solids and other impurities. Further, Narmada water purification plant is now the main source for the whole MP region</p> <p> solid waste management system</p> <p>Under Solid Waste Management , IMC &amp; IDA provide collection , transporst , processing recycling or disposal of waste materials.</p> <p>Despite of all efforts and transections are coming up round the year INDORE too have the same water congestion problems unknowingly good roads to support rains</p> <p> negligence of imc &amp; ida</p> <p>Connectivity of Indore</p> <p>Indore city is well connected by an expressway, several national and state highways, whereas rail network bifurcates the city exactly from the centre The city transportation system is predominantly dependent on roadway systems.</p> <p>Indore to bhopal express way</p> <p>City in context to road devlopment</p> <p>As the city transport system basically depends upon the road network which further categorised by travel pattern</p> <p>o A.B. Road Corridor (Mangliya to Rau) -23.80 Kms o Eastern Ring Road Corridor -23.65 Kms o River Side Road Corridor -14.50 Kms o Western Ring Road Corridor -15.90 Kms o M.R.10 Corridor (Bypass to Ujjain Road) -8.71 Kms o RW-2 (Ujjain Road to Airport) -9.50 Kms</p> <p>o Maximum of the population east of Indore reside within the 1 km distance from A.B. road and eastern ring road corridor. o About 75 per cent professional education institutes are located on the outer ring of the city and maximum of the Student population reside within the walking distance of the proposed corridors (M.R.10, A.B. Road, western ring road). o The proposed corridors are easily assessable from the existing road network of the city. </p> <p>Bus rapid transit system [brts]</p> <p>Bus Rapid Transit System is a new form of public public transportation which is an emerging approach to using buses as an improved high-speed transit system.</p> <p>Exclusive Lanes. Traffic lanes reserved for the exclusive use of buses help buses pass congested traffic.</p> <p>Implementation of BRTS will reduce the cost of public transportation and with an ability to have fast access to the city will lead in popularizing the public transport and thus reducing dependability on private vehicles.</p> <p>City in context to road devlopment</p> <p>75 mt width road section having a bus rapid transport system at the centre whereas bycycle track at the edges</p> <p>AB RAOD AND OTHER RING ROADS</p> <p>60 mt width road section having a bus rapid transport system at the centre whereas bycycle track at the edges</p> <p>Airport road</p> <p>City in context to road development</p> <p> River side road section</p> <p> 30 mt wide internal roads</p> <p>As the city transport system is dominated by roadways and so to have a smooth and fast flow of traffic emphasis is given to have a constant flow to public transport </p> <p>Energy scenario</p> <p>Rapideconomic growthhas created a growing need for dependable and reliable supplies ofelectricity</p> <p>In todays world Electricity is a basic need and in all future development and growth in relation to each &amp; every sectors</p> <p>Major part of electricity requirement of the city is fulfilled by Indira sagar project, Omkareshwar project, lancoamarkantac and the Gencp hydel</p> <p>2011</p> <p>2020</p> <p>mu</p> <p>Percentage</p> <p>% of total</p> <p>mu</p> <p>Percentage</p> <p>% of total</p> <p>Residential</p> <p>494533.94</p> <p>50.42</p> <p>60</p> <p>799990.6</p> <p>44.88</p> <p>54.5</p> <p>Commercial</p> <p>172465.87</p> <p>17.58</p> <p>21</p> <p>433559.2</p> <p>24.32</p> <p>29.5</p> <p>Industrial</p> <p>114413.31</p> <p>11.67</p> <p>14</p> <p>161671.5</p> <p>9.07</p> <p>11</p> <p>Municipal</p> <p>182517.57</p> <p>18.61</p> <p>3</p> <p>355200</p> <p>19.93</p> <p>2.7</p> <p>Irrigation(Agri)</p> <p>3119.23</p> <p>0.32</p> <p>0.4</p> <p>4419.73</p> <p>0.25</p> <p>0.4</p> <p>Other sector</p> <p>13707.36</p> <p>1.40</p> <p>1.6</p> <p>27712.94</p> <p>1.55</p> <p>1.9</p> <p>TOTAL</p> <p>980757.28</p> <p>1782553.5</p> <p>Demand (70% L.F.)</p> <p>159.94</p> <p>(75%L.F.)</p> <p>271.32</p> <p>References :--</p> <p>The Indore State Gazetteer". published by Govt. of India</p> <p>city development plan by IDA</p> <p>Travel and traffic pattern Indore city</p> <p>INDIAN PEOPLES TRIBUNAL ON ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN RIGHTS</p> <p>Thanking you</p> <p>Sheet1Rank in 2001Urban Agglomeration/CityCivic StatusPopulation 2001(1,000,000 + population)PersonsMalesFemales1237891Greater MumbaiUA16,368,0848,979,1727,388,9122KolkataUA13,216,5467,072,1146,144,4323DelhiUA12,791,4587,021,8965,769,5624ChennaiUA6,424,6243,294,3283,130,2965BangaloreUA5,686,8442,983,9262,702,9186HyderabadUA5,533,6402,854,9382,678,7027AhmedabadUA4,519,2782,397,7282,121,5508PuneUA3,755,5251,980,9411,774,5849SuratUA2,811,4661,597,0931,214,37310KanpurUA2,690,4861,440,1401,250,34611JaipurM.Corp.2,324,3191,239,7111,084,60812LucknowUA2,266,9331,199,2731,067,66013NagpurUA2,122,9651,097,7231,025,24214PatnaUA1,707,429925,857781,57215IndoreUA1,639,044861,758777,28616VadodaraUA1,492,398783,237709,16117BhopalUA1,454,830766,602688,22818CoimbatoreUA1,446,034743,161702,87319LudhianaM.Corp.1,395,053789,868605,18520KochiUA1,355,406670,462684,94421VisakhapatnamUA1,329,472674,080655,39222AgraUA1,321,410708,622612,78823VaranasiUA1,211,749644,922566,82724MaduraiUA1,194,665604,728589,93725MeerutUA1,167,399624,904542,49526NashikUA1,152,048619,962532,08627JabalpurUA1,117,200588,556528,64428JamshedpurUA1,101,804580,336521,46829AsansolUA1,090,171576,813513,35830DhanbadUA1,064,357578,602485,75531FaridabadM.Corp.1,054,981580,548474,43332AllahabadUA1,049,579581,876467,70333AmritsarUA1,011,327543,638467,68934VijayawadaUA1,011,152531,084480,06835RajkotUA1,002,160525,797476,363TOTAL107,881,83657,664,39650,217,440</p> <p>editedRank in 2001Urban Agglomeration/CityPopulation 2001RankUrban AgglomerationPersonsRankUrban AgglomerationPersons1Greater Mumbai16,368,0841Greater Mumbai16,368,0842Kolkata13,216,5462Kolkata13,216,5463Delhi12,791,4583Delhi12,791,4584Chennai6,424,6244Chennai6,424,6245Bangalore5,686,8445Bangalore5,686,8446Hyderabad5,533,6406Hyderabad5,533,6407Ahmedabad4,519,27813Nagpur3,022,9658Pune3,755,52514Indore2,439,0449Surat2,811,46622jabalpur2,090,48610Kanpur2,690,48629bhopal1,876,59811Jaipur2,324,31912Lucknow2,266,93313Nagpur2,122,96514Patna1,707,42915Indore1,639,04416Vadodara1,492,39817Bhopal1,454,83018Coimbatore1,446,03419Ludhiana1,395,05320Kochi1,355,40621Visakhapatnam1,329,47222Agra1,321,41023Varanasi1,211,74924Madurai1,194,66525Meerut1,167,39926Nashik1,152,04827Jabalpur1,117,20028Jamshedpur1,101,80429Asansol1,090,17130Dhanbad1,064,35731Faridabad1,054,98132Allahabad1,049,57933Amritsar1,011,32734Vijayawada1,011,15235Rajkot1,002,160TOTAL107,881,836</p> <p>Sheet3</p> <p>Sheet1Rank in 2001Urban Agglomeration/CityCivic StatusPopulation 2001(1,000,000 + population)PersonsMalesFemales1237891Greater MumbaiUA16,368,0848,979,1727,388,9122KolkataUA13,216,5467,072,1146,144,4323DelhiUA12,791,4587,021,8965,769,5624ChennaiUA6,424,6243,294,3283,130,2965BangaloreUA5,686,8442,983,9262,702,9186HyderabadUA5,533,6402,854,9382,678,7027AhmedabadUA4,519,2782,397,7282,121,5508PuneUA3,755,5251,980,9411,774,5849SuratUA2,811,4661,597,0931,214,37310KanpurUA2,690,4861,440,1401,250,34611JaipurM.Corp.2,324,3191,239,7111,084,60812LucknowUA2,266,9331,199,2731,067,66013NagpurUA2,122,9651,097,7231,025,24214PatnaUA1,707,429925,857781,57215IndoreUA1,639,044861,758777,28616VadodaraUA1,492,398783,237709,16117BhopalUA1,454,830766,602688,22818CoimbatoreUA1,446,034743,161702,87319LudhianaM.C...</p>